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The Evolution of High Productivity Vehicles in Australia and their Benefits

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Professor Kim Hassall, International Freight Consultant, presents at CILT International Convention 2018 in Wroclaw

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The Evolution of High Productivity Vehicles in Australia and their Benefits

  1. 1. ciltinternational.org 1 International Convention 2018 Wroclaw | Poland Linking CEE to the World | Impact of the Electric Car Revolution Wroclaw | 3 – 6 June 2018 Associate Professor Kim Hassall National Chair Education & Professional Development CILT-Australia THE EVOLUTION OF HIGH PRODUCTIVITY VEHICLES IN AUSTRALIA AND THEIR BENEFITS
  2. 2. ciltinternational.org 2 International Convention 2018 Wroclaw | Poland Linking CEE to the World | Impact of the Electric Car Revolution
  3. 3. ciltinternational.org 3 International Convention 2018 Wroclaw | Poland Linking CEE to the World | Impact of the Electric Car Revolution B-Double: 9 axle configuration Length 25-26m, Width 2.5m Height max 4.3m Weight 62.5 tonnes GVM (68 Tonnes with mass management accreditation) 6 Axle Single Articulated Combination (the work horse of the national fleet) Length 19m, Width 2.5m Height max 4.3m: Weight 42.5 tonnes GVM (45.5 Tonnes with mass management accreditation)
  4. 4. ciltinternational.org 4 International Convention 2018 Wroclaw | Poland Linking CEE to the World | Impact of the Electric Car Revolution B-Doubles have proving safe Semi Trailers carry 16% of the freight and contribute over 35% of the major truck crashes B Doubles represent 43% of the freight with 28% of the major crashes
  5. 5. ciltinternational.org 5 International Convention 2018 Wroclaw | Poland Linking CEE to the World | Impact of the Electric Car Revolution From cautious Start to an unstoppable tide: 27.5% per annum compounding growth 0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 12000 14000 16000 18000 20000 1986 1988 1996 1998 2002 2004 2010 2014 2016 Growth in Australian B-Doubles 1986 - 2016
  6. 6. ciltinternational.org 6 International Convention 2018 Wroclaw | Poland Linking CEE to the World | Impact of the Electric Car Revolution Environmental Performance (Minus 2 Pallets) No of trucks 2 3 7 11 Fuel Syd-Bris 1.105 L 1.300 L 2.191 L 2.860 L NOx kg 22 26 44 57 PMg 390 460 770 1000 CO2 ton 3,0 3,5 5,9 7,7 Source: Volvo Trucks
  7. 7. ciltinternational.org 7 International Convention 2018 Wroclaw | Poland Linking CEE to the World | Impact of the Electric Car Revolution 3. The Next Step in Introducing High Productivity Vehicles (PBS) The Performance Based Standards Scheme 1998- 2006 (National Road Transport Commission) - NTC 2006 – Current (national Heavy Vehicle Regulator) NHVR
  8. 8. ciltinternational.org 8 International Convention 2018 Wroclaw | Poland Linking CEE to the World | Impact of the Electric Car Revolution • National Transport Commission has developed a number of tools that have underpinned efforts to heighten freight productivity and make more effective use of infrastructure. Re 1998 • Performance-based standards (PBS) Access for these vehicles is through the new National Heavy Vehicle Regulator www.nhvr.gov.au
  9. 9. ciltinternational.org 9 International Convention 2018 Wroclaw | Poland Linking CEE to the World | Impact of the Electric Car Revolution Performance Based Standards (Vehicle Engineering Performance Criteria) • Startability • Gradability • Acceleration • Overtaking • Tracking ability • Low speed off tracking • Frontal Swing • Tail swing • Steer tyre friction • Static Rollover • Rearward amplification • Yaw Damping • High Speed Transient Off tracking • Standard axle repetition • Horizontal Tyre forces • Bridge weight limits • Australian Design Rules, and • Australian Vehicle standards. https://www.nhvr.gov.au/road-access/performance-based-standards/pbs- vehicle-standards
  10. 10. ciltinternational.org 10 International Convention 2018 Wroclaw | Poland Linking CEE to the World | Impact of the Electric Car Revolution 8 X 4 Twin Steer PBS Semitrailer
  11. 11. ciltinternational.org 11 International Convention 2018 Wroclaw | Poland Linking CEE to the World | Impact of the Electric Car Revolution 4 Axle Dog HPV/HML
  12. 12. ciltinternational.org 12 International Convention 2018 Wroclaw | Poland Linking CEE to the World | Impact of the Electric Car Revolution 8x4 Quad axle Axle Dog Tanker
  13. 13. ciltinternational.org 13 International Convention 2018 Wroclaw | Poland Linking CEE to the World | Impact of the Electric Car Revolution 5 Axle Dog HML/PBS
  14. 14. ciltinternational.org 14 International Convention 2018 Wroclaw | Poland Linking CEE to the World | Impact of the Electric Car Revolution 6 Axle Dog HML/HPV
  15. 15. ciltinternational.org 15 International Convention 2018 Wroclaw | Poland Linking CEE to the World | Impact of the Electric Car Revolution Quad(Quad B-Double EBD) HPV
  16. 16. ciltinternational.org 16 International Convention 2018 Wroclaw | Poland Linking CEE to the World | Impact of the Electric Car Revolution Super B-Double – Quad / Quad Configuration
  17. 17. ciltinternational.org 17 International Convention 2018 Wroclaw | Poland Linking CEE to the World | Impact of the Electric Car Revolution Super B-Double – Quad / Quad Configuration
  18. 18. ciltinternational.org 18 International Convention 2018 Wroclaw | Poland Linking CEE to the World | Impact of the Electric Car Revolution A Double Bulk Grain HML/HPV
  19. 19. ciltinternational.org 19 International Convention 2018 Wroclaw | Poland Linking CEE to the World | Impact of the Electric Car Revolution A Double container HML/HPV
  20. 20. ciltinternational.org 20 International Convention 2018 Wroclaw | Poland Linking CEE to the World | Impact of the Electric Car Revolution A-Double – Side Tipper
  21. 21. ciltinternational.org 21 International Convention 2018 Wroclaw | Poland Linking CEE to the World | Impact of the Electric Car Revolution B Triple Volumetric HPV
  22. 22. ciltinternational.org 22 International Convention 2018 Wroclaw | Poland Linking CEE to the World | Impact of the Electric Car Revolution Container B-Triple
  23. 23. ciltinternational.org 23 International Convention 2018 Wroclaw | Poland Linking CEE to the World | Impact of the Electric Car Revolution BA Triple
  24. 24. ciltinternational.org 24 International Convention 2018 Wroclaw | Poland Linking CEE to the World | Impact of the Electric Car Revolution AAB-Quad
  25. 25. ciltinternational.org 25 International Convention 2018 Wroclaw | Poland Linking CEE to the World | Impact of the Electric Car Revolution BAB QUAD (DOUBLE B DOUBLE)
  26. 26. ciltinternational.org 26 International Convention 2018 Wroclaw | Poland Linking CEE to the World | Impact of the Electric Car Revolution AAB Quad Tanker HPV
  27. 27. ciltinternational.org 27 International Convention 2018 Wroclaw | Poland Linking CEE to the World | Impact of the Electric Car Revolution AAB Quad Tipper HPV
  28. 28. Articulated Vehicles Only ? Long Distance Only? Modular Truck and Multi Pig - Urban Level 1 – Extended Length Urban Rigid New Dutch B Triple ( 3 containers 70 Tonnes GVM)
  29. 29. Parcel 8x4 Extended length, 36 Mail Cages Rigid
  30. 30. ciltinternational.org 30 International Convention 2018 Wroclaw | Poland Linking CEE to the World | Impact of the Electric Car Revolution Productivity Savings – Kilometres Saved Comparison Conventional vehicle PBS Vehicle Type Fractional Km saving using PBS vehicle 1 6 Axle semi 6/7AA Semi 0.168 HR3ATD Rigid HR3ATD 0.116 HR3ATD Rigid HR4ATD 0.197 HR3ATD Rigid HR5ATD 0.238 HR3ATD Rigid HR6ATD 0.240 B-Double (articulated) Enhanced BD 0.234 B-Double (articulated) Super BD 0.343 B-Double (articulated) ADouble 0.334 B-Double (articulated) BTriple 0.312 B-Double (articulated) A Triple 0.307 B-Double (articulated) Quad Trailers 0.421
  31. 31. ciltinternational.org 31 International Convention 2018 Wroclaw | Poland Linking CEE to the World | Impact of the Electric Car Revolution PBS Fleet Operators - Savings | PRESENTATION TITLE | DATE31 Year 2034 2034 2034 Forecast Low Forecast Medium Forecast High Rigid PBS 4221 4791 6221 Articulated PBS 5214 10744 13801 Total PBS Vehicles 9,435 15,534 20,022 Kilometre savings (B kms) 5.38 8.86 11.42 Savings to 2034 ($Aus m) $9,551 $17,259 $22,212 Forecast Growth% p.a. 4.0% 7.0% 8.5% 2015 Base fleet1 56,657 56,657 56,657 % of 2015 Base Fleet 16.6% 27.4% 35.3% Forecast 2034 Base Fleet 113,610 113.610 113,610 % of 2034 Base Fleet 8.3% 13.6% 17.6% Fuel Saving (Billion litres) 1.97 3.24 4.18 Fatalities Savings to 2034 70 115 149
  32. 32. ciltinternational.org 32 International Convention 2018 Wroclaw | Poland Linking CEE to the World | Impact of the Electric Car Revolution Comparison Conventional Vehicle Accident Rate per 100m kms Accident Rate per 10K Vehicles PBS/HPV Vehicle Configuration PBS Accident Rate per 100m kms PBS Accident Rate per 10K vehicles HR with 3A Trailer 9.1 76.3 HR 3ATD 8.40 nsv3 HR with 3ATrailer HR 4ATD 8.43 nsv3 HR with 3ATrailer HR 5ATD 2.30 nsv3 HR with 3ATrailer HR 6ATD 0.00 nsv3 TOTAL Rigid Comb 9.1 76.3 TOTAL Rigid Comb 7.8 76.0 Semi-Trailer 20.7 148 6/7AA Semi 9.8 nsv3 B-Double 8.9 145.1 EB-Double 6.5 nsv3 B-Double B-Triple 4.2 nsv3 B-Double A-Double 13.75 nsv3 Road Train 1/2 22.5 335.9 AA, AB, BA Triple 4.2 nsv3 B-Double 8.9 145.1 AAB BAB Quad 13.7 nsv3 TOTAL Articulated 15.3 171.6 TOTAL PBS Artic 6.2 153.9 TOTAL Conventional 13.6 143.3 TOTAL PBS 7.3 113.94 PBS Accident Safety Comparisons – 2 Surveys 2009 - 2016
  33. 33. ciltinternational.org 33 International Convention 2018 Wroclaw | Poland Linking CEE to the World | Impact of the Electric Car Revolution PBS Benefit Cost Analyses - Australia 2009 – National Transport Commission – 1st BCA http://ntc.gov.au/Media/Reports/(68A974FA-8A94-E7BF-9A12-4387D5B191E6).pdf Appendix 1: 2014 – Austroads FS 1805 – Major National Study https://www.researchgate.net/publication/278671965_Quantifying_the_Benefits_of_Au stralian_High_Productivity_Vehicles 2017 – National Transport Commission – PBS MarketPlace Review https://www.ntc.gov.au/Media/Reports/(A15A7B20-7B3F-A167-797D- 3FAA24B87B27).pdf
  34. 34. ciltinternational.org 34 International Convention 2018 Wroclaw | Poland Linking CEE to the World | Impact of the Electric Car Revolution Thank You Associate Professor – Kim Hassall Director Industrial Logistics Institute https://www.linkedin.com/in/kim-hassall-0506a17/ hassallk@unimelb.edu.au Kim.Hassall@cilta.com.au

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