Weber 3

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Weber 3

  1. 1. Weber and Industrial Location Theory Industrial Activity and Geographic Location
  2. 2. Factors of Industrial Location (3) – Transportation• highly developed industrial areas are places that are served most efficiently by transportation facilities• alternative systems• container systems, break of bulk
  3. 3. Factors of Industrial Location (3) – Transportation• for most goods, truck is cheaper over shorter distances, railroads cheaper over medium distances, and ships cheapest over longest distances• must consider loading/unloading, actual transportation (cost of transportation increases with distance at a decreasing rate), and weight and volume
  4. 4. World’s largestcontainer ship
  5. 5. Intermodal Facility: Portland, Oregon
  6. 6. Factors of Industrial Location (4) – Infrastructure• transportation, telephone, utilities, banks, postal, hotel• China-inadequate local and regional infrastructure• Vietnam-inadequate power, water, transportation
  7. 7. Factors of Industrial Location (5) – Energy• used to be much more important than it is today• early British textile mills had to locate near water power• rarely a problem today, except industries needing a huge amount of energy--- metal processing and chemical industries may locate near hydropower (TVA or Pacific Northwest)
  8. 8. Map showing location of chemical manufacturing facilities.
  9. 9. Other Factors• agglomeration• political stability• regional receptiveness to investment• taxation policies• environmental conditions (Hollywood)

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