+ Telling A Story Step Up American Pragmatics and Culture
+ Basic Story Structure Introduction Beginning The Story The End Moral
+ Story Structure: Introduction Introduce the story by telling what kind of story it is. Examples: “This is a true story” “This is a story I heard from a friend.” Sample Language: First of all, To start off with, Initially,
+ Story Structure: Beginning Tellhow the story started. Provide background information about the setting & time period when the story took place. Mention where, what time of day, what the weather was like, etc. Ex. Golden Girls – Sophia’s Storytelling Sample Language for Continuing: Then, After that, Next, As soon as / When + full clause, ... but then Immediately,
+ Story Structure: The Story Tellthe main events, in the order that they happened. Ex. I woke up, went to the kitchen, and saw the huge hole in the window…
+ Sample Language Interruptions / New Elements to the Story: Suddenly, Unexpectedly, Examples: Suddenly, a child burst into the room with a note for Ms. Smith. Unexpectedly, the people in the room didnt agree with the mayor. Events Occurring at the Same Time While / As + full clause During + noun (noun clause) Examples: While we were getting ready for the trip, Jennifer was making the reservations at the travel agents. During the meeting, Jack came over and asked me a few questions.
+ Story Structure: The End Tell what has changed or how things are now. You could have a happy ending, sad ending, or even a cliff hanger. Ex. “so we managed to get to the concert right on time” Sample Language for Ending: Finally, In the end, Eventually, Lastly,
+ Story Structure: The Moral Make final comments or provide moral conclusions about the story. Ex. “In the end, it was better that it happened that way because if it had happened the way I planned, no one would have been happy.”
+ Other Important Elements Of Story Telling Cause and Effect Provide reasons for different actions that occur in the story Link Ideas Logically Use proper verb tenses Reported Speech
+ Think of your own story to tell… Thinkof a story that has happened to you or a friend of yours that is remarkable. What happened? Was this a happy or sad story? Why? What were the main events of the story? In what order did they happen? Howhave things changed because of this story? What are things like now? What lessons did you learn from the story?