What is Ranked Choice
                         Voting?
√ Ranked Choice Voting (or Instant Runoff Voting)
  allows voters t...
What went wrong in the
              MN ‘08 Senate election?

√One of the most negative in Minnesota history


√Most expen...
Several ‘08 races were decided
           by a minority of voters

                                     Winning %

√ CD 3:...
Are plurality outcomes becoming the
               norm in MN elections?

√ 14 statewide races since 1998 when Jesse Ventu...
What are the benefits of
                         RCV?
2.  It ensures candidates win with a majority of
    support in sin...
Do voters understand RCV?

Yes. Exit polls show voters understood RCV well or
      very well in their first state electio...
Is the Ballot simple to fill out?

Yes.
                      INSTANT RUNOFF VOTING BALLOT
                              P...
How does RCV produce
                    majority
winners in a single election?
                                          ...
How does RCV produce
                     majority
winners in a local elections?
                                         ...
Who’s using RCV?
                                         CURRENT
U.S. CITIES USING      U.S. CITIES       U.S. STATE
    ...
How does RCV work?

1. If a candidate receives a majority of first choice votes, that
   candidate wins.

3. If not, the c...
How does RCV work?
How does RCV work
                 in multi-seat elections?


Ranked Choice Voting works equally well
when there are multi...
Will my vote be wasted?

No.
 Your vote counts exclusively for your first choice as long as that
 candidate has any chance...
Will RCV
promote voter participation?

Yes.
 Ranked choice voting consolidates two rounds of elections into
 one thereby E...
Is RCV
                               constitutional?

Yes.
 It upholds “One Person, One Vote”.

 Upheld in Minnesota Supr...
Does RCV have
multi-partisan support?



President Obama                         Senator McCain




Margaret Anderson   Da...
Some people say…


“The current system has worked
well for over 200 years —
so why change?”
Some people said…

…that this system worked.
Some people said…

…that this system worked.
Is RCV the next step in
   modernizing our voting system?

                          1789   2007




                     ...
What are people saying
                        about RCV?
Nick Coleman, Star Tribune

“Instant Runoff Voting is a nonparti...
What are people saying
                         about RCV?
Sally Pillsbury, community activist

“As a lifelong activist an...
What are people saying
                         about RCV?
Brian Melendez, chair, Minnesota DFL Party

“Instant Runoff Vot...
What are people saying
                        about RCV?
Tim Penny, former U.S. Congressman from Minnesota

“With IRV, no...
What are people saying
                        about RCV?
Elizabeth Glidden, Minneapolis City Council member

“Municipal p...
What are people saying
                         about RCV?
Dave Durenberger, Former U.S. Senator

“IRV allows voters to vo...
What are people saying
                        about RCV?
Jeanne Massey, Executive Director, FairVote Minnesota

“Ranked c...
What are people saying
                        about RCV?
Ralph Remington, Minneapolis City Council member

“Instant Runof...
RCV in the news

Ranked Choice Voting Saves Time, Money
        Duluth News Tribune, March 21, 2009

State’ s High Court t...
RCV in the news

Burlington Politics More Civil These Days
       WCAX News, March 1, 2009

Judge Upholds Instant Runoff V...
National Civic Summit - Fair Vote Minnesota
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National Civic Summit - Fair Vote Minnesota

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National Civic Summit - Fair Vote Minnesota

  1. 1. What is Ranked Choice Voting? √ Ranked Choice Voting (or Instant Runoff Voting) allows voters to RANK candidates on their ballot according to their 1st, 2nd, 3rd CHOICE, etc. √ In single-seat races, it ensures a winner is chosen by majority vote. √ In multi-seat races, it ensures all groups of voters win their fair share of representation. √ The concept is simple.
  2. 2. What went wrong in the MN ‘08 Senate election? √One of the most negative in Minnesota history √Most expensive in Minnesota history √Whoever wins, the majority of voters will be left dissatisfied
  3. 3. Several ‘08 races were decided by a minority of voters Winning % √ CD 3: Erik Paulsen 48.5% √ CD 6: Michele Bachman 46.4% √ Senate District 16: Lisa Fobbe 48.3% √ House District 41A: Keith Downey 36.7% √ House District 51A: Tim Sanders 47.8%
  4. 4. Are plurality outcomes becoming the norm in MN elections? √ 14 statewide races since 1998 when Jesse Ventura won with just 37% of the vote √ 16 Minnesota legislative races since 2006 √ The last governor elected by a majority was Arne Carlson (50% in 1990 & 63% in 1994)
  5. 5. What are the benefits of RCV? 2. It ensures candidates win with a majority of support in single-winner elections. 3. It’s simple. Voters get it. 4. It’s efficient. 5. It’s constitutional. 6. It’s proven locally and globally. 7. There are no wasted votes or “spoilers”. 8. It promotes greater voter participation. 9. Campaigns become more positive. 10. Taxpayers pay for only one election, voters make only one trip to the polls.
  6. 6. Do voters understand RCV? Yes. Exit polls show voters understood RCV well or very well in their first state election.
  7. 7. Is the Ballot simple to fill out? Yes. INSTANT RUNOFF VOTING BALLOT PRESIDENT OF IRELAND Fill in only one oval per choice Your 2ND and 3RD choices will be used if your 1st choice loses VOTE for your MARK MARK 1st choice here 1 st your 2nd choice 2nd your 3rd choice 3rd Austin Currie Brian Lenihan Mary Robinson
  8. 8. How does RCV produce majority winners in a single election? November December General Runoff Traditional Runoff (In a state partisan election) Instant Runoff √ One-step, convenient √ Saves money √ Increases voter participation √ Accomplishes in one election what traditional runoffs accomplish in two
  9. 9. How does RCV produce majority winners in a local elections? September November Primary General Election Traditional Runoff (In a local nonpartisan election) Instant Runoff √ One-step, convenient √ Saves money √ Increases voter participation √ Accomplishes in one election what traditional runoffs accomplish in two
  10. 10. Who’s using RCV? CURRENT U.S. CITIES USING U.S. CITIES U.S. STATE PENDING LEGISLATION RCV IMPLEMENTATION Arizona Cambridge, MA Arkansas San Francisco, CA Berkeley, CA Davis, CA California Burlington, VT Colorado Takoma Park, MD Oakland, CA Louisiana Cary, NC Santa Clara, CA Minnesota Hendersonville, NC North Carolina Pierce County, WA San Leandro, CA Sarasota, FL South Carolina Aspen, CO Vermont Ferndale, MI U.S. CITIES WITH Two Harbors, MN OTHER CURRENT Minneapolis, MN DEMOCRACIES CAMPAIGNS Santa Fe, NM Australia Saint Paul, MN Memphis, TN New Zealand Cincinnati, OH Vancouver, WA Ireland Los Angeles, CA Northern Ireland NC pilot cities London Scotland
  11. 11. How does RCV work? 1. If a candidate receives a majority of first choice votes, that candidate wins. 3. If not, the candidate with the fewest votes is eliminated and votes cast for this candidate are redistributed to remaining candidates according to the second choice on each of those voters’ ballots. 3. All the ballots are counted again and if a candidate receives a majority, that candidate wins. If not, the process is repeated until one candidate has a majority of votes.
  12. 12. How does RCV work?
  13. 13. How does RCV work in multi-seat elections? Ranked Choice Voting works equally well when there are multiple seats to fill. Candidates win by obtaining a certain “threshold”, depending on the number of seats to fill. If a voter’s first choice has enough votes to be elected, or is eliminated as a result of having too few votes, then the voter’s second choice is counted and potentially the voters’ third choice and so on, until all the seats are filled.
  14. 14. Will my vote be wasted? No. Your vote counts exclusively for your first choice as long as that candidate has any chance of winning. Your second, third choice, etc., are your back-up runoff choices. Your ballot only counts for your second choice if your first choice does not make it into the runoff.
  15. 15. Will RCV promote voter participation? Yes. Ranked choice voting consolidates two rounds of elections into one thereby ENSURING THAT ALL CANDIDATES ARE ON THE BALLOT IN THE GENERAL ELECTION WHEN VOTER TURNOUT IS HIGHEST and maximizing voter participation in the selection of the winner.
  16. 16. Is RCV constitutional? Yes. It upholds “One Person, One Vote”. Upheld in Minnesota Supreme Court. No one gets to vote twice, it merely allows voters to rank their preferred candidates. A constitutional amendment is not needed to allow for Ranked Choice Voting.
  17. 17. Does RCV have multi-partisan support? President Obama Senator McCain Margaret Anderson Dave Durenberger, Tim Penny, Cam Gordon, Kelliher, Speaker Former US Former US Minneapolis of the MN House Senator Congressman Council Member
  18. 18. Some people say… “The current system has worked well for over 200 years — so why change?”
  19. 19. Some people said… …that this system worked.
  20. 20. Some people said… …that this system worked.
  21. 21. Is RCV the next step in modernizing our voting system? 1789 2007 NO YES Secret Vote? Women Vote? NO YES (1920) Non-Prop. Owners? NO YES (1800’S) Minorities Vote? NO Instant Runoff Voting ? YES (1965) NO YES
  22. 22. What are people saying about RCV? Nick Coleman, Star Tribune “Instant Runoff Voting is a nonpartisan, fair and sanity— restoring way of avoiding the train wreck we are in now, because it lets voters rank their candidates according to their preference.” “That means you don’t have to hold your nose and try to choose the lesser of two evils.”
  23. 23. What are people saying about RCV? Sally Pillsbury, community activist “As a lifelong activist and voter, I like Instant Runoff Voting because it gives voters like myself a first and second choice. It means that more good candidates can run, but in the end, the winner is the choice of the majority of voters."
  24. 24. What are people saying about RCV? Brian Melendez, chair, Minnesota DFL Party “Instant Runoff Voting is a way to guarantee that whoever gets elected has the support of a majority, an absolute majority, of the voter….It allows the electorate to express their preferences the most clearly and it assures that the candidate who is elected has the broadest possible support.”
  25. 25. What are people saying about RCV? Tim Penny, former U.S. Congressman from Minnesota “With IRV, no vote is wasted.”
  26. 26. What are people saying about RCV? Elizabeth Glidden, Minneapolis City Council member “Municipal primary turnout is dismal, and this is where critical decisions are made. We must have greater voter participation in our elections.”
  27. 27. What are people saying about RCV? Dave Durenberger, Former U.S. Senator “IRV allows voters to vote their hopes instead of their fears by ranking candidates in order of preference without worrying about spoiler dynamics or wasted votes. It encourages sincere voting and reduces the need for tactical voting — something that is an issue in many elections.”
  28. 28. What are people saying about RCV? Jeanne Massey, Executive Director, FairVote Minnesota “Ranked choice voting gives power to the voters. It opens the political process to more voices, empowers voters with more choices, makes campaigns more substantive and ensures voters are more accurately represented.”
  29. 29. What are people saying about RCV? Ralph Remington, Minneapolis City Council member “Instant Runoff Voting is the purest form of democracy and truly makes every vote count and gives everyone a voice.”
  30. 30. RCV in the news Ranked Choice Voting Saves Time, Money Duluth News Tribune, March 21, 2009 State’ s High Court to Expedite Appeal on Instant Runoff Voting Minneapolis Star Tribune, March 18, 2009 Jay Benanav and Jane Prince; IRV Belongs on Ballot This Fall in St. Paul Pioneer Press, March 12, 2009 My Turn: City Voters Fortunate to Have IRV Burlington Free Press, March 2, 2009 David Durenberger and David Schultz: Instant Runoff Voting Would Make Every Vote Count Duluth News Tribune, April 5, 2009
  31. 31. RCV in the news Burlington Politics More Civil These Days WCAX News, March 1, 2009 Judge Upholds Instant Runoff Voting in Minneapolis Minnesota Public Radio, January 14, 2009 Minneapolis Moves Forward on IRVing MinnPost, February 6, 2009 John Hottinger & Carl Cummins: Runoff Elections? Yes, Please — But Please Make Them Instant Star Tribune, January 13, 2009 Nick Coleman: Elections With Less Acrimony? That’ s the True Beauty of IRV Star Tribune, November 24, 2008

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