Ch5anxiety2

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Chapter 5 Anxiety disorders

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Ch5anxiety2

  1. 1. Features and Epidemiology<br />Causes and Prevention<br />Assessment and Treatment<br />
  2. 2. <ul><li>Physical symptoms
  3. 3. Thoughts
  4. 4. Behaviors</li></ul>Features and Epidemiology<br />Causes and Prevention<br />Assessment and Treatment<br />
  5. 5. Uncued panic attacks<br />AND:<br />Worry about panic attacks<br />Change in behavior<br />With or without agoraphobia<br />Click to see example video:<br />panic disorder video part 1<br />Features and Epidemiology<br />Causes and Prevention<br />Assessment and Treatment<br />
  6. 6. Marked and persistent fear of social or performance situations and fear of acting in a way that causes personal humiliation or embarrassment<br />Exposure to the feared social situation causes anxiety that may come in the form of a situationally bound or predisposed panic attack <br />Recognition that the fear is excessive or unreasonable<br />Feared social or performance situations are avoided or endured with intense anxiety<br />Significant interference with daily living or functioning or marked distress about having the disorder<br />Features and Epidemiology<br />Causes and Prevention<br />Assessment and Treatment<br />
  7. 7. <ul><li>Intense fear
  8. 8. Avoidance
  9. 9. Impairment of functioning</li></ul>Features and Epidemiology<br />Causes and Prevention<br />Assessment and Treatment<br />
  10. 10. Restlessness<br />Easily Fatigued<br />Trouble Concentrating<br />Irritability<br />Muscle Tension<br />Sleep Disturbance<br />Extreme, persistent, uncontrollable worry, plus:<br />Features and Epidemiology<br />Causes and Prevention<br />Assessment and Treatment<br />
  11. 11. Obsessions<br />AND/OR<br />Compulsions<br />Last more than one hour per day<br />Features and Epidemiology<br />Causes and Prevention<br />Assessment and Treatment<br />
  12. 12. Features and Epidemiology<br />Causes and Prevention<br />Assessment and Treatment<br />Re-experiencing<br />Avoidance and/or detachment<br />Physical arousal<br />
  13. 13. Features and Epidemiology<br />Causes and Prevention<br />Assessment and Treatment<br />
  14. 14. 28.8<br />Any Anxiety Disorder<br />18.1<br />4.7<br />Panic Disorder<br />2.7<br />1.4<br />Agoraphobia without Panic<br />.8<br />12.1<br />Social Anxiety Disorder<br />6.8<br />Lifetime prevalence rate<br />12.5<br />Specific Phobia<br />8.7<br />5.7<br />12-month prevalence rate<br />Generalized Anxiety Disorder<br />3.1<br />1.6<br />Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder<br />1.0<br />6.8<br />Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder<br />3.5<br />5.2<br />Separation Anxiety Disorder<br />.9<br />0<br />5<br />10<br />15<br />20<br />25<br />30<br />Prevalence Rate<br />Features and Epidemiology<br />Causes and Prevention<br />Assessment and Treatment<br />
  15. 15. Basal ganglia<br />Prefrontal cortex<br />Anterior cingulate<br />Caudate nucleus<br />Amygdala<br />Thalamus<br />Bed nucleus of stria terminalis<br />Locus coeruleus<br />Septal-hippocampal system<br />Features and Epidemiology<br />Causes and Prevention<br />Assessment and Treatment<br />
  16. 16. Features and Epidemiology<br />Causes and Prevention<br />Assessment and Treatment<br />
  17. 17. Biological vulnerabilities/early predispositions: (Genetic contributions, brain and neurochemical changes, behavioral inhibition<br />Early problematic interactions with anxious parents: (Poor attachment, social and play isolation, parental withdrawal of child from social activities)<br />Difficulties in elementary school: (Modeling of avoidance, poor development of social and coping skills, failure to master social and evaluative anxiety/sense of lack of control)<br />Difficulties in middle and high school: (Trouble making friendships or cooperating in team projects, social rejection, increased anxiety in social and evaluative situations, increased social avoidance and isolation, excessive worry about future social and evaluative situations)<br />Possible social anxiety disorder<br />Features and Epidemiology<br />Causes and Prevention<br />Assessment and Treatment<br />
  18. 18. Benzodiazepines<br />Antidepressants<br />Features and Epidemiology<br />Causes and Prevention<br />Assessment and Treatment<br />
  19. 19. Examining the Evidence<br />Hypothesis Testing<br />Decatastophizing<br />Features and Epidemiology<br />Causes and Prevention<br />Assessment and Treatment<br />
  20. 20. <ul><li>Systematic desensitization
  21. 21. Flooding
  22. 22. Interoceptive exposure
  23. 23. Click for video case study of treatment for panic disorder:
  24. 24. panic disorder video part 2</li></ul>Features and Epidemiology<br />Causes and Prevention<br />Assessment and Treatment<br />
  25. 25. Features and Epidemiology<br />Causes and Prevention<br />Assessment and Treatment<br />

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