Becoming and Being Open Educators


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Presentation for CESI Conference 2014 -- inviting Irish educators to consider their identities and their practices with respect to openness.

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  • More challenging work, indeed! I recently attended a NZ Summit for higher education focussed on MOOCs (my report: Some interesting presentations, but very passive audience. Few seem to have had much experience with MOOCs or open ed of any kind. Had an interesting chat on Twitter w/ Mark Brown (@mbrownz) following the summit. Much more happening in Ireland, it seems.
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  • @undefined Many thanks, Mark... and thanks for starting the conversation on Twitter as well, I enjoyed that :) You are right about the nature and direction of connections that are happening. They are both lateral (with other educators in other institutions/countries) and direct -- with students, and many others. I am committed to this work, but also to working within HE to change the assumptions about open education. This is more challenging work than teaching and learning, alas, but we continue...
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  • Terrific, Catherine! Several things here for me to follow up on that I wasn't aware of. These ideas are certainly on the wind and are being carried to all corners of the world — except, perhaps the corners and corridors of administrative power in HigherEd. Fruitful connections are more likely to be made directly between academics and our students than through top-level institutional alliances.
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  • @RobinAshford Thanks very much, Robin! and thanks for sharing the link via Twitter.
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  • @danielledhayer Many thanks, Danielle. Look forward to being in touch with you soon - would love to discuss our respective PhD research projects :)
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  • Not connected/limited by geography, space, time... but connected by our own ideas, passion, commitment via open practices & social media. Daithi – web-based, web beings… multicultural, wholly connected.Deirdre Butler – complex communicationThis is one of the best definitions I’ve seen of Open Education… and its future possibilities. QUESTION: How best can I help my students to live & thrive in this world?…this informs my practice (learning, teaching, research)
  • Fastest growing? 45-54 year-olds on FB/G+ and 55-64 on Twitter (Fast Company study)95% CT231 studentsOnline ADULTS:72% (Pew, 2013)  80% in Ireland67% use Facebook 18% use Twitter & 13% use InstagramCreate (not just Consume) content (Produce, Comment, Classify & Curate)Relationships are the lifeblood of social media
  • “Networked Individualism”CONTEXT = 3 Revolutions:SOCIAL NETWORKS – (more than FB!) existed for a long time… fluid changing networks, not groups, sometimes communitiesINTERNET… baked-in ethic of OPENNESS, freedom & innovationMOBILE… affects our sense of Time and Place… Presence… Social Connectedness… “hyperconnectivity”We (people & institutions) exist now in Information & Communication Ecologies that are strikingly different from the ones that existed just a generation ago.We live in a different media landscape than the one we lived in and were educated in. (learn anything, anywhere, any time)EXTRA: We often hear that “the network” is changing social dynamics. According to Manuel Castells, the morphology of contemporary societies is the network. What this means is that previous sociological models defined by hierarchies and one-to-many communication patterns are rendered archaic. Being a relevant social actor does not solely depend on economic power, but on social capital derived from the people you are connected to and how well you maintain those connections. This is aided by the use of information technologies, from desktop computers to mobile media.
  • danahboyd defined NETWORKED PUBLICS… networked, open, online spaces (a new kind of public space)Global networks, different audiences… data is PERSISTENT _ REPLICABLE _ SCALABLE _ SEARCHABLE The audience is unknown… Context Collapse.
  • The term “open”, in traditional terms means being open to ideas, experience, evidence, argument, discussion, persuasion, method and reason. NOW:= tools, practices, knowledge= Resources which are shared, free of copyright (or CC that allows sharing), collaborative & free to modify and/or distribute(also visible + persistent)OPEN =philosophy or value system – a belief that having activity out in the open yields multiple positive benefits & a commitment to continually work on becoming more accessible and inclusive (Grant Potter)
  • 2006 diagram created by Alec Couros…. (when uptake of SM was much lower & mobile not as widespread).
  • 81% [94%] of online teens use social networking sites (Pew, 2013)94% [90%] use Facebook 24% [60%] use Twitter 11% [23%] use Instagram[40%] use WhatsApp[35%] use Snapchat
  • 3 main spaces where we encounter one another…Physical classroomsLMS / VLE (e.g. Blackboard, or other members-only communities)On the web, using open tools, open source, open access… e.g. social media (Twitter, Facebook, G+, Flickr), blogs, wikis, etc. Each of these spaces has particular affordancesClassrooms = safe spaces for learners to develop & to share their work – with teacher, sometimes one another.Group dialogue, collaboration, communitySynchronousBodily markersBOS:AsynchronousFewer identity markersChallenges:Private & closedWe are connected, but we cannot simultaneously share our community with our networks – combine them – share our work with wider audience.MESSAGE: what we do here is separate from Life; Formal learning divorced from rather than integrated with Informal learning.
  • David Wiley & John Hilton have called this the Daily Divide.The well-known phrase “digital divide” describes the gulf between individuals who have access to information technology and individuals who do not.Also a Daily Divide…Connected students may, of course, choose to “go rogue” outside of class and usetechnologies and their skills outside of class, but this only serves to reinforce the feeling of disconnection and disorientation on in-class exams.
  • Some educators are seeking to make this connection, to cross this boundary between formal and informal learning. This is the area of my study.Open Online Spaces or Networked Publics (= blogs, wikis, social networks such as Twitter, G+, etc.) = enable Networked or Connected LearningWhat are the affordances of OOS?Organising principle is the NETWORK (fleeting membership, weak ties) rather than the GROUP (designed, strong ties)Enables Cooperative networked dependencies, not just collaborative group dependenciesOpen, DiversityFlexibility & NonlinearityEducators & students can share their networks.
  • Giddens (1991) examines identity as a constantly re-worked personal narrative  we continually create/develop our identities, in interactions with othersGoffman (1975) emphasised multiple identities equated with differentiated roles, framed by contextIn classrooms & BOS, our identies are our real-name identities, our roles are ascribed to a great extent.e.g. in Blackboard, students & lecturers have different privileges. In grading this is right! Is it necessary for all learning activities?In OOS, each individual creates their own online persona  digital identityReal name (@catherinecronin)Pseudonym or alter ego Students are creating and experessing their DI’s every day… using SM & SNS such as FB, Tw, SnapChat… Many students already have a confidence social digital identity, but developing an identitiy as a learner, a writer, a scholar, a citizen…. these are the important tasks as part of education. Many educators feel that we have a role in supporting students in developing their digital identities, to support lifelong learning, to model good practices in these online spaces.
  • Knowledge NOT= CurriculumKnowledge = “a living landscape of communities of practice that contribute in various ways” to our learning and to our identitiesSo… HOW do we do this?!
  • Final quote from KF and NS...
  • Becoming and Being Open Educators

    1. 1. Becoming and Being Open Educators Catherine Cronin #cesicon 01 March2014
    2. 2. @catherinecronin
    3. 3. “I don’t think education is about centralized instruction anymore; rather, it is the process [of] establishing oneself as a node in a broad network of distributed creativity.” – Joi Ito @joi Quote: Joi Ito Image: CC BY-NC-SA 2.0 yo
    4. 4.
    5. 5. #cesicon considering OPEN NESS - -
    6. 6. I am an open & networked educator. I use & adapt OERs in my teaching. I create & share OERs, using Creative Commons (CC) licenses. My students create & share OERs, using Creative Commons (CC) licenses.
    7. 7. Image: @fordofthekings
    8. 8. 2005 2013 Source: Pew Research Center’s Internet & American Life Project, 2005-2013
    9. 9. Networked Individualism Social Networks Mobile Internet
    10. 10. Networked Publics space constructed through networked technologies the imagined collective which emerges (people + tech + practice) danah boyd @zephoria Image: CC BY-NC 2.0 Roo Reynolds
    11. 11. itscomplicated/
    12. 12. Image: CC BY 2.0 dlofink
    13. 13. At its best openness is an ethos not a license. It's an approach to teaching and learning that builds a community of learners online and off. - Jim Groom
    14. 14. Networked Teacher Image CC BY-NC-SA 2.0 Alec Couros
    15. 15. Networked Students too… Student Based on image CC BY-NC-SA 2.0 Alec Couros
    16. 16. Networked Educators Networked Students Classroom Bounded Online Spaces Open Online Spaces
    17. 17. Flickr CC images: cdessums, infidelic, sholeh!
    18. 18. The Daily Divide Individuals with abundant access to ICTs who have habits of effective use of these technologies in information-seeking and problem-solving activities are unable to make effective use of these technologies in higher education settings. David Wiley & John Hilton III (2009)
    19. 19. Networked Educators Networked Students Classroom Bounded Online Spaces Open Online Spaces
    20. 20. privacy authenticity Image CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 Frederic Poirot digital identity
    21. 21. “If institutions of learning are going to help learners with the real challenges they face... [they] will have to shift their focus from imparting curriculum to supporting the negotiation of productive identities through landscapes of practices.” Etienne Wenger (2010) CC BY-NC-SA 2.0 choconancy1
    22. 22. #
    23. 23. #icollab
    24. 24. Bea de los Arcos @celTatis #oerrhub
    25. 25. The Politics of Education and Technology Conflicts, Controversies, and Connections Editors: Neil Selwyn @Neil_Selwyn Keri Facer @kerileef First chapter available free
    26. 26. Learners need to practice and experiment with different ways of enacting their identities, and adopt subject positions through different social technologies and media. These opportunities can only be supported by academic staff who are themselves engaged in digital practices and questioning their own relationship with knowledge. - Keri Facer & Neil Selwyn (2010)
    27. 27. Thank you! Catherine Cronin @catherinecronin