Central Place Theory

6,258 views

Published on

1 Comment
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total views
6,258
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
31
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
351
Comments
1
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Central Place Theory

  1. 1. Central Place TheoryCentral place is a market center for the exchange of goods and services by people attracted from the surrounding areaCentrality is crucial to the development of urban places and their service areasHinterland refers to the area surrounding a central place from which consumers are drawn
  2. 2. Central Place TheoryThe urban hierarchy of settlements is based on the functions available in a given settlementFunctions and services attract people from the urban areas as well as the hinterlandsEvery urban center has an economic reachCentral places compete with each other to provide goods and services
  3. 3. Central Place TheoryRange is the maximum distance people are willing to travel to use a serviceThreshold is the minimum number of people required to support the service
  4. 4. Central Place TheoryChristaller attempted to design a model that would show how and where central places in the urban hierarchy would be functionally and spatially distributed
  5. 5. Central Place Theory: Five AssumptionsThe surface of the ideal region would be flat and have no physical barriersSoil fertility would be universalPopulation, purchasing power evenly distributedUniform transport network that permitted direct travel from each settlement to the otherConstant maximum distance or range for the sale of any good or service produced in a town prevailed in all directions from the town center
  6. 6. Hierarchy of SettlementsHamlet: fewest goods and services availableVillage: includes the region of the hamlet and some additional goods and services Town: includes the region of the village and hamlet and provides some additional goods and servicesCity: includes the region of the village, hamlet and town and provides additional goods and services
  7. 7. Distinct RulesThe larger the settlement, the less there are of them and the farther apart they areThe less there are of a settlement, the larger the hinterland, or sphere of influence, of its goods and servicesPlaces of the same size will be spaced the same distance apart
  8. 8. Central Place Theory:RelevanceThis is a model, not realityUse of hexagons explain hierarchy and interconnectedness of placesOriginally applied to GermanyFound to be applicable in China and the Midwestern US
  9. 9. Central Place Theory:RelevanceThis is a model, not realityUse of hexagons explain hierarchy and interconnectedness of placesOriginally applied to GermanyFound to be applicable in China and the Midwestern US

×