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Stimulating
Intergenerationality:
Millennials in Europe
Lisa Fleury
Vassar Wesleyan Program in Paris, lfleury@vwpp.org – w...
Stimulating Intergenerationality: Millennials in Europe - Lisa Fleury & Laura Raynaud
CIEE Annual Conference: The Reinvent...
Generation association activity
Stimulating Intergenerationality: Millennials in Europe - Lisa Fleury & Laura Raynaud
CIEE...
What is a generation?
Three critera for members of a generation:
• Share an age location in history.
• Share some common b...
People never “belong” to an age
bracket.
Rather, they belong to a generation that happens to
be passing through an age bra...
What is intergenerationality?
Related terms: Intergenerational exchange / contact
/ practice / ties
younger
generation
coo...
Intergenerationality:
a hot topic in Europe
• Spain's lost generation: youth unemployment surges above 50
per cent, The Te...
EU: Changing relative size of population
groups over the period 1950-2050 (in %)
Source: UN World Population Prospectus
ht...
Why focus on
intergenerationality?
uni-generational campus setting with
limited intergenerational contact
international se...
College students spend 85% of their time with people under 35.
Stimulating Intergenerationality: Millennials in Europe - L...
Stimulating Intergenerationality: Millennials in Europe - Lisa Fleury & Laura Raynaud
CIEE Annual Conference: The Reinvent...
Stimulating Intergenerationality: Millennials in Europe - Lisa Fleury & Laura Raynaud
CIEE Annual Conference: The Reinvent...
Benefits of
intergenerational exchange
Older people Younger people Community
Increase in vitality
Relief from isolation /
...
Student feedback:
Intergenerational contact
I do enjoy older people and what I
can learn from them but it is difficult
to ...
Wesleyan intercultural
competency scale (WICS)*
•A way to measure students’
intercultural skills
•Elements of a high degre...
Conclusions WICS
Who scored the highest on intercultural
competence scale?
• Those who experience a wider variety of
situa...
INTERGENERATIONAL CONTACT
+ VARIETY OF SITUATIONS AND
INTERACTIONS
HIGHER INTERCULTURAL
COMPETENCE
Stimulating Intergenera...
Intergenerational project
Academic
excursion /
Cultural activity
Homestays /
student
housing
Community
service
Course
Unde...
Academic excursion/
cultural event
Ex. Students travel as a group to a planned destination for a short
period (weekend).
H...
Homestays/Student housing
Ex. Students are paired with local hosts to share living space,
some or all meals, etc.
How are ...
Community service
Ex. Students engage in the local community.
How is the community service environment chosen? What
prepar...
Course
Ex. Develop a short or long-term program/course based on the
many intergenerational facets present in France today....
Understanding of local societal
debate, event or trauma
(planned or unforeseen)
Ex. Help students decipher one or several ...
Pre-departure / Re-entry
Ex. Develop a pre-departure session.
How can intergenerationality be included in
preparation for ...
Stimulating Intergenerationality: Millennials in Europe - Lisa Fleury & Laura Raynaud
CIEE Annual Conference: The Reinvent...
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Stimulating Intergenerationality: Millennials in Europe

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Studying abroad in Europe offers significant opportunities for intergenerational contact, but how do students react to these opportunities? How can programs abroad encourage millenials to embrace the benefits of intergenerationality? Homestays, internships, community service, and social settings will be used to identify the resistance to and benefits of cross-generational interactions. Using case studies from the field, we'll show how intergenerational contact provides challenges and opportunities for education abroad in Europe. After a presentation to set the theoretical framework and field approach, the rest of the session will be used for small group discussions about how intergenerational issues can be used in the field to maximize our students' experiences, given them life skills and better integrate them in the host culture.

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Stimulating Intergenerationality: Millennials in Europe

  1. 1. Stimulating Intergenerationality: Millennials in Europe Lisa Fleury Vassar Wesleyan Program in Paris, lfleury@vwpp.org – www.en.vwpp.org & Laura Raynaud Dickinson en France, raynaudl@dickinson.edu – www.dickinson.edu CIEE Annual Conference: The Reinvention of Study Abroad Berlin, November 4-7, 2015
  2. 2. Stimulating Intergenerationality: Millennials in Europe - Lisa Fleury & Laura Raynaud CIEE Annual Conference: The Reinvention of Study Abroad – Berlin, November 4-7, 2015 Session outline • Activity 1 – Generation association • Presentation: Intergenerationality and our students • Activity 2 – Intergenerational project • Wrap-up and conclusions
  3. 3. Generation association activity Stimulating Intergenerationality: Millennials in Europe - Lisa Fleury & Laura Raynaud CIEE Annual Conference: The Reinvention of Study Abroad – Berlin, November 4-7, 2015
  4. 4. What is a generation? Three critera for members of a generation: • Share an age location in history. • Share some common beliefs and behaviors, including basic attitudes about risk taking, culture and values, civic engagement, and family life. • Have a sense of common perceived membership in that generation. Source: http://www.lifecourse.com/about/method/phases.html Stimulating Intergenerationality: Millennials in Europe - Lisa Fleury & Laura Raynaud CIEE Annual Conference: The Reinvention of Study Abroad – Berlin, November 4-7, 2015
  5. 5. People never “belong” to an age bracket. Rather, they belong to a generation that happens to be passing through an age bracket—a generation with its own memories, language, habits, beliefs, and life lessons. Source: http://www.lifecourse.com/about/method/phases.html Stimulating Intergenerationality: Millennials in Europe - Lisa Fleury & Laura Raynaud CIEE Annual Conference: The Reinvention of Study Abroad – Berlin, November 4-7, 2015
  6. 6. What is intergenerationality? Related terms: Intergenerational exchange / contact / practice / ties younger generation cooperation exchange interaction older generation Stimulating Intergenerationality: Millennials in Europe - Lisa Fleury & Laura Raynaud CIEE Annual Conference: The Reinvention of Study Abroad – Berlin, November 4-7, 2015
  7. 7. Intergenerationality: a hot topic in Europe • Spain's lost generation: youth unemployment surges above 50 per cent, The Telegraph, January 27, 2012 • Who’d be young and Greek? Searching for a future after the debt crisis, The Guardian, July 26, 2015 • Make space for your grandparents at home, Cabinet ministers tell families, The Telegraph, October 5, 2015 • Where older people support gay marriage, WEST, September 29, 2014 Stimulating Intergenerationality: Millennials in Europe - Lisa Fleury & Laura Raynaud CIEE Annual Conference: The Reinvention of Study Abroad – Berlin, November 4-7, 2015 Intergenerationality = Transversal topic Social sciences Law History/ Culture/ Heritage Health & Social Services Education Policy/ Politics Diversity/ Gender studies Finance/ Economy
  8. 8. EU: Changing relative size of population groups over the period 1950-2050 (in %) Source: UN World Population Prospectus http://www.fgcsic.es/lychnos/en_EN/articles/population_ageing Stimulating Intergenerationality: Millennials in Europe - Lisa Fleury & Laura Raynaud CIEE Annual Conference: The Reinvention of Study Abroad – Berlin, November 4-7, 2015
  9. 9. Why focus on intergenerationality? uni-generational campus setting with limited intergenerational contact international setting with increased multigenerational exposure unchartered territory Stimulating Intergenerationality: Millennials in Europe - Lisa Fleury & Laura Raynaud CIEE Annual Conference: The Reinvention of Study Abroad – Berlin, November 4-7, 2015
  10. 10. College students spend 85% of their time with people under 35. Stimulating Intergenerationality: Millennials in Europe - Lisa Fleury & Laura Raynaud CIEE Annual Conference: The Reinvention of Study Abroad – Berlin, November 4-7, 2015
  11. 11. Stimulating Intergenerationality: Millennials in Europe - Lisa Fleury & Laura Raynaud CIEE Annual Conference: The Reinvention of Study Abroad – Berlin, November 4-7, 2015
  12. 12. Stimulating Intergenerationality: Millennials in Europe - Lisa Fleury & Laura Raynaud CIEE Annual Conference: The Reinvention of Study Abroad – Berlin, November 4-7, 2015
  13. 13. Benefits of intergenerational exchange Older people Younger people Community Increase in vitality Relief from isolation / reintegration in the community Reflect on life experiences Exposure to difference Develop skills (social, technological) Practical assistance Increased self-worth Increased sense of social responsability Access to adult support Less isolation Positive perception of older adults Increased resiliance Learn about history Less drugs/violence Builds social cohesion Develops bridges across community Encourages/creates models of civic skills Acts as impetus for other community projects Source: Report to NYARS 2006, Community building through intergenerational exchange programs Stimulating Intergenerationality: Millennials in Europe - Lisa Fleury & Laura Raynaud CIEE Annual Conference: The Reinvention of Study Abroad – Berlin, November 4-7, 2015
  14. 14. Student feedback: Intergenerational contact I do enjoy older people and what I can learn from them but it is difficult to connect with them due to their usual conservative background. The questions he (+/- 60 yrs.) asked and the conversations we had were much more genuine that the small talk my classmates make. It is interesting to see how older generations view the potential of younger generations….I try to explain and justify the actions of my generation by using examples from my life. Stimulating Intergenerationality: Millennials in Europe - Lisa Fleury & Laura Raynaud CIEE Annual Conference: The Reinvention of Study Abroad – Berlin, November 4-7, 2015 I feel like I gain a lot from their perspectives.... I believe cross- generational interactions are really important as they allow us to gain a broader understanding of the experiences and backgrounds of those around us. Interacting with younger generations is very helpful and fun. I've noticed that younger kids with whom I've interacted seem to have a little more freedom in what they do...their parents seem to be less strict than I'm used to. I interact with my host (+/- 50 yrs.) every day. Social and societal differences are frequently topics of conversation. I view this relationship as the most beneficial to my French, as she corrects me as I'm speaking. Also, she has lived in Paris for a while, and can tell me about the history and how the city has changed over the years.
  15. 15. Wesleyan intercultural competency scale (WICS)* •A way to measure students’ intercultural skills •Elements of a high degree of cultural competence: knowledge, attitudes, and skills * From Stemler, Imada, Sorkin, Development and Validation of the Wesleyan Intercultural Competence Scale (WICS): A Tool for Measuring the Impact of Study Abroad Experiences Frontiers: The Interdisciplinary Journal of Study Abroad, Vol. XXIV Fall 2014 Stimulating Intergenerationality: Millennials in Europe - Lisa Fleury & Laura Raynaud CIEE Annual Conference: The Reinvention of Study Abroad – Berlin, November 4-7, 2015
  16. 16. Conclusions WICS Who scored the highest on intercultural competence scale? • Those who experience a wider variety of situations and experiences where they are interacting more widely and/or deeply with the host community • Students who reported spending a great amount of time speaking a foreign language while abroad Stimulating Intergenerationality: Millennials in Europe - Lisa Fleury & Laura Raynaud CIEE Annual Conference: The Reinvention of Study Abroad – Berlin, November 4-7, 2015
  17. 17. INTERGENERATIONAL CONTACT + VARIETY OF SITUATIONS AND INTERACTIONS HIGHER INTERCULTURAL COMPETENCE Stimulating Intergenerationality: Millennials in Europe - Lisa Fleury & Laura Raynaud CIEE Annual Conference: The Reinvention of Study Abroad – Berlin, November 4-7, 2015
  18. 18. Intergenerational project Academic excursion / Cultural activity Homestays / student housing Community service Course Understanding of local societal debate, event or trauma Pre-departure / re-entry Stimulating Intergenerationality: Millennials in Europe - Lisa Fleury & Laura Raynaud CIEE Annual Conference: The Reinvention of Study Abroad – Berlin, November 4-7, 2015
  19. 19. Academic excursion/ cultural event Ex. Students travel as a group to a planned destination for a short period (weekend). How is the destination chosen? What preparation is required of participants? Who travels with and accompanies the students during the excursion? What are the housing arrangements? What and how are the activities chosen? What is expected of participants before, during and after the excursion? or Ex. Organize a site/cultural/historical visit or an event. How are participants chosen? How is the venue or the event chosen? What preparation is required of participants? What is expected of participants before, during and after the visit/event? Stimulating Intergenerationality: Millennials in Europe - Lisa Fleury & Laura Raynaud CIEE Annual Conference: The Reinvention of Study Abroad – Berlin, November 4-7, 2015
  20. 20. Homestays/Student housing Ex. Students are paired with local hosts to share living space, some or all meals, etc. How are student/host pairs attributed? What preparation is required of participants? What practices/resources should be put in place to ensure positive outcomes? Stimulating Intergenerationality: Millennials in Europe - Lisa Fleury & Laura Raynaud CIEE Annual Conference: The Reinvention of Study Abroad – Berlin, November 4-7, 2015
  21. 21. Community service Ex. Students engage in the local community. How is the community service environment chosen? What preparation is required of participants? What is expected of participants before, during and after the community service? Stimulating Intergenerationality: Millennials in Europe - Lisa Fleury & Laura Raynaud CIEE Annual Conference: The Reinvention of Study Abroad – Berlin, November 4-7, 2015
  22. 22. Course Ex. Develop a short or long-term program/course based on the many intergenerational facets present in France today. How are topics chosen? What preparation is required of participants? What is expected of participants before, during and after the program? Who intervenes in the program? or Ex. Develop an intergenerational heritage project where students collect oral histories from locals. How are participants chosen? What preparation is required of participants? What is expected of participants before, during and after the project? Once completed, how is the project presented? Stimulating Intergenerationality: Millennials in Europe - Lisa Fleury & Laura Raynaud CIEE Annual Conference: The Reinvention of Study Abroad – Berlin, November 4-7, 2015
  23. 23. Understanding of local societal debate, event or trauma (planned or unforeseen) Ex. Help students decipher one or several specific events or societal phenomena through an intergenerational lens (ex. Charlie Hebdo attacks, climate conference, pension reforms, high young-adult unemployment). What format is chosen? What materials are chosen to help students understand? Who intervenes in this process? Stimulating Intergenerationality: Millennials in Europe - Lisa Fleury & Laura Raynaud CIEE Annual Conference: The Reinvention of Study Abroad – Berlin, November 4-7, 2015
  24. 24. Pre-departure / Re-entry Ex. Develop a pre-departure session. How can intergenerationality be included in preparation for study abroad? Who intervenes in the session? or Ex. Imagine how to best continue the momentum of intergenerational experiences when students return to an age-segregated campus. How can students continue to develop life skills learned in an intergenerational/intercultural experience? What can students contribute to the campus/local community? Stimulating Intergenerationality: Millennials in Europe - Lisa Fleury & Laura Raynaud CIEE Annual Conference: The Reinvention of Study Abroad – Berlin, November 4-7, 2015
  25. 25. Stimulating Intergenerationality: Millennials in Europe - Lisa Fleury & Laura Raynaud CIEE Annual Conference: The Reinvention of Study Abroad – Berlin, November 4-7, 2015

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