Run, run but you cannot hide (from the benefits of running)
The science associated with the benefits of regular running is summarized. A few case studies are also presented as a mechanism to emphasize critical analysis of scientific findings and the sometimes spurious nature of findings. Then, meta-analyses and systematic reviews will be used to summarize the research to date on running and key decisions that are made with respect to running will be answered (using these findings). A framework of the additional benefits of running that are more challenging to measure will be proposed. Running may not be for everyone but is certainly useful for many of us based on the evidence to date.
Hespanhol Junior, L. C., Pillay, J. D., Mechelen, W. and Verhagen, E. 2015. Meta-Analyses of the Effects of Habitual Running on Indices of Health in Physically Inactive Adults. - Sports Medicine 45: 1455-1468.
Kluitenberg, B., Middelkoop, M., Diercks, R. and Worp, H. 2015. What are the Differences in Injury Proportions Between Different Populations of Runners? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. - Sports Medicine 45: 1143-1161.
Videbæk, S., Bueno, A. M., Nielsen, R. O. and Rasmussen, S. 2015. Incidence of Running-Related Injuries Per 1000 h of running in Different Types of Runners: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. - Sports Medicine 45: 1017-1026.
Oja, P., Titze, S., Kokko, S., Kujala, U. M., Heinonen, A., Kelly, P., Koski, P. and Foster, C. 2015. Health benefits of different sport disciplines for adults: systematic review of observational and intervention studies with meta-analysis. - British Journal of Sports Medicine.
Fuller, J. T., Bellenger, C. R., Thewlis, D., Tsiros, M. D. and Buckley, J. D. 2014. The Effect of Footwear on Running Performance and Running Economy in Distance Runners. - Sports Medicine 45: 411-422.
Saragiotto, B. T., Yamato, T. P., Hespanhol Junior, L. C., Rainbow, M. J., Davis, I. S. and Lopes, A. D. 2014. What are the Main Risk Factors for Running-Related Injuries? - Sports Medicine 44: 1153-1163.
Gist, N. H., Fedewa, M. V., Dishman, R. K. and Cureton, K. J. 2013. Sprint Interval Training Effects on Aerobic Capacity: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. - Sports Medicine 44: 269-279.
Hall, J. P. L., Barton, C., Jones, P. R. and Morrissey, D. 2013. The Biomechanical Differences Between Barefoot and Shod Distance Running: A Systematic Review and Preliminary Meta-Analysis. - Sports Medicine 43: 1335-1353.
Hopkins, W. G., Schabort, E. J. and Hawley, J. A. 2012. Reliability of Power in Physical Performance Tests. - Sports Medicine 31: 211-234.
Schnohr, P., O’Keefe, J. H., Marott, J. L., Lange, P. and Jensen, G. B. 2015. Dose of Jogging and Long-Term MortalityThe Copenhagen City Heart Study. - Journal of the American College of Cardiology 65: 411-419.