/æ/ vs./ɛ/ and
/n/ vs. /l/ and /ŋ/
Pronunciation Lesson
Ms. Quiñones
VOWELS
Sounds of the day
Vowels
 /æ/ as in apple, bad, and math
 /ɛ/ as in end, bed, and slept
Commonly Confused Sounds
 /æ/ and /ɛ/ are commonly confused with each other.
 Ex. “bed” vs. “bad” or “pedal” vs. “paddle...
Vowels of the day: /æ/&/ɛ/
 /æ/
 Pronounced with the lips pulled back and teeth open, the
tongue forward and low in the ...
Individual Practice
 /æ/
 The mad man sat in the sand and clapped as the bad
band was canned.
 /ɛ/
 The best bellboy a...
Put it together
 Even the best bed went bad when ten tall friends spent
time adding to the heavy load it had held haphaza...
Additional Practice
1. The mad men mentioned that Ted and Tad had been
bad before bed.
2. Sally sells ads in Harry’s magaz...
CONSONANTS
Sounds of the day
Consonants
 /n/ as in nail, dinner, and pain
 /l/ as in leave, mellow, and yell
 /ŋ/ as in finger, br...
Commonly Confused Sounds
 /n/ is often confused with /l/ or /ŋ/
 /l/ for /n/ = “lay” for “nay” or “low” for “no”
 /ŋ/ f...
Production
 /n/
 Pronounced with the tongue pressed behind the
teeth, forcing air through the nose, lips open, vocal cor...
Production
 /l/
 Pronounced with the tip of the tongue pressed behind the
teeth, lips open, the air is forced around the...
Production
 /ŋ/
 Pronounced with the back of the tongue pressed against
the roof of the mouth, forcing air through the n...
Practice
 /n/
 Naomi needs a nifty nook to nap in. Then she can make
dinner for Nancy and Sandi.
 /l/
 Let Lee leave h...
Put it together
 Neal never nails his songs. Norma thinks Neal’s singing
stinks because he nips ginger ale and snacks on
...
Additional Practice
1. Never nap on Neptune. Nero left laws outlawing
Neptunian naps.
2. Sing a song about a silly sink.
3...
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Bed vs bad and /n/,/l/, and /ng/

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Pronunciation Lesson on vowels and consonants

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Bed vs bad and /n/,/l/, and /ng/

  1. 1. /æ/ vs./ɛ/ and /n/ vs. /l/ and /ŋ/ Pronunciation Lesson Ms. Quiñones
  2. 2. VOWELS
  3. 3. Sounds of the day Vowels  /æ/ as in apple, bad, and math  /ɛ/ as in end, bed, and slept
  4. 4. Commonly Confused Sounds  /æ/ and /ɛ/ are commonly confused with each other.  Ex. “bed” vs. “bad” or “pedal” vs. “paddle”  /æ/ can be confused with other vowels, like /ai/  Ex. “mite” for “mat” or “find” for “fanned”  /ɛ/ is often confused with /ai/ or /I/  Ex. “sighed” for “said” or “bide” for “bed”  Ex. “bid” for “bed” or “wit” for “wet”
  5. 5. Vowels of the day: /æ/&/ɛ/  /æ/  Pronounced with the lips pulled back and teeth open, the tongue forward and low in the mouth  /ɛ/  Pronounced with the lips relaxed, but open; the tongue is forward and at middle-low position in the mouth
  6. 6. Individual Practice  /æ/  The mad man sat in the sand and clapped as the bad band was canned.  /ɛ/  The best bellboy at the hotel went to send the letter to the red-headed director, who was said to be better than his dead friend.
  7. 7. Put it together  Even the best bed went bad when ten tall friends spent time adding to the heavy load it had held haphazardly.  When the bad bed fell, the ten had to take a bath to deaden the headache that threatened their fun fad of setting pads on the bad bed.
  8. 8. Additional Practice 1. The mad men mentioned that Ted and Tad had been bad before bed. 2. Sally sells ads in Harry’s magazine which is sent to ten addressees in Harrisburg. 3. Ben can bend metal better than Barry. 4. Malory bet Melanie that the men could pedal paddleboats faster than the women could paddle rafts.
  9. 9. CONSONANTS
  10. 10. Sounds of the day Consonants  /n/ as in nail, dinner, and pain  /l/ as in leave, mellow, and yell  /ŋ/ as in finger, brung, and sang
  11. 11. Commonly Confused Sounds  /n/ is often confused with /l/ or /ŋ/  /l/ for /n/ = “lay” for “nay” or “low” for “no”  /ŋ/ for /n/ = “sing” for “sin” or “fang” for “fan”  /l/ is often confused with /n/ or /ð/  /n/ for /l/ = “nern” for “learn” or “known” for “loan”  /ð/ for /l/ = “they” for “lay” or “though” for “low”  /ŋ/ is often confused with /n/ or /nk/  /n/ for /ŋ/ = “run” for “rung” or “thin” for “thing”  /nk/ for /ŋ/ = “sink” for “sing” or “hunk” for “hung”
  12. 12. Production  /n/  Pronounced with the tongue pressed behind the teeth, forcing air through the nose, lips open, vocal cords vibrating.
  13. 13. Production  /l/  Pronounced with the tip of the tongue pressed behind the teeth, lips open, the air is forced around the sides of the mouth, vocal cords vibrating.
  14. 14. Production  /ŋ/  Pronounced with the back of the tongue pressed against the roof of the mouth, forcing air through the nose, lips open, vocal cords vibrating (tip of tongue loose)
  15. 15. Practice  /n/  Naomi needs a nifty nook to nap in. Then she can make dinner for Nancy and Sandi.  /l/  Let Lee leave his yellow pail in your sailboat. He’ll call Al to clear up all the leftovers later.  /ŋ/  Norma sings as she brings the rings for the wedding.
  16. 16. Put it together  Neal never nails his songs. Norma thinks Neal’s singing stinks because he nips ginger ale and snacks on vanilla wafers all the time. Neal is not thin.  Under the lever is a client’s number. Can Nelly bring the client’s number to Norman and Sally’s new office? Please notify Nelly not to bring the wrong thing.
  17. 17. Additional Practice 1. Never nap on Neptune. Nero left laws outlawing Neptunian naps. 2. Sing a song about a silly sink. 3. Melly, lean on Nelly if you need relief from hanging nets tonight. 4. Tonight, twilight will leave a little light for nightlife. 5. Ron runs up the rungs nightly, ringing bells to let them know the tank is low.

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