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Territorial morphology key 2014


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Territorial morphology key 2014

  1. 1. Territorial Morphology College Human Geography 2014
  2. 2. What is human territoriality? Human territoriality is the attempt to control what goes on in a specific geographic area A country’s sense of property and attachment toward its territory, expressed by its determination to keep it inviolable and defended
  3. 3. What does sovereignty mean? Sovereignty is the final authority over a territory’s political and military affairs. Authority to rule
  4. 4. Territorial morphology refers to… Territorial morphology refers to the size, shape and relative location of a state (country) This affects the potential for communications and conflict with neighbors Morphology means “the form and structure of an organism or one of its parts”
  5. 5. Compact States Distance to center to any boundary does not vary significantly Ideally, a circle Beneficial for most smaller states because communication is easier Just as likely to experience civil war and ethnic conflict Sierra Leone Rwanda Burundi Swaziland Lesotho
  6. 6. Fragmented States Includes several discontinuous pieces of territory 1)fragmented by Cape Verde Islands water 2)fragmented by Equatorial Guinea and other states Sao Tome and Principe Russia (Kaliningrad), US (Alaska) Seychelles
  7. 7. Elongated States States with a long and narrow shape Suffer from poor internal communications Isolation of one region from capital Togo Malawi
  8. 8. Protruded/Prorupt States Otherwise compact state with a large projecting extension Created for access to a resource, such as water Or, created for separation of two states that would otherwise share a boundary Somalia Zaire
  9. 9. Perforated States A state that completely surrounds another state South Africa/Lesotho South Africa
  10. 10. Boundaries… a vertical plane that cuts through the subsoil & airspace (even outer space) transcend soil, water, air mark the limits of state jurisdiction
  11. 11. Boundaries differ in morphological terms Geometric: straight line boundaries physical-political or natural-political: rivers or mountains Cultural: politicalethnically based
  12. 12. Boundaries are defined, delimited, and then demarcated Defined:legal document drawn up Delimited:boundary put on a map Demarcated:boundary marked on the ground
  13. 13. Boundaries are often a source of dispute
  14. 14. Definitional Boundary Disputes legal language in dispute
  15. 15. Locational Boundary Disputes interpretation in dispute
  16. 16. Operational Boundary Disputes functions of boundary in dispute
  17. 17. Allocational Boundary Disputes dispute over resources
  18. 18. Exclave and Enclave Small outliers of territory which are separated from the rest of the territory by another state The separated territory is referred to as an exclave of the country it is associated with If the piece of territory lies within another country, it is known as an enclave of the surrounding country
  19. 19. Naxcivan is an exclave of Azerbaijan
  20. 20. This is an enclave of Azerbaijan and an exclave of Armenia