MODALS CAN, COULD, SHOULD, MUST, M USTN’T, HAVE TO…
GRAMMAR•MODAL “ can”and “can´t”•We use can to express ability, possibility and permissionand to make a request.•Examples:Can you write a text message and talk at the same time?I can jump high!”(ability)"Can I go to the toilet, please?"(request)"You can´t eat in the canteen" (possibility/permission)
Modal “could”and “couldn´t”•We use could to express ability in the past, possibilityand to make a request.•Examples:The phone´s ringing. It could be Ben.Could you use a mobile phone when you were ten?He couldn´t remember the times of meeting.She couldn´t do her homework.
MODAL “SHOULD” AND “SHOULDN´T” •We use should to give advice. •Examples: We should leave a message We shouldn´t own a mobile phone. Should we leave a message? •They should go to school.
MODAL “ MUST” AND “HAVE TO”•We use must and have to to express obligation.•Examples:•You must go to school.•You have to do your homework.•You must go to bed early•Does he have to study hard?
MODAL “MUSTN´T”•We use mustn´t to express prohibition.•Examples:•You mustn´t use your mobile phone.•He mustn´t go anywhere.•You mustn´t walk alone on the street.
MODAL “MAY”•We use may to show possibility in the future, to askfor and give or deny permission in formal speech.•Examples:•I may have enough money to go to the cinema.•May i use your phone?•You may not use your phone here.•You may have other things to do.
MODAL “MIGHT”•We use might to express ability in the past, possibilityand to make requests.•Examples:I might be late for my maths test.We might go to the shopping center.I might have a shower after school. Caution: don´t use might for question.
EXERCISES INSERT THE CORRECT MODAL1.I have no time. I ………. leave now or I will missthe bus.2.I wish I ……… buy a new mobile phone but Idont have enough money.3.She looks tired; she ……….. take some daysoff.4.Judy is not at home. She ……… have gone toMadrid, I dont know.5. ……….we go out tonight, please? Yes, but you………. be late.6. I havent decided yet where I will go in my nextholidays. I think I ……… go to Paris.7. ……. you speak German? No, I …….. .8. I ………call home.
ANSWERS1.I have no time. I must leave now or I will miss thebus.2.I wish I could buy a new mobile phone but I donthave enough money.3. She looks tired; she should take some days off.4. Judy is not at home. She might have gone toMadrid, I dont know.5.May we go out tonight, please? Yes, but you mustn´tbe late.6.I havent decided yet where I will go in my nextholidays. I think I might go to Paris.7.Can you speak German? No, I can´t.8. I have to call home.