Summer smarts


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Common illnesses from the summer heat and how to prevent them.

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Summer smarts

  1. 1. SummerSmartsA primer on commonsummer illnesses
  2. 2. Though this is a slow start to the summer heat,everyone is looking forward to the official start of theJersey Shore beach season and the unofficial startof the summer. Summer can be quite enjoyable, butonly as long as we respect the heat and learn tolisten to our bodies.
  3. 3. What happens to the body as aresult of exposure to extremeheat?People suffer heat-related illness when the bodystemperature control system in overloaded. The bodynormally cools itself by sweating, however at times thisisnt enough. Several factors affect the bodys ability tocool itself such as the humidity being high, old age,youth (0-4), obesity, fever, dehydration, heart disease,mental illness, poor circulation, sunburn, alcohol andprescription drug use.Here is a list of somemedications that increase yourriskAllergy Medications – Antihistamines (Benadryl)Cough and Cold Medications (Anticholinergics)Diuretics, LaxativesSome Blood Pressure Medications – Beta BlockersDiet and Stimulant Pills (Adderal)Psychiatric Medications – HaldolSeizure MedicationsHere is a list of somemedications that increase yourriskAllergy Medications – Antihistamines (Benadryl)Cough and Cold Medications (Anticholinergics)Diuretics, LaxativesSome Blood Pressure Medications – Beta BlockersDiet and Stimulant Pills (Adderal)Psychiatric Medications – HaldolSeizure Medications
  4. 4. What is that nastyfeeling I get afterspending a day in thesun?
  5. 5. That is due to heat exhaustion.Heat exhaustion is a milder form of heat-relatedillness that can develop after several days ofexposure to high temperatures and not enoughfluids. The most prone to this are elderly people,those with high blood pressure, or those workingor exercising in a hot environment.
  6. 6. Symptoms and Ways to Cool Heat ExhaustionSome symptoms you might experience:Heavy Sweating, Pallor, Muscle CrampsFatigue, Weakness or Dizziness, HeadacheNausea or vomiting, FaintingWays to cool the body during heat exhaustion:Drink cool, nonalcoholic beveragesRestTake a cool shower, bath, or sponge bathSeek an air-conditioning environmentWear lightweight clothingIf symptoms continue for more than 1 hour or you faint, you need to go to the hospital
  8. 8. Heat stroke is the most serious heat-relatedillness and occurs when the body is unable tocontrol its temperature. Your body temperaturemay rise to 106 degrees F or higher within 10 to15 minutes of exertion.Warning Signs Of Heat Stroke: High Body Temperature (103 degrees F) Red, hot, and dry skin (no sweating) Rapid strong pulse Headache, Dizziness, Nausea Confusion Unconsciousness
  9. 9. How do you help someone experiencing heatstroke?This is a life threatening emergency: Immediately get the victim to a shadyarea and call 911.Cool the victim rapidly using whatever methods you can. Some examplesare immersing the person in a tub of cool water, placing the person in a coolshower, spraying the person with cool water from the garden hose, spongingthe person with cool water, or if humidity is low wrapping the person in acool wet sheet and fanning them vigorously. Monitor the temperature andcontinue trying this until temperature comes down to 100F.If emergency medical personnel delayed call the hospital emergency roomand ask them for further instructionsDo not give the person alcohol to drink
  10. 10. Have you ever gotten sunburnt?
  11. 11. Of course, you have.Were all familiar with sunburn – essentially a burnfrom UV radiation. Sunburn can occur within 30minutes of exposure to sun. Someone with priorsun exposure and skin injury is more likely to getsunburn. So are people on certain medicationssuch as doxycycline, trimethoprim/sulfamethoxizole, acne medications, psoriasismedications, and even St.Johns Wort.Symptoms occur over a period of 24 hours – firstas red skin experienced after 2-6 hours andblistering and burning pain peaking at 12-24hours.
  12. 12. What is the treatment and when should I goto the doctor for sunburn?Treatment for Sunburn:Cool compress with equal parts milk and waterBurrow solutionAloe-based lotionCool baths without oils or perfumesAnti-inflammatory medications like motrin but check with your doctor beforestarting thisWhen to go to the doctor:Severe painSevere BlisteringFever or infection of burned areas
  14. 14. Heat cramps are muscle pains or spasms usually in theabdomen, arms, or legs that may occur in association withstrenuous activity. People who sweat a lot during strenuousactivity are prone to these and they can also be a symptom ofheat exhaustion.If you have heart problems or on a low-sodium diet, seekmedical attention for heat cramps.What to do when experiencing them: Stop all activity and sit quietly in a cool place Drink clear juice or sports beverage Do not return to the strenuous activity after cramps subsidebecause further exertion can lead to heat exhaustion or heatstroke Seek medical attention for heat cramps if they dont subside in 1hour
  15. 15. Is that prickly rash commonafter spending time in the sun?
  16. 16. Heat rash is a skin irritation (red smallbumps) caused by excessive sweatingduring hot, humid weather due to blockageof sweat glands. It can occur to anyone butis most common in young children. It lookslike a red cluster of pimples or smallblisters and commonly found on the neck,upper chest, around groin area, under thebreasts and in elbow creases.Treatment:Provide a cooler, less humid environmentKeep affected area dryUse dusting powder to increase comfort
  17. 17. Though I like central jerseyurgent care, how can I take careof myself so I don’t end up there?
  18. 18.  Remember to keep cool and use commonsense Drink plenty of fluid, replace salts andminerals Wear appropriate clothing and sunscreen Pace yourself, stay cool indoors Schedule outdoor activities carefully Use a buddy system in the heat Monitor those at risk
  19. 19. Other TipsHeat index greater then 90 is dangerous and its best to stay indoors thosedaysDrink 2-4 (16-32 ounces) of cool fluids each hourWhen exercising or working in the heat drink fruit juice or sports beverageto stay hydratedChoose lightweight, light-colored, loose-fitting clothing. In the sun wear awide-brimmed hat to provide shade and keep your head coolIf outdoors apply sunscreen 30 minutes prior to going out and continue toreapply as the lotion states. Your sunscreen should be at least SPF 30 andeven if advertised sunscreen is never truly waterproof.Children younger then 6 months should wear sunscreen that does notcontain PABA.
  20. 20. Remember stayingsafe in the summermeans respecting theheat, hydratingyourself well with theright fluids, and usingyour summer smarts tokeep yourself, yourfamily and friends, andyour pets safe.