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Prospects for Electrification of Road Freight

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Professor David Cebon, Director of Centre for Sustainable Road Freight at Cambridge University presents at CILT International Convention 2018 in Wroclaw

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Prospects for Electrification of Road Freight

  1. 1. ciltinternational.org 1 International Convention 2018 Wroclaw | Poland Linking CEE to the World | Impact of the Electric Car Revolution Wroclaw | 3 – 6 June 2018 Prof David Cebon Director, Centre for Sustainable Road Freight Prospects for Electrification of Road Freight
  2. 2. www.sustainableroadfreight.org Prospects for Electrification of Road Freight CILT2018 Convention Wroclaw Poland Prof David Cebon Director, Centre for Sustainable Road Freight University of Cambridge, UK
  3. 3. ciltinternational.org 3 International Convention 2018 Wroclaw | Poland Linking CEE to the World | Impact of the Electric Car Revolution 1. Barriers and Benefits of decarbonisation measures 2. A roadmap for decarbonisation of freight 3. A logistics network for electrification 4. Conclusions Contents
  4. 4. ciltinternational.org 4 International Convention 2018 Wroclaw | Poland Linking CEE to the World | Impact of the Electric Car Revolution Technologies for reducing fuel consumption and CO2 Barriers to mainstream adoption (Technical, Economic, Political) LowHigh ReductionofGreenhouseGases 10% 20% 30% Medium Higher Capacity Vehicles Electrification (Urban, 2025) Dual Fuel Vehicle Technologies Aerodynamics Light-weighting Refrigeration Low RR tyres More efficient diesel Improved transmissions Fuels and lubricants Dedicated CNG/LNG Dedicated compressed Bio Gas Hydraulic Hybrids Platooning Autonomous Vehicles Hydrogen 2035 Best solutions Driver Feedback? Driver training Routing Telematics Dedicated Bio Gas Exhaust heat recovery Electric Hybrids Tyre pressure Smoother roads Electrification (Urban, 2035) Insufficient benefit Electrification (Long-haul, 2040) 40%
  5. 5. ciltinternational.org 5 International Convention 2018 Wroclaw | Poland Linking CEE to the World | Impact of the Electric Car Revolution Routing Port Centric Logistics Consolidation centres Co-Modality Crowd sourced logistics Physical Internet Vehicle Fill Co-loading Logistics measures for reducing CO2 Barriers to mainstream adoption (Corporate, Technical, Economic, Political) LowHigh Best-caseoverallimpact 5% 10% 15% Medium Backhaul Home Delivery Of Groceries Best solutions Retiming DeliveriesLast mile solutions Drones
  6. 6. ciltinternational.org 6 International Convention 2018 Wroclaw | Poland Linking CEE to the World | Impact of the Electric Car Revolution -80% -70% -60% -50% -40% -30% -20% -10% 0% 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050 1. ‘Positive NPV’ Highest impact measures: • Driver training; aerodynamics; EMS vehicles; • Electrified urban delivery • Retiming off-peak; optimised routing; backhaul; synchronised consolidation 2. ‘Incentivised uptake’ As for ‘Positive NPV’ + substantial adoption of methane and dual fuel 3. ‘Electrification of Long Haul’ SRF Roadmap – 3 scenarios
  7. 7. ciltinternational.org 7 International Convention 2018 Wroclaw | Poland Linking CEE to the World | Impact of the Electric Car Revolution A Logistics Network for Electrification City City Home delivery: Battery EV National or Regional DC National or Regional DC Local DC /Supermarket /UCC All batteries < 85 kWh (Tesla ‘S’) Refuse collection: Battery EV/Opp. charge Convenience stores & shops Urban delivery from UCC: Battery EV/Opp. charge Trunk network: Charge-in-motion
  8. 8. ciltinternational.org 8 International Convention 2018 Wroclaw | Poland Linking CEE to the World | Impact of the Electric Car Revolution Advantages of Opportunity Charging: • Smaller, lighter, cheaper batteries • More payload • Lower CO2 emissions • Much lower charging power overnight Similar concept for charge-in-motion Battery capacity 20% final SoC to preserve battery life Battery capacity Charging cycles Opportunity Charging 50 06:00 09:00 12:00 15:00 18:00 21:00 00:00 03:00 Hours 0 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 EnergyStored(kWh) Overnight Charging Overnight vs Opportunity Charging
  9. 9. ciltinternational.org 9 International Convention 2018 Wroclaw | Poland Linking CEE to the World | Impact of the Electric Car Revolution Conclusions 1. 80% CO2 reduction by 2050 is only achievable with electrification most heavy goods vehicles 2. Battery EVs are viable for urban areas 3. Opportunity Charging infrastructure provides huge advantages.. 4. ‘Big-Battery’ EVs are not viable for long-haul: requires charge- in-motion 5. Overhead wires are the most likely solution for highways: proven technology, fewest technical challenges, practical cost.  A new era of infrastructure investment is required!
  10. 10. ciltinternational.org 10 International Convention 2018 Wroclaw | Poland Linking CEE to the World | Impact of the Electric Car Revolution Thank You David Cebon Centre for Sustainable Road Freight dc@eng.cam.ac.uk
  11. 11. ciltinternational.org 11 International Convention 2018 Wroclaw | Poland Linking CEE to the World | Impact of the Electric Car Revolution Opportunity Charging power delivery for buses • Hamburg, Germany • Innovation Line 109 • 4 X 300 kW conductive chargers • Milton Keynes, UK • Route 7 • 2 X 120 kW wireless chargers

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