Can You Convince Me Seminar


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This is about informal argument and debate.

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  • Can You Convince Me Seminar

    1. 1. Can You Convince Me?<br />The Art of Informal Debate<br />C. J. Quinones, 2009<br />
    2. 2. What is Informal Debate?<br />A debate is a contest, or, perhaps, like a game, where two or more speakers present their arguments intent on persuading one another.<br />Informal debate can happen anywhere. <br />C. J. Quinones, 2009<br />
    3. 3. Argument vs. Debate<br />Debate or debating is a formal method of interactive and representational argument.<br />In logic, an argument is <br />a set of one or more meaningful declarative sentences (or &quot;propositions&quot;) along with another meaningful declarative sentence known as the premise, (or &quot;proposition&quot;) known as the conclusion.<br />Premises and conclusions are either true or false.<br />C. J. Quinones, 2009<br />
    4. 4. Forms of Argument<br />Deductive<br />asserts that the truth of the conclusion is a logical consequence of the premises.<br />Inductive<br />asserts that the truth of the conclusion is supported by the premises.<br />C. J. Quinones, 2009<br />
    5. 5. Deductive Arguments<br /><ul><li>A deductive argument is one in which it is impossible for the premises to be true but the conclusion false. </li></ul>It can be valid or invalid<br />An argument is valid if and only if:<br /> the truth of the conclusion is a logical consequence of the premises and (consequently) its corresponding conditional is a necessary truth.<br />It can be sound or unsound<br />A sound argument is a valid argument with true premises.<br />C. J. Quinones, 2009<br />
    6. 6. Example<br />1. All men are mortal. (premise)<br />2. Socrates was a man. (premise)<br />3. Socrates was mortal. (conclusion)<br />C. J. Quinones, 2009<br />
    7. 7. Inductive Arguments<br />An inductive argument is one in which the premises are supposed to support the conclusion in such a way that if the premises are true, it is improbable that the conclusion would be false. <br />Thus, the conclusion follows probably from the premises and inferences.<br />C. J. Quinones, 2009<br />
    8. 8. Example<br />1. Socrates was Greek. (premise)<br />2. Most Greeks eat fish. (premise)<br />3. Socrates ate fish. (conclusion) <br />C. J. Quinones, 2009<br />
    9. 9. Logical Fallacies<br />Fallacies are defects in an argument that cause it to be invalid, unsound, or weak.<br /> In a deductive argument, <br />the existence of a fallacy means that the argument is not valid - even if the premises are true, the conclusion might still be false.<br /> A fallacy does not guarantee it is false;<br /> a fallacious argument fails to provide a good reason to believe the conclusion, even if that conclusion is correct.<br />C. J. Quinones, 2009<br />
    10. 10. How to Win Informal Arguments and Debates<br />Decide on a position and become well-informed.<br />Find someone to debate with.<br />Begin by stating a thesis.<br />Respond to objections.<br />Build on your opponent’s objections.<br />Attempt to resolve each point before moving ahead.<br />Remain calm, rational and reasonable.<br />Have patience.<br />Use effective speech and grammar.<br />Ask questions.<br />Be willing to lose.<br />Don’t take too much pride in being right.<br /><br /> C. J. Quinones, 2009<br />
    11. 11. 7 Tips to Successfully Persuade Anyone(By Priya Shah)<br />1) Enter their world<br />Try to understand the situation from their point of view. <br />Ask yourself if you are them, what would you do? What would be your opinion? <br />Take the appropriate action that would be beneficial to them.<br />C. J. Quinones, 2009<br />
    12. 12. 7 Tips to Successfully Persuade Anyone(By Priya Shah)<br />Mirror Their Body Language<br />People feel comfortable with those who are like them. <br />Observing how they act, how they speak, and how they think is called mirroring.<br />If they rub their forehead while they think, act like them. <br />If they speak at a clear and slow pace, try to do the same thing. <br />Proceed with caution--do not let them be aware that you are copying them. <br />C. J. Quinones, 2009<br />
    13. 13. 7 Tips to Successfully Persuade Anyone(By Priya Shah)<br />Be Cheerful and Nice<br />People like others who brighten up their day.<br />Make a sincere compliment to raise their spirits.<br /> Little things like these go a long way to breaking the ice and setting the relationship off to a good start.<br />C. J. Quinones, 2009<br />
    14. 14. 7 Tips to Successfully Persuade Anyone(By Priya Shah)<br />Be Sincere and Trustworthy<br /> Make them feel that whenever they need help or just someone to look up to, you’ll always be there to lend a hand.<br /> People tend to be more receptive to those they trust.<br />C. J. Quinones, 2009<br />
    15. 15. 7 Tips to Successfully Persuade Anyone(By Priya Shah)<br />Provide Them with Compelling Evidence<br />Explain to them how your ideas or suggestions could be the most effective techniques to implement.<br /> Show them undeniable proof by way of testimonials, before and after scenarios, and detailed comparisons against the opposing side.<br /> Just make sure that all your claims are true and verifiable. <br />Always maintain a good reputation.<br />C. J. Quinones, 2009<br />
    16. 16. 7 Tips to Successfully Persuade Anyone(By Priya Shah)<br />Show Them What’s In It for Them<br />People are self-centered. They tend to put their own well-being before others.<br />No matter how close you are to becoming like them or how overwhelming your evidence is, if it does not satisfy the &quot;What’s In It For Me?&quot; test, your persuasion efforts will not produce satisfactory results.<br />If you can prove that your proposal will provide more advantageous benefits to them than to you, they are more likely to accept it.<br />C. J. Quinones, 2009<br />
    17. 17. 7 Tips to Successfully Persuade Anyone(By Priya Shah)<br />Genuinely Care For Them<br />Focus more on their interests, desires, needs, and expectations, so you can satisfy their craving for attention, and establish mutual trust and respect.<br />It shows that you really care about them and that will make them more likely to trust you and want to work with you.<br />C. J. Quinones, 2009<br />
    18. 18. 7 Tips to Successfully Persuade Anyone(By Priya Shah)<br />Enter their world<br />Mirror their body language<br />Be cheerful and nice<br />Be sincere and trustworthy<br />Provide them with compelling evidence<br />Show them what’s in it for them<br />Genuinely care for them<br />C. J. Quinones, 2009<br />
    19. 19. Now You Try!<br />Select several campus issues that are currently hot. <br />Divide into smaller groups to discuss the issue. <br />Each person in the group should represent a different opinion or view. (The object is to persuade the others to side with you.)<br />If necessary, the position you will take will be provided.<br />Try to use the tips provided as a guide.<br />C. J. Quinones, 2009<br />
    20. 20. Now You Try!<br />You will be provided a task to role-play in pairs.<br />You will be provided a little time to think but then you must perform for your peers.<br />You will receive feedback.<br />C. J. Quinones, 2009<br />
    21. 21. Now You Try!<br />Find a short news article from or on an issue you are interested in. Become informed.<br />Take a position and discuss it with a partner. If they agree, find a partner who may not feel exactly the same on the issue. <br />We will rotate. After each rotation, you will fill out a card about how convincing each person was.<br />C. J. Quinones, 2009<br />