Investigating undergraduate student mobile device use in context


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6 March 2010 (Saturday) | 12:10 - 12:30 | | SONG, Yanjie, Faculty of Education, HKU

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Investigating undergraduate student mobile device use in context

  1. 1. CITERS Symposium 5 March 2010<br />Investigating Undergraduate Student Mobile Device Use in Context<br />Song Yanjie<br />Faculty of Education <br />The University of Hong Kong<br />Email:<br />
  2. 2. Overview<br />Background<br />Issues<br />This Study<br />Results and Discussions<br />Conclusions<br />
  3. 3. Background<br />2000s<br />The developmental stages of educational technology (Peng et al. 2009)<br />
  4. 4. Technological Collaborative Scaffolding Nussbaum et al. (2009)<br />
  5. 5. Wang et al. (2009)<br />
  6. 6. The system architecture of the proposed personalized e-learning system with formative assessment mechanism (Chen & Chen, 2009)<br />
  7. 7. Issues: What is context?<br />“…a multidimensional construct that has overlapping and interacting layers” (Gay & Hembrooke, 2004, p. 75)<br />“multiple virtual and physical contexts” (Seale, 2008, p. 2)<br />
  8. 8. Issues: What is context?<br />Mobile learning environment (Laouris & Eteokleous, 2005)<br />
  9. 9. Issues: What is context?<br />Community<br />School<br />Class<br />Student<br />Context as “that-which-surrounds-the-object” (Cole, 1996, p. 135)<br />
  10. 10. Issues: What is context?<br />Context as “that which weaves together” (Cole, 1996, p. 135)<br />
  11. 11. Issues: What is context?<br />Tool<br />User<br />Context<br />
  12. 12. Issues: What is context?<br />User<br />Tools<br />Goals <br />+<br />Individual’s interpretations (Jarvela et al., 2000)<br />+<br />Other factors to be explored…<br />
  13. 13. Framework of This Study<br />Student<br />Mobile device<br />Student goals <br />+<br />Individual’s interpretations (Jarvela et al., 2000)<br />+<br />Other factors to be explored…<br />Context<br />???????<br />
  14. 14. Research question<br />How did undergraduate students use the mobile device to support their studies in context?<br />
  15. 15. Methods<br />
  16. 16. Data collection Instruments<br />Interview<br />Student artifacts<br />Student e-journals<br />Observation<br />Field notes<br />
  17. 17. Data analysis<br />Preliminary analysis<br />Categorizing (coding)<br />Contextualizing<br />
  18. 18. Results and Discussions<br />Goals<br />Tasks<br />Learning resources<br />Mobile device capabilities and constraints<br />Time and place<br />Social factors<br />Individual interpretations<br />
  19. 19. The Mobile Device Use towards Learning Goals<br />
  20. 20. The Mobile Device Use to Perform Tasks<br />Tasks defined by the teacher<br />Tasks defined by the student<br />Tasks emerging in context<br />
  21. 21. The Mobile Device Use in relation to Learning Resources <br />Learning material provided by professors<br />Learning material explored, collected and created by students<br />
  22. 22. The Mobile Device Use and the Mobile Device Capabilities and Constraints<br />
  23. 23. The Mobile Device Use and Time and Place<br />
  24. 24. The Mobile Device Use and Social Factors<br />Institutional<br />Community<br />Cultural<br />
  25. 25. The Mobile Device Use and Individual Interpretations<br />
  26. 26. Conclusions<br />Context factors: goals, tasks, learning resources, time and place, the mobile device, social factors, and individual interpretation. <br />Whether the context allows the technology to be enacted; <br />Whether the student has the capabilities (and also willingness) to use the technology to mediate the learning activity in the context.<br />
  27. 27. Implications<br />To maximize the possibilities that the context provides for mobile device use to support student studies<br />A shift from emphasizing technical aspects of developing and designing mobile learning systems to pedagogical practices and social context<br />
  28. 28. Thank you!<br />