The VET guidance in Bulgaria is regulated by two main regulations:1. Vocational Education and Training Act It is the act of providing advice to students and other persons with regard to the choice of profession and career development.2. National Lifelong Learning Strategy (2008 – 2013) A unified national lifelong guidance system should be implemented for the period up to 2013. It is also required to develop programs for education and qualification of the personnel engaged with vocational guidance related services.
The current state of vocational guidance in Bulgaria Lack of one national system for VET guidance. Lack of enough coordination between the official institutions, providers of and those in need of vocational guidance. At this stage there are some attempts and initiatives but it is still too early to talk about a unified system for VET guidance.
Institutions within the education and employment sectors responsible for theprovision of VET guidance and advice services: Ministry of Education Youth and Science The Education Inspectorates The schools
Initiatives in VET guidance in Bulgaria The National Program “Youth Information Centers” within the National Centre for European Youth Programs and Initiatives of the Ministry of Education, Youth and Science was implemented between 2007 – 2010. The objective is to build up a sustainable network of units, which should provide high- quality vocational guidance services.
Initiatives in VET guidance in Bulgaria The establishment of a Career Guidance System in school education was started in 2011, under the Operational Program „Development of Human Resources” of the Ministry of Education, Youth and Science. The activities under the Project should be implemented by 2013.
Initiatives in VET guidance in Bulgaria A road map called “Development of career guidance in Bulgaria 2009 – 2013”. This is a national document, which identifies the main objectives and key priorities in the field of vocational guidance and career development in Bulgaria for a time period of 5 years. The document was developed by the National Agency for Vocational Education and Training (NAVET).
Initiatives in VET guidance in Bulgaria Aimed at the building up of the National Vocational Guidance System under the Project EUROGUDANCE, the Human Resources Development Centre within the Ministry of Education, Youth and Science started a campaign called “Career Education at School – Guarantee for Sustainable Economic Development”.
What is new in VET guidance in Bulgaria Two new specialized websites for career development and counseling were established in 2011 and receive their financing from European projects.http://www.zakarierata.comhttp://www.kakvidastanem.bg Since October 2012 were opened career guidance centers in all district towns in Bulgaria. This is a project under the Operational Program "Human Resources Development“ called “System for career guidance in school education.“
Conclusion about guidance in VET in BulgariaSome attempts and initiatives are done underdifferent projects but still there is not a unifiedVET guidance system in the country.