inquiry project based learning with wiki at primary 5 level (dr. sam chu)

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  • August 10, 2011 2 intervention for P5 students’ Inquiry project-based learning: collaborative teaching approach wiki
  • August 10, 2011 The researchers of this study promote a close partnership between 4 kinds of teachers (General Studies, Chinese, IT , and School Librarian) to maximize the learning supports for students. Proporsition: If we can maximize students’ needed support, we can help them maximize their learning
  • August 10, 2011 The researchers of this study promote a close partnership between 4 kinds of teachers (General Studies, Chinese, IT , and School Librarian) to maximize the learning supports for students. Proporsition: If we can maximize students’ needed support, we can help them maximize their learning
  • August 10, 2011 The researchers of this study promote a close partnership between 4 kinds of teachers (General Studies, Chinese, IT , and School Librarian) to maximize the learning supports for students. Proporsition: If we can maximize students’ needed support, we can help them maximize their learning
  • August 10, 2011 The researchers of this study promote a close partnership between 4 kinds of teachers (General Studies, Chinese, IT , and School Librarian) to maximize the learning supports for students. Proporsition: If we can maximize students’ needed support, we can help them maximize their learning
  • August 10, 2011 The researchers of this study promote a close partnership between 4 kinds of teachers (General Studies, Chinese, IT , and School Librarian) to maximize the learning supports for students. Proporsition: If we can maximize students’ needed support, we can help them maximize their learning
  • August 10, 2011 The researchers of this study promote a close partnership between 4 kinds of teachers (General Studies, Chinese, IT , and School Librarian) to maximize the learning supports for students. Proporsition: If we can maximize students’ needed support, we can help them maximize their learning
  • August 10, 2011
  • August 10, 2011 pedagogical value was defined as the capacity of students to be engaged in learning by exhibiting interest in course assignments, retaining more material, participating actively, being motivated learners, and collaborating using constructivist learning principles (such as group interaction).
  • August 10, 2011
  • August 10, 2011 We got the data just a week ago. So I could only present some very basic statistical figures to you today SA+A = from 52% to 61% for the 5 items under the Learning aspect D+SD = from 8-12% Students' response to "A5. Use of Google Sites aided me in achieving project objects" was particularly high with 61% who agree or strongly agree with the statement, while those who were disagree or strongly disagree with the statement was only 8% which is the lowest among the 5 items. The ones highlighted in red indicates the majority of the responses for each the items.
  • August 10, 2011 Regarding motivation, SA+A = from 46% to 56% for the 5 items D+SD = from 9-14% These figures are quite comparable to those under Learning
  • August 10, 2011 For Group Interaction aspect, SA+A = from 46% to 53% for the 5 items D+SD = from 10-13% These figures are also comparable to those under Learning & Motivation
  • August 10, 2011 The results under Technology are also very similar to those under the other 3 constructs SA+A = from 47% to 62% for the 5 items D+SD = from 6-14% The average for the 20 items under the 4 aspects for SA+A was 53% while The average for the 20 items for D+SD was 11% P5 Students who were positive about the use of wiki for group project work were about 5 times more than those who viewed wiki negatively.
  • August 10, 2011
  • August 10, 2011
  • August 10, 2011
  • August 10, 2011
  • August 10, 2011 The first comment shows the importance of ensuring that all students will have a computer with internet access at home if Google Sites is expected to be used at home for project work If not, students need to be provided with more time they can use the computer at school so that they can have enough time to work on the project at school. This also suggests that the percentage of students who agreed that Google Sites is useful for group project work could be higher if all students have a computer with internet access at home. The 2 nd drawback here is .. In fact, the student didn’t realize that he/she can simply … This may suggest that students need more training and scaffold support in their use of wiki.
  • The good news is that the great majority of the students favored the use of wiki, Google Sites, for group project work But those who viewed wiki negatively still account for about 20% when compared to those who were positive about Google Sites. These students can be ignored Need computer with internet access at home Need more training or …
  • inquiry project based learning with wiki at primary 5 level (dr. sam chu)

    1. 1. Inquiry project-based learning with wiki at Primary 5 level with a collaborative teaching approach Dr Samuel Kai-Wah Chu, Associate Professor Deputy Director, Centre for Information Technology in Education D ivision of Information and Technology Studies, Faculty of Education, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong E-mail: [email_address] Supported by Mr Keedon Wong, Faculty of Medicine, HKU
    2. 2. An overview of the QEF project <ul><li>2-year project </li></ul><ul><li>Yr 1 @ P4 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>collaborative teaching </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Yr 2 @ P5 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wiki (Google Sites) </li></ul></ul>Centre for Information Technology in Education Promoting a collaborative teaching approach to inquiry project-based learning with Web 2.0 at upper primary levels (Apr. 2009 – Oct. 2011); Quality Education Fund (HK$2,973,900 / USD$381,270).
    3. 3. Literature Review IBL Project - 1 <ul><li>The EDB of the HKSAR (2002) defines Inquiry-based learning (IBL) as a student-centred approach that promotes the integration of skills, knowledge, and values in the learning of General Studies. </li></ul><ul><li>In the inquiry process, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>students are active constructors of knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>teacher is a facilitator of learning </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Instead of the teacher giving the right answers, students have to raise questions, find their own answers and look for the necessary information. </li></ul>Centre for Information Technology in Education
    4. 4. Literature Review IBL Project - 2 <ul><li>IBL may occur in the best manner through the implementation of projects (Wilhelm, Sherrod, & Walters, 2008). </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inquiry project-based learning = Inquiry PjBL </li></ul></ul>Centre for Information Technology in Education
    5. 5. Literature Review Collaborative Teaching Approach <ul><li>Research suggests that collaboration between different teachers promotes effective IBL (Thousand, et. al, 2006). </li></ul><ul><li>Although there is much anecdotal evidence regarding successful teacher and librarian collaboration, there is scarce research that looks into the specific practice of teacher and librarian collaboration in elementary schools (Montiel-Overall, 2007). </li></ul><ul><li>Although there are professional guidelines for librarians to promote collaborative work with teachers to develop students’ information literacy (AASL,1998), further research is needed to examine the effect of these practices on the academic achievement of students. </li></ul>Centre for Information Technology in Education
    6. 6. Literature Review - Wikis (1) <ul><li>An illustration of this is Wikipedia –the 7 th most popular website in the world and the 2 nd most visited reference site in the web (Alexa ranking and Hitwise, 2010) </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitates the co-construction of group project work in the classroom (Richardson, 2006) </li></ul><ul><li>Undergraduate students were generally positive about the effectiveness of Wiki in facilitating their group projects. In particular, Wiki was seen to improve group collaboration and work quality (Chu, 2008) </li></ul>Centre for Information Technology in Education
    7. 7. Wikis (2) <ul><li>Key factors in the rationale for using wikis in education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wiki is an open-source technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Users require minimal HTML knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wiki pages are organized by content, and students decide how to structure the information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is easy to go back to earlier versions if problems occur </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some wikis permit limited access which can ensure privacy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Engstrom & Jewett, 2005; Lamb, 2004; Raman et al., 2005) </li></ul></ul>Centre for Information Technology in Education
    8. 8. Centre for Information Technology in Education Literature Review Research Gap <ul><li>Very few articles have discussed inquiry PjBL with wiki at primary levels with a collaborative teaching approach , especially in the Chinese milieu. </li></ul>
    9. 9. Research methods - 1 <ul><li>Research question: Will Primary 5 students find wiki (Google Sites) helpful for co-construct their inquiry group project work online? </li></ul><ul><li>Mixed-method approach </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Online survey with SurveyMonkey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focused group interview with students </li></ul></ul>Centre for Information Technology in Education
    10. 10. Centre for Information Technology in Education Research methods - 2 Google Site <ul><li>What is Google site? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Google Sites is a structured wiki and web page creation tool offered by Google as part of the Google Apps Productivity suite. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A video about Google site . </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Centre for Information Technology in Education Research methods – 3 Characteristics of Google Sites: Versions of students’ work <ul><li>Teachers and students can view the different versions of students’ work in Google Sites. </li></ul>
    12. 12. Research methods – 4 Characteristics of Google Sites: Version Comparison <ul><li>They can find out changes made to a page content by version comparison. </li></ul>Select an earlier version
    13. 13. Research methods – 5 Characteristics of Google Sites: Word Processing <ul><li>Basic word processor functions such as bolding is available at Google Sites. . </li></ul>
    14. 14. Research methods – 6 Characteristics of Google Sites: Video (Youtube) Embedding <ul><li>Youtube videos can be directly embedded in Google Sites, and be played on the same webpage . </li></ul>
    15. 15. Research methods - 7 Characteristics of Google Sites: Peer Collaboration Centre for Information Technology in Education <ul><li>Users can grant right of access to different people by adding their email in the collaboration system. </li></ul>
    16. 16. Research methods - 8 Google Sites 認知問卷 <ul><li>Online survey with SurveyMonkey </li></ul>Centre for Information Technology in Education
    17. 17. Research methods – 9 Pedagogical value of wiki (Hazari et al, 2009) Centre for Information Technology in Education
    18. 18. Centre for Information Technology in Education Research methods - 10 <ul><li>Factor 1: Learning/Pedagogy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A1. Use of Google Sites enhanced my interest in working on the project </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Google Sites 提高了我製作專題報告的興趣 ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A2. I would continue using Google Sites in other projects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>( 我會嘗試繼續使用 Google Sites 來學習和製作其他專題報告 ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A3.I will retain more material as a result of using the Wiki </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>( 使用 Google Sites 為我帶來更多知識 ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A4. I participated in the project more because of using Google Sites </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Google Sites 令我更積極參與製作專題報告 ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A5. Use of Google Sites aided me in achieving project objects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Google Sites 幫助我達成專題報告的目標 ) </li></ul></ul>
    19. 19. Centre for Information Technology in Education Research methods - 11 <ul><li>Factor 2: Motivation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>B1. Benefit of using Google Sites is worth the extra effort and time required to learn it ( 我認為值得花精力和時間學習使用 Google Sites) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B2. I would recommend other students to use Google Sites for project work ( 我會推介其他同學使用 Google Sites 製作專題報告 ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B3. I would prefer projects that use Google Sites over other projects that do not use Google Sites ( 相比其他製作專題報告的方法,我更喜歡使用 Google Sites 製作的專題報告 ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B4. I will continue to explore use of Google Sites for other project works ( 我希望把 Google Sites 應用到其他專題報告 ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B5. I stayed on the project tasks more because of using Google Sites (Google Sites 令我更集中完成專題報告的各項工作 ) </li></ul></ul>
    20. 20. Research methods - 12 <ul><li>Factor 3: Group Interaction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>C1. I liked seeing other students’ postings on my Google Sites ( 我喜歡看同學在我的 Google Sites 上的留言 ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C2. Use of Google Sites for the project helped me interact more with my group mates ( 利用 Google Sites 製作專題報告,加強了我和組員之間的溝通 ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C3. Because of using Google Sites, my group was able to come to a consensus faster (Google Sites 令我的小組更快達成共識 ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C4. I learned more because of information posted by other students’ in Google Sites ( 我從同學放在 Google Sites 的資訊中學會了更多 ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C5. Use of Google Sites promoted collaborative learning (Google Sites 促進協作學習 ) </li></ul></ul>Centre for Information Technology in Education
    21. 21. Centre for Information Technology in Education Research methods - 13 <ul><li>Factor 4: Technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>D1. The interface and features of Google Sites were clear and easy to understand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Google Sites 的版面和功能清晰易用 ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D2. Benefits of using the Google Sites outweighed any technical challenges of its use ( 使用 Google Sites 所帶來的好處多於操作時遇到的困難 ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D3. Browsing/editing information in Google Sites was easy ( 在 Google Sites 瀏覽及編輯資料是容易的 ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D4. Compared to other online discussion board, Google Sites was easier to use (Google Sites 比其他網上討論區更容易使用 ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D5. Technical features in Google Sites helped enhance my learning ( 在製作專題報告的時候, Google Sites 的功能促進我的知識增長 ) </li></ul></ul>
    22. 22. Research methods-14 Focus Group Interview <ul><li>Focus Group Interview of P5 students in Using Google Sites from four schools </li></ul><ul><li>Sampling method: Choosing the best performed group in each class to interview </li></ul><ul><li>Number of Focus Groups : SPC-1 , FK-2, HS-1, KSW-3 </li></ul><ul><li>Questions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. 你認爲 Google Sites 有助於你和你的小組一起在網上專題研習嗎?爲什麽? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. 你認爲 Google Sites 比你以往用的工具較好或是較差?爲什麽? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. 假如你是一位老師,你會安排學生用 Google Sites 做專題研習嗎?爲什麽? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4. 你在使用 Google Sites 的過程中,曾遇過什麽問題? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5. 你不喜歡 Google Sites 的什麽? </li></ul></ul>Centre for Information Technology in Education
    23. 23. Findings-1 <ul><li>Factor 1: Learning/Pedagogy </li></ul>Centre for Information Technology in Education <ul><li>SA+A = from 52% to 61% for the 5 items under the Learning aspect </li></ul><ul><li>D+SD = from 8-12% </li></ul>Table 2: Survey Results from P5 Students Responses (n=420) SA A M DNK D SD U A1. Use of Google Sites enhanced my interest in working on the project 29%* 24% 24% 4% 7% 5% 7% A2. I would continue using Google Sites in other projects 34%* 22% 22% 4% 7% 5% 8% A3.I will retain more material as a result of using the Wiki 28%* 25% 25% 4% 6% 4% 8% A4. I participated in the project more because of using Google Sites 23% 29%* 26% 4% 7% 4% 8% A5. Use of Google Sites aided me in achieving project objects 28% 33%* 20% 4% 4% 4% 7% * : majority SA: Strongly Agree A: Agree M: Moderate DNK: Do Not Know D: Disagree SD: Strongly Disagree U: Unanswered
    24. 24. Findings-2 <ul><li>Factor 2: Motivation </li></ul><ul><li>SA+A = from 46% to 56% for the 5 items </li></ul><ul><li>D+SD = from 9-14% </li></ul>Table 2: Survey Results from P5 Students Responses(n=420) SA A M DNK D SD U B1. Benefit of using Google Sites is worth the extra effort and time required to learn it 24% 22% 33%* 2% 6% 5% 8% B2. I would recommend other students to use Google Sites for project work 26% 27%* 22% 4% 7% 5% 9% B3. I would prefer projects that use Google Sites over other projects that do not use Google Sites 30%* 23% 24% 3% 8% 6% 6% B4. I will continue to explore use of Google Sites for other project works 30%* 26% 23% 1% 7% 5% 8% B5. I stayed on the project tasks more because of using Google Sites (Google Sites 24% 31%* 24% 4% 5% 4% 8% * :majority SA: Strongly Agree A: Agree M: Moderate DNK: Do Not Know D: Disagree SD: Strongly Disagree U: Unanswered
    25. 25. Findings-3 Centre for Information Technology in Education <ul><li>Factor 3: Group Interaction </li></ul><ul><li>SA+A = from 46% to 53% for the 5 items </li></ul><ul><li>D+SD = from 10-13% </li></ul>Table 2: Survey Results from P5 Students Responses(n=420) SA A M DNK D SD U C1. I liked seeing other students’ postings on my Google Sites 22% 24% 32%* 4% 7% 5% 4% C2. Use of Google Sites for the project helped me interact more with my group mates 23% 29%* 24% 3% 8% 5% 8% C3. Because of using Google Sites, my group was able to come to a consensus faster 21% 29%* 26% 4% 8% 5% 7% C4. I learned more because of information posted by other students’ in Google Sites 29%* 24% 24% 4% 7% 5% 7% C5. Use of Google Sites promoted collaborative learning 25% 28%* 25% 4% 6% 4% 8% * : majority SA: Strongly Agree A: Agree M: Moderate DNK: Do Not Know D: Disagree SD: Strongly Disagree U: Unanswered
    26. 26. Findings-4 <ul><li>Factor 4: Technology </li></ul><ul><li>SA+A = from 47% to 62% for the 5 items </li></ul><ul><li>D+SD = from 6-14% </li></ul><ul><li>The average for the 20 items under the 4 aspects for SA+A was 53% </li></ul><ul><li>The average for the 20 items for D+SD was 11% </li></ul>Table 2: Survey Results from P 5 Students Responses(n=420) SA A M DNK D SD U D1. The interface and features of Google Sites were clear and easy to understand 29% 33%* 22% 4% 3% 3% 6% D2. Benefits of using the Google Sites outweighed any technical challenges of its use 21% 26% 27%* 4% 7% 7% 8% D3. Browsing/editing information in Google Sites was easy 30%* 27% 24% 3% 8% 4% 4% D4. Compared to other online discussion board, Google Sites was easier to use 28%* 25% 25% 4% 6% 4% 8% D5. Technical features in Google Sites helped enhance my learning 27%* 27%* 25% 4% 7% 3% 7% * : majority SA: Strongly Agree A: Agree M: Moderate DNK: Do Not Know D: Disagree SD: Strongly Disagree U: Unanswered
    27. 27. Findings-5 Quotes from students <ul><li>Factor 1: Learning/Pedagogy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Google Sites is better because we can quickly search all the information online, copy them and then save them into Google Sites, for the purpose of our project.” Student from KSW </li></ul></ul>Centre for Information Technology in Education
    28. 28. Findings-6 Quotes from students <ul><li>Factor 2: Motivation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ If I were a teacher, I would ask my student to use Google Sites as it is easy to use and easy to manage information.” Student from SPC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ This method is environmental friendly. Paper is made from wood. Trees are cut to make paper which would destroy the environment. We do not have to waste paper if we using Google Sites.” Student from KSW </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>( 這種方法能夠保護環境,紙張是由木材制造,砍伐木材會破壞環境。使用 Google Sites 不用砍伐木材,所以使用 Google Sites 能夠有效保護環境 ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ If I were a teacher, I would choose to use Google Sites as well because I can follow up the progress of projects for each group.” Student from FK. </li></ul></ul>Centre for Information Technology in Education
    29. 29. Findings-7 Quotes from students <ul><li>Factor 3: Group Interaction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Usually, we would not do [projects] online, but we would meet directly with each other [for doing the project]. For Google Sites, we do not have to do so [meet with each other]. As long as we know how to operate Google Sites, we can contact our friends and work out the project together.” Student from KSW </li></ul></ul>Centre for Information Technology in Education
    30. 30. Findings-8 Quotes from students <ul><li>Factor 4: Technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ I think Google Site is better than the other tools, for example, in P. 4 we used Power Point and we need to paste all materials on it.” Student from SPC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ We can do editing easily and change the font color.” Student from FK </li></ul></ul>Centre for Information Technology in Education
    31. 31. Findings-9 Quotes from students <ul><li>Drawbacks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ If I were a teacher, I would choose traditional paper work in first few years. The reason is that poor families cannot afford computers for their children. If those students do that at school, they can only use the 15-minutes recess time to modify few things. If the uses of computers are furtherer widespread, I will choose Google Sites.” Student from KSW </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>( 如果我是一名教師,最初幾年我會選擇使用傳統的紙張,原因是貧困家庭無法為自己的孩子負擔電腦。這些學生在學校只能使用 15 分鐘的休息時間來使用電腦修改東西。如果使用電腦更為普遍,我會選擇使用 Google Sites 。 ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Some classmates may not familiar with Google Sites. They may cancel all the editing which was done by the other team mate. At this time, we have to do it again.” Student from FK </li></ul></ul>Centre for Information Technology in Education
    32. 32. <ul><li>Most of the P5 students surveyed find wiki (Google Sites) helpful for co-construct their inquiry group project work online. </li></ul><ul><li>However, students who didn’t agree that Google Sites was helpful to them still consist of 20% when compared to those who were positive about Google Sites. </li></ul>Conclusion

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