The school library media center in today's world powerpoint
The Role of SchoolLibrary Media in theGlobal Environment
The school library media’s roleis influenced by…… Education in the U.S. The Education in the Environment Alternatives to Traditional Education The Media Center in the Educational Environment The History of School Libraries and Library Media Centers Relationship with Public Libraries
Education in the U.S. Constantly changing because of theories First schools- Labor intensive and available to those with money Lancasterian system 19th century (Andrew Bell)- Free education, many kids at same time; older kids taught younger kids; organized ability; no trained teacher; rote learning
Education in the U.S. 20th Century-Theories by Thorndike, Dewey, Kirkpatrick, and Montessori began to influence education; kindergarten, school day length, age Edward L.Thorndike- Human nature affects learning John Dewey- Life is education and learners react to the environment, solving problems from it William Heard Kirkpatrick- Revision of Dewey’s theory; Teacher initiated activities; project learning Maria Montessori- Sensory perception; freedom to investigate
Education in the U.S. 20th Century- Increase in enrollment, free lunches, and new teacher method funding 1970s- School closings, because of cuts 1980s- National Education Goals 1990s- Fast expansion of technology Framework for common principles (National Educational Goals), which are as follows: Budget, intellectual focus, attitude, personalization, simple and universal goals, staff, student exhibition, and worker
Education in the U.S. Coalition of Essential Schools (based on common principles) Students were tested on essential skills Promoted personalized teaching and learning National performance improved significantly in 6 areas, but decreased in 7 areas
The Education EnvironmentToday Economic concern Educational goals more acute Teacher shortage, because of people teaching for brief amount of time Due to shortage, acceptance of teachers on temporary licenses 21st Century- Schools plan according to environmental scanning, government roles, external factors, and internal factors, which include family makeup Interest in preschool programs because of skills being introduced; Library media specialists helpful with preschool programs
The Education EnvironmentToday Schools are restructuring especially with leadership Role of the superintendent: more business oriented Formatting of student performance on standardized tests Teachers teach according to the standardized tests Student performance is based on what students learn Library media specialists can help incorporate 21st century skills with other teachers
The Education EnvironmentToday 21st Century Skills Used by School Librarians include the following: 1. Draw conclusions, make informed decisions, apply knowledge to new situation, and create new knowledge. 2. Inquire, think critically, and gain knowledge 3. Pursue aesthetic and personal growth. 4. Share knowledge and participate productively and ethically as members of a democratic society.
Alternatives to TraditionalEducation***Debate over public funds to be used for private schooling; 2 alternatives1. Charter Schools Under contract by the state but governed by an organization Larger percentage of minorities2. Home Schooling Religious influence More individualized Challenge for library media specialists
The Media Center in theEducational Environment The library media program should do the following :1. Give physical and intellectual access to materials in all formats2. Give instruction to develop competence and spark interest in using, viewing, and reading ideas.3. Collaborate with other educators to format learning strategies to meet the needs of individual students.
History of School Libraries andLibrary Media Centerso Collection of books prior to 1900o Library classroom and a reading roomo Mid 1920s certified librarian was required to be accredited (high school)o 1925, no library in many elementary schoolso 1965- Passing of Elementary and Secondary Education Acto Schools were required to have collaboration between librarians and teachers for the Library Power project.
Relationship with PublicLibraries Successful Programs for Public Libraries and the School Library Media Separate section for adult use Professional library personnel and others plan with the architect Community involvement Efforts made to acquire consideration Single board for governance Materials for adults and children shelved separately; emphasis on well-balanced collection Formal written agreement adopted No restrictions on check out material or material selection Head librarian with expertise and commitment Location appropriate for public and school library
Relationship with PublicLibraries Collaboration of Public Libraries and the School Library Media Encourage high school students to tutor younger students. Cooperate in the funding climate Joint proposals Establishment of homework centers Communicate and cooperate with one another
Summary The role of the library media center is influenced by: Education Educational Environment Alternatives History of the Library Relationship with Public Libraries RESOURCES: http://www.ala.org/aasl/aboutaasl/aaslcommunity/quicklin ks/el/elwhat The School Library Media Manager by Blanche Woolls Contact Information: email@example.com