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Chapt1intro2fix

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corrected Abnormal Ch1 slidecast

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Chapt1intro2fix

  1. 1. What is a Mental Disorder?<br />History of Abnormal Psychology<br />Abnormal Psychology and Life: Themes<br />
  2. 2. History of Abnormal Psychology<br />Abnormal Psychology and Life: Themes<br />What is a Mental Disorder?<br />
  3. 3. 5<br />Abnormally low or high score<br />Number of children<br />20<br />100<br />0<br />80<br />No physicalactivity<br />Continuous physical activity<br />History of Abnormal Psychology<br />Abnormal Psychology and Life: Themes<br />What is a Mental Disorder?<br />
  4. 4. History of Abnormal Psychology<br />Abnormal Psychology and Life: Themes<br />What is a Mental Disorder?<br />
  5. 5. Definition<br />Advantages<br />Limitations<br />Deviance from the norm<br />Different cultures have different ideas about what normal behavior is.<br />“Statistically deviant” behaviors may be valued (e.g., high intelligence).<br />Arbitrary cutoffs (e.g., is a score of 80 much different from a score of 81?).<br />We use our own judgment or gut feeling.<br />Once statistical or objective cutoff scores are established they are easy to apply. <br />History of Abnormal Psychology<br />Abnormal Psychology and Life: Themes<br />What is a Mental Disorder?<br />
  6. 6. Definition<br />Advantages<br />Limitations<br />Deviance from the norm<br />Different cultures have different ideas about what normal behavior is.<br />“Statistically deviant” behaviors may be valued (e.g., high intelligence).<br />Arbitrary cutoffs (e.g., is a score of 80 much different from a score of 81?).<br />We use our own judgment or gut feeling.<br />Once statistical or objective cutoff scores are established they are easy to apply. <br />Difficulty adapting to life’s demands<br />Unclear who determines impairment or whether a consensus about impairment is required.<br />Thresholds for impairment not always clear.<br />Typically easy to observe if someone is having difficulty.<br />Often prompts people to seek psychological treatment. <br />History of Abnormal Psychology<br />Abnormal Psychology and Life: Themes<br />What is a Mental Disorder?<br />
  7. 7. Definition<br />Advantages<br />Limitations<br />Deviance from the norm<br />Different cultures have different ideas about what normal behavior is.<br />“Statistically deviant” behaviors may be valued (e.g., high intelligence).<br />Arbitrary cutoffs (e.g., is a score of 80 much different from a score of 81?).<br />We use our own judgment or gut feeling.<br />Once statistical or objective cutoff scores are established they are easy to apply. <br />Difficulty adapting to life’s demands<br />Unclear who determines impairment or whether a consensus about impairment is required.<br />Thresholds for impairment not always clear.<br />Typically easy to observe if someone is having difficulty.<br />Often prompts people to seek psychological treatment. <br />Experience of personal distress<br />Some psychological problems are not associated with distress.<br />Thresholds or cutoffs for distress are not always clear.<br />Hallmark of many forms of mental disorder.<br />Individuals may be able to accurately report this.<br />History of Abnormal Psychology<br />Abnormal Psychology and Life: Themes<br />What is a Mental Disorder?<br />
  8. 8. Normal<br />Mental Disorder – Less Severe<br />Good alertness and positive emotional state.<br />“I’m not getting the grades I want this semester, but I’ll keep trying to do my best.”<br />Going to classes and studying for the next round of tests. Talking to professors. <br />Emotions<br />Cognitions<br />Behaviors<br />History of Abnormal Psychology<br />Abnormal Psychology and Life: Themes<br />What is a Mental Disorder?<br />
  9. 9. Mild<br />Mental Disorder – Less Severe<br />Feeling sad, but a strong positive experience such as a good grade could life mood.<br />“These bad grades hurt. This may set me back for awhile. I’m really worried.”<br />Skipping a few classes and feeling somewhat unmotivated to study. Avoiding contact with professors and classmates.<br />Emotions<br />Cognitions<br />Behaviors<br />History of Abnormal Psychology<br />Abnormal Psychology and Life: Themes<br />What is a Mental Disorder?<br />
  10. 10. Normal<br />Mild<br />Moderate<br />Mental Disorder – Less Severe<br />Feeling sad or down temporarily, but not for long.<br />“I’m struggling at school this semester. I wish I could study better, or I’ll fail.”<br />Going to classes with some trouble studying. Less contact with others. <br />Emotions<br />Cognitions<br />Behaviors<br />History of Abnormal Psychology<br />Abnormal Psychology and Life: Themes<br />What is a Mental Disorder?<br />
  11. 11. Normal<br />Mild<br />Moderate<br />Mental Disorder – Less Severe<br />Mental Disorder – More Severe<br />Extreme sadness all the time with great trouble concentrating and complete loss of appetite.<br />“These bad grades just show what a failure I am at everything. There’s no hope; I’m not doing anything today.”<br />Unable to get out of bed, eat, or leave the house. Lack of energy and frequent crying.<br />Emotions<br />Cognitions<br />Behaviors<br />History of Abnormal Psychology<br />Abnormal Psychology and Life: Themes<br />What is a Mental Disorder?<br />
  12. 12. History of Abnormal Psychology<br />Abnormal Psychology and Life: Themes<br />What is a Mental Disorder?<br />
  13. 13. History of Abnormal Psychology<br />Abnormal Psychology and Life: Themes<br />What is a Mental Disorder?<br />
  14. 14. Before 460 BC<br />460 BC to 476 AD<br />Exorcism, trephination<br />Therapeutic environments, healthy diets, exercise, massage, education<br />476 AD to1453 AD<br />Prayer, holy objects, relics, pilgrimages, confinement, exorcism<br />History of Abnormal Psychology<br />Abnormal Psychology and Life: Themes<br />What is a Mental Disorder?<br />
  15. 15. History of Abnormal Psychology<br />Abnormal Psychology and Life: Themes<br />What is a Mental Disorder?<br />
  16. 16. History of Abnormal Psychology<br />Abnormal Psychology and Life: Themes<br />What is a Mental Disorder?<br />
  17. 17. History of Abnormal Psychology<br />Abnormal Psychology and Life: Themes<br />What is a Mental Disorder?<br />
  18. 18. Primary prevention<br />Secondary prevention<br />Tertiary prevention<br />History of Abnormal Psychology<br />Abnormal Psychology and Life: Themes<br />What is a Mental Disorder?<br />
  19. 19. Self-stigma<br />Public stigma<br />Stereotypes<br />“All people with mental illness are incompetent.”<br />Stereotypes<br />“All people with mental illness are dangerous.”<br />Prejudices<br />“I agree, all people with mental illness are dangerous, and so I am afraid of them.”<br />Prejudices<br />“I have a mental illness, so I must be incompetent.”<br />Discrimination<br />“Why should I even get a job? I’m an incompetent mental patient.”<br />Discrimination<br />“I don’t want to be near such people. Do not hire them at my job.”<br />History of Abnormal Psychology<br />Abnormal Psychology and Life: Themes<br />What is a Mental Disorder?<br />

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