Organization of Personality Disorders<br />Odd or Eccentric Personality Disorders<br />Dramatic Personality Disorders<br /...
Normal<br />Stable mood and low levels of impulsive urge.<br />Occasional thoughts of spontaneity in a socially adaptive w...
Normal<br />Mild<br />Occasional mood swings and impulsive urges.<br />Occasional thoughts of spontaneous activity suchas ...
Normal<br />Mild<br />Moderate<br />Frequent mood swings and some impulsive urges butlittle impairment at work or with rel...
Normal<br />Mild<br />Moderate<br />Personality Disorder – Less Severe<br />Intense mood swings and impulsive urges with s...
Normal<br />Mild<br />Moderate<br />Personality Disorder – Less Severe<br />Personality Disorder – More Severe<br />Extrem...
Paranoid<br />Schizoid<br />Schizotypal<br />Odd or EccentricPersonality Disorders<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />C...
Personality Disorders<br />9-15.7% of population<br />Odd or Eccentric Personality Disorders<br />2.1% of population<br />...
Personality traits related to genetics:<br />Emotional expression<br />Suspiciousness<br />Cognitive distortion<br />Odd o...
Schizoid, Schizotypal<br />My privacy is more important to me than is closeness to people<br />Schizoid, Schizotypal<br />...
Biological vulnerabilities/early predispositions: Genetic vulnerability (e.g., family history of schizophrenia); Neurobiol...
Odd or EccentricPersonality Disorders<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />Causes and<br />Prevention<br />Personality<br...
Repeated criminal acts that could result in arrest<br />Repeated lying, use of aliases, or conning<br />Impulsivity<br />I...
Extreme attempts to avoid real or imagined abandonment<br />Impulsivity that is potentially self-damaging<br />Anger contr...
Discomfort in situations where s/he is not the center of attention<br />Inappropriately provocative or sexually seductive ...
Extreme sense of self-importance<br />Preoccupation with (unrealistic) fantasies of greatness and importance<br />Belief t...
Prefrontal cortex<br />Hypothalamus<br />Somatosensory cortex<br />Thalamus<br />Amygdala<br />Odd or EccentricPersonality...
Childhood maltreatment<br />Poor parental bonding<br />Cognitive beliefs<br />Odd or EccentricPersonality Disorders<br />P...
Biological vulnerabilities/early predispositions: Genetic vulnerability (e.g., family history of mood or impulsive disorde...
Anxious/fearful Personality Disorders<br />Odd or EccentricPersonality Disorders<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />Cau...
Avoidance of situations that may involve significant interpersonal contact because of fear of disapproval, criticism, or r...
Difficulty making simple decisions without advice and reassurance from others<br />Fears of loss of support or approval ca...
Odd or EccentricPersonality Disorders<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />Causes and<br />Prevention<br />Personality<br...
Personality traits related to anxious/fearful personality disorders<br />Behavioral inhibition<br />Tendency to anticipate...
Biological vulnerabilities/early predispositions: Genetic vulnerability (e.g., family history of anxiety disorders); Neuro...
Medication<br />Ease anxiety and depression<br />Stabilize mood<br />Reduce psychotic symptoms<br />Odd or EccentricPerson...
Odd or EccentricPersonality Disorders<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />Causes and<br />Prevention<br />Personality<br...
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Ch10personalitydis

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chapter 10 personality disorders

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Ch10personalitydis

  1. 1. Organization of Personality Disorders<br />Odd or Eccentric Personality Disorders<br />Dramatic Personality Disorders<br />Anxious/Fearful Personality Disorders<br />
  2. 2. Normal<br />Stable mood and low levels of impulsive urge.<br />Occasional thoughts of spontaneity in a socially adaptive way. <br />Acts different in different situations depending on the social context.<br />Emotions<br />Cognitions<br />Behaviors<br />Odd or EccentricPersonality Disorders<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />Causes and<br />Prevention<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />Assessment<br />and Treatment<br />Organization of Personality Disorders<br />Dramatic Personality Disorders<br />Anxious/Fearful<br />Personality<br />Disorders<br />
  3. 3. Normal<br />Mild<br />Occasional mood swings and impulsive urges.<br />Occasional thoughts of spontaneous activity suchas stealing.<br />Acts inappropriately at times in work or social situations. <br />Emotions<br />Cognitions<br />Behaviors<br />Odd or EccentricPersonality Disorders<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />Causes and<br />Prevention<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />Assessment<br />and Treatment<br />Organization of Personality Disorders<br />Dramatic Personality Disorders<br />Anxious/Fearful<br />Personality<br />Disorders<br />
  4. 4. Normal<br />Mild<br />Moderate<br />Frequent mood swings and some impulsive urges butlittle impairment at work or with relationships.<br />Frequent odd thoughts or thoughts of dangerous activitysuch as harming self or others. <br />Problematic personality trait such as impulsivity or emotional reactivity shown in many situations.<br />Emotions<br />Cognitions<br />Behaviors<br />Odd or EccentricPersonality Disorders<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />Causes and<br />Prevention<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />Assessment<br />and Treatment<br />Organization of Personality Disorders<br />Dramatic Personality Disorders<br />Anxious/Fearful<br />Personality<br />Disorders<br />
  5. 5. Normal<br />Mild<br />Moderate<br />Personality Disorder – Less Severe<br />Intense mood swings and impulsive urges with significant impairment at work or with relationships.<br />Intense thoughts of suicide, paranoia, abandonment,attention from others, vengeance, or work.<br />Problematic personality traits and dangerous behavior shown in almost all situations. <br />Emotions<br />Cognitions<br />Behaviors<br />Odd or EccentricPersonality Disorders<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />Causes and<br />Prevention<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />Assessment<br />and Treatment<br />Organization of Personality Disorders<br />Dramatic Personality Disorders<br />Anxious/Fearful<br />Personality<br />Disorders<br />
  6. 6. Normal<br />Mild<br />Moderate<br />Personality Disorder – Less Severe<br />Personality Disorder – More Severe<br />Extreme mood swings and impulsive or aggressive urges that lead to self-harm, arrest, or violence.<br />Extreme and constant thoughts of suicide, paranoia,abandonment, attention from others, vengeance, or work.<br />Problematic personality traits and dangerous behavior shown in all situations with intense distress and impairment. <br />Emotions<br />Cognitions<br />Behaviors<br />Odd or EccentricPersonality Disorders<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />Causes and<br />Prevention<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />Assessment<br />and Treatment<br />Organization of Personality Disorders<br />Dramatic Personality Disorders<br />Anxious/Fearful<br />Personality<br />Disorders<br />
  7. 7. Paranoid<br />Schizoid<br />Schizotypal<br />Odd or EccentricPersonality Disorders<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />Causes and<br />Prevention<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />Assessment<br />and Treatment<br />Organization of Personality Disorders<br />Dramatic Personality Disorders<br />Anxious/Fearful<br />Personality<br />Disorders<br />
  8. 8. Personality Disorders<br />9-15.7% of population<br />Odd or Eccentric Personality Disorders<br />2.1% of population<br />Odd or EccentricPersonality Disorders<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />Causes and<br />Prevention<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />Assessment<br />and Treatment<br />Organization of Personality Disorders<br />Dramatic Personality Disorders<br />Anxious/Fearful<br />Personality<br />Disorders<br />
  9. 9. Personality traits related to genetics:<br />Emotional expression<br />Suspiciousness<br />Cognitive distortion<br />Odd or EccentricPersonality Disorders<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />Causes and<br />Prevention<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />Assessment<br />and Treatment<br />Organization of Personality Disorders<br />Dramatic Personality Disorders<br />Anxious/Fearful<br />Personality<br />Disorders<br />
  10. 10. Schizoid, Schizotypal<br />My privacy is more important to me than is closeness to people<br />Schizoid, Schizotypal<br />I shouldn’t confide in others<br />Paranoid<br />I cannot trust other people<br />Paranoid<br />Other people have hidden motives<br />Paranoid<br />It isn’t safe to confide in other people<br />Examples of Cognitions Associated with Odd or Eccentric<br />Odd or EccentricPersonality Disorders<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />Causes and<br />Prevention<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />Assessment<br />and Treatment<br />Organization of Personality Disorders<br />Dramatic Personality Disorders<br />Anxious/Fearful<br />Personality<br />Disorders<br />
  11. 11. Biological vulnerabilities/early predispositions: Genetic vulnerability (e.g., family history of schizophrenia); Neurobiological vulnerability (e.g., cognitive and perceptual deficits; dopaminergic dysfunction)<br />Early family problems: Adverse family environment (e.g., parental<br />Abuse, emotional withdrawal)<br />Stressful life events: Family conflict, abuse, trauma<br />Cognitive-stress and behavioral vulnerabilities: Cognitive schemas (e.g., distrust, autonomy); Personality traits (e.g., restricted expression, suspiciousness)<br />Possible odd/eccentric personality disorder<br />Odd or EccentricPersonality Disorders<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />Causes and<br />Prevention<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />Assessment<br />and Treatment<br />Organization of Personality Disorders<br />Dramatic Personality Disorders<br />Anxious/Fearful<br />Personality<br />Disorders<br />
  12. 12. Odd or EccentricPersonality Disorders<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />Causes and<br />Prevention<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />Assessment<br />and Treatment<br />Organization of Personality Disorders<br />Dramatic Personality Disorders<br />Anxious/Fearful<br />Personality<br />Disorders<br />Antisocial<br />Borderline<br />Histrionic<br />Narcissistic<br />
  13. 13. Repeated criminal acts that could result in arrest<br />Repeated lying, use of aliases, or conning<br />Impulsivity<br />Irritability and aggressiveness<br />Disregard for the safety of oneself or others<br />Chronic irresponsibility<br />Lack of remorse for having hurt or mistreated others<br />Odd or EccentricPersonality Disorders<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />Causes and<br />Prevention<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />Assessment<br />and Treatment<br />Organization of Personality Disorders<br />Dramatic Personality Disorders<br />Anxious/Fearful<br />Personality<br />Disorders<br />
  14. 14. Extreme attempts to avoid real or imagined abandonment<br />Impulsivity that is potentially self-damaging<br />Anger control problems<br />Lack of a sense of self, or unstable self-image<br />Recurrent suicidal behavior or self-mutilating behavior<br />Dissociation or paranoid thoughts that occur in response to stress<br />Chronic feeling of emptiness<br />Intense and unstable interpersonal relationships<br />Odd or EccentricPersonality Disorders<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />Causes and<br />Prevention<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />Assessment<br />and Treatment<br />Organization of Personality Disorders<br />Dramatic Personality Disorders<br />Anxious/Fearful<br />Personality<br />Disorders<br />
  15. 15. Discomfort in situations where s/he is not the center of attention<br />Inappropriately provocative or sexually seductive interaction with others<br />Emotions that shift rapidly and do not seem “real”<br />Physical appearance is used to draw attention to oneself<br />Speech characterized by unsupported “impressions”<br />Very dramatic behavior and expression of emotions<br />Very suggestible and easily influenced<br />Relationships are considered much more intimate and closer than they actually are<br />Odd or EccentricPersonality Disorders<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />Causes and<br />Prevention<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />Assessment<br />and Treatment<br />Organization of Personality Disorders<br />Dramatic Personality Disorders<br />Anxious/Fearful<br />Personality<br />Disorders<br />
  16. 16. Extreme sense of self-importance<br />Preoccupation with (unrealistic) fantasies of greatness and importance<br />Belief that one’s “uniqueness” can only be understood by special or high-status people<br />Excessive need for admiration<br />Extreme sense of entitlement<br />Interpersonally exploitative<br />Lack of empathy for others<br />Frequent envy or belief that others are envious of him or her<br />Arrogant behavior and attitude<br />Odd or EccentricPersonality Disorders<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />Causes and<br />Prevention<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />Assessment<br />and Treatment<br />Organization of Personality Disorders<br />Dramatic Personality Disorders<br />Anxious/Fearful<br />Personality<br />Disorders<br />
  17. 17. Prefrontal cortex<br />Hypothalamus<br />Somatosensory cortex<br />Thalamus<br />Amygdala<br />Odd or EccentricPersonality Disorders<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />Causes and<br />Prevention<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />Assessment<br />and Treatment<br />Organization of Personality Disorders<br />Dramatic Personality Disorders<br />Anxious/Fearful<br />Personality<br />Disorders<br />
  18. 18. Childhood maltreatment<br />Poor parental bonding<br />Cognitive beliefs<br />Odd or EccentricPersonality Disorders<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />Causes and<br />Prevention<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />Assessment<br />and Treatment<br />Organization of Personality Disorders<br />Dramatic Personality Disorders<br />Anxious/Fearful<br />Personality<br />Disorders<br />
  19. 19. Biological vulnerabilities/early predispositions: Genetic vulnerability (e.g., family history of mood or impulsive disorders); Neurobiological vulnerability (e.g., impulsive aggression; affective instability; serotonergic or noradrenergic dysfunction)<br />Early family problems: Adverse family environment (e.g., child abuse, poor parental bonding, inconsistent parenting)<br />Stressful life events: Family conflict, abuse, trauma<br />Cognitive-stress and behavioral vulnerabilities: Cognitive schemas (e.g., immediate gratification, dramatic); Personality traits (e.g., emotional dysregulation, impulsivity, callousness)<br />Possible dramatic personality disorder<br />Odd or EccentricPersonality Disorders<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />Causes and<br />Prevention<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />Assessment<br />and Treatment<br />Organization of Personality Disorders<br />Dramatic Personality Disorders<br />Anxious/Fearful<br />Personality<br />Disorders<br />
  20. 20. Anxious/fearful Personality Disorders<br />Odd or EccentricPersonality Disorders<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />Causes and<br />Prevention<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />Assessment<br />and Treatment<br />Organization of Personality Disorders<br />Dramatic Personality Disorders<br />Anxious/Fearful<br />Personality<br />Disorders<br />Avoidant<br />Dependent<br />Obsessive-Compulsive<br />
  21. 21. Avoidance of situations that may involve significant interpersonal contact because of fear of disapproval, criticism, or rejection<br />Feelings of inadequacy cause him or her to be inhibited in new social situations<br />Reluctance to get involved with other people unless there is some degree of certainty that she or he will be liked<br />Believes self to be inept, unappealing, and inferior<br />Restrained close relationships because of a fear of being embarrassed or ridiculed<br />Very risk-aversive and unlikely to engage in any new activities because of the fear of being embarrassed<br />Preoccupied with the thought of being criticized or rejected in social situations<br />Odd or EccentricPersonality Disorders<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />Causes and<br />Prevention<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />Assessment<br />and Treatment<br />Organization of Personality Disorders<br />Dramatic Personality Disorders<br />Anxious/Fearful<br />Personality<br />Disorders<br />
  22. 22. Difficulty making simple decisions without advice and reassurance from others<br />Fears of loss of support or approval cause him or her to censor any disagreement with others<br />Desperate to get support and nurturance from others<br />Moves from relationship to relationship to ensure care and support<br />Giving up responsibility for major areas of his or her life<br />Extreme difficulty in doing things independently because of a lack of self-confidence<br />Frequently feels helpless or uncomfortable and fears being unable to take care of oneself<br />Greatly fears being left alone to take care of himself or herself<br />Odd or EccentricPersonality Disorders<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />Causes and<br />Prevention<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />Assessment<br />and Treatment<br />Organization of Personality Disorders<br />Dramatic Personality Disorders<br />Anxious/Fearful<br />Personality<br />Disorders<br />
  23. 23. Odd or EccentricPersonality Disorders<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />Causes and<br />Prevention<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />Assessment<br />and Treatment<br />Organization of Personality Disorders<br />Dramatic Personality Disorders<br />Anxious/Fearful<br />Personality<br />Disorders<br />
  24. 24. Personality traits related to anxious/fearful personality disorders<br />Behavioral inhibition<br />Tendency to anticipate harm<br />Excessive sensitivity to negative events<br />Heightened arousal<br />Tendency to see threat in benign events<br />Odd or EccentricPersonality Disorders<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />Causes and<br />Prevention<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />Assessment<br />and Treatment<br />Organization of Personality Disorders<br />Dramatic Personality Disorders<br />Anxious/Fearful<br />Personality<br />Disorders<br />
  25. 25. Biological vulnerabilities/early predispositions: Genetic vulnerability (e.g., family history of anxiety disorders); Neurobiological vulnerability (e.g., anxiety or inhibition; noradrenergic or GABA dysfunction)<br />Early family problems: Adverse family environment (e.g., insecure attachment to parents; rejection by parents)<br />Stressful life events: Family conflict, abuse, trauma<br />Cognitive-stress and behavioral vulnerabilities: Cognitive schemas (e.g., low self-esteem, ten to catastrophize); Personality traits (e.g., anxiousness, inhibition, submissiveness)<br />Possible anxious/fearful personality disorder<br />Odd or EccentricPersonality Disorders<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />Causes and<br />Prevention<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />Assessment<br />and Treatment<br />Organization of Personality Disorders<br />Dramatic Personality Disorders<br />Anxious/Fearful<br />Personality<br />Disorders<br />
  26. 26. Medication<br />Ease anxiety and depression<br />Stabilize mood<br />Reduce psychotic symptoms<br />Odd or EccentricPersonality Disorders<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />Causes and<br />Prevention<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />Assessment<br />and Treatment<br />Organization of Personality Disorders<br />Dramatic Personality Disorders<br />Anxious/Fearful<br />Personality<br />Disorders<br />
  27. 27. Odd or EccentricPersonality Disorders<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />Causes and<br />Prevention<br />Personality<br />Disorders:<br />Assessment<br />and Treatment<br />Organization of Personality Disorders<br />Dramatic Personality Disorders<br />Anxious/Fearful<br />Personality<br />Disorders<br />

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