PSROI seminar presentation for PNUMA climate change vulnerability workshop


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PSROI seminar presentation for PNUMA climate change vulnerability workshop

  1. 1. Participatory Social Return on Investment (PSROI)Community Based Prioritization and Costing Framework forResilience Building InterventionsCentro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT)24 April 2013Taller de Intercambio de experiencias sobre Análisis de Vulnerabilidad al cambioclimático en la región de América Latina y el CaribeWorkshop for the exchange of experiences related to climate change VulnerabilityAnalyses in the Latin American and Caribbean region
  2. 2. Science to Cultivate ChangeIntroduction• Write your answers to the introductionquestions on the post-it notes in front ofyou.• Only one idea per post-it.• You can use as many as you need.1. What do you want to get out of thissession?2. What kind of work are you engaged in?Ex. planner? implementer? Researcher? Workwith communities? National decision-making?
  3. 3. Science to Cultivate ChangeIntroduction• Write your answers to the introductionquestions on the post-it notes in front ofyou.• Only one idea per post-it.• You can use as many as you need.1. What do you want to get out of thissession?2. What kind of work are you engaged in?Ex. planner? implementer? Researcher? Workwith communities? National decision-making?
  4. 4. Science to Cultivate ChangePresentation Outline1. Context2. PSROI Framework1. Track 1: Participatory Workshop2. Track 2: Costing3. Lessons4. Future Directions
  5. 5. Science to Cultivate ChangeContext• Changing climate need foradaptation• Increased international funds for climatechange• Uncertainty yet need to act• Simplified tools needed for immediateactions by governments• What adaptation action are needed tobuild resilience?
  6. 6. Science to Cultivate ChangeDefinitionsResilience–“the capacity of a system to experienceshocks while retaining essentially thesame function, structure, feedbacks,and therefore identify”–Moving towards desired characteristics–Adaptation as building resilience1. Of what2. To what3. Over what time frame4. From whoseperspective(Helfgott, 2011)
  7. 7. Science to Cultivate Change• Identity shouldbe defined bythose within thesystem inquestion• Culture andidentity are fluid• Resiliencedepends onperspective• Need tounderstand whatis reallyimportant tocommunities(Gary Larson, 1984)“Anthropologists! Anthropologists!”
  8. 8. Science to Cultivate ChangePrioritizing and costing adaptationoptions - integral to planning and policyDecision makers need tools that:1. select adaptation options and guide distribution offunds effectively, efficiently, and appropriately2. prioritize interventions from scientific and socialperspectives3. scale up processes, not prescriptions4. take into account local context5. measure impact reflective of on the ground realities
  9. 9. Science to Cultivate ChangeNeed to understandcosts and benefitsCurrently: Top-downstudies oftenunderestimate adaptationcosts and benefitsGoal: Develop a bottom-upcosting framework tocomplement existingapproaches to inform policy
  10. 10. Science to Cultivate ChangeParticipatory Social Return on Investment(PSROI)Community-Based Climate Change AdaptationPrioritization, Planning, and CostingPSROI is a novel framework thatcombines innovative participatorymethods and the SROI costing frameworkSystemic approachStakeholder-centric
  11. 11. Science to Cultivate ChangeEconomicEnvironmentalSocialCore Principles• Systemic approach• Stakeholder-centric• Participatory prioritization• Strength based - matchesCC interventions withlocal resources• Plan from a futureVision not a current orfuture Problem
  12. 12. Science to Cultivate ChangePartnership, Research, and CapacityBuilding to Inform PolicyTHREE: Dodji, SenegalONE: Kochiel, KenyaTWO: Othidhe, Kenya• 2011-2012: 7 field studies• Africa – NGOs• SE Asia – Gov‟t partners
  13. 13. Science to Cultivate ChangeP(SROI)Adds framework for Participation toSocial Return on InvestmentTrack 1: Adaptation Prioritization andPlanning Workshop - “P” in PSROITrack 2: Economics of AdaptationPriorities – P(SROI)
  14. 14. Science to Cultivate ChangeStep 1:Participatory WorkshopIdentify Key StakeholdersIdentify EnvironmentalChallengesExplore Responses, AvailableAssets. Community ResourcesPrioritize AdaptationInterventionsPlan Intervention throughBackcastingTrack 1: AdaptationPrioritization and PlanningExploreValues, Norms, AspirationsStep 2:Intervention TechnicalDesignConsultation with LocalInformants or External Experts toIdentify Technical DesignRequirementsStep 3:Baseline Cost-BenefitAnalysisConsultation of AcademicLiterature, LocalInformants, Market andStatistical Databases to AssessPreliminary Costs and BenefitsTrack 2: Economics of AdaptationStep 4:Field Trial(Stakeholder Interviews)BASELINE IMPACT MAPVersion 1Sharing of Technical BenefitsStakeholder Validation of InputCosts and Perceived BenefitsPractitioner Discovery of NewInputs, Benefits, Barriers toImplementation, and SuccessIndicatorsACTUAL IMPACT MAPVersion 2PSROI Methodological Framework(Sova et al., 2012)
  15. 15. Science to Cultivate ChangeUses of PSROI• Guide selection and planning of communityinterventions• Track 1 Workshop: identify local values, adaptivecapacity (responses/strengths), priorities• Pilot studies to date have:– assessed climate change adaptation actions, but can bea generally planning tool for development– forecasted impact of adaptation (not• Could use for evaluation and long term monitoring• Can assess „hard‟ and „soft‟ interventions• Community level currently – could be developed forhigher levels, limit = representation
  16. 16. Science to Cultivate ChangeTHEORY track oneIntegrated pluralistic theoretical andmethodological frameworks:(1) Resilience and Adaptation Theory(2) Systems Thinking(3) Strength-Based DevelopmentAsset-based community developmentAppreciative Inquiry(4) Participatory Action Research
  17. 17. Science to Cultivate ChangeFog Collection Nets In Operation (1994), El Tofo, ChileAnyone know this story?FogQuest
  18. 18. Science to Cultivate ChangeFog Collection Nets and Storage Tank inOperation (1994)FogQuest
  19. 19. Science to Cultivate ChangeIn 2002, only 9 of the 94mesh collectors werestill hanging…No one involved thecommunity in planning,and therefore missed whatthe community reallywanted(Dale, 2013)FogQuest
  20. 20. Science to Cultivate ChangeWhy we need participatoryapproachesRisks of failing to understand thecontext of intervention and identifyappropriate objectives:• Interventions resulting in unexpectedadverse outcomes• Wasting resources on unachievableoperational goals• Inability to measure effectiveness(Helfgott, 2011)
  21. 21. Science to Cultivate ChangeParticipation• The ladder ofparticipation• What level are youcomfortable withfor your project?(Arnstein, 1969)Participants canadvise but notdecideMajority of decision-making and fullmanagerial power
  22. 22. Science to Cultivate ChangeTRACK 1Stakeholder Analysis:(1) Gather basic demographic information(2) Identify key informants and „gate keepers‟(3) Identify different groups within community(4) Identify marginalized groups(5) Invite representative group to workshop(6) Continue analysis throughout workshop -include missed sectors in interviews
  23. 23. Science to Cultivate ChangeTRACK 1- Community Workshop1:PastValuesChallengesChallengelinksResponses2:FutureVisions ofthe Future3:PresentCurrentAssets-Physical-Human-Institutional4:PlanningPrioritizeBackcastResearch categories and methods used within each step can shiftSample Schedule (p.58) and Methods outlined in CCAFS Working Paper 16Want to see challenge links?
  24. 24. Science to Cultivate ChangeTrack 1 WorkshopFull Group Sessions Break-out Groups
  25. 25. Science to Cultivate ChangeWhat is important to you?Clustering what is important...WORKSHOPDAY 1: Look to the PastCommunity valuemapping, perceptions ofenvironmental change andcoping mechanismsActivity: What is important to you?(Clustering and ranking exercise)Note: Largest group possible 15minutes for reflecting and writingone idea per post-it note to allowsimilar ideas to be clustered.1hr for clustering and discussing
  26. 26. Science to Cultivate ChangeChallenge-Response Response ClusteringPrioritizing challenges &responsesWORKSHOP DAY1 (continued): PastCommunity value mapping, perceptions ofenvironmental change and coping mechanismsActivity: What environmental challenges are you facing/have you faced in the past?How have you coped so far?Note: Post- it notes (challenges and possible responses). 1.5 hours for clustering and rankingof challenges and responses . If time allows, supplement with „event ecology‟ narratives in storycircles (1.5 hours).
  27. 27. Science to Cultivate ChangeTrack 1 Day 1
  28. 28. Science to Cultivate ChangeTrack 1 Day 1ChallengesInfluenceDiagram
  29. 29. Science to Cultivate ChangeTrack 1 Day 1
  30. 30. Science to Cultivate ChangeA variety of activities are used duringthis phase of the workshop:Collages of visions and aspirations (1hour 10 people)Maps: What will your village look likein 20 years? What do you want yourvillage to look like in 10-15 years? (1.5hour 10 people)Reflective exercises:When you think about the future howfar ahead do you think? Do you thinkabout your grandchildren‟s futures?etc. (1 hour)Village Future MapAspirations CollageWORKSHOP DAY 2: The FutureVisions and Aspirations for thefuture
  31. 31. Science to Cultivate ChangeTrack 1 Day 2Collage
  32. 32. Science to Cultivate ChangeTrack 1 Day 2
  33. 33. Science to Cultivate ChangeTrack 1 Day 2Maps of Village:Current and Future
  34. 34. Science to Cultivate ChangeBack-casting of strategies in space and time……and identifying barriers and costsWORKSHOP PART 3:PlanningBack Casting – How do we reach ourvision of the future?Activity: List adaptation strategies and toolswhich can take us from where we are nowto where we want to go(3 groups, 20 minutes reflection ,40minutes clustering)ASK: Who will decide which strategies whouses? Why?ASK: Where will we seek knowledge?ASK: Where should resources come from toimplement each strategy?ASK: How do you see these interventionsbeing situated in space and time?Activity: Brainstorm all of the possible positiveand negative impacts (incl. environmental) of thesestrategies, assign costs, identify barriers andopportunities ( 1hour)
  35. 35. Science to Cultivate ChangeAdaptation Planning viaVisioning & Backcasting(Helfgott, 2012); Workshop methods outlined in CCAFS workingpaper 16 (Sova et al. 2012)Example – Van YenTRACK 1- Community WorkshopWorkshop isa capacitydevelopmenttool in itself
  36. 36. Science to Cultivate ChangeTrack 1 Day 3
  37. 37. Science to Cultivate ChangeTrack 1 Day 3
  38. 38. Science to Cultivate Change*ACTIVITY*BACK-CASTING
  39. 39. Science to Cultivate ChangeVillage_________• Remote mountainous area• Steep slopping hills• Households are close togethersurrounded by farming land• Access to local markets and within 30minutes on motorbike to regional market• Weather change is perceived:unpredictable, warmer
  40. 40. Science to Cultivate ChangeVillage Challenges1. Maize and pest disease2. Lack of finances3. Low selling price for agriculturalgoods4. Decreased soil fertility5. Lack of technical agriculturaltraining6. Water shortage
  41. 41. Prioritize and PlanSurplusfoodsupplyWaterSupplyIncreasedforestareaNOW FUTURERainLocalseeds fortrees andcropsBasicfarmingtoolsLandFarmingknowledgeStreamLocalmarketCommunitygroups
  42. 42. Science to Cultivate ChangeTrack 1 Day 3
  43. 43. Science to Cultivate ChangeWorkshop is a capacitydevelopment tool in itselfTRACK 1- Workshop FeedbackFeedback from participants(ranking 1-5)• Participate again: 4.9• Changed their thinking about theircommunity: 4.5• Surprised by presented visions: 4.1• Feasible for community to repeatindependently and present to localgovernment: 2.8
  44. 44. Science to Cultivate ChangeTRACK 2“SROI is an approach to understandingand managing the social, economicand environmental costs and benefitsof a project, organization or policy. It isbased on stakeholders and usefinancial proxies to reveals the value ofoutcomes that do not have directmarket values”(Nicholls, Lawlor et al. 2009)
  45. 45. Science to Cultivate ChangeTRACK 2• SROI is NOT: A new economictheory (CBA, Proxies, NMV)• SROI IS: A new way of gatheringand displaying information fordecision making
  46. 46. Science to Cultivate ChangeTRACK 2• Semi-structured interviews tocollect data directly fromstakeholders• IMPACT MAP to store dataassociated with each stakeholdergroup
  47. 47. Science to Cultivate ChangeTRACK 2 – Economics of Adaptation(P)SROI RATIO = NPV Benefits : Investmentse.g. Net benefits of $1.5 for each $1 invested (50% return)National Baseline vs. Community Insights
  48. 48. Science to Cultivate ChangeEconomics of Adaptation1. Technical design of community prioritizedintervention (community features + expertconsult)2. Baseline SROI costing with secondarysources and key informants3. Revisions (validation and discovery atcommunity level)1. Field trial for Semi-structured householdinterviewsTRACK 2
  49. 49. Science to Cultivate ChangeSROI:Social Return on InvestmentStakeholders Inputs OutcomesAdjustingImpactDiscountingPSROIRATIOpage 34 PSROI working paper…
  50. 50. Science to Cultivate ChangeStakeholders Inputs OutcomesAdjustingImpactDiscountingPSROIRATIOWho is affected bythis intervention?SROI:Social Return on Investment
  51. 51. Science to Cultivate ChangeStakeholders Inputs OutcomesAdjustingImpactDiscountingPSROIRATIOWhat investment isneeded?SROI:Social Return on Investment
  52. 52. Science to Cultivate ChangeSTAKEHOLDERS INTENDED/UNINTENDED CHANGES OUTPUTS1. Who will be effected, whowill effect?2. What will change for the stakeholder? 3. What is invested? 4. Value (KES) Notes5. Summary of the activityin numbersTime (Labour)- Initial Planting and Maintenance 4,550 1Land (Already exists) - Does not compete withcrops for space0Seedlings - 100 Gravelia Long Term Tree + 9000Sesbania Short Term Tree1025 2Water - Rain Fed (No additional cost is assumed) 0Tools (Spade, water can etc) 1,000As aboveEnergy SecurityNGOs (Agro ForestryTraining)Training to sensitize farmers to benefits ofagro-forestry and capacity building exerciseto transfer planting skillsCost to train one farmer- Includingadministration, capacity building, logistical andprovision of seeds (USD 17)1,530 3FARMER GROUP(CARBON PROJECT)Carbon Offsets Time 0CARBON PROJECT -World BankCarbon projectCost of setting up and operations of carbonproject (approx $1/acre)90 4KOCHIEL VILLAGEPOPULATION(Kombewa)Overall Improved wellbeing, benefitscaptured aboveTotal: 8,195INPUTSFARMERSInter Cropped TreePlantation ( AgroForestry) - 100 LongTerm Trees (Gravelia/Markhamia) + 9,000Short Term Trees(Sesbania/Calliandra)Improve Livelihoods & Food SecurityEnvironmental BenefitsAs aboveSTEP 1: INPUTS “WHO CONTRIBUTES TO ADAPTATION, AND HOW MUCH?”1Who is affected by thisintervention?INPUTS | OUTCOMES | ADJUSTING IMPACT | DISCOUNTING AND SCORING
  53. 53. Science to Cultivate ChangeStakeholders Inputs OutcomesAdjustingImpactDiscountingPSROIRATIO1. How will this intervention affectyou/ your community?2. How do you know that changehas occurred?3. How can we value the change?SROI:Social Return on Investment
  54. 54. Science to Cultivate Change26. Description: How would you describe thechange?7. Indicator: How do you measure the change? Source8. Quantity: Howmuch changeoccurred?9. Duration: How longdoes it last?10. Financial Proxy: Whatwould you use to value thechange?11. Value of thechange (KES)SourceDiversification of income - Treesprovide additional source of incomeSale of Trees per Year after reachingmaturity in year 10 (10%)Via Team (2011) 101 year (but afteryear 10)Timber value of eachtree10,000MarketPrice/FarmersImproved Yield of Crop because of soilimprovementsIncreased Yield of MaizeResearch (Selishi 2008) -Via Team (2011)0.5/ ton/Acre 1 YearMarket price of Maizeper ton (@KES 33/Kg)33,000National Cereal& Produce BoardImproved yield and income leads tobetter nutrition and improved healthLower number of hospital trips (SCC 2011)4 (1 trip every 3months)Indefinite (10 years)Hospital Charges perTrip500Hospital Charges- InquiryCommunity empowerment through trainthe trainer programmesIncreased capacity & knowledge - Thebenefits captured above(SCC 2011) N/A Indefinite (10 years) Increased livelihoods N/AAnimal fodder generated from shortterm treesCost saving on purchase of fodder fortypical homesteadVia Team (2011) + Keyinformant farmer365 bundles (1bundle per day)Indefinite (10 years) Market Price of Fodder 50 Key informantReduction of soil erosion andimprovement in soil productivity byacting as organic fertilizerCost saving on purchase of fertilizerWater Productivity - Improvedabsorption of waterBenefit captured in increased yieldbut also cost savings of waterShade & reduced heat stressImprovement wellbeing for humansand livestock - Value difficult tocaptureFirewood from short term trees Cost saving on purchase of firewood SCC (2011)365 bundles (1bundle /day)Indefinite (10 years)but after 1 yearMarket Price ofFirewood30Market Price -InquiryTime saved by young girls in collectingfirewood- Now can attend schoolValue of education - Benefits coveredaboveCarbon sequestering Amount of CO2 sequestered SALM (WB 2010) 1 AcreTill the duration oftrees but willcommence after 9yearsCarbon finance revenue -WB ($1.6/acre)144SALM (CarbonFinance)OUTCOMESSTEP 2: OUTCOMES “WHAT ARE THE RESULTS OF ADAPTION, AND HOW DO WE MEASURE THEM?”How do you know thatchange has occurred?How can we value thechange?INPUTS | OUTCOMES | ADJUSTING IMPACT | DISCOUNTING AND SCORING***How will this interventionaffect you/ yourorganization?
  55. 55. Science to Cultivate ChangeStakeholders Inputs OutcomesAdjustingImpactDiscountingPSROIRATIO1. Would this change happeneven without this intervention?2. Who/ what else could havecontributed to the change?3. Do the benefits/non-benefitsdecrease with time?SROI:Social Return on Investment
  56. 56. Science to Cultivate ChangeDEADWEIGHT (%) ATTRIBUTION (%) DROP-OFF (%) IMPACT12. What would have happened withoutthe adaptation?13. Who else contributionto the change?14. Does the outcome drop off in lateryears?15. Quantity times (*) FinancialProxy minus (-) deadweight,attribution and drop-off0 0 0 100,0000 0 5% 16,5000 0 0 2,0000 0 0 18,2500 0 0 10,9500 0 0144Total: 147,844STEP 3: ADJUSTING IMPACT “WHAT ELSE CONTRIBUTED TO THE CHANGE?”3Who/ what else could havecontributed to the change?Do the benefits/non-benefits decrease withtime?INPUTS | OUTCOMES | ADJUSTING IMPACT | DISCOUNTING AND SCORING
  57. 57. Science to Cultivate ChangeStakeholders Inputs OutcomesAdjustingImpactDiscountingPSROIRATIO1. Do the values of theimpacts decrease withtime?2. What are the totalimpacts worth today?SROI:Social Return on Investment
  58. 58. Science to Cultivate Change16. Year 1 (afteractivity)Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 Year 6 Year 7 Year 8 Year 9 Year 10100,00016,500 15,675 14,891 14,147 13,439 12,767 12,129 11,523 10,9462,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,00018,250 18,250 18,250 18,250 18,250 18,250 18,250 18,250 18,25010,950 10,950 10,950 10,950 10,950 10,950 10,950 10,950 10,950144 144- 47,700 46,875 46,091 45,347 44,639 43,967 43,329 42,867 142,290- 36,068 30,821 26,353 22,545 19,299 16,529 14,164 12,185 35,172213,137204,94225STEP 4: DISCOUNTING “WHAT IS THE VALUE IN TO THE FUTURE?”DISCOUNT RATE (15%) - KES4Do the values of theimpacts decrease withtime?INPUTS | OUTCOMES | ADJUSTING IMPACT | DISCOUTNING AND SCORING
  59. 59. Science to Cultivate ChangeStakeholders Inputs OutcomesAdjustingImpactDiscountingPSROIRATIOAfter discountingfuture values, whatare the total impactsworth today?SROI:Social Return on Investment
  60. 60. Science to Cultivate Change16. Year 1 (afteractivity)Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 Year 6 Year 7 Year 8 Year 9 Year 10100,00016,500 15,675 14,891 14,147 13,439 12,767 12,129 11,523 10,9462,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,00018,250 18,250 18,250 18,250 18,250 18,250 18,250 18,250 18,25010,950 10,950 10,950 10,950 10,950 10,950 10,950 10,950 10,950144 144- 47,700 46,875 46,091 45,347 44,639 43,967 43,329 42,867 142,290- 36,068 30,821 26,353 22,545 19,299 16,529 14,164 12,185 35,172213,137204,94225STEP 4: DISCOUNTING “WHAT IS THE VALUE IN TO THE FUTURE?”DISCOUNT RATE (15%) - KES4Knowing that we mustdiscount futurevalues, what are the totalimpacts worth today?INPUTS | OUTCOMES | ADJUSTING IMPACT | DISCOUTNING AND SCORING
  61. 61. Science to Cultivate ChangeComplexities for SROI fromthe field
  62. 62. Science to Cultivate Change © c.a.corner-dolloffCinnamon andCassavaIntercroppingIntervention© c.a.corner-dolloff
  63. 63. Science to Cultivate Change1. Who willbeeffected, who willeffect?2. What is invested? 3. Value (VND) 4. Source 5.Summaryof activityin numbersCalculation Year 0 Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 Year 6 Year 7 Year 8 Year 9 Year 10CommunitymembersCosts for Cinnamon and Cassava Intercropping 50haLabor for PlantingCassavaHa of land xMandays/ha xprice VND/day 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 InterviewMaintainIntercropping systemand carryout harvestin 50haLabor for WeedingCassava andCinnamonsimultaneouslyHa of land xMandays/ha xprice VND/day 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 InterviewLabor forHarvesting CassavaHa of land xMandays/ha xprice VND/day 0 0 156,884,000 156,884,000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 InterviewLabor forHarvestingCinnamonHa of land xMandays/ha xprice VND/day 0 0 0 0 0 132,609,003 132,609,003 132,609,003 132,609,003 132,609,003 0 InterviewLabor for DryingCassavaHa of land xMandays/ha xprice VND/day 0 0 118,554,386 118,554,386 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 InterviewCassava DryingOven Maintenanceyearly duringcassava harvestHa of land x1/oven hectare xprice VND/oven 0 0 22,076,923 22,076,923 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 InterviewCinnamon - Inputs
  64. 64. Science to Cultivate ChangeFuture DevelopmentStep 1WorkshopStep 2TechnicalDesignStep 3BaselineCostingStep 4VerificationRevision toCosting• PSROI can be modified both to simplify theframework and to add components.• This section focuses on additionalcomponents that could be explored tofurther develop and add depth to theframework as a prioritization, planning, andcosting tool for climate change adaptationinterventions.
  65. 65. Science to Cultivate ChangeIntegrate technical information - Changes in climactic conditionsin Lao will effect crop suitability (Lefroy et al. 2010)CFuture Development
  66. 66. Science to Cultivate ChangeFuture DevelopmentStep 1WorkshopStep 2TechnicalDesignStep 3BaselineCostingStep 4• Verification• Revision toCostingStep 5BeyondinitialPSROIstudy51. Introduce „menus’ of climate smart adaptation optionsto assist with community prioritization2. Experiment with when and at what levels toincorporate technical information on climatechange and interventions - do more with community3. Community exchanges to understanding outcomes4. Incorporate scenarios into costing5. Cost interactions between interventions41 2 3 43 34
  67. 67. Science to Cultivate ChangeChallenges & PotentialSolutionsTimeintensiveBreak up processPSROI vs.‘PSROI light’Criteria of when todo what stepsCapacityLocal facilitatorsareideal, interventionspecialistsCreate localtraining andlearning networksScopeSet clearboundaries inworkshopCould experimentwith a menuapproachScoredoesn‟tsay it all!Cost what youcan, but evenproxies haveissuesEmphasizequalitativecomponents
  68. 68. Science to Cultivate ChangePSROI ‘lite’FAST – SIMPLE – SCALABLE1. Keep key steps in workshop, changecomponents2. Bring in menu for technical design, limitcommunity design3. Cost from national level and limit local costingto verification of outcomes / inputs / indicators1. Cost key variables2. Cost locally when outcomes are new4. Only cost locally when local knowledge is baseof intervention, limited understanding ofintervention at national level.
  69. 69. Science to Cultivate ChangeTowards a CommunityInvolvement Protocol(Corner-Dolloff, C and J. Moll-Rocek, submitted)
  70. 70. Science to Cultivate ChangeConclusions• PSROI has immediate value for• getting at the heart of what communities desirefor their future and what is needed for them toget there• planning adaptation interventions to utilizeallocated funding• evaluating impact over time of interventions• its transferability to differentregions, partners, and governance structures• local level assessments• empowering communities through the process
  71. 71. Science to Cultivate ChangeConclusions• Bottom-up vs. Top-down costing• Include local communities as much aspossible in costing, but don’t always need toconduct entire costing at the local level• Research needed to finalize a protocol describingwhen local information is essential for costing• Community level planning and costing mustbe integrated with cross level and crosssector planning
  72. 72. Science to Cultivate Change
  73. 73. Science to Cultivate ChangeAcknowledgements andReferences not included on slidesSome slides were adapted from a unpublished national level trainings onPSROI in March and April of 2012 for staff of the Vietnamese Academy ofAgricultural Science, created in collaboration between Caitlin Corner-Dolloff,Chase Sova, and Ariella Helfgott.Other slides were adapted from the following presentations with permission:• Chaudhury, A. 2012. Unlocking the Power of Local Knowledge andPartnerships: participatory framework for costing adaptation to climatechange. Presentation at the Second Global Conference on AgriculturalResearch for Development (GCARD2) 28 October 2012: Punta delEstate, Uruguay.• Corner-Dolloff, C and C. Thuy. 2013. Participatory Community BasedPrioritization and Costing of Adaptation Interventions in Lao PDR andViet Nam. Presentation at the Mekong Environment Symposium 6 March2013: Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.• Corner-Dolloff, C. 2013. Lessons Learned. Presentation at the PSROIClimate Change Planning and Costing Study: Results and NationalFeedback Workshop 17 January 2013. Vientiane, Lao PDR: CIAT.
  74. 74. Science to Cultivate ChangeReferences• Arnstein, Sherry R. July 1969. A Ladder of Citizen Participation. JAIP. 35(4): 216-224.• Corner-Dolloff, C., and J. Moll-Rocek. Submitted 2013. Getting to the Source: understandingcommunity involvement in adaptation planning and costing. In Eds. Louis Lebel, Chu Thai Hoanh,and Chayanis Krittasudthacheewa. Forthcoming. Livelihoods, ecosystem services and thechallenges of regional integration in the Mekong region. Bangkok: Springer.• Dale, Stephen. 2013. Collecting fog on El Tofo. IDRC.• Helfgott, A. 2011. Lecture 1, Resilience, Adaptation and Development. University of Oxford,unpublished.• Helfgott, A., Corner-Dolloff, C., Sova, C., Chaudhury, A. 2012. Systemic Community-BasedAdaptation Planning. Poster at the „Sixth Community Based Adaptation Conference‟ hosted by theInternational Institute for Environment and Development. March 2012: Hanoi, Vietnam.• Lefroy, R.D.B., Collet, L., and C. Grovermann. 2010. Study on Potential Impacts of ClimateChange on Land Use in the Lao PDR. A report prepared for Deutsche Gesellschaft fürTechnische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH.• Nicholls J, Lawlor E, Neitzert E, Goodspeed T. 2009. A guide to Social Return on Investment.London: Office of the Third Sector, The Cabinet Office.• Sova CA, Chaudhury AS, Helfgott A, Corner-Dolloff C. 2012. Community-based adaptationcosting: An integrated framework for the participatory costing of community-based adaptations toclimate change in agriculture. Working Paper No. 16. Cali, Colombia: CGIAR Research Programon Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS). Available online
  75. 75. Science to Cultivate ChangeAdditional Reading on PSROI and beyond• PSROI working paper–• CDKN blog on PSROI work in Southeast Asia–• CCAFS scenarios work–• CARE visioning approach - Vietnam–• Red Cross – games to engage communities on climate risk–