Dubai Burj-al-arab Hotel
Lim Tze Hsing
Ong Chian Yee 0314519
Lim Yee Leng 0307767
Sim Wen Yi 0308610
Background of Burj al arab hotel
Meaning : Arabian Tower.
Location : sandy beach of Jumeirah,
• Built 280m offshore of private
Designed by Architect Tom Wright
Construction began in 1994 and
completed on site in 1999.
Foundation built on sea.( took 3
years to complete and 5 years
321 meters high above the sea
Designed to create an icon for
Dubai, which represents urban
revolution and to mimic the
shape of Arab Dhow, a type of
Shape of modern yacht sail to
reflect Dubai’s nautical heritage
combined with a modern aspect
moving towards the future as a
global tourists destination.
The types of structure
• landing pad
V shape concrete tower
• reinforced concrete tower
• used steel bracing (Inner
Reinforced Concrete V) for
• The front (shore-facing)
facade is the constructed of
two tiers of huge, steel ‘X’
• Two main structure of the exoskeleton
is the diagonal truss and ‘Yacht’
• The assembled segment were lifted
and erected in position using the tower
cranes from ground floor to top.
• Together the reinforced concrete and
the exoskeleton act as a composite and
provide the structure horizontal
stability in all directions
Steel exoskeleton （cont’d）
• The diagonal trusses on the side of the building
are as long as a football pitch and weigh as much
as 20 double-decker busses. They were built 15
KM from the site and brought by road to Dubai
on huge 80 wheel lorries which had to be
specially imported from South Africa. The highest
truss took a day to lift into place.
• If one man was to build the building himself it
would take about 8,000 years to finish.
• The tallest atrium lobby in the
world at 180meters (590ft)
• It dominates the interior of the
hotel, and takes up over one-third
of the interior space.
• The screen that encloses the third
side of the atrium is made of 1mm
thick glass fiber fabric with a Teflon
coat to stop the dirt sticking.
• The screen is the largest of its type and covers
an area of one and a half football pitch and it
is hung from the top of the building by over a
kilometer of 52mm cable.
• carbon fiber
• reinforced concrete
• glass fiber
• The architectural materials of the
hotel consist of only a few mediums.
Outside the exterior facade consists
of 50,000m2 of glazed curtain wall of
35,000m2 aluminum cladding
designed by Al Abbar Group.
• Glass and steel make up the
remaining portions of the exterior.
The Steel structure was clad with
6mm composite aluminum panels.
• The design is able to with stand a
wind load of 9kPa and was
designed to drain water at each
• Inside the hotel the materials get
even more expensive than the
outside. The interior features
marble and 24 carat gold leaf.
• Like the exterior, the interior steel
structure is also clad with 6 mm
Industrialized building systems (IBS) implemented
during the construction
•IBS- the building components(wall, floor slab, beam, column, staircase)
are mass produced either in factory/ at site under strict quality control and
minimal on site activities.
•In order to reduce labors , improve construction's productivity, reduce
wasteful construction method, increase site safety, environmental friendly,
cost saving, speed up construction time.
•Recognized as the world’s only 7 star Burj-al-arab is not just a world-class
luxury hotel, but also one of the most successful project in Dubai which
had implemented IBS during the construction of the building.
•Main core area- using Cantilever’s Top Climbing Jump Form system.
Cantilever Pty Ltd designed and supplied 300 ton for the forming system.
•Wing walls & stair cores- using Doka’s SKE automatic-climbing form
system. Doka designed the forms such that only
two climbing brackets per form are required.
• Main floors-designed by Cantilever Pty Ltd.Designed as a flying
cable and supported by brackets attached to the walls.The frame for
the form was built with castellated steel beams and measured
18.3m long by 8.1m wide.
18.3m x 8.1m.
• Meinhardt international done the joint venture re-engineer
the slabs to a post tensioned design, it reduces the
labors on reinforcing steel and also time required
to get enough strength to strip the form.
Can be classified into 5 main groups:
Pre-cast Concrete Framing, Panel and
~ most common IBS elements
~ e.g. precast concrete columns, beams, slabs, walls,
„3D‟ components, lightweight precast concrete and etc.
Steel Formwork Systems
~ considered as the “least prefabricated” IBS.
~ e.g. tunnel forms, tilt-up systems, permanent steel
formwork (metal decks) and etc.
Steel Framing Systems
~ commonly used with pre-cast concrete.
~ always been the popular choice in construction of
~ e.g. steel beams and columns, portal frames, roof
trusses and etc.
Prefabricated Timber Framing Systems
~ have their own niche market.
~ normally used in simple houses.
~ e.g. timber frames and roof trusses
Block Work Systems
~ have been revolutionized to achieve more effective
~ e.g. interlocking concrete masonry units (CMU) and
lightweight concrete blocks
Benefits of IBS:
to achieve higher quality products with minimum
helps to reduce the usage of timber formwork and
a safer and clean construction site.
faster the completion of the construction.
minimize labour usage/ un-skilled workers.
reduce overall construction budget.