Digital Scholar – Martin WellerGrowing importance of digital/open practices
Imperative to create and share, as well as consume and evaluate.
4 years ago, I didn’t know what digital literacy was...Today, it is integral to my teaching and my practice, and I believe it is essential for all of our students, at all levels of education.
Term coined by Mark Prensky in 2001... Someone who has grown up with digital tech (1980s) & learns differently.Evidence-based critiques:As much variability within as between generationsQuestions of access, agency & critical thinkingRed herring! Students = all ages, many situations & contexts (Lesley)Separate DIGITAL LITERACY from DIGITAL CULTUREYes... Students may have different expectations, but as for learning differently... NoDave White: Digital Visitors / Digital Residents (web = tool/practice)
Focus on remix... and thus on the person. Cultural - navigating digital cultures and contextsCivic – different contexts, beyond HE
Digital presence...With social media, we have the opportunity to have many identities online, as do our students.When we invite students to participate in online spaces – Twitter, Google+, SL... We must address issues of DI (ourselves & our students)
Huge literature review... (social awareness)Social engagement – enable learners to challenge, change & shape their worlds.
Decisions for educators: #1 Whether to include this in our teaching#2 HOW to include this in our teachingI would like to talk about the GOAL of digital literacy education, but I’ll do so in the context of my own teaching & learning.
MY challenge Design authentic learning, from a learner perspective for a 2nd year BSc IT module. OLD: research skills / report writing / class presentationNEW: I added digital literacies... Why? Online publishing, producing digital media (not just text), and social media, social networking, social bookmarking are part of landscape.
I share my teaching philosophy with my students.One of my greatest satisfactions happened last week, when a student quoted this back to me in a course evaluation:“The above quote from Bryn Holmes comes to mind when I reflect on my final project for this module. Overall I’ve learned many new skills in research, writing and presentation which have all proven beneficial both now in doing assignments as part of this module and no doubt into the future when I’m undertaking my final year project for this course. It has been challenging at times (like public speaking for the first time as part of my presentation assignment) but I have overcome it and have hopefully left my own imprint in this module for other students in the future to see and learn from.”
Not connected/limited by geography, space, time... but connected by our own ideas, passion, commitment via social media.
DI = the persona we present across all digital communities It is often said that we leave our "digital footprint" behind as we share and interact online. Elements of our DI include information that we create ourselves -- as well as information about us which is posted by others.In class, we discussed DI:Protect your digital identityProactively choose/create your digital identity an act of identity construction, “self authoring”
Twitter was clear: either totally public or totally private (DM)Google+ was less clear: either totally public or private to our circle... but private circle posts can be shared. “LEAKY CIRCLES”Twitter was useful for DM’s between students and myself.Twitter was useful for sharing articles, thoughts, quick suggestions.
Constrained at 2nd level!
My compass for these explorations is AUTHENTIC LEARNINGLearn by Doing. In real-world contexts, if possible. facilitate self-directed and independent learning encourage confidence & cultivate skills such as judgement & flexibility (a challenge for most learners!)Authentic learning is often “messy”, as is real-life!
initial resistance from students “unlearning”... secondary assessment = recounting not remixing isolated in the curriculum lack of recognition within department, university fear
Learning and Teaching Digital Literacies
Learning and Teaching Digital Literacies1st June 2012 Catherine Cronin#EdTech12 @catherinecronin Image: CC BY-SA 2.0 Ed Yourdon
Visitors and Residents by David S. White, Alison Le Cornuhttp://firstmonday.org/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/3171 Image: CC BY-SA 2.0 Gideon Burton
what are digital literacies? access agency literacy skills media critical thinking social learning interpret createcommunicate fluency
8 essential elements of digital literacies1 1. Cultural 5. Confident 2. Cognitive 6. Creative 3. Constructive 7. Critical 4. Communicative 8. Civic1 Definition by Doug Belshawhttp://dougbelshaw.com/blog/2012/03/10/tedxwarwick-the-essential-elements-of-digital-literacies/
5 categories of digital literacy22 Definition by Ismael Peña-Lópezhttp://ictlogy.net/bibliography/reports/projects.php?idp=1441
digital literacies3 Knowledge of digital tools Critical thinking Social engagement3 Definition by Tabetha Newman, adapted by Josie Fraser http://fraser.typepad.com/socialtech/2012/03/digital-literacy-practice.html
2nd year Professional Skills module BSc Computer Science & ITResearch, writing and presentation skills & digital literacies Images: CC BY-SA 2.0 rolvr; CC BY-SA 2.0 openDemocracy; CC BY-NC-SA 2.0 inju
“Students will not simply pass through a course like water through a sieve, but instead leavetheir own imprint on the learning process.” - Bryn Holmes (2001) Image: CC B
3 tenets of my teachingopenness • social media • student voice/choice
openness • social media • student voice/choice
openness • social media • student voice/choice AIM: choose openness where possible & where appropriate USE open resources CREATE create to share, CC-licensed SHARE openly, including my/our own learning
openness • social media • student voice/choice Social Media enables connection and learning across the (artificial) boundaries of time and space TIME... class time, term time, academic year SPACE... classrooms, labs, desks, buildings
“I don’t thinkeducation is aboutcentralized instructionanymore; rather,it is the process [of]establishing oneselfas a node in a broadnetwork of distributedcreativity.”– Joichi Ito @joi Image: CC BY-NC-SA 2.0 yobink
digital identity Image: CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 Frederic Poi
A brief history of digital literacy in the UK and the EU (JISC Digital Literacies programme) Liveblog by @drbexl: http://digital-fingerprint.co.uk/2012/05/jisc-digital-literacies-programme-a-history-of-digital-literacy-in-uk-eu-jiscdiglit/
Selected JISC resources:Developing Digital Literacies programme (2012)Preparing for a Digital Future presentation (2011)Digital literacies for learners, researchers &teaching staff, by Helen Beetham, RhonaSharpe, Frances Bell, Simranjeet Singh Roud & ColHawksworthSLiDA project report (2010)Supporting learners in a digital age, by RhonaSharpe, Greg Benfield, Shalni Gulati & Judy HardyLLiDA project report (2009)Thriving in the 21st century: Learning literacies forthe digital age, by Helen Beetham, Lou McGill & Prof.Alison Littlejohn