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Participatory Social Return on Investment (PSROI) in Vietnam and Lao PDR


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Presentation at the Mekong Environmental Symposium 2013 in Hanoi of lessons learned from piloting PSROI, a participatory community-based prioritization and costing framework for adaptation interventions, in Vietnam and Lao PDR.

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Participatory Social Return on Investment (PSROI) in Vietnam and Lao PDR

  1. 1. Participatory Community Based Prioritization and Costing of Adaptation Interventions Lao PDR and Viet Nam Cu Thi Le Thuy and Caitlin Corner-Dolloff International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT)Mekong Environment Symposium – Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam, March 6, 2013
  2. 2. Presentation Outline1. Context2. Partnership in SE Asia3. PSROI Framework4. Lessons from implementation5. Future directions Science to Cultivate Change
  3. 3. Prioritizing and costing adaptationoptions - integral to planning and policyDecision makers need tools adaptation options and guide distribution offunds effectively, efficiently, and equitably2.prioritize interventions from scientific and socialperspectives3.scale up processes, not prescriptions4.take into account local context5.measure impact reflective of on the ground realities Science to Cultivate Change
  4. 4. Project Objective Main What information from what levels, especially communities, is needed toResearch accurately prioritize and cost adaptationQuestion interventions? Science to Cultivate Change
  5. 5. Participatory Social Return on Investment (PSROI) Community-Based Climate Change Adaptation Prioritization, Planning, and Costing PSROI is a novel framework Environmental that combines innovative participatory methods and the SROI costing framework Systemic approach Stakeholder Centric Science to Cultivate Change
  6. 6. Partnership, Research, and Capacity Building to Inform Policy Goals in Greater Mekong Sub-Region 1.Test transferability to – New region (from Africa to Asia) 2011: Kenya(2), Senegal(1) 2012: Yên Bái, Viet Nam(2), Savannakhet, Lao PDR(2) – Government partners • Training and implementation 2. Develop Framework Science to Cultivate Change
  7. 7. P(SROI) FrameworkAdds specific Participation framework to Social Return on InvestmentTrack 1: Adaptation Prioritization andPlanning Workshop - “P” in PSROITrack 2: Economics of AdaptationPriorities – P(SROI) Science to Cultivate Change
  8. 8. TRACK 1- Community WorkshopAdaptation Planning viaVisioning & Backcasting Workshop is a capacity development tool in itself (Helfgott, 2012); Workshop methods outlined in CCAFS working paper 16 (Sova et al., 2012) Science to Cultivate Change
  9. 9. TRACK 2 – Economics of Adaptation(P)SROI RATIO = NPV Benefits : Investments e.g. Net benefits of $1.5 for each $1 invested (50% return) National Baseline vs. Community Insights (Chaudbury, A. 2012) Science to Cultivate Change
  10. 10. Uses of PSROI• In this study assess climate change adaptation actions • can be general planning tool for development• Forecasting studies done here• Could use for long term monitoring and evaluation tool• Can evaluate ‘hard’ and ‘soft’ interventions• Community level assessments Science to Cultivate Change
  11. 11. Case Studies Yen Bai, Viet NamBan Long, Van Chan Dai Thang, Van YenIntervention: Community Intervention: Develop 50ha ofowned semi-intensive pig private intercropped cinnamonraising and cassava Key Type of intervention can be a determining factor in level of local information needed forLesson appropriate design and accurate costing. Science to Cultivate Change
  12. 12. Case Studies Savannakhet, Lao PDRLam Thane, Champhone Koud Khae, OuthomphoneIntervention: Community Intervention: Private fish pondswatergate and canal for dry for livelihood developmentseason irrigation Key 1.Similar challenges can lead to different priorities based on local values and realitiesLesson 2. Cross level assessment needed for costing Science to Cultivate Change
  13. 13. Outreach to Inform Research and Policy Cross-level partnerships in both countries: village, commune, district, province, and national • Involved local government in community workshops and costing • Ran multi-level results and feedback meetings so practitioners, researchers, and policy makers could learn lessons for policy and evaluate PSROI Findings: Need to work across sectors to conduct PSROI, need a simplified tool and further testing Science to Cultivate Change
  14. 14. Future Development1 2 3 3 4 4 3 4 5 1. Introduce ‘menus’ of climate smart adaptation options to assist with community prioritization 2. Experiment with when and at what levels to incorporate technical information on climate change and interventions - do more with community 3. Community exchanges to understanding outcomes 4. Incorporate scenarios into costing 5. Cost interactions between interventions 6. Generally PSROI ‘LITE’ & training for gov’t staff Science to Cultivate Change
  15. 15. Conclusions• PSROI has immediate value for • getting at the heart of what communities desire for their future and what is needed for them to get there • planning adaptation interventions to utilize allocated funding • evaluating impact over time of interventions • its transferability to different regions, partners, and governance structures • local level assessments • empowering communities through the process Science to Cultivate Change
  16. 16. Conclusions• Bottom-up vs. Top-down costing • Include local communities as much as possible in costing, but don’t always need to conduct entire costing at the local level • Research needed to finalize a protocol describing when local information is essential for costing• Community level planning and costing must be integrated with cross level and cross sector planning Science to Cultivate Change
  17. 17. Science to Cultivate Change