Postmodernism seminar


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Part of a joint seminar presentation on post modern sociological theory

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Postmodernism seminar

  1. 1. What it’s not......ScienceOrder What it could be....Reason Chaos What it is......Categorised Spiritual Anarchic RelativeRationality Starry eyedDefinable Hypocritical Personal truthThe Truth Innovative Mass mediaGrand Narratives Critical Use of signs Postmodernism = the idea Unexplainable that there is no ‘truth’ only interpretations, and all Popular Culture interpretations are socially Challenging constructed ( e.g. by elites Consumption to exploit groups)
  2. 2. Where Modernism wasRoutineRestrictivePredictiveConstrainingNarrow mindedUnforgivingDeterminismPostmodernism isSpontaneousEclecticIn your faceMixing it up‘anything’s possible’Drift
  3. 3. Guy Debord’s ‘Drift’ Dérive App Eduardo Cachucho SERENDIPITOR
  4. 4. • It has been said that postmodernism could be described as a collage, where meanings can be found in combinations of already created patterns• Themes of Nostalgia and Displacement due to the fragmentary nature of the postmodern condition• Media & culture theory:where once the mirror reflectedsociety, now only the mirror remains
  5. 5. MusicMusic and simulacra – Jean Baudrillard.Baudrillard in Simulacra and Simulations, the first to third stages are variationsupon an appearance, whilst in the fourth stage it is no longer in the order ofappearance at all, but of simulation.Stage ones concept of real is based on an appearance, whereas the fourthstages hyper real presents the removing of this appearance - this genericcontent - and showing moments of trueness, or as Baudrillard refers to them,simulacra.“minimal, faux-automated movement paired with man-made but alsoautomated music. Humans create a machine (synthesizer). Humans then playthe machine, which can also play itself. Within the synthesizer, a musicalinstrument, lies the singular point of man-machine synthesis”. – modern rap – disassociated from the core/cause of the genre
  6. 6. MusicDisplacement and NostalgiaNIRVANA kids: Kurt & Courtney both prescribed Ritalin as children “When you’re a kid and you get this drugthat makes you feel that feeling, where elseare you going to turn when you’re an adult?”
  7. 7. Illuminati Mind Kontrolle? Gaga’s poisoned honey : does this represent the Telephone Illuminati elite poisoning the• "By kinda busy, Gaga means she has dissociated from masses with toxic reality. media?• Real life is calling her brain but she has no service, shes not there.• Gaga is not thinking or talking for herself anymore, her head and her heart have been dissociated from her core personality due to [Illuminati/CIA] Monarch programming• Many signs in the video which refer to popular films (e.g. Thelma & Louise, Kill Bill), also Minnie mouse references with sunglasses as a reference to MK training where Disney films were used.• Telephone is continuation of Paparazzi; mind controlled dronesProject MKUltra, or MK-Ultra, was acovert, illegal[1] human research program intobehavioral modification run by the CentralIntelligence Agencys (CIA) Office of Scientific
  8. 8. BETA. Referred to as “sexual” programming.This programming eliminates all learnedmoral convictions and stimulates theprimitive sexual instinct, devoid ofinhibitions. “Cat” alters may come out at thislevel.-Ron Patton, Project Monarch
  9. 9. ‘’s Vintage darling....’ Jean BaudrillardWhat is the fascination with the past???A Cherry-picked, romanticised simulation of realityDOWNTON Abbey 11.4m ...Call The Midwifes 11.3mFredric Jameson suggests that media reveals "the desperate attempt to appropriate amissing past.“, and that there are "celebrations of the imaginary style of a real past“.“The twentieth century began with utopia and ended with nostalgia. Optimistic belief inthe future became outmoded, while nostalgia, for better or worse, never went out offashion”Nostalgia: the longing of a place, but also a longing for a time past that, except throughreminders, one can never return to.
  10. 10. “nostalgia for the present”Marcel Proust : Proust argues that the function of art is to evoke theunderlying associative network indirectly in the mind of the observer byusing carefully chosen sensory surfaces to control the stream of thought –i.e. the ways in which sensory stimuli have power to invoke strong feelingsand vivid memories of the past.....precisely the nostalgic feelings thatfaux-vintage photos seek to invoke.These are all simulations attempting to make people nostalgicfor a time past. Consistent with Baudrillard’s description ofsimulations, photos in their instagram form have become morevintage than vintage; they exaggerate the qualities ofthe idea of what it is to be vintage.
  11. 11. AuthenticityThe very thing that a faux-vintage photo provides, is negated by the factthat it is a simulation......“the vintage” “the idea of the vintage,”All hyper-real versions of something else and all quite capable of causing andexploiting feelings of nostalgia. Therefore, simply being aware that theauthenticity instagram provides is simulated does disqualify the faux-vintage photo from entering into the economy of the real and authentic. “nostalgia no longer has to rely on individual memory or desire: it can be fed forever by quick access to an infinitely recyclable past” Svetlana BoymHyper-vintage / Hyper-real: Baudrillard
  12. 12. Nostalgia cont.....nostalgia no longer has to rely on individual memory ordesire: it can be fed forever by quick access to an infinitelyrecyclable past Stewarts provocative study, OnLonging suggestively calls nostalgia a "social disease,"defining it as "the repetition that mourns theinauthenticity of all repetition."
  13. 13. “Structuralism, Marxism, post- structuralism and the like are no ........... longer the sexy topics they were. What is sexy instead is sex.” Eagleton ...Decay Porn :the act of photographing, glorifying, and being aroused by wreckage and abandoned buildings--is a new form of pornography. Detroit is a goldmine for DecayPornographers such as Hemmerle. And if one of Detroits main attractions is super-sexy broken windows and bikini waxed buildings, stripped of everything they once had brings people to the city, then more power to it.
  14. 14. Yves Marchand and Romain Meffre, image from “The Ruins of Detroit” (2005- ) Laboratory-Cass Technical High School, Detroit Photographer Andrew Moore notes that there’s “something about mortality” in the choice to depict ruins.
  15. 15. Object Orange Demolition, Disneyland, Detroit, MichiganWhen a collective of Detroit artists calling itself Object Orange startedpainting some of the city’s 7,000 abandoned and dilapidated buildings brightorange, they meant to bring beauty to decay.When four of the original eleven painted houses were quickly demolished bythe city, the group’s endeavor turned to raising awareness about thehazardous conditions associated with blight: low morale, depressedproperty values, and crime.This ongoing project, dubbed Detroit, Demolition, Disneyland (the latterreferring to the paint, from Behr’s Disney Color series) has evolved into a callto action, with the group declaring, “These buildings aren’t scenery. Don’tlook through them…Pick up a roller.”
  16. 16. THEORYAuthentic theory is born through the soul,free-associated dreams of Hope, andrebirth from tragedy – given form through abeautiful, sculpted language.Theory is not a %-age, Theory is notquantifiable or measurable. Theory is adeeply Hysterical and profound love andexperience of beauty and Hope Modernist thinkers like Alex Callinicos and Jurgen Habermas argue that Lyotards description of the postmodern world as containing an "incredulity toward metanarratives" could be seen as a metanarrative in itself.
  17. 17. ConclusionModern nostalgiais a mourning for the impossibility of mythical return, for the loss of an“enchanted world” with clear borders and values. It could be a secularexpression of a spiritual longing, a nostalgia for an absolute, for a home thatis both physical and spiritual, for the edenic unity of time and space beforeentry into history. The nostalgic is looking for a spiritual addressee.Economic reflections“In counterpoint to our fascination with cyberspace and the virtual globalvillage, there is a global epidemic of nostalgia, an affective yearning for acommunity with a collective memory, a longing for continuity in afragmented world.”
  18. 18. Question- Which items can you think of that people use, which have a nostalgic edgeto them:i.e. fountain pen-What feelings does using instagram invoke in yourself – are we not happywith the here and now? Do we need to filter it?-Do we think that it is ‘the mass’ that yearn for nostalgia, or is it the mediathat feed it to us?-Is nostalgia a ‘social disease’?
  19. 19. Bibliography 5FF418A46BA95CE7286859C176192E6C69A91FAC&first=61&FORM=IDFRIR 1&hl=en&sa=N&rlz=1C1AFAB_enGB443&biw=1536&bih=770&tbm=isch&tbnid=O8yrj5aKOyI86M:&imgrefurl= 2012/01/cinderalla1.jpg&w=1936&h=1296&ei=wBxUPi9Aeme0QXzv4GQDw&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=167&vpy=181&dur=2700&hovh=183&hovw=274&tx=187&ty=99&sig=102834640020069948899&page=2&tbnh=132&tbnw=169&start=28&ndsp=35&ved=1t:429,r:7,s:28,i:189,_art,_and_the_brain_Lessons_from_Ma.pdf,r:8,s:0,i:93&tx=144&ty=144&vpx=394&vpy=316&hovh=180&hovw=279