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ConcussionsBy Brendan Jacgues and Chris Jackson
Key Points•   What is a concussion?•   What causes a concussion?•   Who’s at risk?•   What are the symptoms?•   How are co...
What is a concussion?• When the brain  collides with the skull  causing bruising of  brain, tearing of  blood vessels and ...
What causes a concussion?• Strong hit to the head  •   Fall  •   Car accident  •   Sport injury  •   Object
Risk Factors• High Contact Sports    • Football    • Ice hockey    • Rugby•   Age•   Gender•   Previous concussion
High School Sports• 41% of concussed athletes in 100 high schools across U.S.  returned to play too soon• Neglect of Ameri...
Symptoms• Thinking and Remembering  •   Unclear thinking  •   Feeling slowed down  •   Not being able to concentrate  •   ...
Physical•   Headache•   Fuzzy or blurry vision•   Dizziness•   Sensitivity to light or noise•   Balance problems•   Feelin...
Emotional and mood•   Easily upset or angered•   Sad•   Nervous•   More emotional
Sleep• Sleeping more than usual• Sleeping less than usual• Having a hard time falling asleep
Treatment• Seek a doctors attention• Rest  • No physically or mentally intensive activity  • No alcohol or drugs  • Avoidi...
Long Term Risks• Studies still being done on the issue• Minor effects  • Frequent headaches and dizziness  • Difficulty sl...
CTE• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1uKIf1crfK4
Prevention• Avoiding dangerous situations  • i.e. walking/driving on ice, not wearing a seatbelt• Wearing helmets and mout...
NFL’s steps• League mandated testing  • All players who are suspected of concussion  • Done by independent physician  • Pr...
Summary• Concussion are the result of brain trauma• Symptoms include:    • Inability to remember new information, Headache...
Refrences• "Concussion - WebMD: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, and  Prevention." WebMD. WebMD, n.d. Web. Nov. 201...
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A Look at Concussions

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An academic study of concussions. I do not own the rights to these photographs.

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A Look at Concussions

  1. 1. ConcussionsBy Brendan Jacgues and Chris Jackson
  2. 2. Key Points• What is a concussion?• What causes a concussion?• Who’s at risk?• What are the symptoms?• How are concussions treated?• What are the long-term effects?• How are concussions prevented?
  3. 3. What is a concussion?• When the brain collides with the skull causing bruising of brain, tearing of blood vessels and injuring of nerves• Temporary loss of normal brain function• Not life threatening
  4. 4. What causes a concussion?• Strong hit to the head • Fall • Car accident • Sport injury • Object
  5. 5. Risk Factors• High Contact Sports • Football • Ice hockey • Rugby• Age• Gender• Previous concussion
  6. 6. High School Sports• 41% of concussed athletes in 100 high schools across U.S. returned to play too soon• Neglect of American Academy of Neurology guidelines• 16% of high school football players who lost consciousness during a concussion returned to field the same day• SIS
  7. 7. Symptoms• Thinking and Remembering • Unclear thinking • Feeling slowed down • Not being able to concentrate • Not being able to remember new information
  8. 8. Physical• Headache• Fuzzy or blurry vision• Dizziness• Sensitivity to light or noise• Balance problems• Feeling tired
  9. 9. Emotional and mood• Easily upset or angered• Sad• Nervous• More emotional
  10. 10. Sleep• Sleeping more than usual• Sleeping less than usual• Having a hard time falling asleep
  11. 11. Treatment• Seek a doctors attention• Rest • No physically or mentally intensive activity • No alcohol or drugs • Avoiding loud noises and bright lights• Pain medication and ice packs• Follow up with doctor prior to resuming full activity
  12. 12. Long Term Risks• Studies still being done on the issue• Minor effects • Frequent headaches and dizziness • Difficulty sleeping• Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy • Depression • Dementia • Short term memory loss • Suicide
  13. 13. CTE• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1uKIf1crfK4
  14. 14. Prevention• Avoiding dangerous situations • i.e. walking/driving on ice, not wearing a seatbelt• Wearing helmets and mouth pieces during action sports • i.e. skateboarding, skiing, biking
  15. 15. NFL’s steps• League mandated testing • All players who are suspected of concussion • Done by independent physician • Prevents teams pressuring players to get back quicker• Personal player penalties • Monetary fines • Suspensions
  16. 16. Summary• Concussion are the result of brain trauma• Symptoms include: • Inability to remember new information, Headache, dizziness, sleep issues and emotional reactions• High contact sports present a greater risk• Concussions arent curable but are helped by rest• Multiple concussions can result in CTE• Near impossible to prevent but proper safety measures can reduce the risk
  17. 17. Refrences• "Concussion - WebMD: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention." WebMD. WebMD, n.d. Web. Nov. 2012. <http://www.webmd.com/brain/tc/traumatic-brain-injury-concussion- overview?page=3>.• Gregory, Sean. "Study: Kids Competing Too Soon After Concussions." Time. Time, 21 Jan. 2009. Web. Nov. 2012. <http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1873131,00.html >.• Jaslow, Ryan. "Junior Seaus Death Raises Questions about Brain Trauma, Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy." CBSNews. CBS Interactive, 3 May 2012. Web. Nov. 2012. <http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-504763_162- 57427161-10391704/junior-seaus-death-raises-questions-about-brain- trauma-chronic-traumatic-encephalopathy/>.• "Post-Concussion Syndrome: Symptoms, Treatments, Tests, Recovery, and More." WebMD. WebMD, 26 Jan. 2011. Web. Nov. 2012. <http://www.webmd.com/brain/post-concussion-syndrome>.• "TeensHealth-Concussions." Concussions. N.p., n.d. Web. Nov. 2012. <http://kidshealth.org/teen/safety/first_aid/concussions.html>.
  18. 18. Questions?

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