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Cultural Communications:Ancient to Modern Silk Road:Chinese Millennium Mindset Transformation

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Professor Da Hsuan Feng presents at CILT International Convention 2017

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Cultural Communications:Ancient to Modern Silk Road:Chinese Millennium Mindset Transformation

  1. 1. CulturalCultural CommunicationsCommunications :: Ancient to Modern Silk Road:Ancient to Modern Silk Road: Chinese Millennium MinsetChinese Millennium Minset TransformationTransformation 馮達旋馮達旋 fengd@umac.mofengd@umac.mo
  2. 2. January 20, 2017January 20, 2017
  3. 3. …….it's going to be.it's going to be America First.America First. …..…..
  4. 4. January 17 2017January 17 2017
  5. 5. …….interactions.interactions amongamong peoples….peoples….
  6. 6. It was the best of times,It was the best of times, it was the worst of times,it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom,it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness,…it was the age of foolishness,… Charles DickensCharles Dickens
  7. 7. China in the pastChina in the past 40 years went40 years went through 4through 4 centuries ofcenturies of development!development!
  8. 8. Civil and BuildingCivil and Building Engineering atEngineering at SingaporeSingapore PolytechnicPolytechnic
  9. 9. September and October 2013September and October 2013 Xi JinpingXi Jinping (1)(1) EconomicEconomic BELTBELT of the Silk Roadof the Silk Road (2) 21(2) 21stst Century Maritime SilkCentury Maritime Silk ROADROAD
  10. 10. Revi t al i ze t he anci ent Si l kRevi t al i ze t he anci ent Si l k RoadsRoads
  11. 11. ““The mission of OBOR is aThe mission of OBOR is a “boulevard of peaceful“boulevard of peaceful friendship,” by way of increasedfriendship,” by way of increased understanding, trust andunderstanding, trust and comprehensive interactions incomprehensive interactions in order to enhance mutualorder to enhance mutual development, realize mutualdevelopment, realize mutual prosperity and create win-winprosperity and create win-win collaborations.”collaborations.”
  12. 12. ““OBOR intends to interconnectOBOR intends to interconnect the continents of Asia, Europethe continents of Asia, Europe and Africa. On the eastern end isand Africa. On the eastern end is the robust East Asian economicthe robust East Asian economic circle, on the western end is thecircle, on the western end is the well-developed Europeanwell-developed European economic circle and in theeconomic circle and in the middle are many nations withmiddle are many nations with enormous economic potential.”enormous economic potential.”
  13. 13. VisionVision without iswithout is hallucination!hallucination!
  14. 14. Little do I know that ILittle do I know that I am in the midst ofam in the midst of one of the greatestone of the greatest civil and systemcivil and system engineering new eras!engineering new eras!
  15. 15. ChinaChina announcedannounced completioncompletion of 20,000 kmof 20,000 km in the 21in the 21stst centurycentury
  16. 16. Will there beWill there be new sandboxnew sandbox rules for therules for the world?world?
  17. 17. Will it changeWill it change China?China?
  18. 18. Will it changeWill it change the world?the world?
  19. 19. Great similarity ofGreat similarity of the 21the 21stst centurycentury with what Dickenswith what Dickens said about thesaid about the 1919thth century…century…
  20. 20. But there is one great difference: Thomas Friedman saidBut there is one great difference: Thomas Friedman said (The World is Flat!)(The World is Flat!)
  21. 21. With the world beingWith the world being “flat”, the interactions“flat”, the interactions between people-to-between people-to- people, nation-to-people, nation-to- nation and culture-to-nation and culture-to- culture can only beculture can only be more intense!more intense!
  22. 22. Economics?Economics? S&T?S&T? TransportationTransportation ?? Geopolitics?Geopolitics?
  23. 23. Upst ream?Upst ream?
  24. 24. How to stimulateHow to stimulate 「「 InteractionsInteractions amongamong peoplepeople 」」 ??
  25. 25. former Deputy Director offormer Deputy Director of China InsuranceChina Insurance Regulatory CommissionRegulatory Commission (( 中国保监会中国保监会 ,) Mr. Zhou,) Mr. Zhou Yan-Li (Yan-Li ( 周延礼周延礼 ,) in which,) in which he said:he said:
  26. 26. ““A fundamental point about OBORA fundamental point about OBOR is “is “cultural communicationcultural communication 文化相文化相 通通”” . Indeed, only through cultural. Indeed, only through cultural communication can one establishcommunication can one establish a communication paradigm, anda communication paradigm, and only then can one realize OBOR’sonly then can one realize OBOR’s development strategy, push forthdevelopment strategy, push forth OBOR’s construction, and createOBOR’s construction, and create projects in reality!projects in reality!””
  27. 27. CulturalCultural CommunicationCommunication 文化相通文化相通
  28. 28. From the ancient…From the ancient…
  29. 29. During China’s Han dynasty, an explorer named Zhang QianDuring China’s Han dynasty, an explorer named Zhang Qian (164B.C.―114B.C.(164B.C.―114B.C. )) went as far as the Black Seawent as far as the Black Sea
  30. 30. Tang Xuan Zang (600 A.D.- 664 A.D.) went to India andTang Xuan Zang (600 A.D.- 664 A.D.) went to India and brought backbrought back BuddhismBuddhism to Chinato China
  31. 31. Northern SongNorthern Song Dynasty (960 –Dynasty (960 – 1127): there was a1127): there was a robust Jewishrobust Jewish community in thecommunity in the capital, Kaifengcapital, Kaifeng 絲綢之路 絲綢之路
  32. 32. There is aThere is a Western joke:Western joke: “Chinese are“Chinese are Jews of theJews of the East!”East!”
  33. 33. A natural questionA natural question is : “Why so manyis : “Why so many Jews can congregateJews can congregate in China, and wein China, and we have never heard ofhave never heard of some many Chinesesome many Chinese congregate in thecongregate in the
  34. 34. The Ancient SilkThe Ancient Silk Road was notRoad was not artificially butartificially but “organically”“organically” createdcreated
  35. 35. Except Zhang Qian andExcept Zhang Qian and Tang Xuan-Zang, there isTang Xuan-Zang, there is little or no mention of anylittle or no mention of any mention of Chinesemention of Chinese businessmen utilizing thebusinessmen utilizing the Silk Road to do businessSilk Road to do business in the West!in the West!
  36. 36. Perhaps for aPerhaps for a millennium, maybemillennium, maybe longer, China andlonger, China and Chinese did notChinese did not venture outside of itsventure outside of its “national boundary!”“national boundary!”
  37. 37. 中国中国
  38. 38. From a culturalFrom a cultural perspective, the Ancientperspective, the Ancient Silk Road caused theSilk Road caused the Occidental “West” toOccidental “West” to have more influence onhave more influence on China rather than viceChina rather than vice versa!versa!
  39. 39. To today…To today…
  40. 40. Leadership ofLeadership of China touchesChina touches every corner ofevery corner of the world!the world!
  41. 41. SarajevoSarajevo
  42. 42. WarsawWarsaw
  43. 43. The Shanghai CooperationThe Shanghai Cooperation OrganizationOrganization
  44. 44. Xi Jinping in CambodiaXi Jinping in Cambodia 柬埔寨 柬埔寨 柬埔寨
  45. 45. Xi Jinping in BangladeshXi Jinping in Bangladesh
  46. 46. Malaysia invited China to assist the development of a deep-sea port in MalaccaMalaysia invited China to assist the development of a deep-sea port in Malacca
  47. 47. Shanghai-Singapore Rapid Rail!Shanghai-Singapore Rapid Rail!
  48. 48. ChineseChinese cover thecover the earth!earth!
  49. 49. ……2121stst centurycentury epidemics…epidemics…
  50. 50. What is the biggestWhat is the biggest challenge of Chinachallenge of China moving aroundmoving around globally?globally?
  51. 51. CulturalCultural CommunicationCommunication 文化相通文化相通
  52. 52. The geography ofThe geography of the world presentsthe world presents an intriguingan intriguing opportunity foropportunity for OBOROBOR
  53. 53. North AmericaNorth America South AmericaSouth America AfricaAfrica EuropeEurope AsiaAsia AustraliaAustralia New ZealandNew Zealand
  54. 54. ??
  55. 55. Five nationsFive nations in Centralin Central AsiaAsia
  56. 56. Total populationTotal population of these 5of these 5 Nations <70Nations <70 MillionMillion
  57. 57. United KingdomUnited Kingdom 63 million63 million
  58. 58. GuangdongGuangdong Province, ChinaProvince, China 102 Million!102 Million!
  59. 59. Tamil Nadu IndiaTamil Nadu India 80 Million!80 Million!
  60. 60. PeoplePeople PeoplePeople PeoplePeople PeoplePeople EssentiallyEssentially EmptyEmpty
  61. 61. Separating AsiaSeparating Asia and Europe asand Europe as two continents istwo continents is an artificialan artificial delineation!delineation!
  62. 62. However, it isHowever, it is a deep-rooteda deep-rooted mindset!mindset!
  63. 63. Can OBORCan OBOR breaks thisbreaks this mindset?mindset?
  64. 64. TheThe firstfirst possiblepossible outcome ofoutcome of OBOR is:OBOR is:
  65. 65. In concept, Europe and AsiaIn concept, Europe and Asia amalgamated as aamalgamated as a SUPERCONTINENT?SUPERCONTINENT?
  66. 66. Also induce aAlso induce a Neo-Neo- Renaissance?Renaissance?
  67. 67. How did I thinkHow did I think about this?about this?
  68. 68. December 2013 : a historic meeting was held atDecember 2013 : a historic meeting was held at Taiwan’s Tsing Hua UniversityTaiwan’s Tsing Hua University
  69. 69. 17
  70. 70. 21
  71. 71. This is the first time inThis is the first time in memory that leaders ofmemory that leaders of universities from Europeuniversities from Europe and East Asia discussedand East Asia discussed educational issueseducational issues underunder the same roof!the same roof!
  72. 72. Title of my talk:Title of my talk: SupercontinentSupercontinent and Neo-and Neo- RenaissanceRenaissance
  73. 73. LERU UniversitiesLERU Universities were all establishedwere all established before or during thebefore or during the EuropeanEuropean RENAISSANCERENAISSANCE (14(14thth -17-17thth century)!century)!
  74. 74. We know thatWe know that Europe as aEurope as a continent inducedcontinent induced a Renaissance!a Renaissance!
  75. 75. If Asia and EuropeIf Asia and Europe becomes abecomes a supercontinent, cansupercontinent, can it induce a Neo-it induce a Neo- Renaissance?Renaissance?
  76. 76. When Asia andWhen Asia and EuropeEurope conceptuallyconceptually become abecome a supercontinent...supercontinent...
  77. 77. How can universitiesHow can universities impactimpact humanityhumanity during suchduring such unprecedentedunprecedented times?times?
  78. 78. SShould it not also prompthould it not also prompt the question of howthe question of how universities canuniversities can contribute to thecontribute to the development ofdevelopment of civilization?civilization?
  79. 79. While regarding all theWhile regarding all the top LERU’s leaders,top LERU’s leaders, whose universities werewhose universities were all created before orall created before or during the Renaissance,during the Renaissance, and “dotted” all fourand “dotted” all four corners of Europe...corners of Europe...
  80. 80. It became obviousIt became obvious that the mostthat the most importantimportant contribution ofcontribution of Renaissance toRenaissance to mankind is …mankind is …
  81. 81. TheThe PopularizationPopularization of Higherof Higher Education!Education!
  82. 82. Whenever theWhenever the Renaissance isRenaissance is discussed, onediscussed, one inevitably thinks ofinevitably thinks of the “Maestros”!the “Maestros”!
  83. 83. 勒 ,笛 兒內 卡勒 ,笛 兒內 卡 René Descartes France 1596 -René Descartes France 1596 - 16501650
  84. 84. Galileo Galilei (Italy 1564 – 1642)
  85. 85. Isaac Newton (England 1642 – 1726)
  86. 86. Are theseAre these intellectual giantsintellectual giants essentially theessentially the distilleddistilled essenceessence ofof the Renaissance?the Renaissance?
  87. 87. NO!NO!
  88. 88. During theDuring the Renaissance,Renaissance, universities were beinguniversities were being ubiquitouslyubiquitously established all overestablished all over Europe!Europe!
  89. 89. I think it is not anI think it is not an exaggeration to say thatexaggeration to say that the Renaissancethe Renaissance created one of thecreated one of the greatest socialgreatest social movements in humanmovements in human historyhistory!!
  90. 90. It deepened theIt deepened the “person-to-“person-to- person” dynamicsperson” dynamics and “self-and “self- realization”.realization”.
  91. 91. These universities attractedThese universities attracted tens of thousands of youngtens of thousands of young people to effectively andpeople to effectively and systematically push forthsystematically push forth humanity’s understanding ofhumanity’s understanding of nature, of culture andnature, of culture and ultimately of oneself!ultimately of oneself!
  92. 92. It is not always recognizedIt is not always recognized that together with giants likethat together with giants like Newton and Copernicus,Newton and Copernicus, there were other studentsthere were other students who attended the samewho attended the same classes and learned theclasses and learned the same subjects!same subjects!
  93. 93. While most of these maestros’While most of these maestros’ classmates did not produceclassmates did not produce work of the same magnitude,work of the same magnitude, but they too had contributed inbut they too had contributed in their own diminutive way intheir own diminutive way in the magnificent developmentthe magnificent development of the Renaissance.of the Renaissance.
  94. 94. This is theThis is the supremesupreme contributioncontribution ofof universities touniversities to humanity!humanity!
  95. 95. This opens a glimpseThis opens a glimpse of the reason for theof the reason for the existence ofexistence of universities.universities.
  96. 96. The fundamentalThe fundamental contribution of universitiescontribution of universities during the Renaissance isduring the Renaissance is the improvement of thethe improvement of the quality of life for all ofquality of life for all of humanity!humanity!
  97. 97. And lifeAnd life humanity outhumanity out of ignorance!of ignorance!
  98. 98. THIS is theTHIS is the fundamentalfundamental contributioncontribution ofof thethe
  99. 99. Back toBack to today!today!
  100. 100. The 21The 21stst centurycentury is full of severeis full of severe and human-and human- createdcreated challenges!challenges!
  101. 101. ……Hatred between People…Hatred between People…兗
  102. 102. PopulationPopulation Explosion!Explosion!
  103. 103. ......Global WarmingGlobal Warming……
  104. 104. Global Economic TsunamiGlobal Economic Tsunami
  105. 105. ……PovertyPoverty...... 貧窮 貧窮 貧窮
  106. 106. 貧窮 貧窮 貧窮 ……IgnoranceIgnorance......
  107. 107. ……DiseasesDiseases……
  108. 108. ……clean waterclean water shortage forshortage for over 4 billionover 4 billion people...people...
  109. 109. ……Energy Shortage…Energy Shortage…
  110. 110. The internetThe internet has madehas made people in allpeople in all corners ofcorners of the globethe globe “equal”“equal”
  111. 111. ““When I wasWhen I was writing “Thewriting “The World is Flat”World is Flat” in 2005, Iin 2005, I never thoughtnever thought the worldthe world would becomewould become more flat amore flat a few yearsfew years later!”later!”
  112. 112. SocialSocial MediaMedia SmartSmart DevicesDevices
  113. 113. The currentThe current humanhuman modusmodus operandioperandi obviously cannotobviously cannot solve thesolve the problemproblem !!
  114. 114. NEO-RENAISSANCE?NEO-RENAISSANCE?
  115. 115. Let us postulate how the Neo-Renaissance may assist humanity.Let us postulate how the Neo-Renaissance may assist humanity.
  116. 116. When theWhen the NEO-NEO- RENAISSANCERENAISSANCE isis in full swing…in full swing…
  117. 117. For one basking in a supercontinent mindset, it will surely nurture aFor one basking in a supercontinent mindset, it will surely nurture a completely unprecedented and completely new culture.completely unprecedented and completely new culture.
  118. 118. The challenges facingThe challenges facing humanity today werehumanity today were simply not imaginablesimply not imaginable during theduring the Renaissance.Renaissance.
  119. 119. For this reason, because of “external demands,” inFor this reason, because of “external demands,” in thethe 2121stst century and beyondcentury and beyond, while standing on the, while standing on the Supercontinent platformSupercontinent platform, a new generation of, a new generation of Descartes, Copernicus and Bacon, armed with aDescartes, Copernicus and Bacon, armed with a new cultural paradox, shall appear!new cultural paradox, shall appear!   
  120. 120. These great giants in the Neo-These great giants in the Neo- Renaissance, together withRenaissance, together with their fellow classmates, armedtheir fellow classmates, armed with an amalgamated culturalwith an amalgamated cultural background, will surelybackground, will surely propose breakthrough ideaspropose breakthrough ideas and methodologies toand methodologies to overcome the challenges ofovercome the challenges of humanity!humanity!
  121. 121. Just as universities duringJust as universities during the Renaissance welcomedthe Renaissance welcomed a new cultural ambiance,a new cultural ambiance, universities in theuniversities in the SupercontinentSupercontinent will alsowill also create and perpetrate thecreate and perpetrate the Neo-RenaissanceNeo-Renaissance..
  122. 122. ““Criss-crossing”Criss-crossing” Europe and Asia isEurope and Asia is the dream of the lastthe dream of the last millennium!millennium!
  123. 123. Alexander the GreatAlexander the Great (356 BC – 323 BC)(356 BC – 323 BC)
  124. 124. Genghis KhanGenghis Khan (1162 - 1227)(1162 - 1227) waynehw@qq.com
  125. 125. In the 21In the 21stst century,century, something else issomething else is happening which couldhappening which could have a deep impact onhave a deep impact on the “criss-crossing”the “criss-crossing” action!action!
  126. 126. High-Speed RailHigh-Speed Rail will becomewill become ubiquitous in Eastubiquitous in East Asia and Europe!Asia and Europe!
  127. 127. Japan’sJapan’s ShinkansenShinkansen started in thestarted in the 1960’s1960’s
  128. 128. Perhaps the mostPerhaps the most spectacular development isspectacular development is the high-speed rail of China.the high-speed rail of China. In the past 16 years (in theIn the past 16 years (in the 2121stst century), Chinacentury), China constructed ~ 20,000constructed ~ 20,000 kilometers of high-speed rail.kilometers of high-speed rail.
  129. 129. ChinaChina announcedannounced completioncompletion of 20,000 kmof 20,000 km in the 21in the 21stst centurycentury
  130. 130. High-Speed Rail system ofHigh-Speed Rail system of China is not just aChina is not just a transportationtransportation infrastructure, it is alsoinfrastructure, it is also now a commodity withnow a commodity with global commercial value.global commercial value.
  131. 131. So let’s imagine theSo let’s imagine the following scenario:following scenario: The 21The 21stst century land andcentury land and maritime Silk Road willmaritime Silk Road will look like the following:look like the following:
  132. 132.  2121stst century land-based Silk Roadcentury land-based Silk Road
  133. 133. DifferenceDifference between landbetween land and air travel:and air travel:
  134. 134. AirAir In between, nothing existIn between, nothing exist
  135. 135. GroundGround Everything will be cognizantEverything will be cognizant
  136. 136. 2121stst Century ZhangCentury Zhang QianQian (( 張騫張騫 ))
  137. 137. Xinjiang – Kyrgyzstan BorderXinjiang – Kyrgyzstan Border
  138. 138. Border of KazakhstanBorder of Kazakhstan and Russiaand Russia
  139. 139. PoliticalPolitical CulturalCultural 化 EconomicEconomic
  140. 140. Seeing these truly fascinatingSeeing these truly fascinating and rare photos, they brought toand rare photos, they brought to mind that if and when OBOR ismind that if and when OBOR is successful, these “emptysuccessful, these “empty highways” could become busyhighways” could become busy thoroughfares. When thatthoroughfares. When that happens, can we not alreadyhappens, can we not already see the formation of thesee the formation of the SUPERCONTINENTSUPERCONTINENT??
  141. 141. TheThe secondsecond possiblepossible outcome ofoutcome of OBOR is:OBOR is:
  142. 142. China andChina and ChineseChinese transform theirtransform their mindset frommindset from “outside in” to“outside in” to
  143. 143. MillenniumMillennium MindsetMindset TransformationTransformation
  144. 144.   Europe and AsiaEurope and Asia should beshould be amalgamated into aamalgamated into a Super-ContinentSuper-Continent!!
  145. 145. In order to execute OBOR,In order to execute OBOR, nations and regions withnations and regions with different histories, cultures,different histories, cultures, languages, and indeed,languages, and indeed, ways and means, mustways and means, must learn to effectivelylearn to effectively communicate with onecommunicate with one another.another.
  146. 146. To render OBOR successful,To render OBOR successful, China must increase itsChina must increase its understanding of the political,understanding of the political, economical and culturaleconomical and cultural environment of at least some,environment of at least some, if not all, of the nations andif not all, of the nations and regions along the wayregions along the way..
  147. 147. 1.6 billion Muslim World1.6 billion Muslim World
  148. 148. Although not theAlthough not the only one OBORonly one OBOR needs to face,needs to face, one of the first, ifone of the first, if not the first, is…not the first, is…
  149. 149. Alan G. MacDiarmid, 2000 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry IndiaIndia
  150. 150. I pickedI picked India toIndia to discuss indiscuss in depth for twodepth for two reasons:reasons:
  151. 151. First, I amFirst, I am particularlyparticularly interested,interested, since I wassince I was born in India.born in India.
  152. 152. Second, India is particularlySecond, India is particularly intriguing. and it is one of theintriguing. and it is one of the most complex andmost complex and convoluted nations in culture,convoluted nations in culture, history, as well as in ancienthistory, as well as in ancient and modern politicaland modern political structures!structures!
  153. 153. Population:Population: 1.2 Billion1.2 Billion Languages:Languages: 2929 languages eachlanguages each with >1 millionwith >1 million speakersspeakers
  154. 154. India hasIndia has TWO FIRSTS:TWO FIRSTS:
  155. 155. 1913:1913: Rabindranath Tagore was theRabindranath Tagore was the firstfirst Asian to receive the Nobel PrizeAsian to receive the Nobel Prize
  156. 156. 1930: C. V.1930: C. V. Raman was theRaman was the firstfirst Asian toAsian to receive the Nobelreceive the Nobel Prize in Physics.Prize in Physics.
  157. 157. India’s GlobalIndia’s Global ImpactImpact
  158. 158. CulturalCultural CommunicationCommunication 文化相通文化相通
  159. 159. On January 20, 1946, as theOn January 20, 1946, as the Representative of China’s Central NewsRepresentative of China’s Central News Agency, my father Paul Feng interviewedAgency, my father Paul Feng interviewed the soon-to-be Prime Minister of India:the soon-to-be Prime Minister of India: Jawaharlal NehruJawaharlal Nehru
  160. 160. January 7,January 7, 20012001 Manoj DasManoj Das
  161. 161. http://www.burmalibrary.org/reg.burm a/archives/200101/msg00016.html
  162. 162. But when I read Lu HsunBut when I read Lu Hsun ( ( 迅鲁迅鲁 ), ), aa number of his short stories andnumber of his short stories and The TrueThe True Story of Ah QStory of Ah Q (( 阿阿 QQ 正傳正傳 ), ), I realized thatI realized that despite the realism in the works of Pearldespite the realism in the works of Pearl Buck and other gifted writers, Lu Hsun'sBuck and other gifted writers, Lu Hsun's work had an authenticity that could bework had an authenticity that could be expected only of a native of China.expected only of a native of China.
  163. 163. I do not propose to display myI do not propose to display my meagre knowledge of Chinesemeagre knowledge of Chinese literature here, but what I propose isliterature here, but what I propose is a strong and well-planned academya strong and well-planned academy of Asian literaturesof Asian literatures to take care of theto take care of the great need to know one anothergreat need to know one another..
  164. 164. CulturalCultural CommunicationCommunication 文化相通文化相通
  165. 165. "If China and India"If China and India hold together, thehold together, the future of Asia isfuture of Asia is assured."assured." Twelve words, twelve simple words
  166. 166. This holding togetherThis holding together need not be confined toneed not be confined to diplomacy; it can, by alldiplomacy; it can, by all means, be ameans, be a psychological force thatpsychological force that can work wonders in thecan work wonders in the realms of creativity…”realms of creativity…”
  167. 167. Deep mutualDeep mutual understandingunderstanding between these twobetween these two Asian giants is anAsian giants is an unavoidableunavoidable challenge of OBOR!challenge of OBOR!
  168. 168. What Manoj DasWhat Manoj Das had pointed outhad pointed out is preciselyis precisely this…this…
  169. 169. Among the twelveAmong the twelve words Nehru uttered,words Nehru uttered, the one which madethe one which made me ponder was theme ponder was the wordword “HOLD”.“HOLD”.
  170. 170. How toHow to “HOLD”“HOLD”??
  171. 171. Properly executed, theProperly executed, the OBOR process shouldOBOR process should and can enhance theseand can enhance these two culturally richtwo culturally rich nations’ mutualnations’ mutual understanding of eachunderstanding of each otherother
  172. 172. It would be one ofIt would be one of history’s greatesthistory’s greatest ironies that OBORironies that OBOR could become thecould become the driving force fordriving force for the realization ofthe realization of Nehru’s dreamNehru’s dream
  173. 173. OBOR can andOBOR can and should be theshould be the holdhold describeddescribed by Nehru!by Nehru!
  174. 174. ””Only when China and IndiaOnly when China and India develop well, can one claimdevelop well, can one claim that the century of Asia hasthat the century of Asia has come. If China and Indiacome. If China and India strengthen cooperation, Asianstrengthen cooperation, Asian unity, stability and prosperityunity, stability and prosperity will be very hopeful, the worldwill be very hopeful, the world will be in peace and make morewill be in peace and make more progress.”progress.”
  175. 175. I learned this from reading anI learned this from reading an excellent article by Professorexcellent article by Professor Dali Yang of the University ofDali Yang of the University of Chicago!Chicago!
  176. 176. Who said this?Who said this?
  177. 177. Deng Xiao-Ping
  178. 178. CulturalCultural CommunicationCommunication 文化相通文化相通
  179. 179. ConclusionsConclusions
  180. 180. CharlesCharles DickensDickens (1812-(1812- 1870)1870)
  181. 181. A Tale of Two CitiesA Tale of Two Cities (1859)(1859)
  182. 182. ““It was the best of times,It was the best of times, it was the worst of times,it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom,it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishnessit was the age of foolishness …”…”
  183. 183. It is not difficult toIt is not difficult to imagine that the 21imagine that the 21stst century could just ascentury could just as easily be describedeasily be described by these immortalby these immortal words of Dickens…words of Dickens…
  184. 184. The outcomeThe outcome ofof OBOROBOR::
  185. 185. OBOROBOR should andshould and must, enhance themust, enhance the deepeningdeepening understanding ofunderstanding of different cultures.different cultures.
  186. 186. As part of theAs part of the OBOR challenge,OBOR challenge, China needs toChina needs to comprehensivelycomprehensively understand Indiaunderstand India
  187. 187. India and China as aIndia and China as a major global nations ofmajor global nations of profound and ancientprofound and ancient cultures, should aim tocultures, should aim to create a better futurecreate a better future for humanityfor humanity
  188. 188. MoonMoon
  189. 189. 天 May 25, 1961May 25, 1961
  190. 190. When the national leaderWhen the national leader expounded such a clear andexpounded such a clear and succinct grand vision, itsuccinct grand vision, it motivated the entire Unitedmotivated the entire United States to galvanize its nationalStates to galvanize its national strength to overcome enormousstrength to overcome enormous mindset hurdles and technicalmindset hurdles and technical challenges!challenges!
  191. 191. July 20, 1969July 20, 1969
  192. 192. The complexities andThe complexities and difficulties for China todifficulties for China to understand India and viceunderstand India and vice versa are probably farversa are probably far greater than Kennedygreater than Kennedy wanting the United States towanting the United States to reach the moon in 10 yearsreach the moon in 10 years
  193. 193. Therefore, usingTherefore, using the Kennedy’sthe Kennedy’s Moon goal as aMoon goal as a metaphor,metaphor, thethe MOON of ChinaMOON of China today is…today is…
  194. 194. INDIAINDIA
  195. 195. the MOON ofthe MOON of India today is…India today is…
  196. 196. ChinaChina
  197. 197. Beijing Normal University invited IIT Bombay toBeijing Normal University invited IIT Bombay to explore collaboration via OBORexplore collaboration via OBOR
  198. 198. On NovemberOn November 8, 2016, I gave8, 2016, I gave my first OBORmy first OBOR speech to Indiaspeech to India IIT GuwahatiIIT Guwahati via SKYPEvia SKYPE
  199. 199. On January 19, 2017, IOn January 19, 2017, I gave my second OBORgave my second OBOR speech to India’s JNU viaspeech to India’s JNU via SKYPESKYPE
  200. 200. FromFrom unthinkable tounthinkable to thinkable!thinkable!
  201. 201. Still way too few!Still way too few!
  202. 202. The mutualThe mutual understanding ofunderstanding of China and India is oneChina and India is one of the challengesof the challenges OBOR must face!OBOR must face!
  203. 203. Now withNow with OBOROBOR as aas a global platform, there willglobal platform, there will be enormous growth ofbe enormous growth of such efforts, be it insuch efforts, be it in language, culture, orlanguage, culture, or science to gain mutualscience to gain mutual understanding!understanding!
  204. 204. OBOR can create aOBOR can create a SUPERCONTINENTSUPERCONTINENT!!
  205. 205. OBOR can induce aOBOR can induce a NEO-RENAISSANCENEO-RENAISSANCE!!
  206. 206. 中国中国
  207. 207. The Chinese wordThe Chinese word for China:for China: 「「中中」」 ,, meansmeans SELF - CENTEREDSELF - CENTERED
  208. 208. Self-CentrismSelf-Centrism allowed China toallowed China to preserve itspreserve its outstandingoutstanding cultural heritagecultural heritage
  209. 209. The ancient silk roadThe ancient silk road was neither a creationwas neither a creation of China, nor did itof China, nor did it demand China todemand China to understand the culturesunderstand the cultures of other civilizationsof other civilizations
  210. 210. Today, the worldToday, the world is turned upside-is turned upside- down:down: OBOR is aOBOR is a ChineseChinese creationcreation
  211. 211. This places anThis places an unprecedentedunprecedented demand ondemand on ChinaChina
  212. 212. Perhaps the mostPerhaps the most significant demandsignificant demand OBOR now places onOBOR now places on China is how it canChina is how it can preserve its rich andpreserve its rich and robust culture…robust culture…
  213. 213. ……while trulywhile truly attempting toattempting to understand otherunderstand other civilizations’ culturecivilizations’ culture and their ways andand their ways and means!means!
  214. 214. Higher educationHigher education must bear thesemust bear these heavy and profoundheavy and profound responsibilities!responsibilities!
  215. 215. Higher education needs toHigher education needs to develop a deepdevelop a deep understanding of theunderstanding of the Renaissance as a platformRenaissance as a platform to welcome theto welcome the emergence of theemergence of the NEO-RENAISSANCE!NEO-RENAISSANCE!
  216. 216. To do so, not only doTo do so, not only do higher educatorshigher educators need toneed to looklook deeper into theirdeeper into their soulssouls, but the Nation, but the Nation must also as well!must also as well!
  217. 217. Since OBOR’s initiative willSince OBOR’s initiative will cause a global transformationcause a global transformation and change the “rules of theand change the “rules of the game”, how should China begame”, how should China be transformed in order to play intransformed in order to play in the new “sandbox”?the new “sandbox”?
  218. 218. CulturalCultural CommunicationCommunication 文化相通文化相通
  219. 219. Ultimately, theUltimately, the success of OBORsuccess of OBOR cannot merely becannot merely be the success ofthe success of China…China…
  220. 220. it must be theit must be the success of thesuccess of the entire world!entire world!
  221. 221. 谢谢谢谢 !!
  222. 222. Following the dictum of theFollowing the dictum of the Emperor of the MingEmperor of the Ming DynastyDynasty 「「 Zheng He travelZheng He travel westwest 」」 . In total, he covered. In total, he covered 70,000 nautical miles!70,000 nautical miles! 1371- 14331371- 1433
  223. 223. East India Company (East India Company ( 東印度公司東印度公司 ), the “Company), the “Company that Ruled the Waves!”that Ruled the Waves!”
  224. 224. ““The sun never sets on the BritishThe sun never sets on the British empire”empire”
  225. 225. A truly intriguingA truly intriguing question is that “whatquestion is that “what is it about China oris it about China or the Chinese that it didthe Chinese that it did not create Chinesenot create Chinese version of the Eastversion of the East India Company?”India Company?”

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