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El papel de la TIC y la Web 2.0 en el desarrollo: de las estrategias push a las estrategias pull

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Ismael Peña en "Difundir las TIC en la época 2.0: nuevos formatos, nuevos interrogantes y nuevas perspectivas", jornada de reflexión, debate y networking en Citilab-Cornellà, 25 Enero 2008

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El papel de la TIC y la Web 2.0 en el desarrollo: de las estrategias push a las estrategias pull

  1. 1. El papel de la TIC y la Web 2.0 en el desarrollo: de las estrategias push a las estrategias pull Ismael Peña López Difundir las TIC en la época 2.0: nuevos formatos, nuevos interrogantes y nuevas perspectivas Cornellà de Llobregat, 25 de enero de 2008
  2. 2. Desarrollo Desarrollo socioeconómico Recursos individuales Elección objetiva Cambio de valores Valores empancipadores Elección subjetiva Democratización Derechos y libertades Elección efectiva Elaboración propia a partir de: Welzel, C., Inglehart, R. & Klingemann, H. (2003). “ The theory of human development: A cross-cultural analysis ”. En European Journal of Political Research , 42(3), 341-379. Oxford: Blackwell.
  3. 3. Sociedad Red Cultura Relaciones de Poder Relaciones de Experiencia Elaboración propia a partir de: Castells, M. (2000). “ Materials for an exploratory theory of the network society ”. En British Journal of Sociology , Jan-Mar 2000, 51(1), 5-24. London: Routledge. Materia (naturaleza) Relaciones de Producción
  4. 4. Desarrollo y Sociedad Red Cultura USOS (CONTENIDO Y SERVICIOS) Orientación Subjetiva hacia la Elección (valores emancipadores) Sociedad Red ICT4D Desarrollo Materia (naturaleza) INFRASTRUCTURAS Desarrollo Socioeconómico (recursos individuales) Producción SECTOR TIC Experiencias ALFABETIZACIÓN (DIGITAL) Poder MARCO LEGAL Derechos y Libertades (democratización)
  5. 5. Estrategias para la Sociedad de la Información USOS (CONTENIDO Y SERVICIOS) 2.0 Estrategias ICT4D Nivel Push INFRASTRUCTURAS 1.0 SECTOR TIC Pull ALFABETIZACIÓN (DIGITAL) MARCO LEGAL
  6. 6. Digital Opportunity Index International Telecommunication Union
  7. 7. Digital Divide Index / Infostate Orbicom
  8. 8. ICT Opportunity Index UNCTAD International Telecommunication Union
  9. 9. OECD Key ICT Indicators OECD
  10. 10. e-Readiness Rankings The Economist Intelligence Unit
  11. 11. Networked Readiness Index World Economic Forum
  12. 12. ITU (2006). World Telecommunication/ICT Development Report 2006: Measuring ICT for social and economic development. Brecha digital en el ancho de banda móvil
  13. 13. Razones para no tener Internet en casa http://newsroom.parksassociates.com/article_display.cfm?article_id=3510
  14. 14. Razones para no tener Internet en casa http://newsroom.parksassociates.com/article_display.cfm?article_id=3510
  15. 15. <ul><li>Hardware </li></ul><ul><li>Software </li></ul><ul><li>Conectividad </li></ul>Infraestructuras tecnológicas <ul><li>Contenido relevante a nivel local </li></ul><ul><li>Creación, transmisión y comercialización de contenidos </li></ul><ul><li>e-Comunicación entre individuos y comunidades </li></ul><ul><li>Presencia en la Red y comunidades virtuales </li></ul><ul><li>e-Servicios </li></ul><ul><li>e-Sector Público </li></ul>Contenidos, Comunidad y Servicios <ul><li>Leyes de TelCos </li></ul><ul><li>Políticas de Infraestructuras </li></ul><ul><li>Políticas de comercio exterior </li></ul><ul><li>Propiedad intelectual y patentes </li></ul><ul><li>Promoción del sector TIC </li></ul>Marco Legal <ul><li>Políticas de Infraestructuras </li></ul><ul><li>Políticas de I+D+i </li></ul><ul><li>Política Educativa </li></ul><ul><li>Propiedad Intelectual, Patentes </li></ul><ul><li>Protección de datos </li></ul><ul><li>Identidad en la Red </li></ul><ul><li>Legislación Sectorial SI </li></ul><ul><li>Políticas de contenidos </li></ul><ul><li>Políticas comunicación en la Red </li></ul><ul><li>Políticas de educación a distancia </li></ul><ul><li>Gobierno de la Red </li></ul><ul><li>Políticas de comercio exterior </li></ul><ul><li>Democracia participativa </li></ul><ul><li>ICT4D </li></ul><ul><li>Alfabetización tecnológica </li></ul><ul><li>Alfabetización informacional </li></ul><ul><li>Media literacy </li></ul><ul><li>e-Awareness </li></ul>Alfabetización Digital <ul><li>Instalación de infraestructuras </li></ul><ul><li>Mantenimiento de infraestruct. </li></ul><ul><li>Creación de infraestructuras </li></ul>Sector TIC
  16. 16. <ul><li>Infraest. en las instituciones </li></ul><ul><li>Infraest. para los agentes que trabajarán con las instituciones </li></ul><ul><li>Conexión entre instituciones y con los agentes </li></ul><ul><li>Mantenimiento de infrastructuras </li></ul><ul><li>Creación de bases de datos y aplicaciones para el sector público/privado </li></ul><ul><li>Formación de los recursos humanos </li></ul><ul><li>e-Awareness en el correspondiente sector </li></ul><ul><li>Información y recogida de opinión </li></ul><ul><li>Transparencia y monitoraje </li></ul><ul><li>Gestión compartida de procesos </li></ul><ul><li>Intercambio de datos y relación entre agentes </li></ul><ul><li>Participación en estadios de Decisión </li></ul><ul><li>Alfabetización Digital </li></ul><ul><li>Capacitación en la creación/mantenimiento de infraestructuras </li></ul><ul><li>Alfabetización funcional </li></ul><ul><li>Infraestructuras tecnológicas </li></ul><ul><li>PC en instituciones y agentes </li></ul><ul><li>Programario genérico y específico asequible </li></ul><ul><li>Conectividad de calidad y asequible </li></ul><ul><li>Contenidos, Comunidad y Servicios </li></ul><ul><li>Información sobre instituciones y agentes </li></ul><ul><li>Información específica/sectorial, contenido, procedimientos </li></ul><ul><li>Uso de la Red entre agentes e instituciones </li></ul><ul><li>e-Servicios </li></ul><ul><li>e-Sector Público </li></ul>Sector TIC y Contenidos & e-Servicios e-Readiness <ul><li>Fijación de objetivos realistas y progresivos de brecha digital y desarrollo de los e-sectores </li></ul><ul><li>Identificación de agentes e instituciones promotores </li></ul><ul><li>Vinculación y participación de Patrocinadores </li></ul><ul><li>Sistema de prescriptores </li></ul><ul><li>Organización interna y coordinación. Acompañamiento legal y político. </li></ul>Liderazgo
  17. 17. Cornellà de Llobregat, 25 de enero de 2008. Citilab-Cornellà <ul><li>P ara citar esta obra: </li></ul><ul><li>Peña López, Ismael. (200 8 ) El papel de la TIC y la Web 2.0 en el desarrollo: de las estrategias push a las estrategias pull (presentación en línea) </li></ul><ul><li><http://ictlogy.net/presentations/ 20080125_ ismael_pena_ tic_ web2.0_ estrategias_push_pull .pdf> [descar gado dd/mm/aaaa] </li></ul><ul><li>P a r a contactar con e l autor : </li></ul><ul><li>http:// ismael . ictlogy.net </li></ul>Para más información visitad http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.5/ Toda la información presentada en este documento se encuentra bajo una Licencia Creative Commons del tipo Reconocimiento – No Comercial – Sin Obras Derivadas

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