Understanding the digitial natives: Rethinking ICT Literacy in Hong Kong
Understanding the Digital Natives:A Rethinking of ICT Literacy in Hong Kong WANG, Tianchong The University of Hong Kong TOWEY, Dave BNU-HKBU United International College
Digital Native• “Our students today are all ‘native speaker’ of the digital language of computers, video games and the internet.” (Prensky, 2001)
Digital Native ???• The dynamics of who exactly is and who is not (Jenkins, 2007)• Students’ relationship with ICT tend to be more complex than one digital native characterization (Bennett et. al, 2008) Distinction line in different social context• Not all Digital Natives are equal. (Shah, 2009)• Visitors and Residents (White and Le Cornu, 2011)• Digital Wisdom (Prensky, 2012)
IT General Curriculum in HK (Pre-college)• Information Technology Learning Targets (HK SAR Education Bureau, 2000)• A guideline for schools to develop students’ capability in using IT• Stratified the years of schooling into 5 stages, with a series of specified competencies identified as expected to be attained by completion of each stage
IT Skills in the Guideline• Basic operation of computers• Input Chinese characters with handwriting recognition devices and/or with the aid of input methods• Use software package of word processing, calculation, presentation, image processing, etc.• Access information via internet, communicate via email, verify and evaluate information accuracy and reliability• Etc.
Pedagogical Suggestions• Blending of the subjects with ICT• ICT Facilitator is ESSENTIAL• Develop a link between what the what the students are capable with ICT and the ICT Integration in Non-ICT course classroom
ICT Capability at University Level• Notebook Computer Ownership Scheme since 1998• Students who did not own computers would perhaps be at a disadvantage in their studies (Lee, 2002)• The participation rates in HKU’s Programme averaged 80% for the freshmen students (Lee, 2002)
ICT Capability at University Level• IT Proficiency Test• The courses YITC1001 and YITC1002• Graduation Requirements since 1998• Target skills related to basic areas such as document processing, presentation software, and information search strategies
ICT Capability at University Level• Discontinued since the 2010-2011 curriculum• Less necessary?
Pedagogical Suggestions• Digital Toolkit• Students need know what is available and have the ability decide what is the best tool(s) for their learning.• ICT Support Centre? CITE?
• “Adding wings to caterpillars does not create butterflies, it creates awkward and dysfunctional caterpillars. Butterflies are created through transformation.” - Stephanie Marshall
Thank You WANG, Tianchong The University of Hong Kong TOWEY, Dave BNU-HKBU United International College