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Between 
Coordination and Regulation 
Conceptualizing Governance in 
Internet Governance 
GigaNet Symposium 2014, Istanbul...
Structure 
“Internet Governance” 
Internet governance 
ref lexive 
coordination 
governance as 
reflexive coordination in:...
“Internet Governance”
“ 
A common definition 
Internet governance is the 
development and application by Governments, 
the private sector and ci...
Contradictions and shortcomings of 
Internet governance research 
“shared principles, norms, rules, 
decision-making proce...
Internet governance
The Concept of Governance 
Different terminological traditions 
Anglo-American Approach European Approach 
Governance = Go...
Governance versus Regulation 
Modes of Coordination Constellation of Actors Structure Formation 
non-hierarchal 
regulatio...
Governance versus Regulation: 
Analytical Shortcomings 
Regulation – misses empirical phenomena that 
cannot be explained ...
ref lexive 
coordination governance as
When simple coordination fails it 
becomes reflexive 
Coordination – building blocks of social order, varying by reach, 
s...
Coordination, Regulation, Governance 
Definition Evaluation Criteria 
Coordination reciprocal social 
processes 
mutual 
a...
reflexive coordination in: Internet governance
Internet Governance as Reflexive 
Coordination: The IGF 
Conditions of coordination – (re-)shaping its own 
context 
Coord...
Summary 
Shortcomings – lack of a systematic reflection of 
governance in Internet governance 
Task – specifying a concept...
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Between Coordination and Regulation. Conceptualizing Governance in Internet Governance

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Presentation held at the GigaNet Symposium 2014, Internet Governance Forum 2014, Istanbul

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Between Coordination and Regulation. Conceptualizing Governance in Internet Governance

  1. 1. Between Coordination and Regulation Conceptualizing Governance in Internet Governance GigaNet Symposium 2014, Istanbul Prof. Dr. Jeanette Hofmann, Social Science Center Berlin Christian Katzenbach, Alexander von Humboldt Institute for Internet & Society Kirsten Gollatz, Alexander von Humboldt Institute for Internet & Society
  2. 2. Structure “Internet Governance” Internet governance ref lexive coordination governance as reflexive coordination in: Internet governance
  3. 3. “Internet Governance”
  4. 4. “ A common definition Internet governance is the development and application by Governments, the private sector and civil society, in their respective roles, of shared principles, norms, rules, decision-making procedures, and programmes that shape the evolution and use of the Internet. (WGIG 2005)
  5. 5. Contradictions and shortcomings of Internet governance research “shared principles, norms, rules, decision-making procedures, and programmes” versus distributed agency versus governance as side-effects ? “steering and shaping” Scope – What is not Internet governance? Modes – Governance and regulation: Are they the same? Reflection of governance and regulation literature?
  6. 6. Internet governance
  7. 7. The Concept of Governance Different terminological traditions Anglo-American Approach European Approach Governance = Government 3-step paradigm shift: (Mayntz 2003) Public planning Public steering Governance - hierarchical, command & control - distributed, cooperative, network
  8. 8. Governance versus Regulation Modes of Coordination Constellation of Actors Structure Formation non-hierarchal regulation distinction between steering subject and steering object intentional simple governance integration of steering subject and steering object intentional complex governance integration of steering subject and steering object non-intentional (Translation of Grande 2012: 583)
  9. 9. Governance versus Regulation: Analytical Shortcomings Regulation – misses empirical phenomena that cannot be explained as outcomes of rational problem solving Governance – vague term without clear boundaries: what is outside of governance? Task – Specifying a middle ground between concepts too narrow and too broad
  10. 10. ref lexive coordination governance as
  11. 11. When simple coordination fails it becomes reflexive Coordination – building blocks of social order, varying by reach, stability and number of people involved Governance = coordinating coordination – institutions designed to enable coordination cause new coordination issues Critical moments – actors articulate formerly implicit understandings and norms to evaluate the situation and consider new rules Periods of simple and reflexive coordination may alternate over time
  12. 12. Coordination, Regulation, Governance Definition Evaluation Criteria Coordination reciprocal social processes mutual adjustments Regulation intentional interventions outcome, achievement of pre-defined goals Governance legitimacy, acceptance, smooth process ref lexive coordination
  13. 13. reflexive coordination in: Internet governance
  14. 14. Internet Governance as Reflexive Coordination: The IGF Conditions of coordination – (re-)shaping its own context Coordinating coordination – “recursive loops” (p.3) Critical moments – compromising different worldviews and conflicting opinions Bottom-up perspective – debating the formal and informal practices Reflexivity – boundaries are enacted and constantly negotiated by the actors involved Outcome – a fluid concept (Epstein 2011: 6)
  15. 15. Summary Shortcomings – lack of a systematic reflection of governance in Internet governance Task – specifying a conceptual and pragmatic ground Approach – governance as reflexive coordination Further research – empirical applicability in Internet governance arrangements, contextualization, theoretical extensions

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