Art of the Late Eighteenth & Nineteenth Centuries Chapter 20
Neoclassicism <ul><li>The artist who led the </li></ul><ul><li>Revolution of Neoclassicism & politics </li></ul><ul><li>was painter Jacques-Louis David. </li></ul><ul><li>David ‘s message of this painting was </li></ul><ul><li>“ Take Courage” Your cause is a noble one and as </li></ul><ul><li>been fought before ” Oath of the Horath 1784 </li></ul><ul><li>Oil on Canvas </li></ul><ul><li>Social values and taste changed in the late 1700’s . During the beginning of the French Revolution and the luxurious life ended quickly . </li></ul>
The Time of Enlightenment Angelica Kauffmann Cornelia, Pointing To Her Children As Her Treasures 1785 Oil On Canvas During this time of Neoclassicism, women overcame many obstacles & where seen in a different light as they showed their artistic abilities.
American Architecture Monticello. Charlottesville, Va.1793-1806. American architecture received international stature for the first time when architect Thomas Jefferson achieved the design for his Virginia home . Monticello was designed to reminisce the Pantheon Pantheon. Rome. 118-125 C.E .
Romanticism <ul><li>When British houses of Parliament burned in a disastrous fire in 1834 </li></ul>J.M.W Turner The Burning Of The Houses of Lords And Commons 1834 Oil on Canvas Turner witnessed this event & made several sketches that soon became this amazing painting Thomas Cole The Oxbow.1836 Oil on Canvas The painting of Romantic Landscapes Flourished during the 1830’s. The painting of The Oxbow soon became an American inspiration for many generations.
Photography Carleton E. Watkins. The Three Brothers. 1861 Photograph In 1861 Carleton Watkins traveled to Sierra Nevada to photograph this painting in the Yosemite valley. Many landscape & portrait painters initially believed photography was a threat to their livelihood, but soon learned of ways to explore and expand their talent. Delacroix believed, “ photography was potentially of great benefit to art and artists” Nadar recognized that photographers had to be inelegant & creative in order to produce works of art with a camera. Nadar Sarah Bernhardt 1855 Photograph
Realism A style of Art & Literature that depicts ordinary existence is known as Realism. Romantics’ & Neoclassicists’ Both believed that art should Deal with the human experience & observation as well. Rosa Bonheur The Horse Fair 1853-1855 Oil on Canvas. This painting was meant to capture the surging energy of These group of horses that were offered for sale. Some tamed & others untamed
Impressionism Claude Monet On the Bank of the Scene, Bennecourt 1868. Oil on Canvas A group of painters sought to “paint of what the eye actually sees rather than what the mind knows” and these painting came to be known as “impressions” Edar Degas The Ballet Class 1870-1880 Oil on Canvas Mary Cassatt The Boating Party 1893-1894 Oil on Canvas
The Post-Impressionist Period Vincent van Gogh The Starry Night. 1889 Oil On Canvas The Post-Impressionism period refers to the trends that were started around 1885 & the time that followed Impressionism. In the 20th century both van Gogh & Gauguin’s use of colors played an important part on influencing paintings during this time Gauguin said, “In paintings, one must search rather for suggestion than for description, as done in music..” Paul Gaugui Fatata Te Miti (By the Sea) Oil On Canvas 1892.
Conclusion <ul><li>I Chose this Chapter mainly because it was the start of a new time of the modern age. </li></ul><ul><li>This time involved many rapid changes such as technological & social. </li></ul><ul><li>It was the time of Enlightenment and showed a new atmosphere that mixed different people & their cultures. </li></ul><ul><li>This period in time has influenced many eras of art & will continue to do so. The 18 th & 19 th centuries challenged the traditional values at that time and will continue to influence artist in the future. </li></ul>
The End <ul><li>Thanks For Viewing Art of the late 18 th & 19 th Centuries </li></ul>By: Courtney Callahan Art 100 DL O5 April 29, 2011 Claude Monet. Impression: Sunrise 1872 Oil On Canvas