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Presentation by Federica Coscino and Noemi Sfregola

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  1. 1. THE MODERN PROMETHEOUS Mary Shelley 1818. Frankenstein
  2. 2. Mary Shelley <ul><li>Mary Shelley (London, 30 August 1797 - February 1, 1851) was an English novelist, essayist and biographer. She is the author of the gothic novel Frankenstein, published in 1818. Edited editions of the poems of her husband Percy Bysshe Shelley, the Romantic poet and philosopher. She was the daughter of the philosopher and feminist Mary Wollstonecraft and the forerunner of the political philosopher William Godwin. Mary Wollstonecraft died ten days after birth of Mary who grew up with her father. When Mary was three years his father was married to Mary Jane Clairmont. She provides rich and informal education, to encourage them to adhere to his politics. In 1814, Mary fell in love with Percy. They married in 1816. In 1822 her husband was drowned while crossing the Bay of La Spezia. A year later, Mary returned to England where he devoted himself entirely to his writing career. He spent the last decade of his life in the disease, probably caused by a brain tumor, which kills the age of 53 in 1851. </li></ul>
  3. 3. PLOT <ul><li>Frankenstein is a great scientist who decided to attend Ingolstad, a university in Germany. </li></ul><ul><li>Here he shows his qualities and decides to combine inanimation with life. </li></ul><ul><li>He succeed in his plan. </li></ul><ul><li>He leaves the creature because he is desgusted. </li></ul><ul><li>Stolen his personal diary,the monster find the doctor in France </li></ul><ul><li>The monster killed William, Victor’s brother. </li></ul><ul><li>When they meet the monster confesses his misfact and supply the doctor to create an other being like him, a “woman” . </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>The doctor promises he would be able, but in the end he renounces. </li></ul><ul><li>Frankenstein accepts to marry Elizabeth. </li></ul><ul><li>The monster kills Elizabeth. </li></ul><ul><li>The doctor wants to revange his wife and follows the monster. </li></ul><ul><li>He arrives even to north pole. </li></ul><ul><li>Here he is saved by his friend Walton. </li></ul><ul><li>He manages to narrate his story but he dead because of temperature and fatigue. </li></ul>
  5. 5. SETTING <ul><li>The novel is setled in different places: </li></ul><ul><li>From Switzerland to north Pole. </li></ul><ul><li>From homes, university to cemetry. </li></ul><ul><li>Both close and open places. </li></ul>
  6. 6. THEMES <ul><li>Dengerous Knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Both frankenstein and victor attempt to surge beyond human limits. But this knowledge is realy dangerous. Infact the doctor is driven to death by his creature. And walton too is trapped between sheets of ice. So he gave up his mission because he saw the unhappy end of his friend. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Sublime Natural </li></ul><ul><li>Sublime natural world, embraced by Romanticism, initially offers characters the possibility of spiritual renewal. Victor heads the mountains to lift his spirit. The influence of nature on mood is evident, except for victor who realizes that the monster will hunt him forever, infact even the monster feels the end artic desert acts as the symbolic backdrop for his primal struggle against the monster. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Monstrosity </li></ul><ul><li>This theme pervades the entire novel. Montrosity of the monster resuls from his grotesque appearance and from the unnatural manner of his creation(amics og stolen body pars). His is a product of a dark and supernatural working. It is only the most literal of the monstrous entities in the novel. For example the knowledge that Victor used to create the monster. Victor himself is a kind of monster because his ambition and selfishness alineate him from society. (ordinary outside while monster inside). The novel is a monstrous combination of different voices, texts and tenses. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Texts </li></ul><ul><li>Frankenstein is a over flew of texts: letters, notes, books, nestled inside each other or simpy quoted. Paradise lost fits inside the monster’s story. The profucion of texts serves as concrete manifestations of characters attitudes an emotions. Language plays an enormous role in monster’s development. By hearing he learns to speak and read which enables him to unerdstand the manner of his creation(as described in Victor’s journal). </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Secrecy </li></ul><ul><li>It is secrecy who combines Victor and the monster. The doctor conceives of science as a mystery to be probed and its secrets once discovered must be jelously guarded. Victor obsession is shrouded in secrecy untill he tolks to walton. The monster is forced to esclusion. Walton serves as the final confessor for both and the tragic relationship becomes immortalized in Walton’s letters. </li></ul>