Intelligence: an overview
“its not how smart you are, it’s how you are smart”
By: Chelsia Bates
Intelligence: the basics
• Dr. Gardner discovered the
eight different types of
• Intelligence refers to how we
• Thinking refers to how we use
• People can be intelligent but
have poor thinking skills
Definition: capacity to use language, your native language, and
perhaps other languages, to express what's on your mind and to
understand other people
Linguistic Intelligence traits: like to read, like to write, like to listen,
good at spelling, good memory for general knowledge.
Definition: the capacity to reason, calculate, recognize patterns and
handle logical thinking.
Logical-mathematical Intelligence traits: likes to count, likes to
be organized, good at problem solving.
Definition: intelligence refers to the ancient hunter-gatherer ability
to represent the outer world internally in your mind. It gives you the
ability to know where you are in space.
Traits: likes art, drawing, sculpting, painting, good at reading maps,
thinks in pictures, can visualize or imagine vividly.
Definition: the capacity to use your whole body or parts of your
body: (your hands, your fingers, your arms), to solve a problem,
make something, or put on some kind of production.
Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence traits: good sense of balance,
good sense of rhythm, is graceful in movements, good hand-eye
coordination, can communicate ideas through gesture.
Definition: The ability to compose songs and music, sing and play
instruments and appreciate all kinds of music. Also having a strong
sense of universal harmony and awareness of patterns in life.
Musical Intelligence traits: sensitive to sound patterns, has a good
sense of pitch and rhythm, aware of complex structure of musical
Definition: the ability to work well with other people, to understand
and 'get' them, to be aware of their motivations, their goals, their
stated and unstated intentions. It's about being a 'people person'
able to empathize with others.
Interpersonal Intelligence traits: good at negotiating, enjoys
company, gets on well with others, likes team work, sensitive to the
feelings of others.
Definition: the ability to access, understand and communicate one's
own inner feelings.
Intrapersonal Intelligence traits: self-knowledge, deeply aware of
one’s own feelings, good at following instincts, self motivated.
Definition: the ability to see patterns in nature and work in natural
environment with livestock, wildlife, plants etc.
Naturalist Intelligence traits: feels at their best in nature, sensitive
to ecology, sensitive to environmental and animal abuse.
• Each person has every one
of these intelligences
• People are stronger in some
intelligences and weaker in
• The idea of standard
“intelligence” does not
sufficiently encompass the
different abilities that