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Open Culture, Open Education, Open Questions


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Keynote at #OER16 Conference, Edinburgh, Scotland - 19 April 2016

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Open Culture, Open Education, Open Questions

  1. 1. #OER16 Catherine Cronin @catherinecronin NUI Galway 19 April 2016 Image: CC BY 2.0 woodleywonderworks Open Culture, Open Education, Open Questions
  2. 2. Mary Somerville @NatGalleriesScot …and Wikipedia, of course @ByLeavesWeLive Scottish Poetry Library All Hail Edinburgh! Image:CCBY2.0kumaravel
  3. 3. open Allowing access or view Not closed, blocked, or covered Freely available or accessible; unrestricted Unfolded or spread out Not concealing one’s thoughts or feelings Not finally settled; still admitting of debate Admitting customers or visitors (business) Allowed to vibrate along its whole length (musical string)
  4. 4. @joecaslin 
  5. 5. @hendinarts
  6. 6. @joecaslin 
  7. 7. #marref
  8. 8. #refugeecrisis
  9. 9. Participatory Culture: low barriers to artistic expression & civic engagement strong support for creating & sharing informal mentorship members believe their contributions matter social connection Henry Jenkins, et al (2007) Confronting the Challenges of a Participatory Culture
  10. 10. multimodal multimedia ✓ voice / choice networked ✓ topic / content social ✓ genre / tone purposeful ✓ space / place collaborative ✓ time / duration agentic Participatory Culture literacy practices
  11. 11. networked educators networked students Physical Spaces Bounded Online Spaces Open Online Spaces Image: CC BY-SA 2.0 Catherine Cronin, built on original Networked Teacher image by Alec Couros
  12. 12. Image: CC BY-SA 2.0 Marcel Oosterwijk …’open’ signals a broad, de-centralized constellation of practices that skirt the institutional structures and roles by which formal learning has been organized for generations. – Bonnie Stewart (2015)
  13. 13. Image: CC BY-SA 2.0 Marcel Oosterwijk OEP (Open Educational Practices) OER (Open Educational Resources) Free Open Admission (e.g. Open Universities) INTERPRETATIONS of ‘OPEN’ OER-focused definitions: produce, use, reuse OER Broader definitions: produce, use, reuse OER + open pedagogies; open learning; open sharing of teaching ideas Licensed for reuse: for use, adaptation & redistribution by others
  14. 14. Image: CC BY-SA 2.0 Marcel Oosterwijk INTERPRETATIONS of ‘OPEN’ Policy/ Culture Values Practices Activities LEVELS of OPENNESS OEP (Open Educational Practices) OER (Open Educational Resources) Free Open Admission (e.g. Open Universities) IndividualInstitutional
  15. 15. “If open is the answer… what is the question?” Public domain image: New York Public Library
  16. 16. Ontology Practices Values • Access text books • Access publicly-funded resources • Learn, develop, reflect & share • Connect, collaborate & debate • Build & support digital capability • Empower learners & educators in building digital identities • Serve the democratic purpose of knowledge construction • Temper effects of commercialisation • Maintain academic identity & integrity • Consider ethics, power, reflexivity, humanity Resources • What is ‘open’? • Why not open?
  17. 17.
  18. 18. Ehlers (2011) Hodgkinson- Williams (2014)
  19. 19. a critical, reflexive approach openness:
  20. 20. Openness is not the opposite of closed-ness, nor is there simply a continuum between the two… An important question becomes not simply whether education is more or less open, but what forms of openness are worthwhile and for whom; openness alone is not an educational virtue. Richard Edwards (2015) @RichardEd1 “
  21. 21. The people calling for open are often in positions of privilege, or have reaped the benefits of being open early on – when the platform wasn’t as easily used for abuse, and when we were privileged to create the kinds of networks that included others like us. sava saheli singh (2015) @savasavasava “
  22. 22. Balancing privacy & openness Image: CC BY 2.0 woodleywonderworks
  23. 23. Openness: it’s personal Will I share / blog / tweet…? Who will I share with? Who will I share as? Will I share this? MACRO MESO MICRO NANO digital identity  context collapse “You’re negotiating all the time.”
  24. 24. Roadmap for Building Digital Capacity @ForumTL Digital Capability Model @Jisc @helenbeetham
  25. 25. The barrier to participation is not the technology but the kinds of privilege that are often ignored in meritocratic discourse. dana boyd @zephoria Jenkins, Ito & boyd (2016) Participatory Culture in a Networked Era “
  26. 26. open Not universally experienced Complex & contextual Requires digital capability & agency Both descriptive & aspirational Critical discourse is essential “Move from access to equity & justice” (McMillan Cottom, 2015)
  27. 27. Thank you! Catherine Cronin @catherinecronin Image: CC BY 2.0 visualpanic
  28. 28. References & Bibliography (1 of 2) Beetham, Helen (2015) Revisiting digital capability for 2015. Jisc. Beetham, Helen, I. Falconer, L. McGill, A. Littlejohn (2012) Open Practices: Briefing Paper. Jisc. Cottom, Tressie McMillan (2015) Open and Accessible to What and for Whom? Blog. Czerniewicz, L. (2015) Confronting inequitable power dynamics of global knowledge production and exchange. Water Wheel 14(5), pp. 26-28. Edwards, Richard (2015) Knowledge infrastructures and the inscrutability of openness in education. Learning, Media and Technology 40(3), pp. 251-264. Ehlers, U.-D. (2011). Extending the territory: From open educational resources to open educational practices. Journal of Open, Flexible, and Distance Learning, 15(2), pp. 1–10. Hodgkinson-Williams, C. (2014) Degrees of ease: Adoption of OER, open textbooks and MOOCs in the Global South. OER Asia Symposium. Jenkins, Henry, et al. (2007). Confronting the Challenges of Participatory Culture: Media Education for the 21st Century. Chicago: MacArthur Foundation.
  29. 29. References & Bibliography (2 of 2) Jenkins, Henry, Mizuko Ito & danah boyd (2016) Participatory Culture in a Networked Era. Cambridge: Polity Press. National Forum for Teaching & Learning in Higher Education (2015) Developing a Roadmap for Building Digital Capacity. National Forum Report. sing, sava saheli (2015) The Fallacy of “Open”. savasavasava blog. Stewart, Bonnie (2015) Open to influence: What counts as academic influence in scholarly networked Twitter participation. Learning, Media and Technology 40(3), pp. 1-23. Veletsianos, George & Kimmons, Royce (2012) Networked participatory scholarship: Emergent techno-cultural pressures toward open and digital scholarship in online networks. Computers & Education, 58(2), pp. 766–774.