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High Performance Green Design for High-Precision Manufacturing

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How Weller & Michal Architects gave NH Company of the Year a building that exceeds expectations.

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High Performance Green Design for High-Precision Manufacturing

  1. 1. Sustainable Building Design ‘ Green’, ‘Integrated’ and ‘High Performance’ Design Principals Charles Michal AIA LEED AP Moore Nanotechnology Systems New Manufacturing Facility
  2. 2. The Project <ul><li>Moore Nanotechnology Systems, LLC was established in October 1997. The company’s achievements were recognized with the prestigious 2008 Company of the Year award from the New Hampshire Department of Economic Development. </li></ul><ul><li>In December 2009 the company moved into a new 36,000 ft² purpose built, state-of-the-art manufacturing facility in Swanzey, NH designed by Weller & Michal Architects of Keene, NH </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why Design Matters <ul><li>Buildings are the largest source of both energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions in America. Buildings account for as much as 48 percent of all greenhouse emissions and 68 percent of electricity consumption. </li></ul><ul><li>According to the National Institute of Building Sciences' Whole Building Design Guide , buildings generate 35 percent of the carbon dioxide (the primary greenhouse gas associated with climate change). </li></ul>
  4. 4. Our Approach to Sustainability <ul><li>Use a ‘Whole Systems’ or Integrated Design Approach </li></ul><ul><li>Review LEED ™ points potential and options during early design </li></ul><ul><li>Deliver ‘Beyond Code’ level of performance as implemented by Architects and Engineers </li></ul>
  5. 5. Energy Use Goals <ul><li>Reduce energy consumption and peak electrical demand over baseline </li></ul><ul><li>Achieve energy cost savings with upgrades to products and equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Exceed a minimum Energy Star Energy Performance Rating of 75 </li></ul><ul><li>Identify alternate ‘Benchmark’ similar to Energy Star and design to higher standard </li></ul>
  6. 6. Advanced Buildings ™ <ul><li>Nationally Sanctioned ‘Advanced Buildings™ methodology used. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// www.advancedbuildings.net </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Core Performance™ , the cornerstone of Advanced Buildings, offers a prescriptive path for design teams to create buildings that are up to 30% more energy-efficient than national building standards without modeling . </li></ul>
  7. 7. Advanced Buildings ™ Core Performance Program <ul><li>Core Performance an option to meet or exceed the 2030 Challenge 50% reduction target . Those currently using IECC 2006 must achieve an additional 30% improvement beyond the requirements of this code. Following the guidelines in the Advanced Buildings Core Performance program is cited as a means to achieve this in commercial buildings. </li></ul><ul><li>Core Performance adopted by USGBC as a prescriptive option for up to five points under LEED-NC v2.2 Energy and Atmosphere Credit 1: Optimize Energy Performance. </li></ul>
  8. 8. “ Core Performance” Techniques <ul><li>Strategic Criteria </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced Opaque Envelope </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced Glazing Performance </li></ul><ul><li>Use of Cool Roofs </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated HVAC Design </li></ul><ul><li>Efficient Mechanical Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Use of Variable Speed Drives </li></ul><ul><li>Minimized Lighting Power Density </li></ul><ul><li>The Basics </li></ul><ul><li>Design Certification </li></ul><ul><li>Construction Certification </li></ul><ul><li>Operations Certification </li></ul><ul><li>Energy Code Compliance </li></ul><ul><li>Air Barrier Performance </li></ul><ul><li>Window / Door Certification </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring and Trend-logging </li></ul><ul><li>Energy Efficient Transformers </li></ul><ul><li>Lighting Controls </li></ul><ul><li>Outdoor Lighting </li></ul><ul><li>Indoor Air Quality </li></ul><ul><li>Below Grade Insulation </li></ul><ul><li>Refrigeration Efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Networked Computer Monitoring </li></ul>
  9. 9. Five Sustainability Guidelines <ul><li>Make optimum use of the land in Site Design and Planning . </li></ul><ul><li>Design building and systems for Reduced Energy Use . </li></ul><ul><li>Minimize stormwater impacts through Water Management . </li></ul><ul><li>Assess construction materials for life-cycle impacts to minimize Materials Resources and Waste . </li></ul><ul><li>Use non-toxic materials to maximize Indoor Environmental Quality . </li></ul>
  10. 10. Site Design and Planning <ul><li>Aligned with Community Master Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Use of Previously Developed Land </li></ul><ul><li>Located on Transportation Networks </li></ul><ul><li>Entrances and Windows Oriented to Light and Views </li></ul><ul><li>Low-impact Landscaping with Wetland protections. </li></ul><ul><li>Full cut off exterior lighting prevents light pollution </li></ul>
  11. 11. Reduced Energy Use <ul><li>Targeted Minimum Energy Star Energy Performance Rating of 75 </li></ul><ul><li>Optimized Shell Thermal Performance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Best Air/Vapor Barrier Practices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Beyond Code Insulation Levels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High-Performance Glazing Systems </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Daylight Integration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spectrally-selective Low-E glass increases daylight while minimizing peak cooling loads </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Overhead skylighting and north daylighting of manufacturing areas </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. ‘ Beyond Code’ Specifications <ul><li>Optimized Building Shell Performance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Continuous Air Barrier to minimize air leakage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Roof Insulation at R-30 is 33% better than Code </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wall Insulation at R-28 is 38% better than Code </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slabs Fully Insulated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low-E glass at U-0.33 is 36% better than Code </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Efficient Lighting Design <ul><li>Efficient Electric Lighting and Controls </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Met 1 W/sf Lighting Power Density target </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Two lighting levels in every major space </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lighting fixtures chosen to minimize glare </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Luminance levels and color temperature/color rendering selected for tasks and according to IESNA guidelines </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Efficient Systems Design <ul><li>Maximized Mechanical System Performance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple VAV zones, including isolated cooling for data rooms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Separate air-handlers and control strategies for three distinct functional zones, with full-economizer operation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outside air / Demand Controlled Ventilation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Control overrides to respond to non-scheduled events </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Efficient Equipment <ul><li>Zero CFC based refrigerants </li></ul><ul><li>90% efficient modular boilers for efficient part-load operation (base design) </li></ul><ul><li>Variable speed drives (VSD) on motors </li></ul><ul><li>High-efficiency fans for high volume air handling systems </li></ul>
  16. 16. Indoor Environmental Quality <ul><ul><li>Low VOC/low PVC content flooring (carpets, carpet tiles and rubber flooring) and low VOC paints used to maximize Indoor Environmental Quality . </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Water Management <ul><li>Minimized stormwater impacts. </li></ul><ul><li>Dual flush toilets and automatic faucet controls </li></ul><ul><li>Stormwater managed on-site with ‘Rain Gardens’ </li></ul>
  18. 18. Materials Resources and Waste Reduction <ul><li>Long-term durable materials chosen both interior and exterior to minimize life-cycle costs which include maintenance and replacement. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prefinished steel and glass exterior for long life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Granite flooring in primary public areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Polished concrete used in manufacturing areas </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Materials Resources and Waste Reduction <ul><li>Selective demolition of old farmhouse on the site </li></ul><ul><li>Materials separation </li></ul><ul><li>Construction Waste Management </li></ul><ul><li>Storage and Collection of Recyclables </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple recycling stations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Central recycling area </li></ul></ul>

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