This e-book is a collection of articles that were originally published onwww.utilizewindows.com. As we update articles on ...
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Utilize Windows VistaBasics1www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercia...
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Utilize Windows Vista www.utilizewindows.com

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Read about common administration tasks in Windows Vista. Among other things you will learn about user and group management, hardware management, network settings configuration, file system management, security including NTFS permissions, printer configuration, optimization tools, recovery options, and a few things considering the process of installation.

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Utilize Windows Vista www.utilizewindows.com

  1. 1. This e-book is a collection of articles that were originally published onwww.utilizewindows.com. As we update articles on our site, we will alsoupdate this e-book. Check our site for the latest version of this e-book onwww.utilizewindows.com/e-booksThis e-book is published under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. To view a copy of thislicense, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0We offer free quizzes which you can use to test your knowledge aboutWindows operating systems. You can find them here:www.utilizewindows.com/quizzesIf you have a comment or if you would like to report some error, please useour contact form:www.utilizewindows.com/contact-usIf you would like to support us, you can take action(www.utilizewindows.com/support-us) or you can donate(https://flattr.com/thing/710994)
  2. 2. CONTENTSBASICS.............................................................................................................................................................. 1INTRODUCTION TO WINDOWS VISTA............................................................................................................................................. 1NEW INTERFACE IN WINDOWS VISTA............................................................................................................................................ 2UPGRADE TO WINDOWS VISTA - OVERVIEW ............................................................................................................................... 10MIGRATE TO VISTA USING WET.................................................................................................................................................. 11MANAGE DRIVERS IN VISTA......................................................................................................................................................... 15SOLVE PROBLEMS WITH VISTA INSTALLATION ........................................................................................................................... 20JOIN VISTA TO A DOMAIN ............................................................................................................................................................ 27CONFIGURE AERO IN VISTA ......................................................................................................................................................... 31CONFIGURE PARENTAL CONTROLS IN VISTA............................................................................................................................... 38SET UP ACCESSIBILITY OPTIONS IN VISTA................................................................................................................................... 44APPLICATIONS................................................................................................................................................ 48TASK MANAGER IN VISTA............................................................................................................................................................. 48MICROSOFT MANAGEMENT CONSOLE IN VISTA .......................................................................................................................... 54SECURITY CENTER IN VISTA......................................................................................................................................................... 63CONFIGURE UAC IN VISTA .......................................................................................................................................................... 67WINDOWS DEFENDER IN VISTA................................................................................................................................................... 71FIREWALL IN VISTA...................................................................................................................................................................... 80MEDIA PLAYER AND MEDIA CENTER IN VISTA............................................................................................................................ 97NETWORKING .............................................................................................................................................. 104NETWORK AND SHARING CENTER IN VISTA .............................................................................................................................. 104CONFIGURE TCP/IP SETTINGS IN VISTA................................................................................................................................... 108CONFIGURE DIAL-UP AND VPN CONNECTION IN VISTA ........................................................................................................... 120CONNECT TO A WIRELESS NETWORK IN VISTA.......................................................................................................................... 128CONFIGURE INTERNET CONNECTION SHARING (ICS) IN WINDOWS VISTA ............................................................................. 136MANAGEMENT ............................................................................................................................................ 139MANAGE HARD DISKS AND FILE SYSTEM IN VISTA................................................................................................................... 139CONFIGURE WINDOWS MAIL IN VISTA...................................................................................................................................... 146WORKING WITH WINDOWS MEETING SPACE IN VISTA ............................................................................................................ 152MANAGE PERFORMANCE IN VISTA............................................................................................................................................. 157WINDOWS UPDATE FEATURE IN VISTA ..................................................................................................................................... 162HOW TO USE TROUBLESHOOTING TOOLS IN VISTA................................................................................................................... 164WORKING WITH BACKUP TOOLS IN VISTA ................................................................................................................................ 168WORKING WITH MOBILE DEVICES IN VISTA............................................................................................................................. 175USER ACCOUNT MANAGEMENT IN VISTA .................................................................................................................................. 177POWER OPTIONS IN VISTA ......................................................................................................................................................... 184FILE SYSTEM................................................................................................................................................. 187ENCRYPTING FILE SYSTEM CONFIGURATION IN VISTA ............................................................................................................. 187NTFS AND SHARE PERMISSIONS MANAGEMENT IN VISTA ....................................................................................................... 191
  3. 3. Utilize Windows VistaBasics1www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)BasicsIntroduction to Windows VistaParent Category: VistaCategory: BasicsWindows Vista comes in several editions. Each edition is aimed at particular target audience and each edition hasa particular price point.Before you startObjectives: learn about main features in certain Vista editions and minimal hardware requirements.Prerequisites: no prerequisites.Key terms: vista editions, starter, home basic, home premium, business, enterprise, ultimate, 32bit, 64bit,hardware requirements.Vista EditionsVista editions are: Starter Home Basic Home Premium Business Enterprise UltimateStarterWindows Vista Starter edition does not support domains, Aero graphical user interface, Media Center, hard driveencryption, inbound network connections, and it can not be run on a Tablet PC. This edition supports only asingle, 32-bit processor, and allows only three applications to run simultaneously.Home BasicWindows Vista Home Basic edition comes in 32-bit and 64-bit version. Home Basic does not support domains,Aero graphical user interface, Media Center, hard drive encryption, and can not be run on a Tablet PC. HomeBasic does support parental controls and allows more than three applications open at once.Home PremiumWindows Vista Home Premium does not support domains. Home Premium supports Aero graphical userinterface, Media Center, and it can be run on a Tablet PC. Home Premium does support parental controls andallows more than three applications open at once.BusinessWindows Vista Business supports domains, Aero graphical user interface and it can be run on a Tablet PC. Itdoes not support Media Center and full hard drive encryption.Enterprise
  4. 4. Utilize Windows VistaBasics2www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)Windows Vista Enterprise supports domains, Aero graphical user interface, it can use full hard drive encryption,and it can be run on a Tablet PC. It does not support Media Center functionality.UltimateWindows Vista Ultimate supports all features of Windows Vista Enterprise and Premium.32-bit versus 64-bitWindows Vista comes in boh 32-bit and 64-bit editions (except Vista Starter edition). It is possible to run 32-bitedition of Windows Vista on a computer with a 64-bit processor, but it is not possible to run 64-bit editions on a32-bit processor. The most important advantage of 64-bit edition of Windows is that it allows a computer to usemore RAM than the 32-bit edition.Hardware RequirementsTo run Windows Vista our computer should meet (at a minimum) the following hardware specification: 1-GHz or faster processor 512 MB of RAM 40 GB of available hard disk space DVD-ROM drive DirectX-capable graphics card with a Windows Display Driver Model (WDDM) driver, Hardware Pixel Shader 2.0support, and a minimum of 128 MB of graphics memory Keyboard and Microsoft mouse or compatible pointing deviceIf we have an Windows XP machine which we want to upgrade, we can use Windows Vista Upgrade Advisor.Windows Vista Upgrade Advisor is a downloadable tool that allows us to determine whether a Windows XPcomputer is capable of running Windows Vista. We can download it from Microsoft web pages.RememberVista editions are: Starter, Home Basic, Home Premium, Business, Enterprise and Ultimate. Windows VistaBusiness, Enterprise and Ultimate support domains. Windows Vista comes in both 32-bit and 64-bit editions(except Vista Starter edition). It is possible to run 32-bit edition of Windows Vista on a computer with a 64-bitprocessor, but it is not possible to run 64-bit editions on a 32-bit processor. To run Windows Vista our computershould meet (at a minimum) the following hardware specification: 1-GHz or faster processor, 512 MB of RAM, 40GB of available hard disk space, DirectX-capable graphics card with a Windows Display Driver Model (WDDM)driver, Hardware Pixel Shader 2.0 support, and a minimum of 128 MB of graphics memory.New Interface in Windows VistaParent Category: VistaCategory: BasicsThere are a lot of differences between Vista and previous operating systems. WindowsVista has a greatly redesigned interface. The Windows Vista graphical user interface isthree-dimensional and includes animations, transitions, and fades.Before you startObjectives: learn about new user interface, new elements and how to configure them.Prerequisites: no prerequisites.Key terms: graphics, customization, sidebar, taskbar, start menu, notification area, control panel, windowsexplorer, options
  5. 5. Utilize Windows VistaBasics3www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)GraphicsRich graphics, animations, and transitional effects require a graphics card that supports a new graphic drivermodel called the Windows Display Driver Model (WDDM). These effects are part of the Windows Vista Aerodesktop experience and include glass effects, advanced window management features, and a more stableexperience through desktop composition. This rich graphical functionality is built on the Windows PresentationFoundation (WPF) graphics subsystem, formerly called Avalon.CustomizationTo customize Vista desktop, right-click on the desktop and select Personalize from the menu. Here we can findmany options for customizing appearance and sounds.Image 131.1 - Vista Personalization MenuThe default Windows Vista (Aero) scheme is active by default if you have a supported video card. Aero allows youto see other items behind your window through a slightly blurred glass effect. If you dont want your desktop touse the default transparent glass, you can choose some other color scheme. There are even advanced colorcontrol settings that allow us to disable transparent glass, specify the intensity, and even custom-mix colors andspecify color saturation so that we can really get the look we want.SidebarThe first thing to notice on the desktop is the Sidebar. Sidebar lets us add small applications called Gadgets toour desktop. If the Sidebar gets in our way, we can easily close it by right-clicking on it and choosing the CloseSidebar option.
  6. 6. Utilize Windows VistaBasics4www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)Image 131.2 - SidebarTaskbarThe Taskbar, the bar at the bottom of the screen can be locked, or we can turn on auto hide option.Image 131.3 - Taskbar options
  7. 7. Utilize Windows VistaBasics5www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)Image 131.4 - Taskbar PropertiesSimilar buttons can be grouped together. We can show the Quick Launch and show live thumbnails of programswe currently use. We can use the ALT+TAB command to see live thumbnails, or Windows key + TAB to viewopened programs in 3D. To cycle through the Windows 3D view, we can use the arrow/cursor keys or use thescroll wheel on our mouse.Start MenuThe Start Menu has been redesigned. Our most recently used programs are on the left, and if we click AllPrograms, all applications installed on our computer will appear in the same area.Image 131.5 - Start Menu Image 131.6 - All Programs
  8. 8. Utilize Windows VistaBasics6www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)There is a Search tool built-in and this is also the Run dialog box. We dont even have to know the full name of theprogram we want to run. We can type one to three letters and the search engine will display content that beginswith those letters or includes those letters within the body of the name.Image 131.7 - Search and Run dialog boxWe can also customize the Start Menu by right-clicking the on the Task-bar, going into Properties and specifyhow we want the Task-bar and Start Menu to look.Image 131.8 - Start Menu OptionsOf course, we can always revert the Start Menu back to the classic Start Menu if we dont like the new one.Notification AreaNotification area is the area in the lower right-hand corner, next to the Clock. In Properties we can choose to hideinactive icons. In Properties we have options for the Toolbars as well. We can add a bunch of Toolbars to theTaskbar.
  9. 9. Utilize Windows VistaBasics7www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)Image 131.9 - Notification Area OptionsImage 131.10 - ToolbarsControl PanelAnother thing that has been redesigned is the Control Panel. If we dont like the new interface of the ControlPanel, we can go back to the Classic View by clicking on the Classic View on the left.
  10. 10. Utilize Windows VistaBasics8www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)Image 131.11 - Control PanelWhen we click on things in the Control Panel, some of them will open in the same window and some of them willopen in new window. For example, if we click on Back up And Restore Center, it will open up in the same window.Now, notice the Breadcrumb bar at the top of the window. If we want to go back to the Control Panel, we cansimply do that by clicking the right option in the Breadcrumb bar. We can also click on the down-arrow to see allother places that we can go in the Control Panel. If we, for instance, click on the Security Center, it will open up inthe separate window.Image 131.12 - BreadcrumbsWindows ExplorerWindows Explorer has also been redesigned. If we go to the Computer, on the left we can see our favorite linksand folders, so we can easily browse our hard drives, network, etc. This is where the Breadcrumb bar is veryhandy. In Windows Vista we are able to sort and group files by various criteria, including date, author, type, andkeywords. Keywords use meta-data that is included in files stored on our computer. We can add keywords to ourdata files, for example, our image files, that Windows Vista will index. Search is integrated into everything now. Aswe will see, searching files on our computer is now much more efficient. We can easily change the defaultlocation of where documents are saved from within Windows Vista. The new Locations tab on the properties pagefor Documents allows us to move the location. The default Pictures and Music folders can also be moved in thesame manner.
  11. 11. Utilize Windows VistaBasics9www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)Another function that has been included in the Windows shell functionality is "Open Command Prompt Here." Toinvoke a command prompt while using Windows Explorer, press the shift key while you right-click the folder whereyou want the command prompt to appear and select Open Command Window Here from the menu.Image 131.13 - Open CMD HereBy default Vista does not display classic navigation menus in Windows Explorer. We can turn the Classic menuon or off by choosing the Organize option, then Layout and then choosing Menu Bar option.Image 131.14 - Menu BarRememberRich graphics, animations, and transitional effects require a graphics card that supports a new graphic drivermodel called the Windows Display Driver Model (WDDM). The default Windows Vista (Aero) scheme is active bydefault if you have a supported video card. Sidebar lets us add small applications called Gadgets to our desktop.We can use the ALT+TAB command to see live thumbnails, or Windows key + TAB to view opened programs in3D. The Start Menu has been redesigned. There is a built-in Search tool and this is also the Run dialog box.Notification area is the area in the lower right-hand corner, next to the Clock. Another thing that has beenredesigned is the Control Panel. Windows Explorer has also been redesigned. This is where the Breadcrumb bar
  12. 12. Utilize Windows VistaBasics10www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)is very handy. To invoke a command prompt while using Windows Explorer, press the shift key while you right-click the folder where you want the command prompt to appear and select Open Command Window Here fromthe menu.Upgrade to Windows Vista - OverviewParent Category: VistaCategory: BasicsWhen upgrading to Vista from previous versions of Windows, we have to keep some things in mind. Before doingan upgrade it is strongly recommended to do a full backup, just in case of any problems with the upgrade. It isalso recommended to turn off antivirus software, because Vista can have problems with it.Before you startObjectives: learn which Windows versions can be upgraded to VistaPrerequisites: you should know about different ways to install Windows.Key terms: upgrade, in-place, vista, windows editions, versionIn-place UpgradeAn in-place upgrade keeps all user applications, settings, files and other user settings. To do in-place upgrade wecan use a Vista DVD or do an install across the network. It is important to know which previous versions ofWindows can upgrade to Vista. Any version prior to Windows 2000 cannot be upgraded to Vista. Windows 2000can only be migrated to Vista and cannot be upgraded. That means that we can only upgrade Windows XP whichhas to be Service Pack 2 at minimum.Different XP EditionsDifferent editions of XP can only upgrade to certain Vista editions. XP Home can upgrade to all Vista editions. XPProfessional only upgrades to Vista Business, Enterprise or Ultimate edition. XP Media Center only upgrades toVista Home Premium or Vista Ultimate because only those two editions of Vista contain Windows Media Center.XP Tablet PC only upgrades to Business, Enterprise or Ultimate. Any 64-bit edition of Windows XP can not beupgraded at all.Upgrade from Vista to VistaThere are two ways to upgrade from one edition of Vista to another. One is to simply insert the Vista DVD of thehigher edition and upgrade. The second is to go the Control Panel where we can find Windows Anytime Upgradeapplet trough which we can do an upgrade. When doing an upgrade for one edition of Vista to another, we alsohave to be careful about which editions can upgrade to which other edition . First of all we can not downgradeeditions . For example, if we have the Windows Vista Ultimate we can not downgrade to Vista Enterprise withoutdoing a clean installation. All editions can upgrade to higher versions in the hierarchy, and the hierarchy beingStarter, Home Basic, Home Premium, Business, Enterprise and Ultimate. The one exception to that is that VistaHome Premium can only be upgraded to Vista Ultimate. The reason for that is that it contains Windows MediaCenter and DVD authoring and burning capabilities.RememberWindows 2000 can only be migrated to Vista and cannot be upgraded. We can only upgrade Windows XP whichhas to be Service Pack 2 at minimum. XP Home can upgrade to all Vista editions. XP Professional only upgradesto Vista Business, Enterprise or Ultimate. XP Media Center only upgrades to Vista Home Premium or VistaUltimate. Any 64-bit edition of Windows XP can not be upgraded at all. We can not downgrade versions. When
  13. 13. Utilize Windows VistaBasics11www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)talking about Vista to Vista upgrade, all editions can upgrade to higher edition in the hierarchy. The hierarchy isStarter, Home Basic, Home Premium, Business, Enterprise and Ultimate. The one exception to that is that VistaHome Premium can only be upgraded to Vista Ultimate.Migrate to Vista using WETParent Category: VistaCategory: BasicsWe can perform migration to Windows Vista from Windows 2000 operating system andlater. We do a migration when we want to transfer settings from old to the newinstallation, whether they are on the same or different computer. We have two toolsavailable for migration and those are Windows Easy Transfer (WET) and User StateMigration Tool (USMT).Before you startObjectives: learn where to find WET, how to run it and which options to use in different situations.Prerequisites: you have to be familiar with migration terms and utilities.Key terms: wet, profile migration, transfer types, location typesWindows Easy Tranfer (WET) ExampleIn this tutorial we will use WET which we can find on Vista installation DVD. We will insert our DVD on a sourcecomputer and DVD menu should appear. If autorun is not enabled, browse the DVD and open setup.exe for mainmenu to run.Image 161.1 - Vista DVD MenuOn the menu notice the option Transfer files and settings from another computer. When we click that optionwe will actually run the WET tool.
  14. 14. Utilize Windows VistaBasics12www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)Image 161.2 - WET MenuOn the WET menu we can see a list of the things that we can transfer, like multiple user profiles, data files andfolders, application settings, Internet Explorer settings and even e-mail messages. On the next screen we canchoose how to transfer files to the new computer.Image 161.3 - WET Transfer OptionsWe can use an Easy Transfer Cable to do it directly to the other computer (used only if we have two computers).We can also use a network connection to do a direct transfer if we have two computers on the same network. Ifwe dont have two computers we can use a network connection to transfer files to a third-party server. We canalso put our data on a removable media such as a CD, DVD or USB drive. In our case we will use the third option.
  15. 15. Utilize Windows VistaBasics13www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)Image 161.4 - LocationFor this example we will choose an External hard disk or a network location option. This way we can browse tothe location where we want to save our data.Image 161.5 - Location for MIG fileFor this example we will simply save the data to our C: drive. Notice that the data will be saved with .MIGextension and that we can also password protect it. On the next screen we can choose what to transfer.
  16. 16. Utilize Windows VistaBasics14www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)Image 161.6 - What to transferHere we can go to advanced options and select which data from which users we want to transfer. For thisexample we will simply choose to transfer all data (All users, files and settings option).Image 161.7 - ReviewThe system will ask us to confirm our selection. When we click the Transfer button, copying will begin.
  17. 17. Utilize Windows VistaBasics15www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)Image 161.8 - TransferThe whole transfer can take some time to finish. When the transfer is complete we have to copy our .MIG file tothe destination computer. Then we need to double-click it and follow the instructions. If we use direct transferusing cable or network, file copying is not necessary.RememberWET is designed for end users and it is easy to use. The transfer can be done using Easy Transfer Cable,network or by using removable media. We can transfer all users and their settings or only particular users andsettings.Manage Drivers in VistaParent Category: VistaCategory: BasicsAfter the successful installation of Vista, we need to make sure that all our devices haveappropriate drivers installed. The driver is a software which enables interaction betweenthe operating system and a specific piece of hardware. Drivers are specifically designedfor different types of hardware and operating systems.Before you startObjectives: learn where to find Device Manager, how to work with devices and their drivers, what different labelsmean, and where to find some specific options.Prerequisites: you should know what drivers are.Key terms: driver, device manager, hardware, device, rollback, installationDevice InstallationWhen installing devices we should follow the instructions that came with the device. Typically the device will havean installation disk that includes the driver and often other software for getting the most out of the device. Forsome devices Windows will already have drivers built in. For that devices we can simply attach the device, andWindows will automatically install appropriate devices. For some type of devices we will never have installationdisks or files. For example, Windows will always detected and configure the appropriate drivers for USB flashdrives. To manage devices and their drivers we will use the Device Manager.Device Manager
  18. 18. Utilize Windows VistaBasics16www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)To open Device Manager go to Control Panel and select Device Manager from the list. Another way is to right-click Computer, select Properties and then click on the Device Manager. If we get User Account Control (UAC)prompt, we simply select Continue.Image 172.1 - Device ManagerIn Device Manager we can see all devices attached to our system. Notice that devices are organized by type. Wecan right-click any device and see the information about the device by going to its properties. Devices that have aregular icon identify devices that are correctly installed. A yellow exclamation mark identifies a device that Vistacould not recognize (no driver was found for the device). The Windows has detected the name of the device butdoesnt know how to configure it. To correct this problem we can click on the device and search for a suitabledriver. To do that, right-click on the device with no drivers and select Update Driver Software. In many cases wewill need to download the driver from the manufacturers Web site or install the driver from the devices installationdisc. The drivers on the installation disc are often outdated. To get the latest driver for a device, check themanufacturers Web site.Image 172.2 - Right-Click
  19. 19. Utilize Windows VistaBasics17www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)Image 172.3 - Search For DriversA down arrow identifies a disabled device. Do disable particular device, right-click it and then select Disable. Wetypically do that for devices that we dont want to use, but we cant physically remove them from the system.When the device is disabled, the computer cant use it. To use a disabled device, enable it in Device Manager. Incontrast to Vista, Windows XP will have a red x for disabled devices, instead of down arrow.Image 172.4 - Disabled DeviceFor most devices, we will typically physically install the device, then start Windows. The device will be detectedand the drivers installed automatically or the Found New Hardware wizard will appear. The wizard will tell usthat it needs to find the driver for the device. We have three options when this happens.
  20. 20. Utilize Windows VistaBasics18www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)Image - 172.5 - Found New Hardware WizardIf we choose the first option our computer will search the Windows Update website for a driver that is compatiblewith the device. The behavior for looking for drivers at Windows Update is controlled by a setting on the advancedsystem properties. Lets go to Control Panel > System and Maintenance > System > Advanced SystemSettings > Hardware tab > Windows Update driver settings.Image 172.6 - Update Driver SettingsIn our case Windows will ask us each time we connect new device before checking for drivers. If Windows Updateserver doesnt have the appropriate driver, Windows will ask us to insert the disk that came with this hardware. Assoon as we insert the disk, Windows will automatically search the disk for the appropriate drivers. If we dont havea disk we can try other options. For example, we can download the drivers to our computer, so we will need to tell
  21. 21. Utilize Windows VistaBasics19www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)the installation process to browse our computer for the driver software that weve already downloaded. Windowswill always check if the driver is digitally signed. If the driver is not signed, by default Vista will prompt us if wewant to continue with the installation.UninstallationIf we physically remove the device from the system, Windows will automatically remove it from the list in DeviceManager. If we attach that device again, Windows will automatically configure it since it already has drivers for it.If we uninstall a device in Device Manager, we can also choose to delete the driver software for that device. Inthat case when we insert the device again, we would have to reinstall the drivers. Also, if that physical device isstill present in the system, rebooting the system or scanning for hardware changes in Device Manager will usuallyre-detect the device. To prevent a device from being used, disable it instead of uninstalling it.TroubleshootingIf we are having problems with a device, we can try and update the driver through Device Manager or downloadthe latest driver. If changing a driver causes system instability, we can use the Rollback feature to revert to aprevious version. To use the Rollback feature, right-click on a particular device, select Properties, select theDrivers tab and click on the Roll Back Driver button.Image 172.7 - Driver OptionsIf we cant log on after changing the driver, we can press F8 during the reboot process and choose the LastKnown Good Configuration option. We can also select Safe Mode. In Safe Mode, we can use driver rollback ordisable the device. All kernel mode drivers in 64-bit Vista editions must be digitally signed. If we find that wecannot install a driver, it could be because it is not digitally signed.
  22. 22. Utilize Windows VistaBasics20www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)Hardware ResourcesTo see the hardware resources used by devices, in Device Manager we can go to the device properties, and thenon the Resources tab.Image 172.8 - Resource SettingsHere we can see device resources like memory range, I/O range and IRQs. Here we can also see whether thereare any conflicts with other devices on our system. By default, resources for plug and play devices are configuredautomatically. Today we will rarely need to change the hardware resources used by a device.RememberWhen installing new devices, the first thing we should do is follow the instructions that came with the device. Inmany cases this means running a setup program that came with the device. We can find Device Manager inControl Panel. A yellow mark identifies a device that Vista could not recognize (no driver was found for thedevice). A down arrow identifies a disabled device. For most devices, we will typically physically install the device,then start Windows. The device will be detected and the drivers installed automatically or the Found NewHardware wizard will appear. If changing a driver causes system instability, we can use the Rollback feature torevert to a previous version.Solve Problems With Vista InstallationParent Category: VistaCategory: BasicsWhen troubleshooting Windows installation, we have to identify what is causing theproblem and then test a potential solution. For example, if Vista wont install on ourcomputer, we should check that our machine has minimum hardware requirements to runVista.Before you startObjectives: learn what should you check before you try and install Vista on your computer. Also, learn whatcommon problems occur after the installation and how to deal with them.
  23. 23. Utilize Windows VistaBasics21www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)Prerequisites: no prerequisites.Key terms: compatibility, device manager, hardware requirements, display problem, driver compatibility,application compatibilityBefore InstallationCheck Hardware RequirementsThere are several ways to check that our computer meets the minimum hardware requirements for Vista. Forexample, we can use System Information, System Properties or we can use Vista Upgrade Advisor. VistaUpgrade Advisor also checks our software to see if it will be compatible with Vista.Image 179.1 - Upgrade AdvisorTo start Microsoft System Information in XP, use either of the following methods: Click Start, point to Programs, point to Accessories, point to System Tools, and then click System Information. Click Start, click Run, type msinfo32.exe in the Open box, and then click OK.To open the System Properties dialog box, use either of the following methods: Right click the My Computer icon on your desktop and click Properties. Go into the Control Panel and double click the System applet.Check Devices and System EventsBefore we install Vista, we should check Device Manager to verify that we dont have any current problems withour hardware. To open Device Manager in Windows XP, go to Control Panel, System, Hardware tab and thenclick Device Manager button.
  24. 24. Utilize Windows VistaBasics22www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)Image 179.2 - Device Manager in XPWe should also check Event Viewer to to verify that were not having any serious error messages or warnings. Toopen Event Viewer in Windows XP, go to Control Panel, Administrative Tools and then Event Viewer.Image 179.3 - Event Viewer in XPIf we find serious error messages we should go to the Internet and investigate how to fix those problems. Greatplace to check is Microsoft support website support.microsoft.com. Of course, we can also use a search enginelike Google.We should also check that hardware devices are attached properly. Its always possible that, for example,memory chips, CPUs or hard drive cables become loose. If we cant boot from Vista installation DVD, we shouldcheck our BIOS settings and make sure that the proper boot order is configured. It is also possible that the DVDreader is malfunctioning itself.
  25. 25. Utilize Windows VistaBasics23www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)After InstallationDisplayCommon problems after installation are Display problems. To try and correct visual problems in Vista we can goto Control Panel and then Appearance and Personalization (or Personalization if we are in Classic view).Image 179.4 - Personalization in VistaHere we can change settings for color, transparency, desktop background, resolution and other display settings.Display problems are often the result of a video card that does not meet minimum Windows Vista requirements.DevicesIn Vista we should also check Device Manager. To open Device Manager in Vista go to Control Panel, Hardwareand Sound and select Device Manager (if using Classic view in Control Panel, select System and then DeviceManager).
  26. 26. Utilize Windows VistaBasics24www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)Image 179.5 - Device Manager in VistaIn Device Manager we can see devices that dont have drivers installed. To update drivers on a device that we arehaving trouble with, we can right-click it and select Update Driver Software. Here we can also disable devices thatwe dont want to use.Application CompatibilityAnother common problem is application compatibility. We can download and use the Application CompatibilityTool Kit (ACT) from Microsoft to determine which applications are compatible with Windows Vista. For anyprogram with which we are having problems, we can right-click, select Properties and go to the Compatibility taband choose a compatibility mode.
  27. 27. Utilize Windows VistaBasics25www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)Image 179.6 - Compatibility TabThis way we can simulate an environment of some other operating system. For example, if we need to use somelegacy application that works on Windows XP and does not work on newer operating system, we can useWindows XP compatibility mode for that application.Repairing the InstallationIf we have problems with booting our Vista machine, we can try and use Startup Repair Tool. This tool isautomatically available if the Windows Recovery Environment is preinstalled. But, we can always manually bootfrom Vista installation DVD and run this tool. Lets do that now. When we boot from Vista DVD, the Installationmenu appears.
  28. 28. Utilize Windows VistaBasics26www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)Image 179.7 - Installation MenuIn the lower left-hand corner we can select Repair your computer option. This will initiate the Startup RepairTool. It is going to ask us which operating system to repair, so we choose Vista and click Next. After that,the System Recovery Options window will appear.Image 179.8 - System Recovery OptionsHere we have several options that we can use to repair our installation. We can try to repair startup, attempt touse restore points, attempt to use complete PC restore if we have done complete PC backup before, do memory
  29. 29. Utilize Windows VistaBasics27www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)diagnostics on RAM or run CMD prompt. For example, if we run Startup Repair it will perform a number of tests tomake sure that our PC is bootable.RememberBefore installing Vista be sure to check if your computer meets hardware requirements for Vista. To do that youcan use System Information, System Properties or Vista Upgrade Advisor. We should also check Device Managerand Event Viewer to verify that we dont have any current problems with our computer. Common problems afterinstallation are Display problems, problems with devices with no drivers installed and application compatibility. Ifwe have problems with booting our Vista machine, we can use Startup Repair Tool to repair our installation.Paths that are mentioned in this articleXP Start > Programs > Accessories > System Tools > System Information - open System Information Control Panel > System - open System Properties Control Panel > System > Hardware tab > Device Manager - open Device manager Control Panel > Administrative Tools > Event Viewer - open Event ViewerVista Control Panel > Appearance and Personalization - personalize appearance and sounds Control Panel > Hardware and Sound > Device Manager - open Device Manager (if using Classic view, inControl Panel select System and then Device Manager) Startup Repair Tool - available on Vista installation DVD (Repair your computer option in main menu)Join Vista to a DomainParent Category: VistaCategory: BasicsIf we are in a domain environment we will have to know how to join our Windows Vistamachine to a doman.Before you startObjectives: learn where you can find options to join a Vista computer to a domain.Prerequisites: knowledge about Active Directory environment is recommended.Key terms: domain, settings, vista, group policy, system, joining, workgroup, serverCheck Current StateTo verify if our computer is on a workgroup or a on a domain, go to the Control Panel and then System (in ClassicView). In our case we see that our computer name is WIN-Q2O8O8MDPEP and that our computer is in aWorkgroup.
  30. 30. Utilize Windows VistaBasics28www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)Image 184.1 - Vista System PropertiesWhile our computer is in a Workgroup, we only have a single, local Group Policy. To open local Group Policyeditor, enter gpedit.msc in the Search bar and hit Enter. Select Continue if the User Account Control promptappears.Image 184.2 - Local Group Policy Editor
  31. 31. Utilize Windows VistaBasics29www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)In local Group Policy editor we can set various settings for our computer and while we are in a workgroup, thereare no domain policies that can override our settings.Join to a DomainTo join Vista to a domain, open the Control Panel, then System. In the Computer name, domain and workgroupsettings section click on Change settings. We need to have administrative privileges to join computer to adomain. The System Properties window will open.Image 184.3 - System PropertiesNow, on the Computer Name tab click the Change button. This will open the Computer Name/Domain Changeswindow. First we will change the name of the computer to ivancic-v. Note that we will not join a domain just yet.Lets click OK now.
  32. 32. Utilize Windows VistaBasics30www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)Image 184.4 - Computer Name ChangedChanges will take effect after we restart our computer so we will do that now. Changing a computer name is not arequirement, but it is recommended that all computers in a domain have names that mean something to us.Lets go to System properties again. We will try and join our computer to a utilizewindows.localdomain. To dothat we will select the Domain option and enter the utilizewindows.local domain name.
  33. 33. Utilize Windows VistaBasics31www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)Image 184.5 - Joining FailedIn our case something is wrong and the joining failed. We didnt even get a prompt for our credentials. A commonproblem when joining to a domain is problem with DNS settings. In our case a DNS name does not exist. Thiscould mean that our server is not configured correctly or it could mean that we have wrong DNS settings on ourlocal computer. We should check our local TCP/IP properties and ensure that we use a DNS server that is awareof the existence of the Active Directory domain.When joining computer to a domain we have to have domain level administrative privileges. Also, after the joiningis successful, any local Group Policy settings that come in conflict with domain settings, will be overridden by thedomain Group Policy settings.RememberTo join a Vista computer to a domain, go to the Control Panel and then System (in Classic View). Then on theComputer Name tab click the Change button. This will open the Computer Name/Domain Changes window. Wehave to have domain level administrative privileges to join a computer to the domain.Configure Aero in VistaParent Category: VistaCategory: BasicsWe have four user interfaces available in Vista. The first is the Classic interface which issimilar to Windows 2000 and previous operating systems. This interface will give us goodperformance in Vista. It is also good for backward compatibility.Before you startObjectives: learn what is Aero interface, what is required to run it and where you can find Aero configurationoptions.Prerequisites: no prerequisites.
  34. 34. Utilize Windows VistaBasics32www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)Key terms: aero, color, display, graphics, settings, video, features, performanceVista Basic InterfaceWindows Vista Basic interface is similar to XP. It is designed for maximum compatibility and is available in alleditions of Windows Vista.Vista Standard InterfaceThe Windows Vista Standard interface is like the Aero interface without the glass effects. Also, we cant use Flip3D or live thumbnails. It provides smoother window handling than the Vista basic interface. Vista standard doesrequire a video card capable of WDDM (Windows Display Driver Model) and the DirectX 9. The Windows Vistastandard interface is not available in the Vista Starter edition and its the default interface for Vista Home Basic.Vista AeroThe Windows Aero interface has the transparent glass design, smooth animations, graphics stability, Flip 3D andlive thumbnails. It is not available in Home Basic or Starter editions. Video card must support WDDM, have atleast 128MB video RAM, support DirectX 9.0, Pixel Shader 2.0 and the color has to be set to 32 bit.Start MenuIn addition to Aero, the new thing in Vista is the Start Menu. The Start Menu no longer has expanding menus andit has integrated Search. The Search box is now also the Run dialog box.SidebarThe Sidebar provides a way to display information to which we desire quick and easy access. It is made up ofsmall programs called Gadgets. Gadgets can display virtually anything, including weather forecasts, notes, etc.IndexingVista indexes certain locations on our computer. By default, Vista builds an index of all files on the computer,including e-mail, data files, programs, media files, events, tasks and contacts. Those settings can be customizedby going to Control Panel > System and Maintenance > Indexing Options. Here we can select defaultindexing locations, select which file extensions we would like to index or we can rebuild indexing. The Search istypically fast because it is not searching the complete hard drive but instead is looking through an index whichcontains all of the data you can search as criteria, including file name, author, creation date and tags.Aero FeaturesIn our example, we have one window opened. If we move our mouse above the taskbar, over the respectiveprogram, we will see a thumbnail of running program. This is called Live Thumbnails and they help us to figure outwhich program we want to switch to.
  35. 35. Utilize Windows VistaBasics33www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)Image 191.1 - Live ThumbnailsWe can still use ALT+TAB where we will see live thumbnails as well. Vista displays those windows in real time.Image 191.2 - ALT +TABWe also have Flip 3D feature. Flip 3D comes up when we press Windows key and the Tab key. We can keeppressing Tab key to flip trough all windows.
  36. 36. Utilize Windows VistaBasics34www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)Image 191.3 - Flip 3DCustomizationWe can customize video settings by going to the Control Panel > Appearance and Personalization >Personalization. We can also open this window by right-clicking anywhere on Desktop, and then selectingPersonalization. Here we can alter various settings regarding our appearance, and also sounds. Lets first checkDisplay Settings.Image 191.4 - Display SettingsThis window will show us monitors that are currently plugged in into our computer. In our case we have twomonitors that have been detected. To show image on both monitors we have to select the monitor which is notactive, and then check the Extend the desktop onto this monitor option. We can also drag monitors from left toright and from right to left. We would do this if the actual layout of our monitors is different from the one shown onthis window. If we are unsure which monitor we are looking at, we can click the Identify Monitors button, and abig number will be shown on the monitor to tell us which monitor it is. The This is my main monitor optionidentifies the monitor where the Start Menu and the Taskbar information show. When we select particular monitor,we will see the settings that apply to that monitor, like the resolution and the color depth. By changing theresolution we actually change the amount of information that is shown on the screen. A higher resolution makesimages on the screen smaller, but it allows us to see more information on the screen. A lower resolution makesitems larger. When configuring resolution for LCD monitor, we will typically set the resolution to the nativeresolution thats supported by the monitor to get the best results. CRT monitors usually support multipleresolutions, so we can choose the one that fits best for us. Remember that Aero is not supported if color is below32 bit.
  37. 37. Utilize Windows VistaBasics35www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)Another thing that we can manage in Personalize window is the Theme. A theme is a predefined look forWindows. For Aero to function properly the theme must be Windows Vista. If we switch to some other theme, theAero will not be available. Notice that we can browse for custom themes that have been saved as theme files.Image 191.5 - Theme SettingsTo customize our theme we can go to Windows Color and Appearance.
  38. 38. Utilize Windows VistaBasics36www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)Image 191.6 - Color and AppearanceHere we have the Enable transparency check box and we can also control the intensity of that transparency.We can also change the color of the windows by picking one of the available colors or create our own color usingthe color mixer. We can also change the intensity of the selected color. Another option that we can changeis Desktop Background.
  39. 39. Utilize Windows VistaBasics37www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)Image 191.7 - Desktop BackgroundHere we can choose the graphic that shows on the background on our desktop.Windows Experience IndexAero functionality requires significant processor, memory, graphic card, and disk drive resources. WindowsExperience Index is a tool that measures how well a computers hardware and software can respond to Vistasfunctions. The measurement is expressed in a base score. The higher the base score, the better our computerresponds to Aeros functionality. Each hardware component receives an individual sub score. Your computersbase score is determined by the lowest sub score. The test is performed on processor (calculations per second),memory (RAM - memory operations per second), graphics (desktop performance for Aero), gaming graphics (3Dbusiness and gaming graphics performance), primary hard disk (disk data transfer rate). Typically, a computerwith a base score of 3.0 or higher can display all Aero functionality. Each sub score ranges from 1.0 to 5.9, with afull point indicating a significant difference. As hardware technologies improve in quality and capacity, the subscore range will increase. To view the base score go to the to the Control Panel > System and Maintenance >Performance Information and Tools.A base score of 1.0 is assigned to any computer that can upgrade to Windows Vista. This allows basicperformance with operating system and applications. PCs with scores of 2.0 to 2.9 will run Vista but not be Aerocapable. A score of 3.0 is the minimum specification needed to run Windows Vista Premium features, includingAero features. Also we can run Media Center with standard definition TV and basic graphical games. A score of4.0 represents very good performing PCs which is capable of running high-definition video, high resolutionmonitors or dual monitors. A base score of 5.0 or higher is given to systems with top-end hardware which iscapable of running fast moving games with rich graphics, 3D modeling, high-end multimedia and highperformance applications.Problems
  40. 40. Utilize Windows VistaBasics38www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)Sometimes it can happen that some visual features are being turned off automatically. The possible reason canbee that a program that we are running is not compatible with Windows Aero color scheme. Also, it is possiblethat our computer does not have enough memory to run all of the programs we have open as well as run theWindows Aero color scheme. To improve display quality we could reduce the number of opened programs orwindows, avoid running too many graphic-intensive programs at the same time, reduce the monitor resolution,change the color scheme to Windows Aero Basic, turn off automatic resizing in programs that arent designed forhigh-DPI display or upgrade to a more powerful video card.RememberFour user interfaces available in Vista are Classic, Basic, Standard and Aero. Aero is not available in Home Basicor Starter Vista edition. Aero features include The transparent glass design, smooth animations, graphics stability,Flip 3D, live thumbnails, etc. Typically, a computer with a base score of 3.0 or higher can display all Aerofunctionality.Paths that are mentioned in this article Control Panel > System and Maintenance > Indexing Options - path to the indexing settings Control Panel > Appearance and Personalization > Personalization - various settings when it comes toappearanceConfigure Parental Controls in VistaParent Category: VistaCategory: BasicsWe can use Parental Controls in Vista to protect children, other computer users, and ourcomputer against offensive and unsafe Internet content and games, as well as set timelimits and to log user activity.Before you startObjectives: learn where can you configure Parental Controls, and which restrictions can be set.Prerequisites: no prerequisites.Key terms: block, parental, controls, rating, games, web, level, account, allowed, programs, restriction, activityAvailabilityParental controls are designed for controlling home users with standard accounts. Parental Control is available inWindows Vista Home Basic, Home Premium, or Ultimate. Parental controls are not included in the Business orEnterprise editions of Windows Vista. Also, when you connect a computer using Windows Vista Ultimate to adomain, the Parental Controls are by default no longer accessible. We also have to have at least two useraccounts - an administrator account for the parent and a standard user account for the child. Parental Controlsare configured by someone using an administrator account, and apply only to standard user accounts.Administrator needs to be protected with password. There are four main things that we can restrict for ourcomputer users.Logon HoursThe first thing that we can control is the logon hours. We can restrict what times of day the user is allowed toaccess our computer. If a user tries to log in to Windows Vista outside the allowed window of time, the login willfail. If user login stretches outside the time allotment, the user is automatically logged off.
  41. 41. Utilize Windows VistaBasics39www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)Web AccessWe can also control Web access, which means that we can configure block and allow lists for certain websites.We can also set web restriction level to high, medium or none. Web restriction level of high is designed only forchildren. It is going to block all websites except those designed for children. Web restriction level of medium willblock unrated contents and malicious websites. In web restriction area we can also block file downloads.Malicious software (also known as malware), adware, and viruses are often downloaded by unknowing children orinexperienced computer users. When limiting browser settings, the browser itself does not matter (InternetExplorer, Firefox, Opera, and so on).GamesOne way to restrict games is rating based system using the ratings designed by the Entertainment SoftwareRating Board (ESRB). There are different ratings and the first one is Early Childhood rating EC. This rating meansthat the game is designed for those ages three and older. Second rating is Everyone or E which is designed forthose ages six and older. Everyone 10+ or E10+ is designed for those 10 and older. Teen or T is designed for 13and older, Mature (M) for 17 and older, and Adults Only or AO is not intended for anyone under the age of 18. Wealso have the option to block games with no rating. Rating settings are cumulative, which means that, forexample, AO rating will include all other ratings, or M will include EC, E, E10+, T but not AO.Another way to block games is content-based. We can block games with inappropriate sexual content, violencegambling etc. We can also block specific games installed on the system.ProgramsWe can also restrict specific programs from being used. We simply specify the path to the program that we wantto restrict.If the user attempts to access restricted sites, he will be prompted for the admin credentials. This allows us toallow the user to do specific tasks. As administrators and parents we can do activity reporting and find out whatwebsites our users are going to, look at their e-mails, Instant Messenger, and we can look at what media werethey looking at. There are some legal issues here. If we are dealing with a child, then we have to make sure thatwe are their legal guardian. These parental controls could be used in a small business environment, but thecomputer can not be a member of a domain. In this case we also have to ensure that we are not violating userrights.ConfigurationTo configure Parental Controls we can go to Control Panel > User Accounts and Family Safety > ParentalControls.
  42. 42. Utilize Windows VistaBasics40www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)Image 201.1 - Parental ControlsRemember, parental controls only work with standard user accounts. If the second account also hasadministrative privilege we can not assign parental controls to that account. Also, our administrative account hasto be password protected.Now, we need to choose a user on which to set up parental controls. In our case we will select Kim.
  43. 43. Utilize Windows VistaBasics41www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)Image 201.2 - Selected UserThe first thing to do is to turn on Parental Controls. We can also choose to turn Activity Reporting to collectinformation about computer usage. Next, we can filter out what websites they are allowed to go to, specify whattime of day they are allowed to log on, we can restrict games and specific programs. First, lets block somewebsites by clicking on the Windows Vista Web Filter.Image 201.3 - Web FilterHere we can allow all websites or block some websites. We can setup specific lists by clicking on the Edit theAllow and block list. Here we can also select to only allows websites which are on the allow list. We can alsoblock web content automatically were the browser will attempt to figure out the rating level and then block sitesbased on the rating level. The default restriction level for automatic blocking is Medium. This will block unratablecontent, mature content, pornography, drugs, hate speech and weapons. The High restriction level will block allweb content except websites approved for children. We can also select the None level, which will remove anyrestrictions. If we select Custom we can choose categories that we want to block. Here we can also block filedownloads.Next, we can configure Time Restrictions. This way we can configure exact time when the Kim is allowed to useour computer. We can simply click and drag the hours we want to block or allow. Blue color means blocked.
  44. 44. Utilize Windows VistaBasics42www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)Image 201.4 - Time RestrictionsLets configure Game Controls. We can block all games or block or allow games by rating and content types. Wecan allow games with no rating or block them, and specify what level of rating the child is allowed to play. We canalso block games based on content. We can also block specific games.Image 201.5 - Game Ratings
  45. 45. Utilize Windows VistaBasics43www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)Next, we can block specific programs. In this window we simply check which programs we want to block.Image 201.6 - Allowed ProgramsNext, we can check Activity Monitor for Kim. We can use activity reports to display information about what wasdone online and offline, including visited Web sites, instant Messenger recipients, downloads and accessedprograms.
  46. 46. Utilize Windows VistaBasics44www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)Image 201.7 - Activity ReportRememberParental controls are designed for controlling home users with standard accounts. Four main things that we canrestrict are logon hours, web access, games and programs. Parental Controls can only be applied to standarduser accounts. Parental Controls are not accessible in domain environment.Paths that are mentioned in this article Control Panel > User Accounts and Family Safety > Parental ControlsSet Up Accessibility Options in VistaParent Category: VistaCategory: BasicsWindows Vista has a number of Ease of Access settings available to help users who arevisually impaired, hearing impaired, physically impaired or cognitively impaired.Before you startObjectives: learn where and which options can you configure to make your computereasier to use.Prerequisites: no prerequisites.Key terms: easier, mouse, keys, keyboard, access, accessibility, settings, ease, pointer, recommendation,controlEase of Access CenterPlace to configure accessibility settings is the Ease of Access center in Control Panel.
  47. 47. Utilize Windows VistaBasics45www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)Image 208.1 - Ease of Access CenterThe top part of the screen lists quick access to common tools. For example, we have the Magnifierwhich canhelp somebody who is visually impaired. This tool creates an enlarged view of the area around the mouse pointer.Image 208.2 - MagnifierWe can also use Narrator tool which reads English text on the screen including menu and button text. We canalso start On-Screen Keyboard. Users who have trouble using the keyboard can use the mouse pointer to presskeys.
  48. 48. Utilize Windows VistaBasics46www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)Image 208.3 - On-screen KeyboardWe can also set up high contrast which reduces eyestrain and makes things easier to read.If we are not sure where to start we can click on Get recommendations to make your computer easier to use.Image 208.4 - Recommendations
  49. 49. Utilize Windows VistaBasics47www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)In this wizard we simply answer all questions and we will get recommendations to make our computer easier touse.In addition to these tools we can choose various settings that make the computer easier to see, easier to usewithout a mouse or keyboard, or to make the mouse or keyboard easier to use. For example, we can increase thefont size to improve readability, or change the mouse settings such as the cursor behavior or the mouse buttonresponse. Special keyboard settings for accessibility include the Sticky Keys (use Shift, Ctrl, or Alt in combinationwith other keys by pressing one key at a time), Filter Keys (ignore repeated keystrokes), Toggle Keys (associatesounds with Caps Lock, Num Lock, and Scroll Lock keys) and Mouse Keys (control the mouse pointer with thenumber keypad).RememberFeatures which we can use to make our computer more accessible are Magnifier, Narrator, On-Screen Keyboardand High Contrast.
  50. 50. Utilize Windows VistaApplications48www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)ApplicationsTask Manager in VistaParent Category: VistaCategory: ApplicationsTask Manager is very helpful when we have problems with processes which are frozen,or if we need to check current resources utilization.Before you startObjectives: learn how to use Task Manager in Vista.Prerequisites: you should know about Task Manager in general.Key terms: task, manager, application, process, service, user, network, performance,informationOpen Task ManagerIn our case we will open Task Manager by right-clicking on Taskbar and selecting Task Manager option. Thereare 6 different tabs which we can use to check different things about our computer.Applications TabIn this tab we can see all opened applications which are shown on the Taskbar, with the exception of the TaskManager itself. In our case we only have Windows Media Player opened, so we only see one entry in the list.Notice the status of the application - it is Running.
  51. 51. Utilize Windows VistaApplications49www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)Image 195.1 - Applications TabEach time we open an application we will get a new entry in the list of running applications. If our application is notresponding, we can select it and then click the End Task button. We can also start new applications by clickingthe New Task and entering the name of the program we want to run.Image 195.2 - New TaskIn our case we have entered wmplayer which will open Windows Media Player.Processes TabYou will notice that there will always be many processes that are running even though we dont have anyapplication running and showing on the Taskbar.
  52. 52. Utilize Windows VistaApplications50www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)Image 195.3 - Processes TabFor example, taskmgr.exe is the process associated with Task Manager itself, and wmplayer is the process ofthe application which we have previously open. In this tab we can see information about the running process suchas the CPU percentage and the memory that its using. From here we can also end the process, for example if aprocess isnt responding. We can do that by selecting the desired process and then pressing the EndProcess button.Services TabThe Services tab shows services on our computer.
  53. 53. Utilize Windows VistaApplications51www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)Image 195.4 - Services TabFor example, the DHCP is a service that registers and updates IP addresses and DNS records for our computer.If this service is stopped, this computer will not receive dynamic IP addresses and DNS updates. If this service isdisabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.Performance TabThe Performance tab gives us a snapshot of information about our computer.
  54. 54. Utilize Windows VistaApplications52www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)Image 195.5 - Performance TabWe can see a meter that shows us the percent of use of our CPU along with a graph. If we had multiple CPUsinstalled we would have multiple graphs. If we notice that the CPU usage is constantly high, we should reduce theamount of workload on our it. Here we also have information about how much system memory is currently beingused, along with a graph that shows memory usage.Networking TabThe Networking tab shows us information about our network connection. In our case we are currently sending andreceiving small amount of data over our network link.
  55. 55. Utilize Windows VistaApplications53www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)Image 195.6 - Networking TabUsers TabThe Users tab shows us the users who are currently connected to our computer. To disconnect or log off a user,simply right-click it and then select the appropriate option.
  56. 56. Utilize Windows VistaApplications54www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)Image 195.7 - Users TabRememberUsing Task Manager we can close unresponsive applications, end processes, run and stop services, checkcomputer performance, check network utilization, and see logged on users.Microsoft Management Console in VistaParent Category: VistaCategory: ApplicationsThe Microsoft Management Console (MMC) is a tool developed by Microsoft whichprovides a consistent interface for management tools.Before you startObjectives: learn where to find and how to use MMC in VistaPrerequisites: you have to know what is MMC in general.Key terms: computer management, snap-in, console, mmc, service, monitorRun MMCWe can open MMC by going to the Start Menu and typing in mmc in the search menu.
  57. 57. Utilize Windows VistaApplications55www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)Image 198.1 - Empty MMCThis way we will open a blank MMC. To work with our computer we need to add snap-ins. To do that we can go tothe File menu and then select Add/Remove Snap-ins.Image 198.2 - Snap-insSnap-ins are programs that we can add to the Management Console to manage a part of our computer. Forexample, we can add Computer Management. To do that select Computer Management and click Add. Afterthat we need to specify whether we want to see events on this computer or remote computer.
  58. 58. Utilize Windows VistaApplications56www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)Image 198.3 - Local or Remote ComputerIn our case we will select Local computer and click Finish. Lets also add Disk Management andLocal Usersand Groups.Image 198.4 - Selected Snap-insWhen we are finished adding snap-ins we can click the OK button. The selected snap-ins will appears inside theManagement Console.
  59. 59. Utilize Windows VistaApplications57www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)Image 198.5 - Console1There are three different parts of the Management Console. The left side shows us a tree view of the differentsnap-ins and option within each snap-in. By expanding any snap-in we can see options that we can configure inthat snap-in. In our example we clicked on the Disk Managementsnap-in.Image 198.6 - Disk Management Snap-in
  60. 60. Utilize Windows VistaApplications58www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)Notice how the middle pane changed based on what we selected on the left hand side. Lets take a look atanother example, Local Users and Groups. When we select an object in the middle the Actions pane on theright changes to show the types of tasks that we can perform for that specific object.Image 198.7 - Local Users and GroupsWe could save this console as a preset console by going to the File menu and then selecting Save As. That waywhen we open it again we would have these same snap-ins already added.Computer Management ConsoleIn many cases we will probably use predefined consoles that ship with Windows. One common one is ComputerManagement. To open Computer Management, right-click Computer, and choose Manage. This opens theComputer Management pre built MMC Console.
  61. 61. Utilize Windows VistaApplications59www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)Image 198.8 - Computer Management ConsoleThis console has several snap-ins that have already been added to it. For example, Event Viewer shows usevents that have taken place on our computer. We can Use Event Viewer to view logs about programs, systemevents, and security. Each entry can be listed as a warning, error, or information event. There are three groups oflogs in the Event Viewer. The Application log contains events such as application installations, un-installations,and application errors. The System logcontains a list of events such as system modifications, malfunctions, anderrors. The Security logcontains a list of events such as security modifications and user login events. If webrowse to theWindows Log and then go to Application, we can see a list of events that have occurred on thesystem related to the applications. Also, if we select an event we can see more information about what it was.
  62. 62. Utilize Windows VistaApplications60www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)Image 198.9 - EventsIf we have a problem with our PC, it is a good idea to check system related events in Event Viewer and look forerrors. Another snap-in that is included in Computer Management is Device Manager. In Device Manager we cansee a list of devices within our computer, organized by type.Image 198.10 - Device Manager
  63. 63. Utilize Windows VistaApplications61www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)By right clicking on a device and going to its properties, we can see additional information about that device andwe can manage the details of how it operates. We can use the Device Manager to add, remove, or update devicedrivers for hardware, to enable or disable devices and to view properties of devices. Another predefined snap-inis Reliability and Performance Monitor.Image 198.11 - Reliability and Performance MonitorHere we can see the statistics about how our computer is working. We can see the CPU utilization percentage,disk use, network usage and memory information. A counter identifies a specific statistic, such as % ProcessorTime or % Disk Free Space. We can add or remove counters to customize the statistics you can see. Real-timedata are displayed in a graph. To save statistics we have to use use a data collector set, since PerformanceMonitor does not save any data by itself. Under Reliability Monitor we can see a historical data about ourcomputer. Reliability Monitor shows an historical chart that identifies when software installs/uninstalls and failureshave occurred. By clicking on a day, you can view the changes to the system that have affected its stability. Herewe can also see our system stability index that ranges from 1 to 10 (10 being the most stable). The stability ratingis affected by application, hardware, Windows, and other failures.
  64. 64. Utilize Windows VistaApplications62www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)Image 198.12 - Reliability MonitorAnother snap-in thats within Computer Management is a Services snap-in.Image 198.13 - Services
  65. 65. Utilize Windows VistaApplications63www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)A service is a program that runs in the background that provides some kind of functionality for the system. Forexample, a DHCP service enables us to register and update IP addresses. By looking at the services we can seethe status of these various services. In our case the DHCP service is started and the Startup type is Automatic.Image 198.14 - DHCP ServiceIn this window we can also stop a service that is already running. In most cases we need to be careful that we donot stop services that are required for the system.RememberWe can open empty MMC and add snap-ins to it, or we can use predefined Management Consoles which alreadyhave default snap-ins added to it. Predefined consoles provides most of the functions that we will need to workwith when we are troubleshooting and managing our computer.Security Center in VistaParent Category: VistaCategory: ApplicationsThe Windows Security Center is a central place to check various security applicationsthat are being monitored on our computer.Before you startObjectives: learn where to find Security Center and which settings can be monitoredtrough it.Prerequisites: no prerequisites.Key terms: security, firewall, center, updates, settings, automatic, malware, softwareFirewall
  66. 66. Utilize Windows VistaApplications64www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)To open Security Center we can go to Control Panel > Security > Security Center. Security Center monitorsfour different kinds of settings. The first thing that we can see is Firewall.Image 230.1 - FirewallFirewall is a system or software designed to prevent unauthorized access to or from a private network orcomputer. In our case we are using built-in Windows Firewall and it is actively protecting our computer by default.We can turn it off or on. Of course, we can also use any other Firewall as well. If we use a third-party Firewall weshould use the Security Center to identify which Firewall is running. Also, when we are on a domain, it is possiblethat we find Firewall turned off. This is typical because Firewall settings are set trough domain.Automatic UpdatesAutomatic Updates are also monitored to make sure that we always get the latest updates from WindowsUpdate.Image 230.2 - Automatic UpdateAutomatic Update checks for, downloads, and installs critical updates for our computer. The default setting is tocheck download, and install updates automatically every day at 3:00 a.m. We can customize the frequency andthe schedule of automatic updates. The second option is to download updates but not install them. We mustmanually install any necessary updates in this case. The third option is to check for updates, but not downloadthem or install them. The fourth option is to turn off updates.
  67. 67. Utilize Windows VistaApplications65www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)Malware ProtectionBy default Windows Defender is actively protecting our computer against Spyware and other malware.Image 230.3 - Malware ProtectionIn our case we can see that we do not have any antivirus software installed on our computer. This can a bigsecurity issue so we will fix it. We are going to install Microsoft Security Essentials which is free antivirus software.After the installation, in Security Center we can see that the virus scanning is on.Image 230.4 - Antivirus InstalledMalware is any program that is harmful to our computer and it includes viruses, worms, Trojan horses, andspyware. While some of those programs only collect Internet browsing information, others locate and exposeimportant personal information, as well as cause harm to computer components such as a hard drive. SecurityCenter monitors programs used to eliminate these dangers, including antivirus and malware agents. WindowsDefender helps protect against slow performance and security threats caused by spyware and other unwantedsoftware and is monitored by Security Center.
  68. 68. Utilize Windows VistaApplications66www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)Other Security SettingsHere we have Internet security settings for Internet Explorer and User Account Control.Image 230.5 - Other Security SettingsIn our case we dont have any warnings. All security settings are set to to their recommended levels. We cantoggle UAC on and off. By turning UAC off, Vista will not prompt for administrative credentials before performingan action which may affect performance (such as security settings or new software installations).Left MenuFrom the menu on the left we can go directly to the Windows Update, Windows Firewall, Windows Defender andInternet Options. Also, we can change the way Security Center alerts us in case of problems.Image 230.6 - Alerts
  69. 69. Utilize Windows VistaApplications67www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)Typically it will notify us and display the icon in the notification area. If a computer is member of a domain, manyof the security settings are likely managed by a network administrator. If this is the case, status indicators mightnot be displayed.RememberThings that are monitored trough Security Center are Firewall, Automatic Updates, Malware Protection, InternetSecurity settings and User Account Control.Paths that are mentioned in this article Control Panel > Security > Security Center - path to the Security CenterConfigure UAC in VistaParent Category: VistaCategory: ApplicationsThe purpose of User Account Control (UAC) is to reduce the exposure and attack surfaceof the operating system by requiring all users to run in a standard user mode instead ofusing administrator credentials. This way user is logged on with least privilege. If the userneeds to do something with administrative privilege they are prompted for a password.Privileges are escalated for that one instance.Before you startObjectives: learn how to configure User Account Control (UAC) feature in VistaPrerequisites: you have to know what is UAC in Windows.Key terms: user, uac, administrator, account, credentials, prompt, uac, token, privilegesAccess TokenWhen a user logs on to the system, an access token is generated for the user. The access token controls thetype of actions that the user can perform on the system. The access token identifies the user account as either astandard user or an administrator. Certain actions can only be performed by a user with an administrator accesstoken.Lets say that we log on to Windows Vista as a standard user and we try to install some application or edit someimportant system settings. Lets go to Start, right-click Computer and then select Manage. We will get UACprompt asking us to provide Admin password. The standard user token is used to attempt to perform all tasks forboth standard users and administrators. If standard user rights are not sufficient to perform the task, the systemrequests privilege elevation. The standard user is prompted to provide administrator user credentials (usernameand password). This process is referred to as Prompt for credentials.
  70. 70. Utilize Windows VistaApplications68www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)Image 231.1 - Admin CredentialsIf we install some application with admin credentials, it does not mean that we can run it without admincredentials. Notice the window shield icon on the System Restore shortcut telling us that we are going to beprompted.Image 231.2 - System Restore IconAny time we see that shield we will be prompted. Also, we are prompted for admin password every single time weuse a particular piece of software. Instead of double-clicking the software we can also right-click it and select Runas Administrator. It is the same thing.
  71. 71. Utilize Windows VistaApplications69www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)Image 231.3 - Run as AdministratorIf we log on to Vista as an administrator, UAC acts a little bit differently. The difference when we are administratoris that we are prompted for consent and not for credentials. This is called Admin Approval Mode. Theadministrator user is asked whether the administrative token should be used to perform the task. Because theadministrator has already logged on with the username and password, this is a simple Continue or Cancelquestion. This process is referred to as Prompt for consent.Image 231.4 - Admin Approval ModeIn our case we tried to run System Configuration. All we have to do is click Continue. As administrators we stillsee the shield icon and we are prompted for credentials. This feature of UAC helps protect the system when anadministrator user account is used by running all processes using the least administrative privileges necessary.Secure Desktop
  72. 72. Utilize Windows VistaApplications70www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)Prompting for credentials or consent activates the Secure Desktop. With the Secure Desktop, the Desktop and allactive applications are darkened, and the prompt appears over the shaded desktop. We must respond to theprompt before we can continue with the requested operation or return to the desktop.Turn UAC OffUAC can be turned off, but it is not recommended. To turn it off we can go to Control Panel > User Accountsand Family Safety > User Accounts.Image 231.5 - Admin User AccountHere we have an option to turn User Account Control on or off. If we turn it off here it will be turned off for all userson the machine.UAC BehaviourWe can change how UAC acts in our Local Group Policy. To open group policy editor enter gpedit.msc in Runmenu and hit Enter. Lets go to Computer Configuration > Windows Settings > Security Settings > LocalPolicies > Security Options. Here we can find UAC options.
  73. 73. Utilize Windows VistaApplications71www.utilizewindows.comFree Windows TutorialsLicence: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)Image 231.6 - Security OptionsWe scrolled down to the bottom and we can see 9 different UAC settings. As administrators we can control thebehavior of the elevation prompts for standard users and administrators. We can select, for example, to elevatewithout prompting or to only elevate files that are signed and validated.RememberUAC is a feature in Vista that helps minimize the dangers of unwanted actions or unintended softwareinstallations. We will see Prompt for credentials when a standard user tries to install some application or tries toedit some important system setting. If we log on as an administrator we will be prompted for consent and not forcredentials. Prompting for credentials or consent activates the Secure Desktop which forces us to respond to theprompt. UAC can be turned off, and we can edit UAC behaviour trough Group Policy.Windows Defender in VistaParent Category: VistaCategory: ApplicationsIn Windows we should always have some type of software that will protect us from thespyware and other security threats. Windows Defender will help us do just that, and it isoffered by Microsoft for free.Before you startObjectives: learn where to find and how to configure Windows Defender in VistaPrerequisites: no prerequisites.Key terms: software, defender, scan, program, information, real time, system, spyware, alert, action, securityWhat is Windows DefenderWindows Defender replaces the Microsoft anti-spyware beta software and is installed in Windows Vista andWindows 7 by default. It is also available as a free download for XP installations verified with WGA (WindowsGenuine Advantage). Windows Defender helps protect against slow performance and security threats caused byspyware and other unwanted software. It has a database of spyware definitions which is similar to antivirusdefinitions for antivirus programs. Those definitions help Windows defender to detect spyware on our machine.UpdatingBy default, at 2 a.m. Windows Defender will go to the update server and make sure that it has the latestdefinitions. We can also manually check for definitions.Real-time MonitoringWindows defender also includes real-time monitoring agents to help protect our PC. Real-time protection alerts uswhen spyware or potentially unwanted software attempts to install itself or run on our computer. It also alerts uswhen programs attempt to change important Windows settings. Real-time protection uses security agents thatmonitor specific system components and software.Real-time AgentsThere is an agent for IE configuration that keeps track of changes made to our browser security settings. Alsothere are agents for IE downloads and add-ons such as ActiveX. There is real-time agent for auto startupprograms designed to eliminate the danger of spyware running without our knowledge. Defender checks the list ofapplications configured to run when we start our computer. There are real-time agents for system configuration

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