Introduction
The investment story of 2008 and early 2009 is not a pretty one. Developed stock
markets, emerging markets an...
high stress, when the need for protection is highest and buyers of options are the
least price sensitive.

Volatility is r...
The Fund believes in an underlying strategy of Volatility Arbitrage and the
flexibility to adapt volatility strategies to a...
Mr Krueger studied at the University of California, earning a B.A. in Biology in
1982 followed by an MBA in Finance at the...
global brokerage firm. In 2005, he joined Liquid Capital in Sydney, where he
became a market maker and analyst on the Austr...
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Volatility Arbitrage Fund

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Volatility Arbitrage Fund

  1. 1. Introduction The investment story of 2008 and early 2009 is not a pretty one. Developed stock markets, emerging markets and commodity markets are all down. Corporate bonds and property are down. In this environment most diversified strategies did not work as nearly every asset class has been affected by this broad revaluation. Hedge Funds, noted for their ability to outperform in most markets, did not provide any relief for their investors for a variety of reasons. See http:// www.economist.com/finance/displaystory.cfm?story_id=12381701. However, Volatility Arbitrage is a niche within the Hedge Fund Universe that has outperformed relative to other areas. And there is plenty of room for new competitors in the sector. Volatility Arbitrage hedge funds returned 7.3 percent through August according to the Newedge Volatility Trading Index. Most of these funds continue to do well. There are a number of reasons for this performance. •Volatility was high and trending higher. Most funds tend to be long gamma and vega making trading and marking to market favourable. •Sector participants benefited from illiquid conditions, opportunistically becoming de-facto market makers. •There weren't large forced liquidations due to the positive performance of the sector and a primarily heterogeneous ETO market. In addition, the sector benefited from forced liquidation of other positions. •All products are exchange traded and marked-to-market daily. This allows prime brokers and investors to feel comfortable with valuations, haircuts and leverage. •The ban on short selling wasn't a negative factor in performance, unlike long/short equity and convertible arbitrage which depend more on short selling. •Volatility Arbitrage strategies were not exposed to sub-prime credit or CDS products and Lehman Brothers were not large prime brokers in this space. The common feature of Volatility Arbitrage funds is that volatility is treated as a separate asset class; one that can be traded from the long or short side. However, like options themselves, volatility is an asset class with skewed payoffs. Furthermore, the edge in short-side positions is often greatest during periods of
  2. 2. high stress, when the need for protection is highest and buyers of options are the least price sensitive. Volatility is returning to more historical means as the fallout from the current crisis settles. As markets stabilise and credit spreads return to more normal levels there are still substantial profits in Volatility Arbitrage. Profits that can be made utilising simple strategies with minimal risk which benefit from lower volatility. Prime examples are strategies which involve selling ATM straddles while buying OTM strangles. In addition, illiquid conditions in equity and index derivatives and the increased edge created in such an environment are likely to continue. Trading opportunities will persist. Vision The Fund sees all markets as dynamic environments interacting as parts of a global entity. The approach to such environments requires fluidity and assuredness in tactics and execution. The Funds methods of trading are of just this nature. By being flexible and judicious in applying varied strategies to the changing conditions of markets The Fund creates a space where capital can grow and profit is preserved. Strategy Our strategies are developed within the Volatility Arbitrage sector where our primary objective is to generate alpha through Volatility Arbitrage in equities and indexes. These strategies will be executed with an acute awareness of changes in market environments. The Fund will be advantaged through use of numerous options strategies and combinations that can be created and applied within this sector. The Fund will utilise a three step process in Volatility Arbitrage and strategies. Adapt. The Fund will adapt strategies tailored to market conditions and change strategies with market developments. Apply. The Fund will choose, execute and adjust all strategies with discipline and objectivity. Thrive. The fund will advance with changing conditions through being aggressive in trading strategies and addressing risk.
  3. 3. The Fund believes in an underlying strategy of Volatility Arbitrage and the flexibility to adapt volatility strategies to all market conditions. This combination will maximise profit potential in equity and index option markets. Investment Proposal The goal of the Fund is to outperform equity indexes in rising markets and yield positive returns in sideways or falling markets. The Fund will trade volatility as a separate asset class. The options traded will be those on equity indexes and large-cap individual equities. They will be traded on developed global exchanges. The Fund will utilise our knowledge and experience to take advantage of imperfections in options pricing. The Fund will trade opportunistically, using different strategies to adapt to changes in market conditions. The Fund will be prudent in maintaining long positions in volatility. On occasions where exceptional market conditions warrant The Fund may be short volatility. In these instances it will be protected by OTM options (i.e., long ʻbutterfliesʼ). The Fund will be delta hedged, except where cheap options and/or specific technical conditions present opportunities to take low risk directional positions. The Fund will use call-spreads and put-spreads to address skew positions and reduce risk. The Fund will make volatility spreads between similar stocks and/or indices where relative mispricing exists. The fund will avoid situations where an absence of liquidity could cause an adverse movement in a spread. The Fund will use strict Risk Management parameters in establishing, holding and adjusting positions. It will be vigilant in spreading and hedging trades at the time they are established. Overnight risk will be addressed by The Fund adjusting positions accordingly before the end of each trading day. The Fund will avoid positions with large gap risk and implement stop loss measures for each strategy. When conditions for preferred strategies are not favourable The Fund will opt to take a more defensive stance, allocating an appropriate amount of assets to cash. Trading Team Charles Krueger
  4. 4. Mr Krueger studied at the University of California, earning a B.A. in Biology in 1982 followed by an MBA in Finance at the UCLA Anderson School of Management. He began his trading career at Macquarie Bank in Sydney, three days after the 1987 Crash, where he traded equity options, convertible bonds and futures. In 1991 he signed on with UBS where he set up and managed the Australian equity options trading floor, technology and operations. He grew the operation from a single trader to the largest and most profitable floor operation in Australia, a position Macquarie Bank holds to this day. He then headed the UBS Asia Equities Trading desk in London before moving to New York where he traded as an equity options market maker on the American Stock Exchange. In 2001 he returned to Sydney to set up the Asia Pacific equity volatility operations of Knight Financial Products, the derivatives trading division of Knight Capital Group. In 2005, he moved to Liquid Capital, a London based trading firm, to develop their Asia equity option volatility trading desk. In addition, Mr Krueger has set up two other volatility related hedge funds. He and his wife moved to Geneva in 2008. He speaks English, French and Russian. Keith Cavalli Mr Cavalli earned a B. S. in Biology from the University of California in 1992. He began his stock market career at Charles Schwab where he managed client equity order flow. He has worked in equity derivatives and volatility arbitrage since 1996 and has been profitable in over ten years of international trading. He was an Options Market Maker in technology stocks and blue chip companies on the Pacific Coast Options Exchange with Kessler Asher Group. In 2000 he moved to Sydney where he worked with Mr Krueger in setting up the Asia Pacific trading operations of Knight Financial Products. He later traded as an advisor at Fort Hill Capital in Sydney; a US based international Volatility Arbitrage hedge fund. He was the funds most profitable trader. In 2007, he rejoined Mr Krueger at Liquid Capital, where he helped build the Australian derivatives trading team. Mr Cavalli is also active in the community and has established Aboriginal youth programs in remote areas of Australia. He and his wife are moving to Geneva in Q3 of 2009. He is a published writer and speaks English, French and Indonesian. Alan Thompson Mr Thompson gained his Bachelor of Applied Finance with Distinction at Macquarie University in Sydney in 2002. He began his career soon after as a futures trader on the overnight Institutional Futures desk for MAN Financial, a
  5. 5. global brokerage firm. In 2005, he joined Liquid Capital in Sydney, where he became a market maker and analyst on the Australian equity options desk, working alongside Mr Krueger. Mr Thompson and his fiancée live in Zurich, where he is a proprietary energy derivatives trader for Atel Trading, an energy trading firm. He has developed risk analysis and volatility models at both Liquid Capital and Atel. His good sense of humour and optimism award him continued success in the demanding environments of markets. He speaks English and German.

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