Web Science and the Two (Hundred) Cultures: Representation of Disciplines Publishing in Web Science

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This talk summarises the content of my WebSci'13 publication on disciplinary representation in Web Science. The abstract of the paper is:

Web Science is an interdisciplinary field. Motivated by the unforeseen scale and impact of the web, it addresses web related research questions in a holistic manner, incorporating epistemologies from a broad set of disciplines. There has been ongoing discussion about which disciplines are more or less present in the community, and about defining Web Science itself: there is, however, a dearth of empirical work in this area.

This paper presents an analysis of the presence of different disciplines in Web Science. We applied Natural Language Processing and topic extraction to a corpus of Web Science
material, analysing it with graphing and visualisation tools, MatLab and an expert survey. We discovered four communities within Web Science, and trends in the conference series over time (a strong impact from collocation) and format (posters covering a broader range of
topics than papers). The expert survey linked highly ranked terms with disciplines, yielding strong links with Communication, Computer Science, Psychology, and Sociology. Controversially, experts described highly ranked topics and suggested disciplines (extracted from WebSci CFPs) as not reflecting the nature of Web Science.

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Web Science and the Two (Hundred) Cultures: Representation of Disciplines Publishing in Web Science

  1. 1. Web Science and the Two(Hundred) CulturesFriday 3rd May, 2013Clare J. Hooper1, Georgeta Bordea2, Paul Buitelaar21) IT Innovation, University of Southampton2) DERI, National University of IrelandRepresentation of Disciplines Publishing inWeb Sciencecjh@it-innovation.soton.ac.ukWeb Science 2013
  2. 2. • WebSci isinterdisciplinary• It‟s addressed keyquestions for years• We can still struggleto describe it© University of Southampton IT Innovation Centre 2013The question
  3. 3. • How we doWebSci isimportant• Quality• Credibility• Data  insight© University of Southampton IT Innovation Centre 2013Why worry about it?dtc.webscience.ecs.soton.ac.uk/about-webscience-main-site/
  4. 4. 1. Collate data corpus2. NLP to extract topics3. Analysis:graphing, visualisation4. Analysis ofcommunities5. Analysis of WebSciconference series6. Expert survey© University of Southampton IT Innovation Centre 2013Methodsaffron.deri.ie
  5. 5. 1) Web Science Communities© University of Southampton IT Innovation Centre 2013
  6. 6. Web Science Communities© University of Southampton IT Innovation Centre 2013
  7. 7. • 4 „real‟ communities• 3 communitiessubsumed withinothers• Web page, semanticweb technology, socialmedia• 2 incongruentcommunities• future research, socialscience© University of Southampton IT Innovation Centre 2013Web Science Communities
  8. 8. Key CommunitiesInformationretrievalSemanticWebSocialnetworkingPersonalisedlearning© University of Southampton IT Innovation Centre 2013
  9. 9. 2) Web Science Conference Series© University of Southampton IT Innovation Centre 2013
  10. 10. Conference series (time)© University of Southampton IT Innovation Centre 201305101520253035200920102011
  11. 11. Conference series (time)© University of Southampton IT Innovation Centre 201305101520253035200920102011
  12. 12. Conference series (time)© University of Southampton IT Innovation Centre 201305101520253035200920102011
  13. 13. Conference series (time)© University of Southampton IT Innovation Centre 201305101520253035200920102011
  14. 14. 3) Expert Survey© University of Southampton IT Innovation Centre 2013• Top extracted terms• Suggested discipline list (past WebSci CFPs)• 13 respondents
  15. 15. TermNumber ofdisciplinesDisciplines named by at least 3 expertssocial interaction 12 Sociology; Psychologysocial media 12 Communication; CompSci; NetSci; Sociologylearning network 11 CompSci; Pedagogymobile device 11 Any/all; CompSci; (Industrial) designsocial networking 11 Communication; CompSci; Sociologysocial networking site 11 Communication; CompScipersonal learning environment 10 CompSci; Educationweb community 10 CompSci; Psychology; Sociologyinternet user 9 CompSci; Psychology; Sociologysocial science 9 Sociologysearch engine 8 CompSciweb application 8 CompSciweb page 8 Any/all; CompScisemantic web 7 CompSciuser interface 7 CompSci; Designuniform resource identifier 4 CompSciweb science research 4 Any/all; CompSci; Web Scienceinformation retrieval 2 CompScilinked data principle 1 CompSci
  16. 16. TermNumber ofdisciplinesDisciplines named by at least 3 expertssocial interaction 12 Sociology; Psychologysocial media 12 Communication; CompSci; NetSci; Sociologylearning network 11 CompSci; Pedagogymobile device 11 Any/all; CompSci; (Industrial) designsocial networking 11 Communication; CompSci; Sociologysocial networking site 11 Communication; CompScipersonal learning environment 10 CompSci; Educationweb community 10 CompSci; Psychology; Sociologyinternet user 9 CompSci; Psychology; Sociologysocial science 9 Sociologysearch engine 8 CompSciweb application 8 CompSciweb page 8 Any/all; CompScisemantic web 7 CompSciuser interface 7 CompSci; Designuniform resource identifier 4 CompSciweb science research 4 Any/all; CompSci; Web Scienceinformation retrieval 2 CompScilinked data principle 1 CompSci
  17. 17. TermNumber ofdisciplinesDisciplines named by at least 3 expertssocial interaction 12 Sociology; Psychologysocial media 12 Communication; CompSci; NetSci; Sociologylearning network 11 CompSci; Pedagogymobile device 11 Any/all; CompSci; (Industrial) designsocial networking 11 Communication; CompSci; Sociologysocial networking site 11 Communication; CompScipersonal learning environment 10 CompSci; Educationweb community 10 CompSci; Psychology; Sociologyinternet user 9 CompSci; Psychology; Sociologysocial science 9 Sociologysearch engine 8 CompSciweb application 8 CompSciweb page 8 Any/all; CompScisemantic web 7 CompSciuser interface 7 CompSci; Designuniform resource identifier 4 CompSciweb science research 4 Any/all; CompSci; Web Scienceinformation retrieval 2 CompScilinked data principle 1 CompSci
  18. 18. TermNumber ofdisciplinesDisciplines named by at least 3 expertssocial interaction 12 Sociology; Psychologysocial media 12 Communication; CompSci; NetSci; Sociologylearning network 11 CompSci; Pedagogymobile device 11 Any/all; CompSci; (Industrial) designsocial networking 11 Communication; CompSci; Sociologysocial networking site 11 Communication; CompScipersonal learning environment 10 CompSci; Educationweb community 10 CompSci; Psychology; Sociologyinternet user 9 CompSci; Psychology; Sociologysocial science 9 Sociologysearch engine 8 CompSciweb application 8 CompSciweb page 8 Any/all; CompScisemantic web 7 CompSciuser interface 7 CompSci; Designuniform resource identifier 4 CompSciweb science research 4 Any/all; CompSci; Web Scienceinformation retrieval 2 CompScilinked data principle 1 CompSci
  19. 19. Controversy© University of Southampton IT Innovation Centre 2013“There are somestartling absence,e.g. businessstudies, art, culture[…] and education.”“You need to add allthe [humanities]disciplines if you‟regoing to addphilosophy […] Andwhat about art,design, mediastudies, genderstudies?”“The [term] list seems to bevery much slanted towardstechnology and away fromanything like law, economics,sociology.”
  20. 20. Larger debate• Can terms represent disciplines?• Mapping• Meaning• Term extraction  loss of context• argumentation, methods, author background• How to get it back?• Related terms/term clusters• Definitions• Show full paragraphs© University of Southampton IT Innovation Centre 2013
  21. 21. Data and results: clarehooper.net/WebSciCorpus/© University of Southampton IT Innovation Centre 2013Summing up
  22. 22. • 4 communities• Colocation works!• Term/discipline links vary• Discipline presence varies• Disparity: terms / CFPsand expert expectations© University of Southampton IT Innovation Centre 2013Summing up
  23. 23. • It ain‟t over • The expert survey wasinvaluable but small: wewant more data!• Please take 3 minutes tofill in a survey• Or visitisurvey.soton.ac.uk/7480© University of Southampton IT Innovation Centre 2013Come participate!

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