Two main research and approach</li></ul>content based - developing activities and learning materials, usually link to textbook<br />design based - design issues relating to learning activities development e.g. fragmented learner attention, learn at spare time <br />(Kukulske-Hulme & Shield (2008)<br /><ul><li>Mostly teacher-learner communication and feeding of contentVS supporting social aspects e.g. communication & interaction (Chinnery, 2006)</li></li></ul><li>Mobiliese<br /><ul><li>An on-going research project at HKU which aims at supporting Chinese character learning outside beyond the classroom walls.
The objectives of the first phase development</li></ul>assist learners to recognize Chinese characters & learn history of chinese words<br />help teachers illustrate Chinese words during teaching. <br /><ul><li>There are 180 frequently used chinese characters available on web with 40 downloadable on mobile phone </li></li></ul><li>Features<br />http://mobilese.cite.hku.hk/<br />
Methodology<br /><ul><li>A Qualitative research
Foreign students learning Chinese language at HKU
Chinese Teachers at HKU</li></li></ul><li>Observations & Questionnaires<br />Sample: 4 classes – 2 certificate & 2 exchange classes. <br />Questionnaires sent to same 4 classes <br />Aims: to find out <br /><ul><li>Background of participants (both students and teachers)
Convenient</li></li></ul><li>Findings - teaching<br /><ul><li>Helpful in tackling the challenges in Chinese character teaching</li></ul>- radicals/character structure/ stroke sequence<br /><ul><li>Save time in class demonstration
Extend the teaching beyond the class</li></li></ul><li>Views on mobile learning<br /><ul><li>“I got everything on the computers or CDs download on my Ipod. I attend to when I am walking. I get on the bus and I read my flashcards. I walk and I listen to my Ipod, and I am trying to listen to the conversations. </li></ul>So again, if all on one thing- all on the phone, it would be great.“<br /><ul><li>" very easy to take that with me to practice while I am on the bus, or just look up a character that I’ve just seen somewhere or I am curious, to correct stroke order. "
'it’s more comfortable or I’m more willing to study e.g. lying on my bed", " some people learn when they relax or lying on bed rather than on table“
E-learning is environmental friendly e.g. while practicing handwriting "I do not waste paper. "</li></li></ul><li>Conclusion<br />Learners are supportive of mobile learning, part of life <br />Mobilese is a useful, convenient language learning aid particularly in Chinese character recognition and writing.<br />Afford different learners’ style – visual, audio learners e.g. word stroke order, word history<br />The potential of Mobilese to support communication & social interactions - frequently used phrases in daily life & social settings e.g. greetings, transportation, food<br />
Future development <br />Content development:<br /><ul><li>Add more characters
Add frequently used words/phrases in daily life and social setting </li></ul>Mobile devicescompatibility :<br /><ul><li>Be adaptable to more versions of mobile phone, iphone & other mobile devices</li></ul>Additional features:<br /><ul><li>Search character by handwriting input
Chinese-Pinyin-English dictionary for the words
Provide space on screen to compare own writing to system strokes </li></li></ul><li>References<br /><ul><li>Kukulske-Hulme & Shield (2008), An overview of mobile assisted language learning: From content delivery to supported collaboration and interaction, ReCALL 20(3): 271-289. 2008
Wang & Higgins (2006), Limitations of Mobile Phone Learning, The JALT CALL Journal, vol.2,No.1,pp3-14,2006
Belanger (2005), Duke University iPod first year experience final evaluation report, June,2005
Chinnery (2006), EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES Going to the MALL: Mobile Assisted Language Learning, Language Learning & Technology, January, 2006, Volume 10, Number 1 , pp. 9-16</li></li></ul><li>Thank you !<br />