Castaneda N - Gap Analysis

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Castaneda N - Gap Analysis

  1. 1. © Neil Palmer (CIAT) Gap Analysis Andy Jarvis, Julián Ramírez, Nora Castañeda, Robert Hijmans and Jacob Van Etten
  2. 2. Biodiversidad y cultivos
  3. 3. Diversidad Credit: CIAT Credit: ICRISAT Credit: Cary Fowler/GCDT Credit: Cavagnaro Credit: J. Cherfas/IPGRI Credit: INIAP
  4. 4. Usos - Mejoramiento X Credit: .Bambo./FLICKR Solanum bulbocastanum Papa Solanum tuberosum Resistencia a Gota (Phythophtora infestans)
  5. 5. Bancos de Germoplasma Credit: Caperton27/FLICKR Credit: IRRI Credit: Global Crop Diversity Trust Credit: CIAT
  6. 6. CGIAR
  7. 7. The Svalbard Global Seed Vault Credit: Kitsune Noir/FLICKR
  8. 8. Why Gap Analysis? • CG collections suffer from both over- and under- collecting • Duplications increase costs • But also significant gaps in the collections
  9. 9. Why Gap Analysis? • Tool to assess crop genetic and geographical diversity. • Allows detecting non-fulfilled species collections as well as defining which species should be collected and where these collections should be focused. • Assesses the current extent at which the ex situ conservation system is correctly holding the genetic diversity of a particular genepool.
  10. 10. The Gap Analysis pathway Taxonomy review Data gathering Georeferentiaton Final Gap Analysis Environmental recommendations process data gathering
  11. 11. The Gap Analysis process • Identifying gaps Geographic dimension Proxy for: • Diversity • Possibly biotic traits Taxonomic dimension Environmental dimension Proxy for: Proxy for: • Range of traits • Abiotic traits
  12. 12. H ig h Pr io rit y Ta xa M ed iu m Pr io rit y Ta xa Lo w Pr io rit y Ta xa Taxa priorization N o co ns er va tio n re qu ir e d
  13. 13. The Rugosi and Acutifolii case • Section Acutifolii • Section Rugosi – P. acutifolius – P. angustissimus – P. acutifolius var. acutifolius – P. filiformis – P. acutifolius var. latifolius – P. carteri – P. acutifolius var. tenuifolius – P. parvifolius Debouck, D. (2009). Cahiers de Phaséologie – section Rugosi. Retrieved November 3, 2009, from http://isa.ciat.cgiar.org/urg/ Debouck, D. (2009). Cahiers de Phaséologie – section Acutifolii. Retrieved November 3, 2009, from http://isa.ciat.cgiar.org/urg/
  14. 14. Prioritization results
  15. 15. High Priority Taxa (HPT) • Where to find the most?
  16. 16. High Priority Taxa (HPT) • HPT for Rugosi andAreas and Protected Acutifolii P. acutifolius var. latifolius Section: Acutifolii P. carteri Section: Rugosi
  17. 17. High Priority Taxa (HPT) • HPT and Protected Areas
  18. 18. Are there analyses for other crops? 13 crop genepools analyzed, 7 analyses in the pipeline Recommendations on which taxa are priority to conserve Maps indicating what and where to collect Results publicly available at: http://gisweb.ciat.cgiar.org/GapAnalysis/
  19. 19. Taxon-level and genepool level priorities
  20. 20. Methodology and code Methodology Code
  21. 21. Priorities list per genepool
  22. 22. Georeferenced datasets
  23. 23. http://gisweb.ciat.cgiar.org/GapAnalysis/ Gap Analysis
  24. 24. Gracias! n.p.castaneda@cgiar.org Presentación disponible en: http://www.slideshare.net/ciatdapa http://www.slideshare.net/laguanegna

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