The 2005 Kashmir EarthquakeBy Gavin, Lewis, Stacey & Beth
KashmirUntil the mid-19th century, the term Kashmir geographically denoted only the valley between the Great Himalayas and the Pir Panjal mountain range. Today Kashmir denotes a larger area that includes the Indian- administered state of Jammu and Kashmir
The earthquake that happenedon the 8th October 2005 killed75,000 people. It was inKashmir which is in SouthAsia. It happened 6 years agobut the 7.6 magnitude quakeis still remembered today.This presentation we havemade for you will tell youinformation about the quakeand it’s devastating effects.
Kashmir is a mainly rural area inPakistan and India and has theeconomy of an LEDC. This meant thatthe responses to the quake were notas quick or comprehensive as in anMEDC. They have a lack of fundingwhich means they can’t afford goodhospital and emergency services toact quick to the initial quake.
Karam Umrani, a 28-year-old sub-inspector with the Islamabad police force, was close to Margala Towers when the building collapsed after the earthquake. He is quoted saying that, ‘The cries of the people trapped in the debris haunt me.’He helped people out of the ruins and with his police contacts got emergency service help.http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/south_asia/4322496.stm
http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/south_asia/4346778.stm An instant response to the quake was by some men who flew into a village with their helicopters to save many lives. The men are now known as ‘Helicopter Heroes’. "If it hadnt been for these helicopters, about 600 people in my village who survived would surely have died.“ Abdul Ghafoor, a resident of Chikothi.
Click onto the building imagebelow to follow the link to an animation to show how an earthquake happens
The UK government gave anextra £10m to help survivors of the South Asia earthquake, bringing the UK commitment to relief work to £12m. They also sent fresh food and water to the most affected villages.
Houses in Kashmir had to be rebuilt. People had to rebuild according to specifications approved by Pakistans Earthquake Reconstruction and Rehabilitation Authority(ERRA). The authorities encouraged people to make their new homes more resistant to earthquakes, but many in Katahi complained about late payment of the housing grant. Long queues were seen outside banks. Delays were also caused by disputes over compensation. Most people in Kashmir have very little money so rebuilding took a long long time and is still continuing… http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/south_asia/5411248.stm