The Xia Dynasty 夏朝 (2070 B.C.E - 1600 B.C.E) fell from the Tyranny of King Jie, son of Fa. A tyrant and cruel King. Many disliked King Jie’s luxurious way of living and unfair demands to the people. Whoever disobey him will be beheaded.
After the Fall of Xia Dynasty, Shang Tang ruled. He gained many supporters from the 40 smaller kingdoms.
Kings of Shang Shang Tang 1st King overthrew Jie of Xia Yong Ji the 8th King, the dynasty began to decline Zu Yi the 13th King, the dynasty prosper again Pang Geng 19th King, moved the capital to Yin, thus the dynasty is also called Yin Dynasty Wu Ding 22nd King expansion of the dynasty and socio cultural improvements Di Xin/Zhou 30th King of Shang, the last King
Politics Mandate of Heaven Monarchy The King had supreme power over everything else He was both the political leader as well as the religious leader The King along with the aristocrats and bureaucrats directed the life and work of the peasants and serfs
Economy The serfs and slaves preformed all economic functions of society Agriculture. Fishing and Farming Many farmers also knew how to cultivate the silkworm and weave its tread into beautiful cloth which would be used for clothing. Silk later became China’s main export. Bronzewares
Culture and Arts Music – Xun(Chinese Ocarina) Drums and Copper Cymbals· Sophisticated form of writing Excellent bronze workers A written language, the art of bronze-work, two-horsed chariots, the understanding of silk Jade Carving Masks with Man-Face motif
Religious BeliefsShang Ti – head god, rules over all other godsThe worship of ancestors was very importantSacrifices to the gods and ancestorsAnimism
Science Oracle Scripts records about solar and lunar eclipses, stars and other celestial happenings. elementary accounting(odd and even numbers) Calendar System records about history and their time