PRESENTED BY:- SHAINA SHARMA
1) Etymological: ‘currer’which means to run.
2) General:- The ground which the pupils and the teacher cover to
reach the goal of education.
3) Traditional:- Mastery over certain types of knowledge and skills.
4) Modern : It is a process intended to help pupil to live in present
world & to build the future world in which his generation would live.
Modalior commission :- “Curriculum includes
all the learner’s experiences in or outside that
are included in a program which has been
devised to help him develop physically,
emotionally, socially, spiritually and morally.”
•The processes of assessing needs, formulating objectives, and developing instructional opportunities and evaluation.
•The process of creating planned curriculum, pedagogy, instruction, and presentation modes.
•The processes of
•The process of creating
pedagogy, instruction, and
Philosophical determinants of curriculum
It aims at the all-round development of the individual.
It is based on the philosophy of the nation.
It reflects the ideals and aspirations of the people.
It inculcates the desired ideals of life in the youngsters.
It helps in the development of proper philosophy of life.
It is in accordance with the aspiration level of the individual
It enables the learners to learn the desirable cultural values,
intellectual virtues, societal norms and moral doctrine.
It helps in the development of the personal and national
The philosophical foundations
of the education
Sociological determinants of curriculum
Regional and national imbalances.
Education for fellowship and leadership
Creative and purposeful activities
Cultural, political factors
Knowledge, attitude and beliefs.
The characteristics of the curriculum
To realize the social aims of the education
Makes education as an effective media of social
Keeps in mind the social changes and reflects the
social needs of the community
Dynamic, flexible ad progressive.
Transmit the values and ideals that the society
upholds and consider to be inherited by new
Related to social interests and problems of
Enables the youngsters
efficiently in social life.
Inculcates in them
respect for different
professions and creates
the dignity of labour.
Aids them in promoting
the social progress
To develop each
individual to the
Aims at educating for
the vacation and
It is functional and
Psychological determinants of
Knowledge of the nature of the learner and learning process and the
condition facilitating optimum learning.
Knowledge of growth and development
Intelligence, development capacities.
Curriculum to be child centered, learning experiences should be
provided in accordance with the mental development of the learner.
Interests of the learner.
Scientific : To achieve complete
development of an individual
& to prepare for complete
living i.e. human activities in 5
categories: self preservation,
self protection, promote
human pregnancy & its
protection, social & political
protection & last proper
utilization of leisure time.
Political : To develop
democratic values of social
justice, equity, socialism, rights
MAJOR FACTORS OF
OF A CURRICULUM
Philosophy of nursing education
Education is the deliberate and systematic influence
exerted by the mature person upon the immature person
through instruction, discipline and harmonious
development of all powers of the human being. Physical,
social, intellectual, aesthetic and spiritual according to their
essential hierarchy, by and for their individual and social
uses and directed towards the union of the educator and
with his creator as the final end.
Instruction and development of powers are the means; the
goal is to prepare the student so that he can attain the end
for which he was created.
•It forms the basis for development of principles
and methods of teaching.
•The information obtained through educational
psychology applied to nursing education, through
research and experience provides information
and principles which serve to help in selection,
organization and evaluation of learning
experiences in the curriculum.
A study of
The need for
the supply of
Nursing is inextricably tied
up with the social culture in
which it is carried on, nursing
is affected by the society in
which it flourishes and the
school of nursing must
prepare the number and the
kind of nurses essential to
fulfill nursing needs of
Activities: the nursing and the personal activities in which
the student will engage as a nurse and as a person.
General categories of life activities:•Professional
Effective preparation for life activities:The growth of the student in individual
capacities and in social participation.
The curriculum of the nursing should provide
opportunities for the development of both.
The health of
The primary purpose of the curriculum in nursing:-
The preparation of the student to function as a nurse.
Increase preparation of the student for family functioning.
To become more fully prepared to participate in the life activities, to
become a better person and a better citizen as well as a good nurse
for having studied in the school of nursing
The preparation of the nurse who can carry out those activities
necessary to fulfill as a professional nurse in a democratic society.
It is substantive dimension of the educative process.
Knowledge is the stock is trade of all school curricula
which consists of:-
•Subject matter courses in which mastery of content is
not pursued as the end, but is used as a resource.
•Mastery of content is pursued as an end in itself.
•Change in every phase of life is probably the greatest
challenge to education today.
committee is charged
with developing the
addressing the broader
concerns that will be
reflected in the
the use of
of culture and