Explore the Behavior ofPlagiarism at the SecondarySchool Level in Hong KongPresented by:       YEUNG, Alice H.W.       CHU...
Agenda  Background  Research Methodology  Research Findings  Conclusion15 June 2012           CITE Research Symposium ...
Background
Research Significance 1   Students are better to build up their information literacy    skills under the new Diploma of S...
Research Significance 2              Insufficient studies focus this issue in Hong Kong              Findings help desig...
Research Questions              To what extent do the secondary school students               understand the behavior of ...
ResearchMethodology
Research Methodology              Develop a scale for evaluating the degree of plagiarism              Conduct plagiaris...
Development of Plagiarism Assessment Scale                                    Standard issued by                          ...
Policies Stated by International Schools in Hong Kong   Name of School                      What They Have Done Canadian  ...
Plagiarism Assessment Scale    Level       Label                                    Description   Level 1      None      N...
Online Plagiarism Check Small SEO Tools: http://www.smallseotools.com/plagiarism-checker/15 June 2012            CITE Rese...
ResearchFindings
Online Plagiarism Check               Serious               None               Minor                         Moderate15 Ju...
Causes of Plagiarism: Students’ Perspective              Why do the students do poorly in avoid plagiarism?              ...
Causes of Plagiarism: Teacher’s Perspective              Why do the students do poorly in avoid plagiarism?              ...
Students’ Perspective on Plagiarism              What are the secondary school students’ perspectives on               pl...
Support from School              What have the teachers done in support their students to               avoid plagiarism?...
Guideline Published by Canadian International School of Hong Kong               Source: http://www.bibme.org/15 June 2012 ...
Recommendation
Recommendations              Education is necessary to change students’ perspective in               using information et...
Guideline Published by Canadian International School of Hong Kong               Source: Canadian International School of H...
References
References              American Psychological Association (2009). Foundations of Library and               Information S...
References              German Swiss International School (2011). “Plagiarism /               referencing”, Senior Librar...
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Explore the Behaviour of Plagiarism at the Secondary School Level in Hong Kong

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YEUNG, Alice (Student in MSc(LIM))
CHU, Connie
CHU, Sam

http://citers2012.cite.hku.hk/en/paper_548.htm

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Explore the Behaviour of Plagiarism at the Secondary School Level in Hong Kong

  1. 1. Explore the Behavior ofPlagiarism at the SecondarySchool Level in Hong KongPresented by: YEUNG, Alice H.W. CHU, Connie B.L. CHU, Samuel K.W.
  2. 2. Agenda  Background  Research Methodology  Research Findings  Conclusion15 June 2012 CITE Research Symposium 2012 2
  3. 3. Background
  4. 4. Research Significance 1 Students are better to build up their information literacy skills under the new Diploma of Secondary Education (DSE)  avoid plagiarism Source: Hong Kong Examination Authority (2012). Hong Kong Diploma of Secondary Education Examination: Information on School-based Assessment 4 Booklet.
  5. 5. Research Significance 2  Insufficient studies focus this issue in Hong Kong  Findings help design new inquiry project based curriculum  Enhance students’ knowledge regarding plagiarism  Design guidelines for students to avoid plagiarismSource: The Curriculum Development Council (2002). Basic EducationCurriculum Guide: Building on Strengths.15 June 2012 CITE Research Symposium 2012 5
  6. 6. Research Questions  To what extent do the secondary school students understand the behavior of plagiarism  Why do the students do poorly in avoiding plagiarism?  What are the secondary school students’ perspectives on plagiarism?  What have the teachers done in supporting their students to avoid plagiarism?15 June 2012 CITE Research Symposium 2012 6
  7. 7. ResearchMethodology
  8. 8. Research Methodology  Develop a scale for evaluating the degree of plagiarism  Conduct plagiarism check  Evaluate the plagiarism levels of 15 Form 1 student group projects by an online free plagiarism checker, Small SEO Tools  Interview a teacher and 36 students15 June 2012 CITE Research Symposium 2012 8
  9. 9. Development of Plagiarism Assessment Scale Standard issued by American Psychological Association Policies stated by Practices International employed by Schools in Hong Higher Schools in Kong other countries15 June 2012 CITE Research Symposium 2012 9
  10. 10. Policies Stated by International Schools in Hong Kong Name of School What They Have Done Canadian  “Code of Academic Honesty” is provided in the Parents’ International Information Handbook (2011 to 2012), p.23 School of Hong  Examples of academic dishonesty are provided in p.24 Kong  Examples of citation are given in different information sources German Swiss  Statement of “Plagiarism” is provided as part of the International Library Policy School  Hyperlink http://www.bibme.org/ as guideline for students to avoid plagiarism Singapore  Statement of “Academic Honesty” is given in the International Parents’ Handbook as part of the school code of School (Hong Kong) conduct, p.115 June 2012 CITE Research Symposium 2012 10
  11. 11. Plagiarism Assessment Scale Level Label Description Level 1 None No plagiarism  Copy a block of text from the student’s previous work Level 2 Minor or  Copy a block of text of less 40 words without any citation  Copy a block of text of over 40 words without any citation, but  Give references at the end of the work Level 3 Moderate or  Give references in form of an attachment Level 4 Serious  Copy a block of text of over 40 words without any citation15 June 2012 CITE Research Symposium 2012 11
  12. 12. Online Plagiarism Check Small SEO Tools: http://www.smallseotools.com/plagiarism-checker/15 June 2012 CITE Research Symposium 2012 12
  13. 13. ResearchFindings
  14. 14. Online Plagiarism Check Serious None Minor Moderate15 June 2012 CITE Research Symposium 2012 14
  15. 15. Causes of Plagiarism: Students’ Perspective  Why do the students do poorly in avoid plagiarism?  Most students have insufficient knowledge to identify which situation is plagiarism  They have not received any training regarding citation in their Primary School  They did not know:  how to do the citation in a proper way  how to do rephrasing15 June 2012 CITE Research Symposium 2012 15
  16. 16. Causes of Plagiarism: Teacher’s Perspective  Why do the students do poorly in avoid plagiarism?  Local public school students have less concern on plagiarism than students in the local international schools  Most students have not received any education regarding “Plagiarism” in Primary School  “Avoiding plagiarism” is not clearly stated in the project guideline students paid less attention15 June 2012 CITE Research Symposium 2012 16
  17. 17. Students’ Perspective on Plagiarism  What are the secondary school students’ perspectives on plagiarism?  They can use information freely from the Internet without any acknowledgement  They can use their own previous assignment without any citation  They would like to learn more about how to avoid plagiarism15 June 2012 CITE Research Symposium 2012 17
  18. 18. Support from School  What have the teachers done in support their students to avoid plagiarism?  Teachers have provided:  Clear guideline in doing citation  Lectures regarding plagiarism and citation  Online citation engines like http://www.bibme.org/  Librarians can provide support to students  arrange workshops or helpdesk15 June 2012 CITE Research Symposium 2012 18
  19. 19. Guideline Published by Canadian International School of Hong Kong Source: http://www.bibme.org/15 June 2012 CITE Research Symposium 2012 19
  20. 20. Recommendation
  21. 21. Recommendations  Education is necessary to change students’ perspective in using information ethically  “Code of Academic Honesty” is stated clearly in the student handbook as part of the school policy  Plagiarism can be avoided by providing appropriate training  Training in avoiding plagiarism can be delivered in Primary Schools  Teachers can provide clear guideline in doing citation  refer to the practices done by Canadian International School of Hong Kong15 June 2012 CITE Research Symposium 2012 21
  22. 22. Guideline Published by Canadian International School of Hong Kong Source: Canadian International School of Hong Kong (2011). Parents’ Information Handbook15 June 2012 (2011~2012). CITE Research Symposium 2012 22
  23. 23. References
  24. 24. References  American Psychological Association (2009). Foundations of Library and Information Science (6th edition). Washington: American Psychological Association.  Curriculum Development Council, The (2002). Basic Education Curriculum Guide: Building on Strengths, available from: http://cd1.edb.hkedcity.net/cd/EN/Content_2909/html/index.html (access on 1 June 2012)  Canadian International School of Hong Kong (2011). Parents’ Information Handbook (2011~2012), available from: http://www.cdnis.edu.hk/images/stories/pdf/facts/CISPA_Parent_Handb ook_2011-08-18.pdf (access on 1 June 2012)15 June 2012 CITE Research Symposium 2012 24
  25. 25. References  German Swiss International School (2011). “Plagiarism / referencing”, Senior Library, available from: http://mygsis.gsis.edu.hk/aboutus/facilities/library/senior-library/ (access on 1 June 2012)  Hong Kong Examination Authority (2011). Hong Kong Diploma of Secondary Education Examination: Information on School-based Assessment, available from: http://www.hkeaa.edu.hk/DocLibrary/Media/Leaflets/SBA_pamphlet_E_ web.pdf (access on 1 June 2012)  Singapore International School (Hong Kong) (2011). Parents’ Information Handbook (2011~2012), available from: http://www.singapore.edu.hk/download/Parents_Handbook_PPY_1112. pdf (access on 1 June 2012)15 June 2012 CITE Research Symposium 2012 25
  26. 26. Questions&Comments

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