Craiova, Romania's 6th largest city and capital of Dolj County,
is situated near the east bank of the river Jiu in central
The municipality of Craiova has a population of 302,601
(Census 2002). Ethnic composition:
Romanians: 292,487 (96.66%)
Hungarians: 218 (0.07%)
Germans: 173 (0.06%)
Serbs: 34 (0.01%)
Roma: 8.820 (2.91%)
Italians: 178 (0.06%)
Greeks: 188 (0.06%)
Ukrainians: 32 (0.01%)
and 471 others.
Craiova (pronounced [krajova]), the fifth largest Romanian city and
capital of Dolj County, is situated near the east bank of the river
Jiu in central Oltenia. It is a longstanding political center, and is
located at approximately equal distances from the
Southern Carpathians (north) and the Danube (south). Craiova is the
chief commercial city west of Bucharest and the most important city
A bit of History
• Much later, a strong Dacian fortress was built, Pelendava, its name
being mentioned in 255 AD on the ancient map Tabula Pentingeriana. The
present name first appeared in a document dated 1475, and in 1582
documents mentioned Craiova as a town. It has had a rapid development,
the town being known as “Marea Banie a Olteniei” ( Banie is a term
designating the capital of a province- “The great Capital of Oltenia”)
• The capital of Banie, Craiova was destroyed by an earthquake in 1790
and burnt by the Turks in 1802. An agreement signed in the city in
1940 returned S Dobruja to Bulgaria.
The musical fountain in Craiova is unique in the country as
design and the third in the world, after the ones in
Shanghai and Prague.
Marin Sorescu NATIONAL THEATRE
The Marin Sorescu National Theatre occupies a special place in the history
of the Romanian theatre. Founded in 1850 by Costache Caragiale and
Costache Mihailescu, it continued to function, in spite of all the convulsions
characterizing the history of our nation.
“Theodor Aman” Art Museum
The Art Museum of Craiova is located in the sumptuous palace of the
former magnate Jean Mihail. Built between 1899-1907, according to the
plans of the French arhitect Paul Gottereau, the palace represents,
stylistically, a rather free interpretation of the late baroque.
NICOLAE ROMANESCU PARK
Short history A special sight in Craiova is represented by
“Nicolae Romanescu” Park, with its
picturesque character. Unique in Romania,
this valuable architectural monument is
also one of the most interesting
accomplishments of its kind in Europe.
Located in the southern part of the town at
the end of Unirii Street, the park is also
known as “Bibescu” Park or the People’s
Park, all names being accurate.
It was bought by the Town Hall in 1853 for 12,000 ducats. The land
it was located on had belong to Iancu Bibescu, the brother of rulers Grigore
Bibescu and Barbu Stirbei. ASround the end of the last century, a great park
was created, at the initiative of Nicolae P. Romanescu, the mayor of Craiova
during those times. The order was given to the French landscape architect
Emil Redont in 1899. The works began in 1901 and its inauguration toiok
place in May 1903.
It is the largest park of its kind in Europe.