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Plant facilitation and animal interaction research gaps

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A revised mashup deck for a research workshop summary on positive plant-animal interactions research gaps and opportunities.

Framework from this paper: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/1365-2435.12530/full

Published in: Education
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Plant facilitation and animal interaction research gaps

  1. 1. community ecology is dead @cjlortie
  2. 2. long live network ecology
  3. 3. millions of plants are not necessarily a network
  4. 4. individuals counted are not necessarily interactions
  5. 5. examine one thing at a time maybe two
  6. 6. ignore
  7. 7. ignore
  8. 8. ignore
  9. 9. ignore
  10. 10. habitat
  11. 11. resource
  12. 12. difficult to be an expert
  13. 13. pairwise contrasts maybe two & sometimes iterative sets of two
  14. 14. two is not double the work
  15. 15. 3
  16. 16. two
  17. 17. 3 interaction set model
  18. 18. explore viability of this model
  19. 19. scientific synthesis is the integration of evidence
  20. 20. synthesis counterweight 
 to hyper-specialization copes with data deluge diversity 
 promotes discovery conceptualizes
 complexity controlled vocabulary data combine & mine disparate datasets develop novel insight tools integrate theoreticians, practitioners, & modelers link to education & application scientific synthesis
  21. 21. what connects & what matters
  22. 22. synthesis tools textbook examples narrative reviews vote counting combining probabilities systematic reviews meta-analysis
  23. 23. narrative vote probability meta study restriction no no no yes statistical significance yes yes yes no n & power no no yes yes mean effect no no yes yes magnitude of effect no no no yes variation no no no yes
  24. 24. hypothesis or problem set of studies predictions or queries
  25. 25. research landscape = systematic review evidence = meta-analysis
  26. 26. A systematic review attempts to identify, appraise and synthesize all the empirical evidence that meets pre- specified eligibility criteria to answer a given research question. Researchers conducting systematic reviews use explicit methods aimed at minimizing bias, in order to produce more reliable findings that can be used to inform decision making.
  27. 27. evidence = meta-analysis A meta-analysis is a systematic review (to some extent) that includes strength of evidence. - usually an effect size estimate.
  28. 28. e + weighted difference of t - c Rii = (t - c)/(t + c) lnRR = natural log(t/c)
  29. 29. meta-analysis contrasts & combines evidence from different studies using effect size measures and appropriate statistics
  30. 30. first step is drawing the big picture of how facilitation in plants & animals connect
  31. 31. 3 Alohomora systematic review of plant facilitation complexes with animals
  32. 32. positive interactions globally shrub-animal-plant & shrub-plant-animal n = 77evidence map
  33. 33. consilience in form and function between plants and animals
  34. 34. shrub interactions with animals direct 54% 
 indirect 46%
  35. 35. 3 examples of field approaches
  36. 36. Westphal, Bean, Butterfield, Michalet shrub-animal-plant & shrub-plant-animal
  37. 37. Noble, Liczner, Butterfield
  38. 38. Liczner,Westphal
  39. 39. Westphal & Liczner
  40. 40. Ruttan
  41. 41. count & co-occurrence
  42. 42. alternative mechanisms - ecophysiology coupler
  43. 43. mechanisms indirect shrub effects on annuals
  44. 44. ecophysiology & mechanisms direct microclimatic drivers
  45. 45. ecophysiology & mechanisms direct microclimatic drivers
  46. 46. ecophysiology & mechanisms
  47. 47. ecophysiology & mechanisms
  48. 48. opportunities
  49. 49. extended phenotype many outward products including animal artefacts
  50. 50. nested complexes of interactions
  51. 51. bidirectional plant-animal interactions
  52. 52. contrasted interaction strengths
  53. 53. management of high-stress ecosystems needs comprehensive estimates of community dynamics
  54. 54. novelty proposed is purely in leverage of both plant facilitation and established animal ecology ecophysiology needed
  55. 55. ecoblender.org

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