Greek mythology


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Introduction to mythology including major themes, purposes, and a listing of Greek gods and goddesses

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Greek mythology

  1. 1. Greek Mythology
  2. 2. What is a myth? <ul><li>A myth is a story belonging to any culture that is derived from primitive beliefs, presenting supernatural episodes to explain cosmic forces and the natural order. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Myths are generally concerned with the same themes and motifs: <ul><li>Creation </li></ul><ul><li>Divinity </li></ul><ul><li>The significance of life and death </li></ul><ul><li>Natural phenomena </li></ul><ul><li>The adventures of mythical heroes </li></ul>
  4. 4. What cultures have produced myths? <ul><li>All cultures have certain beliefs about natural occurences. The three myth systems that have been most studied are Greek mythology, Roman mythology, and Norse mythology. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Classical Mythology <ul><li>Greek and Roman </li></ul><ul><li>Believed that the gods looked and acted much like humans </li></ul><ul><li>Gods differed from people in that </li></ul><ul><ul><li>they could change appearance at will </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>they had superhuman strength </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>they were immortal </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Purposes of Myths <ul><li>Attempts to explain natural phenomena such as a flood </li></ul><ul><li>Religious speculations on the relationship between humans and the gods </li></ul><ul><li>Religious speculations on the mysteries of creation, death, and the afterlife </li></ul><ul><li>Examinations of human behavior </li></ul>
  7. 7. Gods of Classical Mythology
  8. 8. Zeus <ul><li>God of sky & thunder; king of gods </li></ul><ul><li>Roman name: Jupiter </li></ul>
  9. 9. Apollo <ul><li>God of sun, music, and medicine </li></ul><ul><li>Roman name: Apollo </li></ul>
  10. 10. Ares <ul><li>God of war </li></ul><ul><li>Roman name: Mars </li></ul>
  11. 11. Hermes <ul><li>Messenger god </li></ul><ul><li>Roman name: Mercury </li></ul>
  12. 12. Poseidon <ul><li>God of the Sea </li></ul><ul><li>Roman name: Neptune </li></ul>
  13. 13. Hephaestus <ul><li>God of the weaponry; smith god </li></ul><ul><li>Roman name: Vulcan </li></ul>
  14. 14. Hera <ul><li>Queen of gods </li></ul><ul><li>Roman name: Juno </li></ul>
  15. 15. Demeter <ul><li>Goddess of earth and crops </li></ul><ul><li>Roman name: Ceres </li></ul>
  16. 16. Artemis <ul><li>Goddess of the hunt and the moon </li></ul><ul><li>Roman name: Diana </li></ul>                        <>
  17. 17. Athene <ul><li>Goddess of wisdom </li></ul><ul><li>Roman name: Minerva </li></ul>
  18. 18. Aphrodite <ul><li>Goddess of love and beauty </li></ul><ul><li>Roman name: Venus </li></ul>
  19. 19. Hestia <ul><li>Goddess of home & hearth </li></ul><ul><li>Roman name: Vesta </li></ul>
  20. 20. Other Well-Known Gods
  21. 21. Dionysus <ul><li>God of wine & fertility </li></ul><ul><li>Roman name: Bacchus </li></ul>
  22. 22. Eros <ul><li>God of love & desire </li></ul><ul><li>Roman name: Cupid </li></ul>
  23. 23. Hades <ul><li>God of the underworld </li></ul><ul><li>Roman name: Pluto </li></ul>
  24. 24. Cronus <ul><li>Father of all gods </li></ul><ul><li>Roman name: Saturn </li></ul>
  25. 25. Persephone <ul><li>Goddess of seasons & queen of the underworld </li></ul><ul><li>Roman name: Proserpina </li></ul>
  26. 26. Mythical Creatures <ul><li>Centaurs – half man, half horse </li></ul><ul><li>Satyrs – half man, half goat </li></ul><ul><li>Minotaurs – half man, </li></ul><ul><li>half-bull </li></ul><ul><li>Harpies – half woman, half bird </li></ul><ul><li>Medusa- Woman with snaky hair </li></ul>
  27. 27. Mythology in today’s world <ul><li>Nike </li></ul><ul><li>Ajax </li></ul><ul><li>Midas </li></ul><ul><li>Saturn </li></ul>
  28. 28. Myths in commercials …
  29. 29. Norse Mythology Thor Odin bragi Tyr freyja loki
  30. 30. Days of the week Sun's day/The Lord's day Sunnudagr/Dróttinsdagr Washing day Laugardagr Freyja's day Frjádagr Thor's day Þórsdagr Odin's day Óðinsdagr Tyr's day Týsdagr Moon's day Mánadagr Meaning Day (Old Norse)