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Cynthia C. James
(THIS MODULE IS DEVELOPED AS A TEACHING AND LEARNING AID ONLY. THIS MODULE IS NOT FOR SALE AND
NOT INTENDED TO BE USED FOR ANY COMMERCIAL PURPOSES).
UPSR PRE-WRITING MODULE
SENTENCE CONSTRUCTION FOR REMEDIAL CLASS
by Cynthia C. James
PART 1: VOCABULARY & GRAMMAR
People (Singular & Plural)
Animals, Plants, Objects (Singular & Plural)
Pre-Writing 2 (Formula TiTa)
Places and Events
Articles: a / an
Verb ‘to be’: ‘is’ and ‘are’
Verb + ing
Present Continuous Tense – It is happening now!
Pre-Writing 3 (Formula S-V-W)
PART 2: ONE STEP FURTHER
Compound Sentences: Using Conjunctions ‘and’ and ‘while’
Complex Sentences: Describe the Subject
Spice it up with Adjectives and Adverbs
PART 3: EXTRA SKILL-BASED EXERCISES
PART 1: VOCABULARY AND GRAMMAR
People (Singular and Plural)
General Vocabulary for People
SINGULAR (ONE) PLURAL (MORE THAN ONE)
old man old men
old woman old women
(Pictures from: Kamus Bergambar KBSR English – Bahasa Malaysia Pictionary, Buku MUST)
Practice 1: Label the people in the pictures below.
Practice 2: Look at the pictures. Fill in the blanks with the correct words.
There are three _____________ in the picture.
There are many _____________ in the picture.
A __________ is serving the food.
A __________ is taking photographs.
There are three _____________ in the picture.
The ______ is sleeping with a newspaper on his face.
The ____________ is cooking in the kitchen.
*NUMBERS AND QUANTIFIERS
1 – One
2 – Two
3 – Three
4 – Four
5 – Five
6 – Six
7 – Seven
8 – Eight
9 – Nine
10 – Ten
Several – Beberapa
Some – Beberapa
A few – Sedikit
Many – Ramai / Banyak
Exercise 1: Label the people in the pictures below.
Exercise 2: Label the pictures below.
(Pictures from KBSR textbooks, Year 5 and Year 6)
Other List of Vocabulary for People
(Pictures taken from free downloaded picture cards from http://www.mes-english.com)
father - bapa
mother - emak
son - anak lelaki
daughter - anak perempuan
brother - abang / adik lelaki
sister - kakak / adik perempuan
cousin - sepupu
nephew - anak saudara lelaki
niece - anak saudara perempuan
uncle - bapa saudara
aunt - emak saudara
grandfather - datuk
grandmother - nenek
Find and list down the plural forms for all of the words for people listed above in your
Find more words that categorize people and list the words down in your vocabulary book.
Topics in the Textbook:
Year 6 – Unit 1: Wonderfully Made
Year 5 – Unit 1: Family First, Unit 7: People
Specifications in HSP:
3.2.2 Read and learn the meaning of key words for each topic taught.
4.2.1 Complete simple texts with the missing words.
You may start writing sentences about the people in a picture. To do so, you may use the
sentence structure below:
is an child
There old woman in the picture.
are several children
a few girls
‘There is’ and ‘There are’ can be roughly translated as ‘Ada’ in Bahasa
‘There is’ - singular.
‘There are’ - plural.
‘a’, and ‘an’ = one (1) or ‘satu’ in Bahasa Melayu.
1. There are many children in the picture.
2. There are four women in the picture.
3. There are two men in the picture.
Try to write!
Look at the pictures. Based on the given example, try to write sentences about the people
in the pictures.
Picture 1 (UPSR 2005)
1. There are two boys in the picture.
2. There are four girls in the picture.
Picture 2 (UPSR 2006)
Animals, Plants and Objects (Excerpts from Spotlight UPSR English, Sasbadi)
Vocabulary for Animals (Year 5 – Unit 4: Animals and Us)
Exercise: Find the plural form for each animal above.
Vocabulary for Fruits and Vegetables (Year 4 – Unit 3: Healthy Living, Year 6 – Unit 3: Fit
as a Fiddle)
Exercise: Find the plural forms for each type of fruits and vegetables above.
Vocabulary for Objects in the Home (Year 5 – Unit 1: Family First)
Exercise: Find the plural forms for each object in the home above.
Vocabulary for Transport (Year 4 – Unit 6: Moving Around)
Exercise: Find the plural forms for each transport above.
Vocabulary for Musical Instruments (Year 6 – Unit 5: Sounds of Music)
Exercise: Find the plural forms for each musical instrument above.
Vocabulary for Food and Drinks (Year 5 – Unit 6: Glorious Food)
Exercise: Categorize the food and drinks above into countable and uncountable. For the
countable items, find the plural forms.
Pre-Writing 2: Formula TiTa
People, objects, plants, animals, transport, fruits and vegetables, food and drinks are
classified under the part of speech that is called Nouns. We have learned that nouns can
be singular or plural.
We can use the structure ‘There is’ and ‘There are’ to write sentences about nouns. Let’s
call the structure Formula TiTa.
1. There is a woman in the picture.
2. There are two boys in the picture.
3. There is a girl in the picture.
4. There is a baby in the picture.
5. There are four men in the picture.
6. There is a boat in the picture.
7. There are three chickens in the picture.
8. There is a box in the picture.
9. There are two rolls of mats in the picture.
10. There are two bundles of clothes in the picture.
11. There is a box in the picture.
Let’s try to write!
Write as many sentences as you can for the pictures below, using Formula TiTa. Write the
sentences in your exercise book.
Picture 1 Picture 4
Picture 2 Picture 5
Picture 3 Picture 6
PLACES (Pictures source: http://www.mes-english.com)
Vocabulary for Places
Include the names of places in your sentences to make them more interesting. For
example, instead of writing ‘There are many children in the picture,’ you may write ‘There
are many children at the playground.”
Reinforcement: Redo the exercise on page 21. Change ‘in the picture’ to names of places
according to the picture.
Homework: Find more names of places from the dictionary / Pictionary and write them
down in your vocabulary book.
Actions (Verbs) (Year 4 – Unit 1: What Do You Like?, Year 5 – Unit 10: What Games Do You
Play?, Year 6 – Unit 4: Magical Movements) (Picture source: http://www.mes-english.com)
Extra activity: Find more verbs / actions. You can use the picture dictionary. Write the
verbs / actions in your vocabulary book together with their meanings in Bahasa Malaysia.
Pre-Writing 3: Formula S-V-W
Article/Number Subject be Verb Wh-questions
(A/An, two, (The ‘doer’) (is / are) (verb + ing) (What, Where,
three, many, Who)
several, a few)
A boy is holding a ball.
An old man is reading newspaper.
Four women are sitting on the bench.
Several girls are running.
Article/Number Subject be Verb Wh
cat An old is holding a
An old woman is holding a cat.
Article/Number Subject be Verb Wh
A rabbit is pulling a
carrot A rabbit is pulling a carrot.
Article/Number Subject be Verb Wh
A girl is running. -
girl A girl is running.
Before we start writing, let’s practice some basic grammar items first.
I. Articles: a, an
The article ‘a’ and ‘an’ means ‘one’.
The article ‘a’ is placed before a word that starts with the consonant sound.
Example: a boy, a girl, a cat, a rabbit
The article ‘an’ is placed before a word that starts with the vowel sound.
Example: an old man, an old woman, an orange, an apple
Exercise: Fill in the blanks with ‘a’ or ‘an’.
______ tall boy
______ old woman
______ old man
______ Iban boy
______ small umbrella
II. Be Verb
Examples of be verbs are ‘is’ and ‘are’.
The verb ‘is’ is placed after a singular subject.
Example: A boy is playing football.
The verb ‘are’ is placed after a plural subject.
Example: Several boys are playing football.
Exercise: Fill in the blanks with ‘is’ or ‘are’.
1. Some women _______ collecting rubbish.
2. A man ______ dumping garbage into the drain.
3. A boy ______ digging a hole.
4. Several boys _______ cleaning the blackboard.
5. Some pupils ________ sweeping the floor.
6. Three children ________ wiping the windows.
7. A woman _______ asking her worker to clean the stall.
8. A man _______ buying some fish at the stall.
9. A fishmonger _______ selling some fish at the stall.
10. A gardener ________ trimming the hedge.
11. A few women ________ watering the plants.
12. Puan Farah ________ cooking chicken curry.
13. Siti and Halimah ________ washing the dishes.
14. Dina _______ cutting some vegetables.
15. Some waiters _______ washing their hands.
16. Three policemen ________ inspecting the vehicles.
17. A teacher ________ pointing to the whiteboard.
18. Many children _______ playing in the park.
19. Several doctors ________ treating the patients.
20. Puan Salwa and her maid _______ mopping the kitchen floor.
III. Verb + ing
We add the suffix ‘-ing’ to root verbs when we want to write sentences using Continuous
Tense. When the verbs with the suffix ‘-ing’ is put after the ‘be verbs’ (‘is’ or ‘are’), it will
become Present Continuous Tense.
When do we use Present Continuous Tense? We use Present Continuous Tense when we
want to write about something that is happening now, at this moment.
It is best to use Present Continuous Tense when writing sentences for Section A of UPSR
For most verbs, we can directly add the suffix ‘-ing’ at the end.
Examples: play – playing, read – reading, sleep – sleeping
For verbs that end with the letter ‘e’, we have to omit the letter ‘e’ first before adding
the suffix ‘-ing’.
Examples: write – writing, arrange – arranging, bake – baking
Sometimes, we have to double the final letters of some verbs before we can add the
suffix ‘-ing’ at the end.
Examples: run – running, swim – swimming, put – putting
The best way to identify which rule to apply when adding the suffix ‘-ing’ at the end of
verbs is by reading a lot of English books, and by doing a lot of grammar practices.
Exercise: Add the suffix ‘-ing’ at the end of the verbs. Find the meaning of each verb in
the dictionary. Write it down in your vocabulary book.
WORDS VERB + ING WORDS VERBS + ING
Introduce Put out
Let’s start writing!
Practice 1: Look at the pictures on page 22 – 26. Find the articles/numbers, subject, verb
and ‘Wh’ for each picture. Then, write your sentences.
Practice 2: Look at the pictures below. Write as many sentences as you can by using
Picture 1 Picture 3
Picture 2 Picture 4
Exercise: Write as many sentences as you can for each picture below using Formula TiTa
and Formula S-V-W.
PART 2: ONE STEP FURTHER
Compound Sentences: Using conjunctions ‘and’ and ‘while’
‘And’ – dan
‘While’ – manakala
Example: Try to write as many sentences as you can for the picture below.
1. There are many children at the library.
2. There are many books at the library.
3. There are several shelves at the library.
4. There are several tables at the library.
5. There are several chairs at the library.
6. There is a counter at the library.
7. Some pupils are writing.
8. Two girls are discussing.
9. A boy is reading.
10. A boy is putting a book on the shelf.
11. A girl is holding a book near the counter.
12. A girl is sitting behind the counter.
Let’s combine some of the sentences using the conjunctions ‘and’ and ‘while’.
1. There are many children and many books at the library.
2. There are several shelves, tables, chairs and a counter at the library.
3. Some pupils are writing while two girls are discussing.
4. A boy is reading while another boy is putting a book on the shelf.
5. A girl is holding a book near the counter while another girl is sitting behind the counter.
Practice: Write as many sentences as you can for the pictures below. Then, try to combine
the sentences using the conjunctions ‘and’ and ‘while’.
Complex Sentences: Describe the ‘Subject’
Study the following examples:
A man is talking on the phone.
The man who is wearing spectacles is talking on the phone.
A woman is smiling.
The woman who is wearing a scarf and baju kurung is smiling.
Sentences 2 in both examples above are complex sentences. We can write complex
sentences by adding a clause that describes the subject in the sentence. Note that the
article ‘a’ is changed to ‘the’. When a subject is described, it becomes specific.
The Subject who is (description) is verb+ing
Fill in the blanks with the words / phrases in the box.
are is wearing a hat trimming the has a ponytail dancing
has a moustache pointing smiling washing the baju kebaya
The man who is wearing a turban is ____________.
The women who _______ wearing _________________
The man who _____________________ is
The man who _____________________ is
The girl who _____________________ is
Practice: Find phrases to describe the people in the pictures below. Then, form a complex
sentence for each picture. Use the words given to help you.
- man – wearing spectacles - writing
The man who is wearing spectacles is writing.
- girl – has a ponytail - painting
- man – wearing a necktie – using the fax machine
- children – wearing bowties - singing
- boy – wearing a cap - fishing
- woman – wearing baju kebaya - cooking
- girl – wearing baju kurung – chopping the onions
- girl – wearing a scarf - writing
- girl – wearing a headband – reading a book
- two boys – wearing neckties – reading books
- girl – has a ponytail – girl – wearing a scarf -
- woman – has a hair bun – sewing
- woman – wearing an apron – holding a bowl
- old woman – wearing spectacles – has a hair bun –
- two boys – have curly hair – painting murals on
- girl – wearing a scarf – pouring drinks into the
- girl – has a ponytail – stirring paint with a brush
- girl – wearing a pinafore – polishing a trophy
- girl – wearing baju kurung – wrapping a box
Spice it Up! Use Adjectives (Picture source: http://www.mes-english.com)
List of Adjectives
Adjectives to Describe People (Words are taken from Year 6 textbook, page 4)
Fill in the blanks with the correct word from the box.
spiky wavy pointed straight
slanted curly round flat
1. The boy has ______________ eyes.
2. The boy’s hair is _______________.
3. The boy has ____________ hair.
4. The boy has a _______________ nose.
5. The boy’s nose is _____________.
6. The woman has long, _____________ hair.
7. The man has big, ____________ eyes.
8. The man’s hair is very ______________.
Fill in the blanks with the correct word from the box.
square freckles oval round
muscular thin plump
1. The boy has a ______________ body.
2. The man has a _______________ body.
3. The boy is ____________.
4. The girl’s face is full of _____________.
5. Sponge Bob’s face is _____________.
6. The boy has a ______________ face.
7. The man has an ____________ face.
Feelings (Year 6 textbook, page 5)
Find the meanings in Bahasa Malaysia
Feelings Perasaan Character Sifat
Find the meanings in Bahasa Malaysia
Looks Rupa Conditions Keadaan
Homework: Find as many adjectives as you can. List the adjectives in your vocabulary book.
Enrichment: Read about positive adjectives, comparative adjectives and superlative
adjectives. Make a scrap book and present your work to the class.
Back to writing!
Now, how do we use adjectives in our writing? There are three simple ways.
I. Add appropriate adjectives before any nouns in the sentence.
There are several tables at the library.
There are several big tables at the spacious
(big – besar, spacious – luas)
In the example above, the adjective ‘big’ is added before the noun ‘tables’, and the
adjective ‘spacious’ is added before the noun ‘library’.
A few pupils are reading books.
A few hardworking pupils are reading books.
(hardworking – rajin)
In this example, the adjective ‘hardworking’ is added before the noun ‘pupils’ to describe
the pupils in the picture.
Practice: Add appropriate adjectives to the nouns in the sentences below.
A woman is standing on a chair.
(Adjectives: frightened – takut, small – kecil)
A frightened woman is standing on a small chair.
A boy is laughing at the woman.
(Adjective: mischievous – nakal)
A girl is looking at the kitchen floor.
(Adjective: curious – ingin tahu, messy - berterabur)
A mouse is standing beside a box.
(Adjective: tiny – kecil, rectangular – berbentuk segiempat tepat)
There are three glasses on the table.
(Adjectives: clear – jernih, small - kecil)
There are two cans of paint on the piece of newspaper.
(Adjectives: large – besar, rectangular – berbentuk segiempat)
A boy is painting a hibiscus on the wall.
(Adjectives: creative – kreatif, beautiful - cantik)
A boy is painting a wau on the wall.
(Adjectives: artistic – berjiwa seni, interesting - menarik)
II. Write sentences to describe the people in the picture using appropriate adjectives.
The pupils are hardworking.
The woman is frightened.
The boys are artistic.
The children are diligent.
The family is busy.
III. Write sentences to describe the nouns in the picture (the place, objects, plants,
animals, etc) using appropriate adjectives.
The library is spacious.
The tables are big.
The kitchen floor is messy.
The mouse is tiny.
The box is rectangular.
The durians are delicious.
The stall umbrella is huge.
The baskets are full.
Fill in the blanks with the appropriate adjectives.
The family is _______________.
The boy is playing with the ________ kittens.
The ________ girl is watering the __________
The kitchen is _________________.
The boy is _______________.
The refrigerator is _____________.
The waterfall is _________________.
The boys are _______________.
The girl is _____________.
The bamboo plants are _________________.
The painters are _______________.
The paintings are _____________.
Spice it up again! Use adverbs.
Adjectives describe nouns. Adjectives tell us how someone or something looks like or
Adverbs describe verbs. Adverbs tell us how something is being done.
Adjectives are usually placed before nouns.
Adverbs are usually placed before or after verbs.
Sentence 1: The pupils are studying.
Sentence 2: The pupils are studying diligently.
(diligently – dengan tekunnya)
Sentence 1: The boy is laughing.
Sentence 2: The boy is laughing mischievously.
(mischiveously – dengan nakalnya)
Sentence 1: The women are working.
Sentence 2: The women are working busily.
(busily – dengan sibuknya)
List of Adverbs
walking slowly running fast sleeping soundly playing happily
reading diligently writing lazily talking softly listening carefully
jumping high drinking thirstily eating hungrily watching TV comfortably
speaking loudly singing sweetly dancing gracefully cycling skillfully
laughing heartily crying sadly swimming athletically studying hard
building sandcastle fighting bravely vacuuming thoroughly catching a ball
throwing a drawing artistically waiting patiently climbing quickly
kicking a ball playfully cooking excitedly playing a piano typing on the
Use appropriate adverbs to rewrite the sentences for the pictures below. You may use the
words given to guide you.
Two girls are talking in the library.
Two girls are talking in the library quietly.
A woman is choosing some durians.
A man and a boy are eating some durians.
A woman is walking towards the durian stall.
Mother is sewing the clothes.
Grandmother is weaving the ketupats.
A girl is pouring the drinks into the glasses.
A woman is cooking.
A boy is cleaning the vegetables.
The mother is watching her children.
The children are playing in the water.
The pupils are working.
Two boys are painting.
A woman is pointing at the mouse.
A boy is arranging the books on the shelves.
A boy is reading a comic book on the bed.
A boy is writing in his book.
Two boys are fishing on the bridge.
Exercise: Write sentences for the pictures below. Use the given adjectives and adverbs to
make your sentences more interesting.
beautiful, artistically interesting, attentively
elegant, gracefully ready, competitively
cheerful, sweetly, melodiously huge, decorative, lovingly
Pictures from KBSR Textbook
(Pictures from Year 4 textbook)
PART 3: EXTRA SKILL-BASED EXERCISES
(Source: CDrom for Program 1PPD 1005A, JPN Sabah)
PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE
Fill in the blanks with the present continuous tense form of the verbs in the brackets.
E.g : She is sweeping(sweep) the floor.
1. The baby __________________ (cry) because she is hungry.
2. What _________ you ____________(do) in the kitchen?
3. Sariah and her brother _____________________(visit) their aunt.
4. My father ____________________(write) a letter to my grandmother.
5. I ___________________ (fry) an egg for you.
6. The pupils ___________________ (arrange) the books for the teacher.
7. She __________________(eat) dinner now.
8. Miss Ong _________________ (tell) her pupils a story.
9. The monkeys_____________________(pluck) coconuts for their owner.
10. The hunters __________________(hunt) the tiger.
11. Do not make noise because my mother_______________(sleep).
12. They ___________(plan) a holiday to New Zealand.
13. The butcher____________(sell) some meats to a costumer.
14. I ________________ (look) after my baby sister.
15. He _____________(study) in Universiti Malaya.
16. We ________________(wait) for the show to begin.
17. It ___________________ (go) to rain soon.
18. You____________________(spend) too much time reading comics.
19. I__________________(learn) how to drive a car.
20. The men _______________(work) in the farm.
Write out the sentences in the present continuous tense.
1. I – do – homework.
2. Kamal – draw – a cat.
3. My parents - talk – their friends.
4. Salman – help – his mother.
5. We – wait – bus.
6. Adnan – make – a kite.
7. The birds – fly – south.
8. You – dance.
9. We – watch – television.
10. The cat – drink – milk.
11. I – read –newspaper .
12. We – collect – firewood.
13. The maid – scrub – the floor.
14. My father – take – the dog for a walk.
15. Janet – comb –sister’s hair.
16. The men – repair – the bridge.
17. The boy scout – pitch – the tent.
18. The boys – swim – in the sea.
19. They – buy – some food.
20. She – feed – a cat.
A. Fill in the blanks with the correct adjectives.
1. Linda is …………..than Leela. (slim, slimmer, slimmest)
2. The tomato soup is as ………………as the soup my mother makes.
(tastier, tasty, tastiest)
3. Her results are ………… than mine.(good, better, best)
4. This van is ………….than the other vans.(small, smaller, smallest)
5. Is Mount Everest the………..mountain in the world? (high, higher, highest)
6. It is not good to laugh at people who are ……………(fat, fatter, fattest)
7. He is the ………..man I have ever met.(kind, kinder, kindest)
8. She is …………than I am. (old, older, oldest)
9. Marina is the ………..in this family.(young, younger, youngest)
10. "You are such a …………boy," Puan Aminah said to Ali. (naughty, naughtier,
11. It is ………..to learn the guitar than the piano. (easy, easier, easiest)
12. This bag is expensive but that one is even ………….. (expensive, more expensive, most
13. "It's the ……….. movie that I have seen so far," Mei Lan remarked. (good, better, best)
14. Johan is as …………..as his father. (taller, tallest, tall)
15. He is the …………boy in school. (popular, more popular, most popular)
16. Kumari is the …………..runner (fast, faster, fastest) runner in the school.
17. He is ……………boy in the class.(intelligent, more intelligent, most intelligent)
18. Swee Fong is ………… than Kit Lan. (young, younger, youngest)
19. The bag is too …………I can't carry it. (heavy, heavier, heaviest)
20. Which one is …………, this one or that one? (thick, thicker, thickest)
B ) Underline the correct answer
1. My sister is (clever, cleverer) than me.
2. Encik Yusof is the (rich, richest) man in our village.
3. Rosli is as (older, old) as I am.
4. Which is (better, best) Proton Saga or Proton Wira?
5. Tonight is (warm, warmer) than last night.
6. He is the (tallest, taller) boy among his friends.
7. My uncle is a (most careful, more careful) driver than my father.
8. Your dress is as (beautiful, more beautiful) as mine.
9. Which one is (big, bigger), this one or that one?
10. Year Three Red is (noisy, noisier) than Year Three Yellow.
11. Juita is a pretty girl but her sister Anita is even (prettier, prettiest).
12. Rosli : I like this car. It is the (better, best) car that I have ever used.
13. Look at the aeroplane. It is flying ((high, higher) up in the sky.
14. He felt very weak after the long sickness but now he is feeling (better, good).
15. Can you tell me which is the (longest, longer) river in Malaysia?
16. The bag is too (heavier, heavy). I can't carry it.
17. I have read the book. It is an (more intereting, interesting) story.
18. The Mathematics paper was the (easiest, easier) of all. Everybody scored
high marks for it.
19. Lina : What a lovely dress you have?
Susie : I think yours is as (more lovely, lovely) as mine.
20. All the teachers are busy but Mr.Lee is the (busier, busiest) among them.
C. Fill in the blanks with the most suitable adjectives from the box
straight tired hungry good dirty sickly noisy
old hot wealthy juicy heavy clever difficult
busy rich excellent cold long naughty
1. The …………..girl answered all the questions correctly.
2. Can you please help me with the bag? It is very …………..
3. The ……….man died in his sleep last night.
4. The test was …………. I don't think that I'll pass.
5. Dennis is so ………….that even his parents cannot control him.
6. Can I have a ………. Drink, please?
7. His room was dark and …………….
8. The children were hungry and ……………
9. The …………man donated generously.
10. Can't you draw a ………..line ?
11. Mr. Ravindra scolded the ………….class.
12. Zarina is a weak and ………… child.
13. The oranges are sweet and ……………….
14. Ranjit Singh is a …………..player. He played well.
15. The …………….children ate greedily.
16. This is a …………….street.
17. He comes from a ……………family.
18. Would you like a …………..drink?
19. They are taking a ………… holiday.
20. Her brother is a good student and an ………….sportsman.
A) Join these sentences with the words in brackets.
e.g. The old man is deaf. The old man is dumb. (and)
The old man is deaf and dumb.
1. He sells tea. He sells coffee. (and)
2. He sells tea. He does not sell coffee. (but)
3. Please come in. Please sit down. (and)
4. Please come in. Don’t make a noise. (but)
5. We have a dog. We have a cat. (and)
6. I go to bed early. I get up early. (and)
7. I go to bed early. I wake up late. (but)
8. Tom walked to school. John walked to school. (and)
9. Richard is tall. Kim Bee is short. (but)
B) Join these sentences with ‘and’ or ‘but’.
e.g. She took out some money. She paid the man.
She took out some money and paid the man.
1. My father has a car. My father has a motorcycle.
2. He took the stick. He chased away the dogs.
3. The farmer is poor. The farmer is honest.
4. We ran to catch the bus. We missed it.
5. Tigers are animals. Elephants are animals.
6. He studied hard for the examination. She failed.
7. I wanted to buy the book. The shop was closed.
8. She opened the box. She took out a sweet.
9. He went to the well. He fetched a pail of water.
10. We called out loudly. Nobody answered.
11. They have a dog. They haven’t a cat.
12. Poh Wah switched off the light. He went to bed.
A) Join the sentences with ‘or’, ‘so’ or ‘because’.
e.g. He could not lift the box. It was too heavy.
He could not lift the box because it was too heavy.
1. Kumar did not sit for the exam. He was ill.
2. He came late. The bus broke down.
3. Nobody answered the door. I left.
4. He broke his arm. He was sent to the hospital.
5. You must water the plants. They will die.
6. The well is dry. It has not rained for months.
7. I trust Ahmad. He is honest.
8. They were lazy. They failed the examination.
9. Walk quickly. You will be late.
10. My bicycle was punctured. I had to walk all the way.
11. Tell me the truth at once. You will be punished.
12. He did not come to the meeting. He was not well.
B) Join each pair of sentences using the conjunction given in brackets.
1. He is in bed. He is sick. (because)
2. Are these ants? Are these termites? (or)
3. It is warm. You can switch on the air-conditioner. (so)
4. The blue dress was torn. She wore the green one. (so)
5. Wear a coat. You will be cold. (or)
6. Mr. Tan’s car broke down. He took a taxi home. (so)
7. We painted the fence. We wanted to please our father. (because)
8. The baby is crying. The baby is hungry. (because)
A) Underline the correct answer in the brackets.
1. The girls enjoyed the show ___________ the boys did not. (but, so, if)
2. You can have ___________ coffee _________ tea. You cannot have both. (either…….or,
3. Latifah helped Harun _____________ she was in a hurry. (although, if, next)
4. ___________ Neela ______ Sonia wants to mop the floor. They both dislike housework.
(Either …. or, neither …. nor).
5. You will be fat. You eat too much. (if, or)
6. He has not written to us. He left this country. (since, or)
7. You cannot win the game. You try very hard. (unless, but)
8. We shall stay here. The rain stops. (until, so)
9. I shall punish you. You speak the truth. (unless, and)
10. He is very fat. He can run fast. (although, but)
11. Tara does not know the answer. Muthu does not know the answer. (Either … or, Neither
Fill in the blanks with the correct preposition.
1 My birthday is ………………….. 7th of June.
2 I go to school ………………. bus.
3 Ali sleeps ………………. his lunch.
4 We play football …………….. the evening.
5 Rosli sits …………………. Abu and Daud in class.
6 Rina was born ……………….. 1994.
7 We walked …………………. the beach last night.
8 My mother cut the apple ………………….. a knife.
9 I sleep …………………. 10 o’clock.
10 The train went …………………… the tunnel
11 Mr Lawrence comes ………………… England.
12 Hashim bathes …………………… he changes his clothes.
13 The UPSR is ……………….. September.
14 The apples are …………… the bag.
15 We are going to Penang ……………….. Friday.
16 The books are …………………… the table.
17 We played hide and seek …………………….. our friends.
18 Encik Ahmad lives ………………… 88, Jalan Mahameru.
19 I bought a necktie ………………. my father.
20 We practice ……………….. 4 o’clock ……………… 6 o’clock.
21 The girls took a bus ………………… Port Dickson.
22 The boys jumped ………………. the pool.
23 The birds flew …………………. the trees.
24 Don’t lean …………………….. the wall, Sarif .
25 Exercising is good ……………….. our body.
26 Children …………………. 12 need to pay half-price.
27 The museum is ………………….. Jalan Maju.
28 The thief came in the shop ………………… the window.
29 My house is …………………. the post-office.
30 I sit …………………….. Siti in class.
31 The car knocked ……………………. the lorry.
32 I put the umbrella …………………… the door.
33 Be careful when we …………………… the road.
34 The boy is standing ………………. the door.
35 Yusri’s birthday is ……………….. Thursday.
Topic : Objects
Word Meaning Word Meaning
Chess set Chalk
Computer Cotton wool
Fireworks Fire extinguisher
Gas stove Gift
Hockey stick Hoop
Lamp Life jacket
Pot Prayer mat
Underline the correct answers.
1. Mr. Lee : What did you use to cut wire?
Mohan : I used a ( knife, scissors, plier )
2. My mother used a __________ to wash clothes.
( washing machines, blender, vacuum )
3. My father always watches __________ at night.
( radio, television, lights )
4. He used a __________ to hit the nail.
( hammer, wood, stick )
5. Please pour the hot water from the __________ into the flask.
( jug, kettle, bowl )
6. Can you switch on the __________ . Today is very hot.
( fan, light, tap )
7. Please throw the rubbish into the __________ .
( pail, dustbin, drain )
8. We use a __________ to cut wood.
( knife, scissors, saw )
9. Ahmad is using a __________ to sharpen the pencil.
( sharpener, hammer, screwdriver )
10. I need a pair of __________ to cut the clothes.
( scissors, hammer, tool )
Fill in the blank with the correct answer.
1. You must use a __________ to straighten the line.
( ruler, pencil, pen )
2. “ You can eat with a __________ and a __________”, said my
mother. ( spoon, fork, scissors, knife )
3. We use a __________ to sweep the floor.
( broom, duster, hockey stick )
4. You can use this __________ to tighten the screw.
( pliers, spanner, screwdriver )
5. “ I need an __________ to rub off the error ”, said Ruby.
( eraser, axe, umbrella )
6. She is carrying a __________ of water.
( bucket, basket, cage )
7. We need an __________ if it is raining.
( raincoat, umbrella, oven )
8. Mr. Chong keeps his money in his __________.
( purse, wallet, diskette )
9. He is sitting on the __________ .
( chair, camera, fireworks )
10. The teacher is writing on the __________ .
( cupboard, blackboard, dartboard )
Choose the suitable words to fill in the blanks.
racquet cupboard pot glass bowl
chopsticks knife comb needle plate
1. Mother put the fried fish on the ___________________.
2. To play badminton you must have a ________________.
3. We always keep our clothes in the _________________.
4. Please get me a _____________ of water.
5. People usually plant flowers in a flower _______________.
6. Usually porridge are served in a ________________.
7. She needs a ______________ to cut the fish.
8. Chinese people usually use a ______________ to eat.
9. He wants to comb his hair. He needs a ________________.
10. Maznah pulls the thread through the __________________.
Words Meanings Words Meanings
Bus station Stadium
Church Taxi stand
Fire station Living room
Flats Sitting room
Petrol station Aviary
Police station Barn
Post office Web
Railway station Studio
Rest house Quarry
Semi detached Roof
Shopping complex Burrow
EVENTS AND ACTIVITIES
(A) Write the meaning of the words below.
Number English Bahasa Malaysia
1. An accident
2. Annual Sale
3. Art Competition
4. Batik Printing
5. Birthday Party
6. Book Fair
7. Book Sale
9. Canteen Day
11. Colouring Contest
12. Essay Writing Competition
15. Fashion Show Contest
16. Floral Procession
17. Father’s Day
19. Football Match
23. Gotong Royong Project
25. Mountain Climbing
26. Jungle Tracking
28. Kite Flying
29. National Day
30. New Year’s Day Celebration
31. Sport’s Day
33. Story Telling Contest
34. Singing Contest
37. Teacher’s Day
38. Mother’s Day
39. Father’s Day
41. Monsoon Season
42. Prize Giving Day
43. Night Market
(B) Underline the correct answers.
1. The people of Sabah celebrate the ( Harvest Festival, Tamu Festival ) in May every
2. During the Festival of the Nine Emprerors’ Gods last year, many ( Indians, Chinese)
went to the temple to pray.
3. Next week Vikram Naidu will go to Batu Caves to celebrate (Thaipusam,
4. Every year on Prophet Muhammad’s Birthday ( Muslims, Buddhism ) take part in
5. Mahmud will take part in the Kelantan (Drum, Piano) Festival next year.
6. The ( State, National ) Day Celebration in Kuala Lumpur was grand last year.
7. My brother will attend the Penang ( Grand Prix, Grand Day ) next Saturday.
8. Daiyun’s father cleans his grandfather’s tomb every ( Qingming, New Year ).
9. I will make a lattern for the ( Moon Cake Festival, Harvest Festival ) next year.
10. Every year the pupils buy their teachers presents for the ( Teacher’s Day,
(C) Fill in the blanks correct words given in the box.
homeless fireman Community Hall candles
Malaysia Red Crescent Society sport day National Library
loiter hospital accident
1. Many people were made …………………….. in the fire yesterday.
2. ………………………… .gave food and blankets to the flood victims.
3. Two young men were sent to the ………………… for treatment.
4. The headmaster always advises the pupils not to …………………………in
shopping complexes with their friends.
5. Last week Aida and Arina went to ………………… to borrow some story books.
6. Encik Azrul met with an …………………… when he was on his way home.
7. Three …………… were injured in the fire.
8. The flood victims were taken to the nearby ………………………..
9. Siti blew …………….. during her birthday party yesterday.
10. Amran emerged the sports boy of the year in the ………………….. yesterday.
(D) Use the correct words to complete the sentences below.
1. Before the ……………... day, the teachers and pupils were busy decorating the
tent. ( sports, teacher’s )
2. They sang the National dan State anthem before the ……………………started.
( Prize Giving Ceremony, telematch )
3. Peter celebrated his ……………………. last week. ( birthday, wedding day )
4. There was a ……………………… held at Dataran Merdeka yesterday.
( colouring contest, concert )
5. Many schools will take part in the ……………………. next week. It is opened
for pupils from Year 1 to Year 6. ( Story telling competition, top spinning
6. There was a loud …………………….. from the house in the fire yesterday.
( explosion, noise )
7. Many teacher, parents and pupils brought their …………….. for the ‘ Gotong-
Royong’ project in the school. ( tools, food )
8. Ai Leen who was wearing a red dress, won the first prize in the …………………
last night. ( Fashion Show Contest, Fashion Show Parade )
9. I usually buy a bouquet of flowers for my mother on the …………………………
( Mother’s Day, Father’s Day )
10. My brother loves challenging activities. So he joins …………………….
( Mountain Climbing, Swimming )
Write the meaning is Bahasa Melayu next to the given phrasal verbs.
1. account for 36. come after
2. add in 37. come off
3. admit to 38. cope with
4. agree on 39. cross out
5. agree upon 40. cut down
6. agree with 41. cut out
7. aim at 42. deal with
8. aim for 43. depend upon
9. argue about 44. dip into
10. arm with 45. do with
11. arrive at 46. doze off
12. ask about 47. dream about
13. attend to 48. dry up
14. bear with 49. end up
15. believe in 50. fall out
16. belong to 51. fill in
17. blame for 52. fill up
18. blow up 53. finish off
19. borrow from 54. forget about
20. break up 55. free from
21. break down 56. get away
22. break out 57. get on
23. bring down 58. get through
24. bring up 59. give in
25. burn down 60. give up
26. call off 61. go about
27. call on 62. go against
28. calm down 63. grow up
29. carry away 64. gun down
30. carry out 65. hand over
31. change into 66. hold up
32. charge for 67. keep off
33. catch up 68. keep out
34. close down 69. leave behind
35. come across 70. let off
71. light up 111. regard with
72. listen to 112. return to
73. live on 113. ring up
74. look at 114. round up
75. look for 115. send for
76. look into 116. set aside
77. look up 117. settle down
78. make out 118. show off
79. marvel at 119. set up
80. meet with 120. smash up
81. mistake for 121. speak for
82. mix up 122. spread out
83. move on 123. stand by
84. noted for 124. stand for
85. object to 125. start with
86. open up 126. stay up
87. pack with 127. step in
88. part from 128. take away
89. pour out 129. take off
90. pay for 130. take over
91. pay up 131. tear down
92. piled up 132. turn down
93. pick out 133. turn into
94. plan for 134. turn out
95. play with 135. wait for
96. pleased with 136. wake up
97. plunge into 137. wrap up
98. point out 138. write down
99. pour in 139. work out
100. pull out 140. wind up
101. put down
102. put off
103. put on
104. put up
105. queue up
106. read out
107. receive from
108. reduce to
109. rain down
110. run down
A. Underline the phrasal verbs in the sentences.
1. The well-mannered boy gave up his seat to the old lady.
2. I have never come across a white rooster.
3. Kelly likes to show off her stamp album.
4. The injured man has been admitted to a nearby hospital.
5. The servant carried out her duty carefully.
6. The balloon caught fire and blew up in the mid-air.
7. The new boy cannot catch up with his lesson.
8. Abu will take over his father's restaurant next year.
9. The gardener pulled out a small tree.
10. She cut out a picture of a rose from the old magazine.
11. Sheep and goats live on grass.
12. This shopping bag was left behind by an old lady.
13. Aeina burst into tears on hearing the sad news.
14. Alex will call on his aunt during the holiday.
15. Food and medicine pour in for the fire victims.
16. We can build up our health by taking nutricious food.
17. Puan Zaiton gets along well with her new neighbour.
18. A thief can go through that big hole.
19. Please turn off the tap after washing your hands.
20. The show begins with a short speech by the headmaster.
B. Choose the correct phrasal verbs to fill in the blanks.
1. Please don’t ………… ( bring up, bring down, bring forward ) this matter again.
2. A stray cat was ……….. ( run into, run down, run across ) by a van.
3. Jimmy does not like to ………….. ( look at, look out, look through ) ugly
4. This ball is …………… ( made up, made out, made from ) rubber.
5. You must ………….. ( stand up, stand by, stand for ) today, someone may not be
able to come.
6. You must …………… ( come before, come down, come up ) seven o’clock if
you want to buy fresh vegetables.
7. The aeroplane will …………. ( take off, take up, take out ) at half past seven.
8. Tell the children to …………. ( keep up, keep of, keep down ) the grass.
9. The race was ……………… ( called up, called off, called out ) because of the
10. The clown ……….. ( put up, put on, put off ) a funny dress.
C. Fill in the blanks with one of the words given in the brackets.
1. Do not argue ……. unimportant things. ( with , about, for )
2. A woman was set ….. in a dark room. ( on, up, upon )
3. Puan Asmat cannot cope ….. the death of her son. ( to, from, with )
4. We need a truck to carry …….. those broken tables. ( to, of, away )
5. The carpet is spread …….. on the grass to dry. ( upon, up, out )
6. The market is packed ……… new stalls. ( by, with, up )
7. Try again. Don’t give ……… so easily. ( in, away, up )
8. Susan broke ………. when she failed in the examination. ( down, into,off )
9. A naughty boy cut …… the rabbit’s long ear. ( down, into, off )
10. The District Officer gave ……… all the prizes when the festival ended. ( away,
in, up )
D. Choose and circle the best answer.
1. The policeman ………. a notice to the owner who drive recklessly.
A.reads out B. carries out C.falls out D. puts up
2. Ahmad finds it difficult to …….. getting up early in the morning.
A.take out B.put away C.look back D.take to
3. Pak Mat’s shop ……… rice, sugar and other foodstuff.
A.deals with B.deals in C.shows up D.put in
4. Quarrels will …….. a family.
A.size up B.chalk up C.look up D.break up
5. The traveler who lost his way ………. the police for help.
A.turned up B.turned to C.broke up D.stepped up
6. Hard work always …………..
A.takes off B.takes away C.pays off D.stands for
7. Please don’t …….. my invitation.
A.break up B.turn up C.turn down D.pay off
8. The nanny has to look after four children. She cannot ……… the job.
A.do with B.cope with C.take over D.break off
9. The bus driver ……. while driving and met with an accident.
A.dozed off B.laid off C.kept off D.gave away
10. The beggar is roaming the place ……… food.
A.looking for B.going about C.crosssing out D.hanging up
DIRECTIONS AND LOCATIONS
29. In front of
34. Next to
35. Close to
37. North east
38. North west
47. River mouth
50. South east
51. South west
57. To the left
58. To the right
42. CABLE CAR
Resources / Materials:
1. UPSR Past Year Papers by Lembaga Peperiksaan Malaysia (LPM) – 2005 – 2010
2. Penjana Pentaksiran Instan Sasbadi (e-banksoalan.com)
3. CDrom 1PPD 1005A Program JPN Sabah
4. Resources/Modules/Notes from Guru Cemerlang/PPD/JPN
5. KBSR Textbook Bahasa Inggeris (Year 4, 5, and 6) by Curriculum Development Centre
6. Kamus Bergambar KBSR English – Bahasa Malaysia Pictionary (Buku MUST)
7. Pictures from http://www.mes-english.com
8. Excerpts from Spotlight UPSR English by Angeline Spykerman, Lina Lee and K.K. Lim (Pan