Ch3risk2

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Chapter 3 lecture from Abnormal Psychology

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  • In this chapter we will cover the diathesis-stress model, which combines different models of explaining mental disordersBriefly cover epidemiologyRisk, Protective factors, and resilience,Wrap up with coverage of depression.
  • Ch3risk2

    1. 1. The Diathesis-Stress Model<br />Epidemiology: How Common are Mental Disorders?<br />Risk, Protective Factors, and Resilience<br />Prevention<br />
    2. 2. High<br />Predisposition to impulsivity present (low to high levels)<br />High<br />Medium<br />Low<br />Alcohol Abuse<br />Predisposition to impulsivity absent<br />Low<br />Level of Stress<br />Low<br />High<br />Epidemiology: How Common are Mental Disorders?<br />Risk, Protective Factors, and Resilience<br />The Diathesis-Stress Model<br />Prevention<br />
    3. 3. Epidemiology: How Common are Mental Disorders?<br />Risk, Protective Factors, and Resilience<br />The Diathesis-Stress Model<br />Prevention<br />
    4. 4. 22.8<br />Any Anxiety Disorder<br />33.7<br />43.5<br />45.0<br />Any Mood Disorder<br />40.0<br />15.0<br />29.6<br />Any Substance Use Disorder<br />37.1<br />33.4<br />Serious<br />22.3<br />Any DSM-IV Disorder<br />33.7<br />40.4<br />Moderate<br />9.6<br />One Disorder<br />31.2<br />Mild<br />59.2<br />25.5<br />Two Disorders<br />46.4<br />28.2<br />49.9<br />Three or more Disorders<br />43.1<br />7.0<br />25<br />0<br />5<br />10<br />15<br />20<br />30<br />35<br />40<br />45<br />50<br />55<br />60<br />Rates<br />Epidemiology: How Common are Mental Disorders?<br />Risk, Protective Factors, and Resilience<br />The Diathesis-Stress Model<br />Prevention<br />
    5. 5. Epidemiology: How Common are Mental Disorders?<br />Risk, Protective Factors, and Resilience<br />The Diathesis-Stress Model<br />Prevention<br />
    6. 6. Risk Factor<br />Findings<br />Age<br />The highest rates of mental disorders are found in the 18-29 and 30-44 age groups.<br />Education<br />Individuals who do not complete high school are significantly more likely to be diagnosed with a mental disorder than those who complete or go beyond high school, especially substance use disorders.<br />Employment<br />Individuals who are unemployed are more likely to develop psychological problems than those who are employed.<br />Gender<br />Men are more likely than women to be diagnosed with substance abuse disorders and antisocial personality disorder.<br />Women are at greater risk for developing mood/depressive disorders and anxiety disorders.<br />Women are more likely than men to be diagnosed with more than one mental disorder at any point in time.<br />Epidemiology: How Common are Mental Disorders?<br />Risk, Protective Factors, and Resilience<br />The Diathesis-Stress Model<br />Prevention<br />
    7. 7. Risk Factor<br />Findings<br />Age<br />The highest rates of mental disorders are found in the 18-29 and 30-44 age groups.<br />Education<br />Individuals who do not complete high school are significantly more likely to be diagnosed with a mental disorder than those who complete or go beyond high school, especially substance use disorders.<br />Epidemiology: How Common are Mental Disorders?<br />Risk, Protective Factors, and Resilience<br />The Diathesis-Stress Model<br />Prevention<br />
    8. 8. Risk Factor<br />Findings<br />Age<br />The highest rates of mental disorders are found in the 18-29 and 30-44 age groups.<br />Education<br />Individuals who do not complete high school are significantly more likely to be diagnosed with a mental disorder than those who complete or go beyond high school, especially substance use disorders.<br />Employment<br />Individuals who are unemployed are more likely to develop psychological problems than those who are employed.<br />Epidemiology: How Common are Mental Disorders?<br />Risk, Protective Factors, and Resilience<br />The Diathesis-Stress Model<br />Prevention<br />
    9. 9. Risk Factor<br />Findings<br />Age<br />The highest rates of mental disorders are found in the 18-29 and 30-44 age groups.<br />Education<br />Individuals who do not complete high school are significantly more likely to be diagnosed with a mental disorder than those who complete or go beyond high school, especially substance use disorders.<br />Employment<br />Individuals who are unemployed are more likely to develop psychological problems than those who are employed.<br />Gender<br />Men are more likely than women to be diagnosed with substance abuse disorders and antisocial personality disorder.<br />Women are at greater risk for developing mood/depressive disorders and anxiety disorders.<br />Women are more likely than men to be diagnosed with more than one mental disorder at any point in time.<br />Marital Status<br />Marital disruption (divorce or separation) is associated with mental disorders in general and with anxiety, mood, and substance use disorders in particular.<br />Race and Ethnicity<br />Mixed results in general, with some specific differences.<br />Epidemiology: How Common are Mental Disorders?<br />Risk, Protective Factors, and Resilience<br />The Diathesis-Stress Model<br />Prevention<br />
    10. 10. Individual<br />Family<br />Community or Social<br />Positive Temperament<br />Above-Average Intelligence<br />Social Competence<br />Spirituality or Religion<br />Commitment to Schools<br />Availability of Health and Social Services<br />Social Cohesion<br />Smaller Family Structure<br />Supportive Relationships with Parents<br />Good Sibling Relationships<br />Adequate Monitoring and Rule-Setting by Parents<br />Epidemiology: How Common are Mental Disorders?<br />Risk, Protective Factors, and Resilience<br />The Diathesis-Stress Model<br />Prevention<br />
    11. 11. Chronic<br />Severe<br />Delayed<br />Disruptions in normal functioning<br />Moderate<br />Recovery<br />Mild<br />Resilience<br />Traumatic Event<br />Two Years Later<br />One Year Later<br />Epidemiology: How Common are Mental Disorders?<br />Risk, Protective Factors, and Resilience<br />The Diathesis-Stress Model<br />Prevention<br />
    12. 12. Epidemiology: How Common are Mental Disorders?<br />Risk, Protective Factors, and Resilience<br />The Diathesis-Stress Model<br />Prevention<br />
    13. 13. Basic problem-solving training<br />Positive parenting: enjoying the child<br />Parenting skills<br />Extending parenting<br />Anger management<br />Epidemiology: How Common are Mental Disorders?<br />Risk, Protective Factors, and Resilience<br />The Diathesis-Stress Model<br />Prevention<br />
    14. 14. Epidemiology: How Common are Mental Disorders?<br />Risk, Protective Factors, and Resilience<br />The Diathesis-Stress Model<br />Prevention<br />
    15. 15. Epidemiology: How Common are Mental Disorders?<br />Risk, Protective Factors, and Resilience<br />The Diathesis-Stress Model<br />Prevention<br />
    16. 16. Epidemiology: How Common are Mental Disorders?<br />Risk, Protective Factors, and Resilience<br />The Diathesis-Stress Model<br />Prevention<br />

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